A Part of Genealogy Express




History of Adams County, Ohio
from its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time
by Nelson W. Evans and Emmons B. Stivers
West Union, Ohio
Published by E. B. Stivers

PLEASE NOTE:  The names in
Bold Blue are for people that are researching those particular names to conveniently find them quickly.


p. 453

     Revolutionary Soldiers - Adams County in the Civil War - Morgan's Raid.

Co. D, 24th O. V. I. Co. E and I, 91st Regt. O. V. I. Co. D, 191st Regiment O. V. I.
Co. B, 33d O. V. I. Co. G, 129th O. V. I. Seventh Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
Co. I, 39th O. V. I. Co. I and K, 141st O. V. I. Battery F, First Regt. Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery
Co. B, 60th O. V. I. Co. G, 172d O. V. I. Co. E, First Regt. Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery
The 70th Regt., O. V. I. Co. H, 173d O. V. I. Co. B, Second Regt. Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery
Co. F and H of the 81st O. V. I. Co. G, H. and I, 182d O. V. I. Second Independent Battery Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery


Co. D, 24th O. V. I. Co. E and I, 91st Regt. O. V. I. Co. D, 191st Regiment O. V. I.
Co. B, 33d O. V. I. Co. G, 129th O. V. I. Seventh Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
Co. I, 39th O. V. I. Co. I and K, 141st O. V. I. Battery F, First Regt. Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery
Co. B, 60th O. V. I. Co. G, 172d O. V. I. Co. E, First Regt. Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery
The 70th Regt., O. V. I. Co. H, 173d O. V. I. Co. B, Second Regt. Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery
Co. F and H of the 81st O. V. I. Co. G, H. and I, 182d O. V. I. Second Independent Battery Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery


Co. D, 24th O. V. I. Co. E and I, 91st Regt. O. V. I. Co. D, 191st Regiment O. V. I.
Co. B, 33d O. V. I. Co. G, 129th O. V. I. Seventh Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
Co. I, 39th O. V. I. Co. I and K, 141st O. V. I. Battery F, First Regt. Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery
Co. B, 60th O. V. I. Co. G, 172d O. V. I. Co. E, First Regt. Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery
The 70th Regt., O. V. I. Co. H, 173d O. V. I. Co. B, Second Regt. Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery
Co. F and H of the 81st O. V. I. Co. G, H. and I, 182d O. V. I. Second Independent Battery Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery


     It has been a very great labor to secure the information given below.  In the state library is a list of the revolutionary soldiers of Adams County, on continental line, who drew pensions.  We also obtained a list of those who served in the militia and drew pensions and the two lists are combined.  The ages are either at the death of the soldier where his death is mentioned, or where it is not mentioned, the age is given as in the year 1835.  The date following the age, where there is a date given, is the date of soldiers were placed on the pension roll.
     The following is the list:

