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CHAMPAIGN COUNTY, OHIO
History & Genealogy

 

Source:
HISTORY OF CHAMPAIGN COUNTY, OHIO
Its People, Industries and Institutions
Judge Evan P. Middleton
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, Second Sub-Division of Second Judicial District of Ohio.
Supervising Editor
With Biographical Sketches of Representative Citizens and
Genealogical Records of Many of the Old Families
Vol. I
Illustrated
1917
B. F. Bowen & Company, Inc.
Indianapolis, Ind.
by Joshua Antrim.
BELLEFONTAINE, OHIO
PRESS PRINTING CO.
1872

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CHAPTER I - RELATED STATE HISTORY 33
  French Traders First White Men to Set Foot In the Northwest Territory - LaSalle's Expedition of 1670 - Subsequent Explorations and Discoveries - Contentions Regarding Charters of English Colonies - Indians Make Gallant Fight to Retain Hunting Grounds - Tecumseh, the Washington of His Race - French and Indian War - Pontiac's Conspiracy - Revolutionary War Period - First Surveys and Early Settlers - Ordinance of 1787 - Organization of Northwest Territory - Representative Stage of Government - Division of 1800 - County Organization within the Territory - Indian Wars and the Treaty of Greenville - Formation of a New State and Location of Capital - Creation and Revisions of Constitution - Something of Ohio's Military Record - Land Grants and Various "Purchases" - Connecticut Reserve, Virginia Military District, United States Military Lands, the Refugee Tract and Congress Lands - Canal Grants, Turnpike Lands and Salt and School Sections - Ohio Politics and a List of the Governors of the State.  
CHAPTER II - GEOLOGICAL AND TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES 62
  Location and Boundaries of Champaign County - Average Climatic Conditions - Drainage and the Influence of Mad River - Dredging of the River and Tributary Streams, With Resultant Effect on Land Values - Notable Flood of 1913 and the Damage Created Thereby - Streams of County and General Soil Conditions - Valuable Forest Tracts - Aboriginal Mounds and Other Evidences of Former Presence of the Mound Builders- "Ludlow Line" and the Confusion It Has Created in Local Surveys - Bit of Detail With Respect to Israel Ludlow.  
CHAPTER III - COUNTY ORGANIZATION 81

 

Act Erecting the County of Champaign - Confusion Regarding Original Bounds - Limits of County Prior to 1818 - Relation to Neighboring Counties - Townships of Champaign County and First Steps in Organization of County - Location of the County Seat and Copy of the Original Agreement Providing Land for the Same - County Finances and Summary of Report of Transactions of the Recorder - Indebtedness and Annual Expenditures of the County - Population Statistics and Some Words in Conclusion.  
CHAPTER IV - PUBLIC BUILDINGS OF CHAMPAIGN COUNTY 105
  Story of the Development of the Court House from the Days When Local Justice Was Administered in a Log Cabin - Third Court House, a Part of the Present Building, and Details Regarding Changes in Original Plans and Delay in the Occupancy of the Edifice - Additions to the Old Building and an Enthusiastic Editorial Comment on the Same - Development of Suitable Jail Quarters and Details Concerning the Erection of the Present Jail - County Infirmary and a Definite System of Poor Relief - County Hospital Children's Home and the Care of the County's Blind.  
CHAPTER V. - ROSTER OF COUNTY AND STATE OFFICIALS 132
  Comparison Made Between the Number of Officials Required to Serve the Needs of the People of Champaign County Today and the Number Required in the Days of the Beginning of a Social Order Here - List of the Various County Officials and of the State Representatives and State Senators Since the Organization of the County in 1805 - Roster of Officials Serving the County in 1817 and a Statement of the Salary Attaching to Each of These Offices.  
CHAPTER VI - TOWNSHIPS OF CHAMPAIGN COUNTY  - NOT FINISHED 145
  But Eleven Townships in the County Now, Though One Hundred Years Ago it had Twenty-three - First Three Townships Organized by Associate Judges, Since Which Time County Commissioners  Have Exercised That Function - The Eleven Lost Townships - Multiplicity of Township Officials Under the Ohio System and Some Comment Thereon - List of Township Officials in 1917.  
