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Mack, Horace - History of Columbiana County, Ohio : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers.
Philadelphia: D. W. Ensign & Co., 1879, 372 pgs. )

CHAPTER XXI.

MILITIA MILITANT.

     THE organized militia of Columbiana were at different times called to active service in the field, and responded with patriotic ardor to whatever summons.  Whether to meet the "great national emergency" of 1809, whose history seems to be now involved in something of obscurity, to sustain the national arms in the more serious conflict of 1812, or, still later, in the war with Mexico, the citizen soldiery of the county were ever ready at a moment's warning.

MEN DRAFTED FOR SERVICE IN 1809.

     The following were drafted for service under the call for troops, in 1809, to meet the "great national emergency," which is elsewhere mentioned in this history of hte militia.

FIRST BATTALION.

Jacob Gilbert, Captain
Andrew Hahn
John Nidick
Philip Kollance
Christian Sidenor
Jacob Hickenlively
Andrew Summer
Michael Shaffer
From Capt. Warner's Company -
Peter Wetwright
Michael Pitts
Christian Crist*
David Shoemaker,*
David Summer
David Taylor*
Frederick Klotts.
From Capt. Bushong's Company -
Abraham Fox,
Joseph Woods,
Michael Motinger
James Armstrong
John Cope
James Boulton
Parnall Hall
From Capt. Greenmire's Company -
Adam Fourney
William Andrew
Michael Franks
Henry Bodman
John Taggart

SECOND BATTALION.

Second Lieutenant, Joseph Zimmerman
Fourth Ensign, Christly Miece
Bezelea Betz
James Gragham
Hugh Fauster
Elisha Teeters*
Michael Durr*
From Captain Altman's Company -
George Tetz
Henry Dixon
John Beeson
George Yarnall
Caleb Cope
Samuel Huffman
James Whitacre
George Yearger
From Captain Little's Company. -
John Harnts*
Jacob Crouse*
From Captain Roler's Company -
John Watkins
Joel Halloway
John Lawrence*
Andrew Alison
Henry Beck
Jabez Smith, a rifle
Robert Wallace
Israel Gaskell, a musket
     The battalions were under Majs. Keith and Musser, and numbered in all fifty-five men.  The return, dated May 3, 1809, certifies this to be the correct number drafted out of the Second Regiment, Second Brigade, and Fourth Division of Ohio Militia, and is signed by John Hindman, Colonel  of Second Regiment.

LAST WAR WITH ENGLAND.

     An interesting account of matters in the county involving the movements of the militia is also given by Mr. Gregg, and is as follows:
     "Of the war of 1812, Mr. Blcksom gave me some reminiscences which I will here relate.  On the 18th of June war was declared, and soon afterwards Capt. Thomas Rowland raised a company of volunteers and marched to join Gen. Hull at Detroit, encamping the first night at the barn on the old Stuck farm, a mile west of New Lisbon, then owned by Gen. Beall.  When this company arrived at the river Raisin, thirty miles from Detroit, intelligence reached them of Hull's surrender, and soon a demand was made by the British for the surrender of Capt. Rowland and his company.  To this they refused to accede, retreated, and returned home.
     "Major-Gen. Wadsworth, residing in Canfield, receiving information of Hull's surrender, sent an express to Brig.-Gen. Beall, which arrive at New Lisbon about midnight on Sunday the 23d of August, 1812.  On receiving the information, Gen. Beall aroused the male inhabitants of the town, and a meeting was held at a hotel kept where C. L. Frost now resides and keeps his grocery.  Runners were appointed to arouse the militia of the county, and to notify the various captains of militia companies, and their commands, to meet in New Lisbon about Tuesday or Wednesday after.  The county was thoroughly aroused and a large attendance of militia took place, filling the town with a great number of people, and during the time, of course, great excitement prevailed, the greatest gathering being in and around the Stone House on Washington Street, then kept as a hotel, the depot of arms being in a long building which stood on the west side of the same lot, and but a few feet from the stone house.  Mr. Blocksom was appointed, and immediately started as an express to Beavertown.  On his arrival, however, he found the news of Hull's surrender had already reached there, and they were holding a meeting to take active measures to arouse the people of Beaver County.
     "By Friday the militia were ready to march, and left New Lisbon, one company of volunteers commanded by Capt. William Foulks, and a company of cavalry commanded by Capt. Daniel Harbaugh."
    