Alexander, John   Pennsylvania Continental 91    
Brewer, Henry   Congressional Regiment 69 February 2, 1819  
Baldwin, John private Maryland Militia   June 22, 1833  
Breedlove, John private Virginia Militia   October 18, 1832.  
Conner, William, ensign Virginia Continental   May 11, 1819 July 22, 1819
Costigan, Francis Lieutenant New Jersey Continental 84 July 21, 1821.  
Copple, Daniel   Pennsylvania Continental 74 died Feb. 7, 1832  
Cochran, John Gen.          
Callahan, Dennis   Maryland Continental 86    
Cole, Ephriam,   Col. Wm. R. Lee's regiment      
Cross, Samuel private Pennsylvania Militia   June 11, 1832  
Collings, James   5th Maryland Continental      
David, James lieutenant Pennsylvania Militia   May 22, 1833  
Erwin, James lieutenant Pennsylvania Continental 65    
Edwards, Jesse private Pennsylvania Militia,   August 8, 1833.  
Falls, Wm.          
Finley, J. L. major, Pennsylvania Continental 73    
Flood, William   Virginia Continental 94    
Faulkner, William   Pennsylvania Continental 79    
Fields, Simon   Virginia Continental 77    
Foster, Nathaniel private New Jersey Militia   August 8, 1833  
Gates, William   Virginia Continental 74 died Oct. 29, 1879  
Gustin, Amos   Pennsylvania Continental 68    
Gordon, John   Pennsylvania Continental, 76    
Grooms, Abraham private Virginia Militia,   Nov. 16, 1833.  
Hamilton, Charles corporal Delaware Continental      
Hull, Isaac private New Jersey Militia   Jan. 3, 1834  
Jack, thomas sergeant Pennsylvania Continental 85 died Aug. 8, 1831  
Laney, John   Virginia Militia   died in Huntington Twp. buried at Hickory Ridge
McPike, John private Pennsylvania Militia   May 24, 1833  
McDaniel, Patrick   Pennsylvania Continental 94    
Magin, Charles   Maryland Continental 82 died Dec. 23, 1827  
McMahan, Joseph   Virginia Continental 73    
Middleswart, Jacob   Pennsylvania Continental      
Marlatt, Thomas private & sergeant Maryland Militia,   June 26, 1833  
Miller, James,   Cleutis Artillery Company      
Mehaffey, John, private, New Jersey Militia      
Piatt, Benjamin,          
Richardson, James,   Virginia Continental, 80, died Jan. 16, 1833  
Rogers, William,   New Jersey Continental, 66    
Rnakin, Daniel,   Maryland Continental, 80    
Richards, James,   Virginia Continental, 75    
Stivers, John, private, Virginia Militia,   Aug. 7, 1833  
Simpson, Robert, private, New Hampshire Continental,   Sept. 24, 1819  
Stevenson, Charles, private, Pennsylvania Militia,   Feb. 25, 1833  
Sams, Jonas,   Virginia Militia      
Smith, Henry.          
Thompson, John, private, Pennsylvania Militia,   Sept. 21, 1833.  
Trotter, Christopher   Virginia Continental, 75, died May 6, 1828  
Trotter, John,   Virginia Continental, 76, transferred from Kentucky.  
Usman, Charles, private, Virginia Militia,   Feb. 12, 1833.  
Waldson, Elizah, private, Virginia Continental.      
Walker, James, private, Pennsylvania Militia,   Oct. 8, 1833.  
Williamson, William, private, Pennsylvania Militia,   Oct. 8, 1833  
Waters, Thomas, sergeant, Virginia Continental, 87    
Woodworth, Richard,   Pennsylvania Continental.      
Walker, Peter,   Pennsylvania Continental 65    
Walters, Thomas, sergeant, Virginia Continental 87, July 21, 1819  
Woodworth, Richard,   Pennsylvania Continental, 79, Oct. 28, 1819  
Walker, Peter,   Pennsylvania Continental, 65 May 24, 1820.  

     Of this list Major Joseph Finley has a separate sketch herein.  He and John Killin, another revolutionary soldier, are the only ones known to be buried in the old cemetery in West Union.  The graves of both are marked.  Most of the revolutionary soldiers in Adams County who obtained pensions, did so through Wesley Lee, who acted as pension agent in West Union from about 1823, so long as pensions were obtained.
Daniel Copple served as a private in the German battalion of the continental troops, revolutionary army.  He was a member of Capt. Daniel Burchart's company, between Oct. 4, 1776, and July, 1777.  He was on the rolls of Capt. Peter Boyer's company, from Aug., 1777, to June, 1779.  His name appears as Daniel Kettle on the rolls of Capt. Michael Boyer's company, from Nov., 1799, to De-