CHAPTER VII - MAD RIVER TOWNSHIP 150
  Named for the River Which Flows Through it from North to South Organized in 1805 and Later Subjected to Boundary Changes, its Original Bounds Comprising Practically Half of the County - First Settler and Some Traditions Handed Down Regarding William Owens - Arrival of Other Settlers and First Election - Presence of Indians in Constant Menace, Leading to the Erection by the Pioneers of a Stockade - Difficulties Confronting Pioneers - Predominance of Virginians and Important Factors in the Early Settlements of the Township - Erection of Mills and Creation of Various Local Settlements, Including Westville, Lochardsville and Terre Haute.  
CHAPTER VIII - SALEM TOWNSHIP 172
  One of the Three Townships Established by the Associate Judges in the Spring of 1805 - Influence of the "Ludlow Line" and the Transfer of Military Lands - Early Surveyors Face a Prolific Source of Trouble - Drainage and Topography - First Settler in the County and the Story of Dugan Run - Early Appearance of "Squatters" and Details of Township Organization - Incidents of Pioneer Life and of the Difficulties Faced by the First Settlers - Farming Conditions and the Advantage of Good Roads - Creation of Settlements and the Establishment of Kingston, or Kings Creek, and Kennard.  
CHAPTER IX - CONCORD TOWNSHIP 194
  Part of the Original Bounds of Mad River Township, from Which it Was Set Off in 1811 - Definition of Limits of Township and a Story of the First Election - First Settlers and Some Other Early Arrivals - Prevalence of "Milk-Sickness" - Other Incidents Relating to the Life of the Pioneers - Disposition of School Lands and Early Confusion in Boundaries - Atrocious Deed of Redskins - Organization of Schools and Churches and the Establishment of Settlements, Including Heathtown, Crayon, or Pekin, and Eris.  
CHAPTER X - WAYNE TOWNSHIP - NOT FINISHED 212
  Part of the Original Township of Salem, Organized in the Spring of 1805, from Which it Was Set Off Prior to 1811, the Township as Now Constituted Lying Wholly Within the Virginia Military Survey.  With the Exception of Various Small portions in the Southwestern Part of the Township Area and Topography - "The Line of Least Resistance" -Old Military Surveys and Original Proprietors - Original Poll-Book Record and Early Township Officials - Population Statistics - Early Settlers and Typical Pioneer Experiences - Organization of Schools and Churches and Development of Settlements, Including Those of Cable, Mingo and Middleton.  
CHAPTER XI - UNION TOWNSHIP 248
  One of the Townships Crossed by the Ludlow Line and in Consequence Part of its Surveys are Very Much Confused - Part of Salem Township Until Set Off from the Same in 1811 - First Election and Names of Electors - Early Settlers and the Beginning of a Social Order - Confusion Regarding Original Surveys - Early Industries and the Creation of Settlements, Including Pollock Town, Mutual and Catawba.  
CHAPTER XII - URBANA TOWNSHIP 261
  Definitely Established Some Time Between 1811 and 1814, Though Date of Original Organization is Not Known - Drainage and Topography - First Election and Names of Electors - Early Settlement and the Creation of the County Seat, Which Has Maintained Its Own Separate Civic Career - Limits of the City of Urbana, Which is the Dominant Factor in the Township - Village of Powhattan and Some of the Early Industries that Flourished There in the Days of Water Power.  
CHAPTER XIII - GOSHEN TOWNSHIP 267
  Lying Entirely Within the Virginia Military Survey, the Apparently Haphazard Method of Laying Out Farms and Roads is Accounted For - Drainage and Topography, List of Original Proprietors and Development of Highways - One of the First Townships in the County to Attract Settlers and Contains the Second Oldest Town in the County, Mechanicsburg - First Settler to Leave any Official Record of His Arrival and Some Other Early Pioneers - Platting of Mechanicsburg, Early Industries and Other Local Settlements.  
CHAPTER XIV - HARRISON TOWNSHIP 278
  Smallest Township in the County Was Originally a Part of Mad River Township and Did Not Acquired its Present Limits Until 1828 - Drainage and Topography - Early Settlers and Some Interesting Incidents of Pioneer Days - Aboriginal Occupants of the Land Still Present in Considerable Numbers When the Township Was Entered by Whites, But the Redskins Were Uniformly Peaceful and Never Troubled the Settlers - Early Industries and the Establishment of the Pleasant Village of Spring Hills, Originally Known as Middleburg, Which Was Platted in 1832.  