While the excitement was at fever-heat, a horseman suddenly appeared from the direction of Hanover and announced the Indians coming, slaying and scalping in their course.  The alarm became to great that a number of families hastened away with their effects, most of whom passed down, the west fork of Little Beaver and crossed the Ohio into Pennsylvania.  The rider proved a false messenger, there being no occasion for the alarm.
     Five or six companies of volunteers and enlisted men and three or four companies of drafted militia were furnished by the county for the defense of the frontier.  Besides those already mentioned were companies of volunteers commanded by Capts. John Ramsay and Israel Warner, and companies of drafted men commanded by Capts. Jacob Gilbert, Joseph Zimmerman, William Blackburn, and Martin Sitler the regimental officers being Col. Hindman, Majs. Peter Musser and Jacob Frederick.  Maj. Frederick was a representative in 1811, and Capts. Foulks, Harbaugh, and Blackburn at a later date.

NEW LISBON IN THE WAR OF 1812

     Capt. Rowland's Companies - At the breaking out of the war of 1812, Capt. Thomas Rowland, of New Lisbon, raised a volunteer company at that place, which was afterwards encamped, with other Ohio militia forces, on the river Raisin, forty miles from Detroit, and was included in Hull's surrender; but the officers held a consultation and concluded that they would not surrender.  That night they abandoned their fort and made good their retreat to Urbana, where the men were discharged.  Subsequently to this, Capt. Rowland received the appointment of captain in the Seventeenth Regiment, United States army, and in the latter part of the spring of 1813 raised a second company at New Lisbon.  To arouse the necessary military ardor he issued the following appeal:
     "YOUNG MEN OF COURAGE, ENTERPRISE, AND PATRIOTISM - Your country calls you to the field to assist in vigorously prosecuting a war which has been entered into, where every honorable means to avert it have failed.  The encouragement given to soldiers is greater than has been known before.  Every able-bodied soldier who shall enter the service for twelve months shall receive sixteen dollars bounty and eight dollars per month, with clothing and rations.  Step forward with cheerfulness, and tender to your country your service for a few months, to assist in bringing to an honorable issue a war which a contrary course might protract for years.

                                                                                                       "THOMAS ROWLAND,
                                                                                              "Capt. 17th Regiment, U. S. Army"
    
The appeal was not in vain.  The company was raised and marched for Sandusky, July 16, 1813.  A few days previous to its departure great excitement prevailed in New Lisbon.  Many relatives of the young men who had enlisted endeavored to obtain their release, even after they had already received the bounty, and, acting on the counsel of a lawyer named Reddick, many writs of habeas corpus for their discharge were issued.  To prevent the writs being served on him, Capt. Rowland marched his company out of the The village in the form of a hollow square, with himself and music in the centre, and in this order traveled an entire day.  Reddick followed to Cleveland, when an order, issued for his arrest by Col. Ball, caused his sudden departure the following night.  If Reddick, a sort of "shyster" lawyer, ever made his appearance in New Lisbon again, it must have been for a very short time, for he was ever after regarded with contempt.  How long Capt. Rowland's company remained in the service, or how composed it, cannot be definitely ascertained, nor has the muster-roll of the other company been preserved.
     Captain Harbaugh's Light Dragoons. - The following list of Capt. Daniel Harbaugh's company of light dragoons is copied from the muster-roll of September 1812:

Captain, Daniel Harbaugh
First Lieutenant, David Scott
Second Lieutenant
George Clarke,
Cornet, Michael Wirtz,
First Sergeant James Watson,
Second Sergeant, Jonathan Whitacre,
Third Sergeant, Mordecai Moore;
First Sergeant Henry Hephner,
Farrier, John Kuntz,
Trumpheter, Daneil Lindesmith
Privates:
Abner Allison,
Samuel Blackburn,
Andrew Forbes,
Henry Aten,
John Fife,
David Fife,
John Goble,
Morris E. Morris,
Philip Meis,
William Moore,
Thomas Moore,
John McKinsey,
Elemuel Swearingen
Benoni Swearingen,
George Wilson,
Andrew Williabury,
Mathew Adams,
Fisher A. Blocksom,
Holland Green,
John McMillen,
Edmond Keys,
Nicholas Sampsell,
Thomas C. King,
James Brady,
Michael Croper,
Martin Bridenstein,
William Davis,
John Hollinger,
John McKaig,
Joseph Woods,
Samuel Swearingen,
John Rogers,
Alexander Rogers,
Samuel Hunt,
John Fulks,
John Merchant,
Martin Armstrong,
John Poe,
Nathan Davis, (captain's boy)
Benjamin Paul,
Frederick Zepernick (com.)
Philip House,
Andrew Cruthers.
 
CONTINUE ON PAGE 59      
       
       
       
       
NOTES:

* With rifle, pouch, and horn.
Gen. Hull surrendered Aug. 16, 1812.
Prepared by John Frost, of New Lisbon


 
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