Page 332 -
cember, 1780.  He was enlisted for the war.  This battalion was raised from the several colonies.  There were four companies from Pennsylvania and four from Maryland.  Daniel Copple, a former resident of Liberty Township, Adams County, Ohio, was his grandson and Mrs. M. J. Earley, of Red Oak, Ohio, is his great-granddaughter.  He is buried in the Dutch graveyard, in Liberty Township, together with his wife, and his grave is unmarked.  He could speak only a few words of English and that with great difficulty.
 Thomas Kincaid was a sergeant in Capt. William Henderson's company, colonel in Daniel Morgan's rifle regiment, in July, 1777, and till after Nov., 1777.  He was born Dec. 13, 1755, near Richmond, Virginia, and died in Adams County, Ohio, July 3, 1819.  His wife, Mary Patterson, was born in Virginia, Sept. 20, 1757, and died in Adams County, Mar. 10, 1824.  Both are buried at Winchester.
Henry Aldred was born in Germany.  He was one of the first settlers on Brush Creek.  He died in1835, and is buried in the McColm Cemetery on Brush Creek.  He has descendants living in the county.
John Treber, father of Jacob Treber, who has a separate sketch here under the Treber family, was a revolutionary soldier.  He located where William Treber now resides, in 1796, and there he died.  He is buried in the family cemetery on the farm.
Benjamin Yates, a soldier of the revolutionary war, died in Manchester on Jan. 30, 1849, and is buried in the old graveyard there.  He is said to have been over one hundred and fourteen years old when he died.  He came from Meadville, Pennsylvania.  He has no descendants living, nearer than great-grandchildren.  He enlisted March, 1778, for one year as a private in Captain Pichett's company, from Maryland, colonel not stated.  He re-enlisted May, 1781, in Captain Murdock's company; colonel not state.  He was wounded at the battle of Yorktown by a piece of shell.  He resided in Frederick County, Maryland, when he enlisted.  He applied for a pension May 10, 1834, at which time he was eighty-eight years of age.  His claim was allowed.  He died Jan. 30, 1849, leaving a widow, Sarah Robinson, whom he married July 16, 1835.  She obtained a pension as his widow.
Rev. Wm. Baldridge, pastor of the Cherry Fork U. P. Church, 1809 to 1830, was a revolutionary soldier.  He has a separate sketch herein.  He enlisted from North Carolina in the cavalry and is said to have served seven years.  None of his numerous and distinguished descendants could be interested in this work and hence we are unable to give his official record.  He and his first wife rest in unmarked graves in the Cherry Fork Cemetery and the location of their graves has been lsot.  He served longer than any of whom we have obtained a record.
Rev. William Williamson, who has a separate sketch herein, was a revolutionary soldier.  Eight of his descendants are represented in this work and hence we have a full account of him.  He is buried at the Manchester Old Cemetery and his grave marked.
Edward Evans was a revolutionary soldier, great-grandfather of one of the editors of this work.  He has a separate sketch herein, and

Page 333 -
is buried in the village cemetery at Russelville and his grave is marked as that of a revolutionary soldier.
John Killin was born, 1755 near Carlisle, Pa.  He enlisted in Feb. 1776 for fourteen months in Capt. Robert Adams' company, Col. Irwin's regiment.  In the fall of 1777, he enlisted for two months in Capt. James Poweres' company, Col. Watt's regiment.  In the spring of 1778 he served two months in Capt. Thomas Clark's company, Col. Watt's regiment.  July, 1778, he enlisted for two months in Capt. Grimes' company, Col. Dunlap's regiment, and in the fall of 1778, he served two months in Capt. James Powers' company, Col. Dunlap's regiment.  In the winter of 1778, 1779, he served two months in Captain Thomas Clark's company, Col. Watt's regiment.  All these were Pennsylvania organizations.  In all these services he was enrolled as a musician.  He was in the battles of Three rivers and Crooked Billett.  He died Sept. 10, 1844, aged eighty-seven years, and was buried in West Union cemetery.  He was a pensioner.
     His wife, Rachael Harper, to whom he was married Nov. 19, 1797, survived him and was pensioned.  He owned a large tract of land east of West Union, and laid out Killenstown.  William and George Killen were his sons and his daughter, Mary married
William Carpenter.
     William Falls
, a revolutionary soldier, is buried near the Cedar College school house on the hill just opposite the mouth of Beasley Fork.
Richard Woodworth was born in Ireland in 1758.  He enlisted in 1775 and served during the entire war.  He married in Adams County, in 1802, Sarah Ann Robinson.  His children were: Laban, Mary, wife of J. N. Timmonds; Wheeler; Nellie, wife of William Gilges; William, James, Richard, Sarah, wife of Samuel Shaw; Rebecca, wife of John Sparks.  He has a grandson, George Sparks, at Rome, two granddaughters at Little, Ky., Mrs. Harriet A. Little and Mrs. H. C. McCoy, and others in Kansas and Illinois.  He died in 1841 or 1842 and is buried on Blue Creek.
 Peter Platter, the son of Joseph and Anna Barbara Platter, was born in the town of Saarbruck, duchy of Nassau, Germany, on the twenty-first of September, 1758.  He was seven years old when his parents came to America and settled in Frederick County, Md.  He was eighteen yeas of age when the struggle began between the colonies and the mother country.  He enlisted as a soldier and served during the war of the revolution, participating in the battle of Brandywine and other engagements, and after seeing much service was honorably discharged at the conclusion of the war.  At or near the close of the war his father, Joseph Platter, removed to Washington County, Pa.  In the archives of Pennsylvania, second series, Vol. 14, page 768, is a record of Peter Platter, a private in Captain Robert Ramsey's company from Washington County, doing service on the frontiers from 1782 to 1785.  In 1787, he was married to Sarah Crabs and in 1793, in company with Peter Wickersham, who had married his sister Mary, he emigrated to Kentucky, and from there came to Adams County, Ohio, about the year 1800.  He settled about a mile southwest of Locust Grove and lived tehre about ten years, removing in 1811 to Twin

