OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Welcome to
Fayette County, Ohio
History & Genealogy

 

HISTORY
OF
FAYETTE COUNTY
TOGETHER WITH
HISTORIC NOTES ON THE NORTHWEST,
AND
THE STATE OF OHIO
GLEANED FROM EARLY AUTHORS, OLD MAPS AND MANUSCRIPTS,
PRIVATE AND OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE, AND
ALL OTHER AUTHENTIC SOURCES

By R. S. DILLS
ILLUSTRATED
1881
ODELL & MAYER, PUBLISHERS
DAYTON, OHIO
.
-----
PREFACE.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

HISTORY OF THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY.

CHAPTER I.

Topography - The Great Lakes, and the Country of the Northwest Territory 11


CHAPTER II.

Joliet and Marquette's Voyage
 - They leave Mackinaw May 17, 1673
 - They proceed, by way of Green Bay and the Wisconsin, as far as the mouth of the Arkansas
 - Return by way of the Illinois and Chicago Creek
 - Father Marquette's journal, descriptive of the journey and the country through which they traveled
 - Biographical sketches of Marquette and Joliet
16


CHAPTER III.

La Salle's voyage
 - Biographical sketch of La Salle
 -
His concessions and titles of nobility
 - Preparations for his explorations
 - Sketch of Father Hennepin and the merit of his writings
 - La Salle reaches the Niagara River in December, 1678, builds the ship Griffin, and proceeds up Lake Erie, and reaches Mackinaw in August, 1679
26


CHAPTER IV.

La Salle's voyage continued
 - Mackinaw the headquarters of the Indian trade
 - The Griffin starts back to Niagara River with a cargo of furs, and is lost upon the Lake
 - La Salle resumes his voyage in birch canoes, south along the west shore of Lake Michigan, and around its southern extremity to the mouth of the St. Joseph, where he erects Fort Miamis
33


CHAPTER V.

The several rivers called the Miamis
 - La Salle's route down the Illinois
 - The Kankakee Marshes
 - The French and Indian names of the Kankakees and Des Plaines
 - "Fort Crevecoeur"
 - La Salle goes back to Canada
 - Destruction of his fors by deserters
 - His return to Fort Miamis, and the successful prosecution of his exploration to the mouth of the Mississippi
 - The whole valley of the great river taken possession of in the name of the king of France.
42


CHAPTER VI.

 - The Miamis
 - The Miami, Piankeshaw, and Wea bands
 - They are kindred to the Illinois, originally from the west of the Mississippi
 - Their superiority and their military disposition
 - Their subdivisions and various names
 - Their trade and difficulties with the French and the English
 - Their migrations
 - They are upon the Maumee and Wabash
 - Their villages
 - From their position between the French and English they suffer at the hands of both
 - They defeat the Iroquois
 - They trade with the English, and incur the anger of the French
 - Their bravery
 - Their decline
 - Destructive effects of intemperance
 - Cession of their lands in Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio
 - Their removal westward, and present condition
57


CHAPTER VII.

The Shawnees and Delawares
 - Originally east of the Alleghany Mountains
 - Are subdued and driven out by the Oroquois
 - Marquette finds the Shawnees on the Tennessee in 1673
 - At one time in Florida
 - In 1744 they are in Ohio
 - They war on the American settlements
 - Their villages on the Big and Little Miamis, the St. Marys, the Auglaize, Maumee, and Wabash
 - The Delawares
 - Made women of by the Iroquois
 - Their country on White River, Indiana,, and eastward, defined
 - Become friendly to the United States after Wayne's victory at Maumee Rapids, in 1794
 - They, with the Shawnees, sent west of the Mississippi
 - They furnish soldiers in the war for the Union
 - Adopting ways of the white people
72


CHAPTER VIII.

The Indians
 - Their implements, utensils, fortifications, mounds, manners, and customs
81


CHAPTER IX.

The war for the fur trade
 
- Former abundance of wild animals and water fowl in the Northwest
 - The buffalo; their range, their numbers, and final disappearance
 - Value of hte fur trade;
 - its importance to Canada
 - The coureurs de bois; their food and peculiarities
 - Goods for Indian trade
 - The distant part of which the far trade was carried, and the manner in which it was conducted
 - Competition between French and English for control of the fur trade
 - It results in broils
 - French traders killed on the Vermillion
 - The French and Indians attack Fort Pickawillany
 - War
 


CHAPTER X.

