OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

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Welcome to
Greene County, Ohio

HISTORY OF GREENE COUNTY
together with
Historic Notes on the Northwest
and
The State of Ohio.
Gleaned From Early Authors, Old Maps and Manuscripts,
Private and Official Correspondence and
all other Authentic Sources, Ohio - Publ. 1881
By R. S. Dills
Illustrated.
Dayton, Ohio
ODell & Mayer, Publishers.
1881

HISTORY OF THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY

CHAPTER I. - - The Great Lakes, and the Country of the Northwest Territory 11
CHAPTER II. - - Joliet and Marquette's Voyage
- They leave Mackinaw May 17, 1673
- They proceed, by way of Green Bay and the Wisconsin, as far as the mouth of the Arkansas.
- Return by way of the Illinois and Chicago Creek
- Father Marquette's journal, descriptive of the journey and the country through which they traveled
- Biographical sketches of Marquette and Joliet.
16
CHAPTER III. - - La Salle's voyage
- Biographical sketch of La Salle
- His concessions and titles of nobility
- Preparations for his explorations
- Sketch of Father Hennepin and the merit of his writings -
- La Salle reaches the Niagara River in December, 1678, builds the ship Griffin, and proceeds up Lake Erie, and reaches Mackinaw in August, 1679
26
CHAPTER IV. - La Salle's voyage continued - Mackinaw the headquarters of the Indian trade
- The Griffin starts back to Niagara River with a cargo of furs, and is lost upon the lake - La Salle resumes his voyage in birch canoes, south along the west shore of Lake Michigan, and around its southern extremity to the mouth of the St. Joseph, where he erects Fort Miamis
33
CHAPTER V. - - The several rivers called the Miamis
- La Salle's route down the Illinois
- Kankakee Marshes
- The French and Indian names of the Kankakee and Des Plaines
- The Illinois
-
Fort Crevecoeur"
- La Salle goes back to Canada
- Destruction of his forts by deserters
- His return to Fort Miamis, and the successful prosecution of his exploration to the mouth of the Mississippi
- The whole valley of the great river taken possession of in the name of the king of France
42
CHAPTER VI. - - The Miamis
- The Miami, Piankeshaw, and Wea bands
- They are kindred to the Illinois, originally from the west of the Mississippi
- Their superiority and their military disposition
- Their subdivisions and various names
- Their trade and difficulties with the French and the English
- Their migrations
- They are upon the Maumee and Wabash
- Their villages
- From their position between the French and English they suffer at the hands of both
- They defeat the Iroquois
- They trade with the English, and incur the anger of the French
- Their bravery
- Their decline
- Destructive effects of intemperance
- Cession of their lands in Illinois, Indiana and Ohio
- Their removal westward, and present condition.
57
CHAPTER VII. - - The Shawnees and Delawares
- Originally east of the Alleghany Mountains
- Are subdued and driven out by the Iroquois
- Marquette finds the Shawnees on the Tennessee in 1673
- At one time in Florida
- In 1744 they are in Ohio
- They war on the American settlements
- Their villages on the Big and Little Miamis, the St. Marys, the Auglaize, Maumee, and Wabash
- The Delawares
- Made women of by the Iroquois
- Their country on White River, Indiana, and eastward, defined
- Become friendly to the United States after Wayne's victory at Maumee Rapids, in 1794.
- They, with the Shawnees, sent west of the Mississippi
- They furnish soldiers in the war for the Union
- Adopting ways of the white people
72
CHAPTER VIII. - - The Indians
- Their implements, utensils, fortifications, mounds, manners, and customs.