Page 334 -
Township, Ross County, Ohio, where he spent the remainder of his life.  He died Jan. 2, 1832, at the ripe age of seventy-three years, and his remains now rest in the city cemetery at Chillicothe, Ohio.  He was a man of sterling integrity of character, and a devout Christian.  He left behind him a memory highly cherished by his children and his children's children.
Jesse Edwards was born Apr. 3, 1754, in the state of Maryland.  When a boy he was bound out to a farmer by the name of Clulls, living in West Virginia.  He enlisted as a soldier of the revolutionary war, May, 1776, for two months, as a private of Capt. William McCalla's company; colonel not stated.  At the time of this enlistment he was from the state of Pennsylvania, July, 1776, for six months, as a private in Capt. Thomas Craig's company, Col. Nathaniel Baxter.  He enlisted a third time from the state of Virginia, July 17, 1781, for two months, as a private of Capt. Beaver's company; colonel not stated.  He was engaged in the battles of Staten Island and Fort Washington, at which place he was made a prisoner.  At the time of his first enlistment he was a resident of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and at the time of his last enlistment a resident of Loudon County, Va.  He applied for a pension Oct. 25, 1832, and at that time resided in Jefferson Township, Adams County, Ohio, being the age of seventy-six years.  He obtained a land warrant and exchanged it for land near New York City, which he leased for ninety-nine years.  After the Revolution he first came to Kentucky and married a widow by the name of Skilman.  She was a slave holder and he and she separated and were divorced.  He then came to Adams County and married a Miss Beatman.  He settled on Scioto Brush Creek on the site of the village of Rarden in Adams County, but a re-survey of the county put the place in Scioto County.  He reared a large family and his wife died in 1840 at Isma Freeman's near Otway.  From that time until his death he made his home with John Edwards, a grandson.  His death occurred the second day of November, 1856, at the great age of 101 years, 7 months and 29 days.  His descendants made an effort to recover his New York property, but failed on account of being unable to establish their identity.
John R. Mehaffey was born in Sussex County, New Jersey, Aug. 31, 1759.  He removed to Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, in 1774, and to Westmoreland County in 1776 and to Adams County, Ohio, in 1799.  On July 3, 1778, he enlisted for four months as a private in Captain James Moore's company, Capt. John Shields' regiment from the state of Pennsylvania.  He enlisted again Apr. 1, 1779, for seven months as a ranger; captain and colonel not stated, but from the state of Pennsylvania.  He enlisted again Apr. 1, 1780, for seven months from the state of Pennsylvania in a company captain not stated, under Major James Wilson, from Westmoreland County.  He applied for pension Oct. 5, 1832, then a resident of Adams County, at the age of seventy-three years.
John Baldwin was born in 1756 in Frederick County, Maryland.  He enlisted in the military July, 1776, for four months, as a private in Captain Jacob Goode's company, Col. Griffin, from the state of Mary-