The War for the empire
 
- English claims to the Northwest
 - Deeds from the Iroquois to a large part of the country
 - Military expeditions of Major Grant, Mons. Aubry, and M. de Ligneris
 - Aubry attempts to retake Fort Du Quesne
 - His expedition up the Wabash
 - Goes to the relief of Fort Niagara
 - Is defeated by Sir William Johnson
 - The fall of Quebec and Montreal
 - Surrender of the Northwest to Great Britain
 - The territory west of the Mississippi ceded to Spain
150


CHAPTER XI.

General Clark's conquest of the Illinois
 
- The Revolutionary War
 - Indian depredations upon the settlements of Kentucky
 - The savages are supplied with arms and ammunition from the English posts at Detroit, Vincennes, and Kaskaskia
 - General Clark applies to Governor Henry, of Virginia, for aid in an enterprise to capture Kaskaskia and Vincennes
 - Sketch of General Clark
 - His manuscript memoir of his march to the Illinois
 - He captures Kaskaskia
 - The surrender of Vincennes
 - He treats with the Indians, who agree to quit their warfare on the Big Knife
 - Governor Hamilton, of Detroit, recaptures Vincennes
 - Clark's march to Vincennes
 - He retakes Vincennes, and makes the English forces prisoners of war
 - Captain Helm surprises a convoy of English boats at the mouth of the Vermillion River
 - Organization of the Northwest Territory into Illinois County of Virginia
 - Clark holds the Northwest until the conclusion of the Revolutionary War
 - For this reason only it became a part of the United States
116


CHAPTER XII.

The title of Virginia, and her deed of cession.
 -
Probable number and characteristics of the population in 1787
 - Organization of the Ohio Land Company
 - The first settlement under the ordinance of 1787
 - Survey and grants of the public lands
 - Treaties made with the Indians
 - First officers of the Territory
 - The second grade of Territorial government
 - Early laws of the Territory
 - Local courts and court officers
 - Organization of counties
 - Early Territorial villages and towns
 - Territorial officers
 - The Indian tribes of the Upper Ohio
 - Titles to Ohio
 - By whom held
 - When and how acquired and relinquished
 - Early time white men in Ohio
 - The earliest English military expeditions on Lake Erie
 - Moravian missionary stations
 - Subsequent military movements upon Ohio soil
 - Colonel Bradstreet's expedition
 - Colonel Bouquet's expedition
 - An act of the British Parliament
 - Colonel McDonald's expedition
 - Lord Dunmore's war
 - Organization of Illinois County
 - Expedition of General McIntosh
 - Erection of Fort Laurens, in 1778
 - General Daniel Broadhead's expedition
 - Colonel Archibald Lochry's expedition
 - Colonel Williamson's expedition
 - Colonel Crawford's Sandusky campaign
 - General George Rogers Clark's expedition
 - Colonel Logan's expedition
 - First treaties establishing boundaries
 - The first white child born in Ohio
 - Organization of the second grade of Territorial government
 - Members of the Territorial Legislature of 1799-1800
 - First Connell and House of Representatives
130


CHAPTER XIII.

Admission of Ohio into the Union
 - Political History
 - Early laws of Ohio
183


HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY

INTRODUCTION.

  Page

POLITICAL AND MILITARY HISTORY.

Virginia
 - Virginia military survey
 - Early settlements of the Ohio Valley
 - Early surveying, and surveyors
 - First survey in Fayette County
 - Numbering of surveys
 - First settlement upon the Virginia reservation
 - Capture of Andrew Ellison
 - Life in the woods
191


INDIAN WARS

From their origin to the Treaty of Greenville with Incidents 219


MISCELLANEOUS

Organization and Boundary 238
The Pioneer - FINISHED 7/18/2018 240
Early Settlers - FINISHED 7/18/2018
 - Allen, Adam
 - Creamer, George
 - DeWitt, John
 - Durham, Rafe
 - Fent, Philip
 - Fullerton, Thomas
 - Green, Thomas
 - Harrison, Batteal, Gen.
 - Hays, James
 - Jamison, Jacob
 - Kirkpatrick, James
 - Moor, Philip
 - Popejoy, John
 - Rankin, Jacob A.
 - Robinson, William, Sr.
 - Rowe, Jesse
 - Sanderson, James
 - Steward, Hugh
 - Stewart, James
 - Strope, Henry
 - Waddle, Samuel
(See biographical index)
242
Old settlers - FINISHED 7/18/2018 255
Prominent Physicians - FINISHED 7/18/2018
 - McGara, Thomas
 - Baldridge, Dr.
 - Hinton, Benjamin
 - Hinton, James
 -
258


HABITS AND CUSTOMS OF THE PIONEERS.