CHAPTER XV - JACKSON TOWNSHIP 288
  Part of the Original Township of Mad River, from Which it Was set Off in 1817 and Named in Honor of the Hero of the Battle of New Orleans - Boundaries, Drainage and Topography and Natural Resources - List of Original Landowners and the Names of Some of Those Who Early Became Identified With the Life and Development of the Township - Some of the Township "Firsts," Including a Story of the First Merchant at Christiansburg and Something Relating to the Founder of That Town and to the Early Industries of the Neighborhood - Railroads and Electric Lines, Changes in Farming Methods and Something About the Prosperous Creamery at Thackery.  
CHAPTER XIV - JOHNSON TOWNSHIP 297
  Named in Honor of Silas Johnson, its First Permanent Settler, it Was Set Off from Concord Township When Population Warranted the Commissioners in Granting a Petition for a Separate Civic Identity - Middle Township of the Western Tier of Townships in County and Contains What is Regarded as the Highest Point in the State of Ohio - Drainage and Topography - Evidences of the Glacial Period - Largest Buckeye Tree in the State - Some of the First Settlers and Stories Relating to Pioneer Conditions - Schools and Churches - First Commercial Center in the Township and the Establishment of the Village of Millerstown.  
CHAPTER XVII - RUSH TOWNSHIP - NOT FINISHED 310
  Originally a Part of Salem Township, Then of Wayne Township, and Was Set Off as a Separate Civic Unit in 1828 - Prevalence of the Metes-and-Bounds System of Survey in Consequence of Lying Wholly Within the Old Virginia Military Survey - Drainage and Topography - Original Landowners and Something Relating to the First Settlers - List of Early Voters and a Story of the First Election Held in the Township - Coming of the Railroads - Early Mills and the Creation of Two Social Centers, the Villages of North Lewisburg and Woodstock.  
CHAPTER XVIII - ADAMS TOWNSHIP 320
  Last Township Organized in Champaign County, its Civil Organization Dating from 1828 - Originally a Part of Mad River Township, it Later Became a Part of Johnson Township and so Remained Until it Set Up in Business for Itself - Drainage and Topography - Coming of the First Settlers and the First Record of Deed to Land in the Township - Bad Roads Retard Settlement - Early Mills and Milling - Organization of Schools and Churches and the Establishment of the Villages of Carysville and Rosewood.  
CHAPTER XIX - AGRICULTURE 334
  Comparison of the Methods of Farming Prevailing During the Days of the Pioneers and Those Which Lessen the Labor of the Farmer Today - Nature Indulgent to Champaign County - A Look Into the Days That Are Gone - Development of the Crops During the Past Hundred Years and More and Some Interesting Statistics Relating to the Leading Crops - Orchard and Garden Fruits- "Johnny Appleseed" - The Cattle Industry and Points Relating to Live Stock in General - Interesting Description of a Hog Drive in the Old Days - Patrons of Husbandry and an Enumeration of the Granges in the County - County Fairs and a Story Regarding the Work of the Champaign County Agricultural Society.  
CHAPTER XX - THE MEDICAL PROFESSION 357
  Hardships Endured by the Followers of scupalpius During the Early Days of the County's Settlement and the Close Place Occupied by the Faithful Family Physician in the Homes of the Pioneers - Swamps and Lowlands Fruitful Breeders of Disease and Fever and Ague Proved the Scourge of the Early Settlements - Every Family Had its Medicine Chest and Roots and Herbs Were Much Relied On - First Physician to Locate at Urbana and a List of the Physicians of Early Record, With Biographies of Many of them - County Medical Society in 1917 and a List of Physicians Now Practicing in the County - County Hospital and a Word Regarding Various Efforts to Establish Sanitariums Here.  
CHAPTER XXI - BENCH AND BAR 385
  Ubiquity of the Lawyer Consequent on Civilization's Demands for His Services as an Interpreter of the Ten Commandments - First Follower of the Original Moses to Locate in Champaign County Also Was Moses, But His Other Name Was Corwin - Since Then Many Lawyers Have Come and Gone and an Effort Has Been Made to Compile a List of all Who Have Practiced in the County from the Very Beginning of its Civic Entity More Than a Hundred Years Ago - Judicial System Prior to 1851 - First Court in the County - Associate Judges - Justices of the Peace - Judges of the Common Pleas Court - Probate Court and the Jurisdiction Thereof - Prosecuting Attorneys, the First of Whom to Appear in This County Was Arthur St. Clair, Son of the Former Governor of the Northwest Territory - Court Library of Champaign County.  