Page 335 -
land.  He enlisted again Sept. 2, 1777, for two months, as a private, in Captain W. Peppel's company,  Col. Johnson, from Maryland.  He was engaged in the battle of Germantown.  He died Oct. 4, 1848, in his ninety-second year and was buried in the Kirker Cemetery in Liberty Township.
John Stivers was the grandfather of A. J. Stivers, of Ripley, and great-grandfather of Frank Stivers, the banker, of Ripley, and also of Emmons B. Stivers, one of the editors of this work.  He enlisted May, 1780, at the age of fifteen, for five months, as a private, in Captain Robert Daniel's company, Col. Spencer, from the state of Virginia.  He enlisted again June, 1781, for three months, as a private, in Robert Harris's company.  At the time of his enlistment he was a resident of Spottsylvania County, Virginia.  He applied for pension Oct. 25, 1832, and resided at that time in Sprigg Township, Adams County, Ohio.  He died at the age of sixty-four eyars, and is buried at Decatur, Brown County, Ohio.
     William Pemberton was a private in Capt. Thomas Meriwether's company, 1st Virginia State Regiment, commanded by Col. George Gibson.  He enlisted for three years.  His name is first on the roll Sept. 1, 1777.  He served to Oct. 1, 1777, sixteen days, and last appears on the roll for March, 1778, without remark, but it is known that he was in the siege of Yorktown.  He was present at the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown.  He is a great-grandfather of Ezekiel Arnold, of Locust Grove, and an ancestor of all the Pembertons of Franklin and Meigs townships.
     Charles McManis was a private in Pennsylvania militia, company and regiment not designated.  His name appears among the official pensioners of Pennsylvania, war of the revolution, Pennsylvania archives, third series, page 583.  He was born in 1754, and came from Pennsylvania to Ohio in 1817.  He died near Cherry Fork in 1840, in his eighty-sixth year.  H entered the revolutionary army in 1776. After his location in Adams County, he was a farmer, and is buried in the Cherry Fork Cemtery.  He is an ancestor of Ex-Sheriff Greenleaf N. McManis.
     James Williams
was born on the twenty-second day of February, 1759, in Chester County, Pennsylvania.  At the outbreak of the revolutionary war he resided in Washington County, Maryland.  In the fall of 1777 he enlisted in Captain Jacob Louder's company of the state of Maryland, for a term of four months.  The colonel of this regiment is not stated.  In the year of 1778 he removed to Washington County, Pennsylvania, and in October, 1780, he enlisted as a private for two months in Captain Eleazer Williamson's company; Col. David Williamson, from Pennsylvania.  he enlisted a third time May, 1781, for four months as a private in Captain Timothy Downing's company; Col. William Crawford, state of Pennsylvania.  He was with Crawford against the Indians on the Sandusky River.  This is the same Col. Crawford who was burned by the Indians at the state, June, 1782.  He lived in Washington County, Pennsylvania, for three years, when he removed to Ohio County, West Virginia, and resided there until 1793, when he removed to Adams County, Ohio.  He applied for pension on the twenty-fifth of October, 1832, and it was granted the following