Defenses
 - Health
 - Weddings
 - Settling a young couple
 - Putting up the house
 - House warming
 - Military debts
 - Thefts
 - Characteristics
 - Disputes
 - Morality
 - Tattling
260


ORIGINAL TOWNSHIPS.

Original Townships - FINISHED 7/18/2018 271


PRESENT TOWNSHIPS.

Date of organization and boundary 273


MILLS AND MILLING

Block and Pestle
 - Corn Cracker
279


MISCELLANEOUS

Taverns  - FINISHED 7/18/2018 283
Race of John Edgington 285
War of 1812 286
Batteal Harrison at Fort Meigs 292
Josiah Hunt 294
Effects of the war of 1812 297
The Old Muster 299
Sharp Shins or Cut Money 303
Pioneer Girls 305
Corn Husking 307
Game and Hunters 308
The Old School House 312
Early Mails 314
Pigeon Roosts 315
Judiciary
 - Courts and Court Houses
 - First Court House
 - New Court House
 - Jails
316
County Infirmary
 - Carder Infirmary
325
Peter Carder 330
Counterfeiting 331
The Funk Fight 334
The first man sent to the penitentiary 338
Execution of William G. W. Smith, with a sketch of his life 341
Sanitary
 - Milk Sickness
 - Symptoms
 - Treatment
350
Drainage 353
Stock Sales
 - Horsetrading
356
The first Railroad 359
Geology of Fayette County
 - Paving stones of Washington
361
Fayette County in the Rebellion 383
Fayette County in the Legislature 447
Fayette County officials 451


UNION TOWNSHIP

Early Settlers
 - Washington
 - Early Business
 - Tanneries
 - Blacksmiths
 - General features
 - Old times
 - The pioneer house
 - Council proceedings
 - Fire Engine
 - Township reminiscences
 - Churches
 - Schools
 - Secret Organizations
 - The crusade
 - The press
 - Woolen machines
458
BIOGRAPHICAL 583


JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP

Early settlement
 - Official
 - Churches
 - Secret societies
 - Industrial and Commercial
 - Railroads
 - Bonds
 - Miscellaneous
 - Schools
 - Jeffersonville
638
BIOGRAPHICAL 669


JASPER TOWNSHIP.

Early settlers
 - Schools
 - Churches
 - Towns
 - Post offices, etc.
708
BIOGRAPHICAL 725


CONCORD TOWNSHIP.

Early settlement
 - Churches
 - Schools
 - Incidents
 - Mills
 - Staunton
737
BIOGRAPHICAL 745


GREEN TOWNSHIP.

Early settlement
 - Schools
 - Churches
 - Buena Vista
 - Officers
 - Distilleries
 - Thievis
 - Incidents, etc.
763
BIOGRAPHICAL 773


PERRY TOWNSHIP.

Early
 - settlements
 - Churches
 - Blacksmiths
 - Mills
 - Stores
 - Sunday-schools
 - Martinsburg
 - Secret Societies
 - Nursery
 - Officers
776
BIOGRAPHICAL 794


WAYNE TOWNSHIP.

Early settlement
 - Taverns
 - Indian reminiscences
 - Good Hope
 - Churches
 - Rock Mills
826
BIOGRAPHICAL 842


MARION TOWNSHIP. - FINISHED 7/18/2018

Early settlement
 - Churches
 - Sabbath-schools
 - Schools
 - Mills
 - Official, etc.
877
BIOGRAPHICAL 894


MADISON TOWNSHIP.

Early settlement
 - Churches
 - Schools
 - Secret organizations
 - Stores
 - Mills, etc.
916
BIOGRAPHICAL 934


PAINT TOWNSHIP.

Early settlement
 - Incidents
 - Educational
 - Churches
 - Secret Organizations In
 - the war with Garfield
 - Bloomingbury
 - Slavery
 - The liquor question
 - Towns
 
BIOGRAPHICAL 993
Summary 1024

ADDENDA.
Union Township 1027
Jefferson Township 1034
Jasper Township 1035
Concord Township 1036
Errata 1039

 

 



 
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