81
CHAPTER IX. - - The war for the fur trade
- Former abundance of wild animals and water fowl in the Northwest
- The buffalo; their range, their numbers, and final disappearance
- Value of the fur trade; its importance to Canada
- The coureurs de bois; their food and peculiarities
- Goods for Indian trade
- The distant parts to which the fur trade was carried, and the manner in which it was conducted
- Competition between French and English for control of the fur trade
- It results in broils
- French traders killed on the Vermillion
- The French and Indians attack Fort Pickawillany
- War
95
CHAPTER X. - - The war for the empire
- English claims to the Northwest
- Deeds from the Iroquois to a large part of the country
- Military expeditions of Major Grant, Mons. Aubry, and M. de Ligneris
- Aubry attempts to retake Fort Du Quesne
- His expedition up the Wabash
- Goes to the relief of Fort Niagara
- Is defeated by Sir William Johnson
- The fall of Quebec and Montreal
- Surrender of the Northwest to Great Britain
- The territory west of the Mississippi ceded to Spain.
150
CHAPTER XI. - - General Clark's conquest of the Illinois
- The Revolutionary War
- Indian depredations upon the settlements of Kentucky
- The savages are supplied with arms and ammunition from the English posts at Detroit, Vincennes, and Kaskaskia
- General Clark applies to Governor Henry, of Virginia, for aid in an enterprise to capture Kaskaskia and Vincennes - Sketch of General Clark
- His manuscript memoir of his march to the Illinois
- He captures Kaskaskia
- The surrender of Vincennes
- He treats with the Indians, who agree to quite their warfare on the Big Knife
- Governor Hamilton, of Detroit, recaptures Vincennes
- Clark's march to Vincennes
- He retakes Vincennes, and makes the English forces prisoners of war
- Captain Helm surprises a convoy of English boats at the mouth of the Vermillion Rover
- Organization of the Northwest Territory into Illinois County of Virginia
- Clark holds the northwest until the conclusion of the Revolutionary War
- For this reason only it became a part of the United States
116
CHAPTER XII. - - The title of Virginia, and her deed of cession
- Probable number and characteristics of the population in 1787
- Organization of the Ohio Land Company
- The first settlement under the ordinance of 1787
- Survey and grants of the public lands
- Treaties made with the Indians
- First officers of the Territory Local courts and court officers
- Organization of counties
- Early Territorial villages and towns
- Territorial officers
- The Indian tribes of the Upper Ohio
- Titles to Ohio
- By whom held
- When and how acquired and relinquished
- Early time white men in Ohio
- The earliest English military expeditions on Lake Erie
- Moravian missionary stations
- Subsequent military movements upon Ohio soil
- Colonel Bradstreet's expedition
- Colonel Bouquet's expedition
- An act of the British Parliament
- Colonel McDonald's expedition
- Lord Dunmore's war
- Organization of Illinois County
- Expedition of General McIntosh
- Erection of Fort Laurens, in 1778
- General Daniel Broadhead's expedition
- Colonel Archibald Lochry's expedition
- Colonel Williamson's expedition
- Colonel Crawford's Sandusky campaign
- General George Rogers Clark's expedition
- Colonel Logan's expedition
- First treaties establishing boundaries
- The first white child born in Ohio
- Organization of the second grade of Territorial government
- Members of the Territorial Legislature of 1799-1800
- First Council and House of Representatives
-
130
CHAPTER XIII. - - Admission of Ohio into the Union
- Political History
- Early laws of Ohio
183