Page 336 -
year.  He first settled on Ohio Brush Creek, nearly opposite the residence of Mr. George Bayless.  how long he lived here is not known, but he sold or traded the land for the farm on Scioto Brush Creek, where he lived until his death, in 1844.  He is buried in the Copas Cemetery, near the hotel of Charles Copas.  He has many descendants in the states of Ohio, Illinois, and Iowa.  He is a great-grand-father of James G. Metz, present sheriff of Adams County.
     William Cochran came to the colonies as a British soldier with his two brothers during the Revolutionary War.  They deserted soon after they came over, and joined the Revolutionary army, but we have been unable to obtain the Revolutionary record of William Cochran.  There is no doubt, however, but what he served in the Revolutionary War, but in what capacity we are unable to learn.  The facts as to his service are known through his family.
     Richard Grimes.  The records show that one Richard Grimes served as a private in Captain Henry Darby's company of Colonel Hazlet's Delaware regiment, revolutionary war.  He enlisted Jan. 31, 1776, and he was discharged Jan. 31, 1777.  He was the uncle of the late Greer B. Grimes, of Monroe township, Adams County, Ohio.
     Benjamin Piatt  was born in 1763 in Virginia.  He came to Adams County in 1810, and bought land in Tiffin Township.  He was a first lieutenant under General McCullough.  He married Polly Waddle in Virginia, and was a psioner.  He died in 1851, at the age of ninety-eight, and is buried near West Union, probably in the Trotter Cemetery.  No stone marks his grave.  He is a son, Benjamin, who was living in 1898, near West Union.  A daughter, Margaret Denning, lived near Stone Chapel in 1898.  He had six children, three sons and three daughters.  His son Jacob married Polly Trotter.  His son John married Hester Black.  Benjamin married Myra Bayless.  Margaret married Newton Denning.  Elizabeth married Lewis Trotter.  Polly married John Black.
    Thomas Jack
enlisted Mar. 1, 1776, for ten months and was sergeant in Captain William Butler's company of Colonel Arthur St. Clair's regiment form Pennsylvania.  He enlisted again in January, 1777, for four months, and was sergeant in Captain Thomas Butler's company under Colonel Thomas Craig from Pennsylvania.  He was engaged in the battles of Short Hills, Brandywine, Germantown, and Monmouth.  He was born in 1749, in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.  After his colonel became a general, his regiment was commanded by Col. Joseph Wood.  He served under Generals Henry Knox and Daniel Morgan.  He was married to Jane Kincaid, June 7, 1787, and he died Aug. 9, 1831.  He was a pensioner of the war of the revolution under the act of Mar. 18, 1818, and his widow also received a pension.
     Henry Oldridge, or Aldred, is buried on Ohio Brush Creek, either in the Foster or McColm Cemetery.
     William Falkner
and Thomas Waters are buried in Monroe Township.
     Charles Fields, a revolutionary soldier, was born in Ireland in 1739.  He served during the entire war.  He married Grizzel Hemphill, and moved to Ohio in 1798, and was one of the first settlers on

Page 337 -
Beasley's Fork.  He never had any children.  He died in 1822 at the age of eighty-three.  He never applied for a pension, and could not have obtained it for reasons hereinafter shown.   His wife died the day before he did, and both are buried on the Miller farm in Monroe Township.
     James Miller was born in County Tyrone in Ireland, in 1740.  He emigrated to this country just before the revolutionary war, and served throughout  the whole of it.  He was six feet two inches tall, without shoes.  He served in the artillery.  He was never taken a prisoner or wounded.  He never applied for a pension.  Said he fought for liberty and obtained it, and that was all he wanted.  He was married to Elizabeth Hemphill in New England.  He located in Adams County, in 1798.  He had been a sailor, and knew the business of milling.  He built the first mill in Monroe Township, and it is still standing.  He twice walked to Philadelphia and back, and one trip brought two flower shrubs, which are growing and blooming yet.  He had a large family of children, but only three reached maturity.  His son William married Jane Morrison.  His daughter Elizabeth married Christopher Oppy, and resided on Scioto Brush Creek.  His daughter Hannah married William Stevenson, and lived on Beasley's Fork.  Miller was a prosperous man.  He was a Presbyterian, and walked five miles to church every Sunday.  He died on Christmas day, 1830, at the age of ninety years.  Here is his official record:  Member of Captain Thomas Clark's artillery company, continental troop, commanded by Gen. Henry Knox and Col. Thomas Lamb.  He enlisted as a private December 25, 1776, for three years, was a driver, May, 1777, and was Matross in June, 1777.  The last record of him on the rolls is Jan. 3, 1780  He is the great-grandfather of Miss Mary Stevenson, of Beasley's Fork, who has taken more interest in preserving the memory of the revolutionary soldiers who died in Adams County than any person in the county.  He is also the great-grandfather of Prof. James A. Oppy, of Portsmouth, Ohio
    Charles Stevenson was born in Glasgow, Scotland, on Jan. 1, 1759, and came to the United States in 1761.  He enlisted May 1, 1759, and came to the United Sates in 1761.  He enlisted May 1, 1776, for two months, as a private in Capt. Savages' company, in Col. Ross's regiment.  He enlisted again July 1, 1776, for six months, as a private in Capt. William McCaskey's company and in Col. William McCollister's regiment.  He enlisted again July, 1778, for two months, as a private in Capt. McMaster's company, regiment not stated.  All these were Pennsylvania organizations.  His residence was in York, Pennsylvania, at his enlistment.  He was in the battle of Staten Island.  He married Margaret Kain, Sept. 24, 1791.  He was captured at fort Washington, November, 1776, and was a prisoner until November, 1777.  The British gave him bread with lime in it to eat, and he picked out the lime and eat the bread.  He spent the winter of 1777, after released from prison, at Valley Forge.  While a prisoner, the British offered him money to renounce his allegiance and to enlist in their army.  He scorned it.  After the war he purchased 300 acres of land in Venango County, Pennsylvania, and resided there till 1818, when he came to Ohio.  He was a weaver by trade, and followed it in