CHAPTER XXII - CHAMPAIGN COUNTY JOURNALISM 407
  Wherein is Found an Account of the Various Newspapers, Past and Present, Which Have Been Influential in the Advancement and Development of Champaign County Since the Days of the Beginning - Many Papers of Many Names by Many Men - Files of Early Papers Missing, Creating a Confusion of the Record, But it is Believed That all the Newspapers That Have Struggled for or Established an Existence Here Have Found Mention in This Chapter.  
CHAPTER XXIII - CHURCHES OF CHAMPAIGN COUNTY 430
  Importance of the Church as an Institution in Creating Stable Conditions in the Community - With Their Very First Bringings the Pioneers of Champaign County Brought With Them the Seeds of the Christian Religion and These Seeds Have Sprouted and Flourished Under the Faithful Cultivation of Those Who Came After Them - Comparison of the Services Held During the "Good Old Days" With Thos Held Today - Interesting Pen Picture of a Pioneer Church Service - Camp Meetings of Other Days - List of the Active Churches in Champaign County Today, With Brief Histories of the Establishment and Progress of Most of Them.  
CHAPTER XXIV - EDUCATION 530
  Gradual Growth and Development of the School System of the State from the Days When an Acquaintance With the Rudiments of the Three Rs Was Regarded as a Sufficient Qualification for the Teacher and a Sufficiently Wide Range of Knowledge for the Pupil - Growth of the Curriculum, Consolidation and Centralization of Rural Schools and the Creation of the Present Efficient School System - Normal Schools - List of Present Teachers in County - Beginning of the Common School and Some Early Statistics Relating Thereto - Review of Schools by Townships - Graduates of the Urbana High School - Moore's Business College - Urbana University - Curry Institute  
CHAPTER XXV - LITERARY CLUBS AND THINGS THESPIAN 582
  Review of the Various Organizations That Have Been Organized in Champaign County in Response to the Cultural Demands of the People, Together With a List of Many Who Have Tempted Fame or the Bubble Reputation Before the Footlights of the State or in the Tanbark Arena of the Circus.  
CHAPTER XXVI - MUSIC AND ART IN CHAMPAIGN COUNTY 597
  Herein is Found a Review of the Numerous Musical Societies That Have at One Time and Another Striven to Add to the Pleasure and Entertainment of the People of Champaign County, Together With a List of Those Who Have Striven in the Difficult Field of Art, in Which Are Found the Names of Some Who Have Achieved More Than Local Fame, Including One of the Greatest Sculptors America Have Ever Produced an Artist Whose Work Was Pronounced by Competent Authorities to be as Fine as Had Ever Been Produced in This Country.  
CHAPTER XXVII - PATRIOTIC ORGANIZATIONS 611
  Four Posts of the Grand Army of the Republic, Several Corps of the Woman's Relief Corps, an Active Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Three Camps of the Sons of Veterans, a Woman's Auxiliary to the Same and a Command of the Spanish-American War Veterans are Formally Banded for the Purpose of Keeping Alive the Sacred Flame of Patriotism Within the Borders of Champaign County.  
CHAPTER XXVIII - FRATERNAL AND BENEVOLENT ORGANIZATIONS 626
  Review of the Various "Lodges" That Have Been Formed in Champaign County Based on the Noble Instinct of a Common Brotherhood of Man, These Organizations Including Such Orders as Those of the Masons, the Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, the Improved Order of Red Men, the Modern Woodmen of America, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of the Maccabees, the Fraternal Order of Eagles, the Loyal Order of Moose, the Knights of the Golden Eagle, the Knights of Columbus, the Independent Order of Foresters, the Junior Order of Union Mechanics and the Junior Order of United American Mechanics.  