INTRODUCTION.

Virginia
- Virginia military survey
- County organization
- Townships
- Commissioner's act
- The judiciary
- Court of the associate judges
- First court house
- Court in Course
- Court of Common Pleas
- Supreme Court
- Jails
- Court houses
- Greene Street
- Broken bank notes in the treasury
- Uncurrent money
- Renting a stove
- Exempt from taxation
- Pavement around the public square
- First agricultural society
- Fencing the public square
- First maps of surveys
- Taxing lawyers and physicians
- Imprisonment for debt
- Politics
191

INDIAN WARS.

From their origin to the Treaty of Greenville, with incidnets 240

EARLY SETTLEMENT IN GREENE COUNTY.

Letter from Samuel Freeman
- Tecumseh
-
The old cabin and pioneer church
259

TRAILS OF EMIGRATION.

Frederick Bonner, sen.
- Nimrod Haddox
- Pioneers
- Pioneer girls
- The old school house
274

THE WAR OF 1812.

Causes of war
- Tecumseh, Harrison, Proctor
- The deserter
- Josiah Hunt
-
Effects of the war
285

THE OLD MUSTER.

Early laws establishing the militia
- The parade
- Whisky
- List of officers
298

COUNTY INPROVEMENTS.

Railroads
- Woolen factories
- Infirmary
- Description of the Infirmary
- Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home; a history of the same
- The law organizing it
- Description of the buildings
- The home school building
- Administration building
- School department
- Home officials
303

AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.

History of its organization, and officers 330

NEWSPAPERS.

The Gazette
- The Xenia Torchlight
- The Xenia Weekly Sunlight
341

GREENE COUNTY IN THE REBELLION.

Seventy-Fourth Regiment
- One Hundred and Tenth Regiment
- Ninety-Fourth Regiment
350

SUMMARY.

Retrospect. 367

GEOLOGY.

Topography
- Geological Series
- Clinton and Niagara limestone
- Sub-division of the Niagara Group
- Drift
- Soils
- Analyses
- Water Supply
370

XENIA TOWNSHIP.

Boundary and history
- Captain Bullet
- Simon Kenton
- Daniel Boone
-
Early Settlers
- Location of Xenia
- Original surveys
- Houses
- Game
- Cold Friday
- Oldtown
- Improvements
- Powder mills
- Miscellaneous
- Banks
- Secret societies
- Churches
- Union schools
- Wilberforce University
- Old citizens of Xenia
- County census
408
 
BIOGRAPHICAL 462

CEDARVILLE TOWNSHIP.

Township officers
- Old settlers
- Cedarville village
- Newspaper
- Physicians
- Manufactories
- Schools
- Churches
- Secret societies
- Soldiers
536
BIOGRAPHICAL 559

BEAVER CREEK TOWNSHIP.

Big Beaver valley
- Population and industries
- Railroads
- Turnpikes and roads
- Mills
- Schools
- Churches
- Secret societies
- Early settlements
- Cemeteries
- Villages
- Homicides
- Incidents
575
BIOGRAPHICAL 588

SUGAR CREEK TOWNSHIP.

The Virginia military reservation
- First settlement
- Incidents
- Early settlement at Bellbrook
- Pinkney road
- Bellbrook
- Incidents
- Schools
- Religious denominations
- Mills
- Limestone quarrie
- Cemeteries
- Indian relics
- Sleepy Tom
626
BIOGRAPHICAL 644

MIAMI TOWNSHIP.

Present condition
- Yellow Springs and Neff House
- Springs
- Antioch College
- Clifton
- Antioch bone cave
661
BIOGRAPHICAL 700

BATH TOWNSHIP.

Early settlement
- War of 1812
- Indians
- Games
- Incidents
- Early customs
- Churches
- Schools
- Osborn corporation
- Fairfield
709
BIOGRAPHICAL 721

ROSS TOWNSHIP.

Grape Grove
- Early settlers
- Manufactures
- Schools
- Churches
- Cemeteries
739
BIOGRAPHICAL 754

SILVER CREEK TOWNSHIP.

Introduction
- Present boundary
- Early settlers
- Indians
- Township organization
765
BIOGRAPHICAL 786

JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP.

Early settlement
- Pioneer times
- Schools
- Churches
- Secret societies
- Railroad
- Bowersville
- Post-office, etc.
815
BIOGRAPHICAL 830

SPRING VALLEY TOWNSHIP.

Organization
- Officers
- Spring Valley village
- Churches
850
BIOGRAPHICAL 854

NEW JASPER TOWNSHIP.

Early settlers
- Schools
- Churches
- Organization
- Villages
881

CAESAR'S CREEK TOWNSHIP

Boundaries
- Early settlers
- Schools
- Churches
- Mills
- Pantersville
885
BIOGRAPHICAL 889

SUPPLEMENT.

OHIO - Address by E. D. Mansfield 895
ORDINANCE OF 1787 916
XENIA PAPER MILL. 924
GREENE COUNTY OFFICIALS 926
GREENE COUNTY IN THE LEGISLATURE 939
XENIA COLLEGE 943
BIOGRAPHIES - Xenia Township 946
BIOGRAPHIES - Beaver Township 950

 
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