Page 338 -
Pennsylvania.  Margaret Kain went with some other girls to see him weave.  He fell in love with her on first sight, and afterwards married her.  He had four children, three sons and one daughter.  His son William married Hannah Miller and lived on Beasley Fork.  His daughter Elizabeth married Charles Mashea and lived in West Union.  His son George married Christina Collings and lived on Beasley's Fork.  Our subject was a devoted Presbyterian, and would walk five miles every Sunday to church.  He died the thirteenth of April, 1841, and is buried in the Ralston graveyard.  He is the great-grandfather of Miss Mary Stevenson, of Beasley Fork, of Adams County, who has furnished the editors of this work more information in regard to the revolutionary soldiers than any other person.
     William Faulkner was born in Ireland.  He was said to have been a captain.  He was married, and lived at the mouth of Brush Creek.  He was a Catholic, and is buried near his former residence.
     William Floyd was born in Virginia in 1739.  He was a recruit under General Daniel Morgan, and was said to be his illegitimate son.  He was made a prisoner and confined in Quebec, but escaped.  A hue and cry was raised after him, and he joined in the chase, and cried out  "here he is."  He made good his escape and followed the stars.  He went around Lake Champlain on foot.  He married Elizabeth Goodie.  They had a daughter, who married a Taylor.  Floyd located on Brush Creek.  He died Dec. 9, 1833, and is buried on P. Young's farm near the Cedar College school house.  A rail pen marks his grave.
     Ephraim Cole, father of James M., Leonard, and Allaniah Cole, and grandfather of George D., Alfred E., and Allaniah B. Cole, all of whom have sketches herein, was born in Maryland.  He enlisted Nov. 16, 1777, in Captain Jonathan Drown's company, Col. Wm. Lee's regiment of Mary land troops, for three years.  During his service he undertook to act as a spy, and got inside the British lines.  He accomplished his errand and was leaving, when he was arrested.  He managed to create doubt in the minds of his captors as to his real character, and showed up his masonry.  There being Free Masons among his captors, he was given the benefit of the doubt, and he was released and sent out of the lines.  So we are spared a Capt. Nathan Hale's story, which, but for his masonry, Ephraim Cole's would have been.  He was buried in the Collings Cemetery, south of West Union.
     James Collings was a private in Capt. John Lynch's company, 5th Maryland regiment, commanded by Col. Wm. Richardson.  He served from Jan. 18, 1777, until Aug. 16, 1780.  He removed to Adams County in 1794, and is buried in the Collings Cemetery, east of West Union.
     Nathaniel Foster was born Feb. 7, 1760, in Morris County, New York.  He removed to Bucks County, Pennsylvania, in 1776, and thence to Hampshire County, Virginia, in 1780; thence to Bourbon County, Kentucky, in 1791, and to Adams County, Ohio, in 1798.  He enlisted in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, in August, 1776, in Capt. Tom Broeck's company.  In 1777 he enlisted in Capt. Bubonah's company, Col. Moore, from Bucks County, Pennsylvania.  In April, 1781, he enlisted from Hampshire Company, Virginia, and served six months