CHAPTER XXIX - MILITARY ANNALS 665
  Beginning With the Expedition of General Harmer Against the Indians in the Mad River Country in 1790, Every Generation of the Dwellers of This Region Has Been Stirred by War's Alarms and in This Chapter There is Set Out as Faithfully and Accurately As May Be an Account of Champaign County's Part in These Successive Wars, Including the Early Brushes With the Aboriginal Inhabitants in the Days of the Beginning of Settlement here, the War of 1812, the Mexican War, the War of the Rebellion, the Spanish-American War and the Present Great World War, the Account Carrying the Names of Those from This County Who Participated in the Civil War and in the Spanish-America War and a List of Those Who Registered for the Selective Draft Upon This Country's Declaration of War Against Germany in the Spring of 1917.  
CHAPTER XXX - BANKS AND BUILDING AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS 836
  Review of the Old Days of the "Shin-Plaster" Currency, "Tokens" and "Sharp-Shins" and a History of the Various Banking Institutions That Have Been Founded in This Country, Together With Current Statements of Those Now Doing Business Here.  
CHAPTER XXXI - TRANSPORTATION: HIGHWAYS AND RAILROADS 855
  One of the First and Most Important Problems Confronting the Early Settlers of This County Was the Building of Roads and This Chapter Reviews the Development of the Transportation Facilities of the County from the Days of the Beginning.  
CHAPTER XXXII - WOODSTOCK 869
  History of the Village of Woodstock Traced Back Nearly One Hundred Years, Including a Review of the Labors Necessitated by the Desire of the Early Settlers Thereabout for an Orderly Social Center.  
CHAPTER XXXIII - CHRISTIANSBURG 891
  Herein is Found a Comprehensive Review of the History of the Bustling Village Situated in the Southwest Corner of the County from the Days of Its Beginning When Platted by Joshua Howell Back in the Fall of 1817 and Named in Honor of His Old Home Town in Virginia.  
CHAPTER XXXIV - NORTH LEWISBURG 898
  This Village in the Northeastern Corner of the County Was Laid Out by Gray Gary in the Fall of 1826 and the Historian Has Endeavored to Present a Faithful Review of its Progress and Development from That Day to This.  
CHAPTER XXXV - MECHANICSBURG 913
  Bustling Little City in the Southeaster Part of the County, Was Laid Out by John Kain in 1814 and in This Chapter There is Set Out a Review of the Progress and Development of the Place During the More Than One Hundred Years That Have Intervened Since Then.  
CHAPTER XXXVI - ST. PARIS 936
  David Huffman, Who Platted and Founded St. Paris in the Fall of 1831, Designed to Call His Village "New Paris," But Another Town in the State Had Prior Claim to That Name and He Changed the "New to Saint" and Under That Name it Has Attained a Place of Importance Commensurate With its Aspirations, all of Which is Set Out in This Chapter.  
CHAPTER XXXVII - URBANA, THE COUNTY SEAT 948
  In This Chapter There Are Set Out at Length Details of the Founding of the City of Urbana, the Creation of the County Seat of Champaign County, the Names of the Men Who Took a Prominent Part in the Establishment of the City and of Early Settlers Therein, Together with a Comprehensive History of the Growth and Development of the City Along Industrial Social, Cultural and Civic Lines, With Fitting Details of the Various Stages Which Have Marked That Growth.  
CHAPTER XXXVIII - CITIZENS OF A PAST GENERATION - NOT FINISHED 1074
  Wherein is Set Out a Roster of Some of the Men Known Aforetime in Champaign County Who by Virtue of Their Talents or Superior Attainments Rose to Positions Exalting Them Above the Level of Mediocrity - Included in This List Are Such Names as Those of Joseph Vance, Former Governor of Ohio; Simon Kenton, Pioneer Explorer and Indian Fighter, Who Wrote His Name Large in the History of the Middle West; William Ward, the Founder of Urbana, and Numerous Others Who in One Way or Another Placed This Generation Under a Debt of Obligation to Their Memories.  
CHAPTER XXXIX - SIDELIGHTS; OR LIFE IN OTHER DAYS - NOT FINISHED 1109
  In Which Concluding Chapter the Historian Has Assembled a Number of Anecdotes, Some Grave and Some Gay, But All Interesting and Illuminative of Conditions in the Days Now Long Gone, the Collection Setting Out in Various Ways, for the Instruction, Edification and Entertainment of Readers of the Present Generation in General Picture of Life Among the Pioneers of Champaign County, as Well as Numerous Points of Interest That Could Not Well be Touched on in the Chapters That Have Preceded This.  

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