Page 339 -
in all; two in Capt. Thos. Anderson's company, two in Capt. McCarty's company, and two in Capt. Isaac Parson's company.
     He applied for pension Oct. 25, 1832, at the age of seventy two yeas.  He did in 1842, and is buried on the banks of Brush Creek, in the Foster Graveyard.  He was twice married.  He had three sons and two daughters by his first wife - Samuel, Isaac, and Nathaniel, sons, and Mary and Anna, daughters.  His daughter Mary married Samuel Lockhart, and Anna married David Young.
His second wife's maiden name was Cleveland, a native of Connecticut.  She first married Henry Smith, a revolutionary soldier; and after his death, Nathaniel Foster.  Of this marriage there were four sons and one daughter.  The sons were Nathan, Moses, Jedediah, and Asa.  We have not obtained the daughter's name.
    Henry Smith was born in Connecticut, in 1760.  He died in Adams County in 1802.  He was buried in a field near his home, and a stone marks his grave, placed there by his son Oliver.  He came to the Northwest Territory in 1799, and bought 300 acres of land at the mouth of Beasley Fork.  After his death his widow became the second wife of Nathaniel Foster above.
     As to revolutionary pensions.  The act of Sept. 29, 1789, gave to the wounded and disabled soldiers the pensions granted by the several states, for a period of one year.
     On July 16, 1790, congress provided that the pensions paid by the states to wounded and disabled soldiers should be paid by the United States for one year.
     The act of Mar. 23, 1792, required the soldiers to go before a court and produce a certificate form an officer of the regiment or company in which he served, that he was disabled, or he had to produce two witnesses to that effect.  Also he had to have the evidence of two freeholders of his vicinity as to his mode of life and employment and means of support for the twelve months preceding.  The court was required to examine and report his disability to the secretary of war.
     the act of Mar. 3, 1803, gave pensions to officers, soldiers, and sailors disabled by wounds, and also who did not desert the service.  The district judge took the evidence and forwarded it.  The act was enlarged Mar. 3, 1805.  Apr. 10, 1806, another act was passed for those wounded in the service.  The procedure was the same as under the former acts, but expired in six years.  The pension was $5.00 per month to a private and half pay to an officer.
     The act of Mar. 18, 1818, gave to every officer and soldier who served nine months or longer and who was in need of assistance from his county, $8.00 per month for a private and $20.00 for an officer for life.  So many claims were made under this act that on May 1, 1820, congress passed the Alarm Act (a standing disgrace to our country), by which each person receiving a pension under its provisions was required to go before a court and take an oath was to his estate and income, and that he had not given away his property to bring himself within the act of 1818, and the pension was to be dropped, if this was not done. 

Page 340 -
After the pensioner forwarded his evidence, the secretary of war was required to revise the lists and drop all he did not deem indigent.  This did not apply to any who had been wounded.  Major Finley elected not to take the oath and was dropped, but was restored in 1828.
     The act of June 7, 1832, granted pensions to all the officers and soldiers who had served for one or more terms, a period of two years, whether in the continental line or militia.  In the list herein have all those pension certificates were dated prior to June 7, 1832, were pensioned under the act of Mar. 18, 1818, and those who were placed on the pension roll at a date subsequent to June 7, 1832, received pensions under the law of that date.
     The celebrations of Independence Day for the first twenty-five years after the revolutionary war were solemn and imposing affairs.  At these the survivors of the revolutionary war were honored by important places in the parades, processions, and in the seats at the public dinners.
     Whenever it was practicable, the soldiers of the revolution were buried with military honors conducted by the nearest militia organization.  The last surviving revolutionary soldier of Adams County passed away in 1851.  The last surviving in the whole country died in 1869.
     The generations which knew them hardly appreciated their service.  Now that the last of them has been dead for fifty years, and that we begin to understand the greatness of our country, we appreciate their services.  It is to be hoped the people of Adams County will see that the grave of every one of them is properly marked, preserved, and honored, once a year, on Memorial Day, so long as our Republic shall continue.



< Civil War >




CLICK HERE to Return to
CLICK HERE to Return to

This Webpage has been created by Sharon Wick exclusively for Genealogy Express  2008
Submitters retain all copyrights