THE part which the gallant
volunteers of Hancock County took in the war for the
suppression of the Rebellion, deserves a much more
extensive notice than I am able to write, or for which
there would be sufficient space in this work. I
shall, therefore, have to content myself by giving a
brief account of the brave boys, assuring my readers
that no better soldiers were found, than the boys from
Hancock. They went cheerfully wherever duty called
them. They never flinched under fire. They
never retreated unless ordered to do so. They
endured all the hardships of marching, fighting, and of
rebel prisons, and more than five hundred of them laid
down their lives without a murmur, that the country
might live. Loyal, patriotic, they left father,
mother, wife, children, all that was dear to them on
earth, all that makes life pleasant, and went forth at
the call of danger, and for four long weary years,
endured the hardships of one of the most stupendous wars
on record: went forth, some to die in battle, some to
die in hospitals, some to die in rebel prisons, others
to come home, with a leg or an arm missing, maimed for
life, others with wounds rendering them almost helpless,
others with ruined health, broken constitutions, to
linger on for a few years, and at last sink into a
premature grave. Such is the fate of those who
engage in war. Such was the fate of many of the
gallant boys who went from Hancock, and whose memory is
enshrined in the hearts of the people.
A whole volume might be written commemorative of their
many deeds. Such a volume should be written.
In this work, however, I can only speak of organizations
and aggregates. And even in this brief sketch I
will no doubt overlook some, for many of our boys went
elsewhere and enlisted, or being temporarily absent from
the county at the breaking out of the rebellion,
enlisted at the first opportunity, without first
returning home. Of such of course I can not speak
only in general terms.
three months service, this county furnished three full
companies of men, under Capt. Jome Wilson,
Capt. Geo. F. Walker, and Capt. K. Henry Lovell.
The company under command of Capt. Wilson was
further officered by 1st Lieut. D. M. Stoughton,
and 2nd Lieut. Geo. Foreman. That under
command of Capt. Walker had as 1st and 2d Lieuts,
M. D. Shafer and J. E. Stearns. And
that under Capt. Lovell had as Lieuts., Joshua
S. Preble and J. J. Thrap. The late
Col. J. M. Neibling was Lieut. Col. This
regiment was organized at Camp Taylor, near Cleveland,
on the 27th day of April, 1861.
The service of the regiment was in West Virginia, under
Gen. J. D. Cox. They were engaged in the
fight at Ripley, and also at Scary Creek. The
companies from this county did not loose a man in any of
the engagements. On the way home to be mustered
out, Eli S. Reed, Quarter Master of the Regiment,
died at Cincinnati. The Regiment was mustered out
August 12, 1861, at Columbus, Ohio.
On the 19th of September it was again re-organized for
three years, and went into camp at Findley, Ohio, where
it was mustered into service. In this service
J. M. Neibling was again appointed Lieut. Col., but
in December, 1862, he was promoted to the Colonelcy,
which position he held until his discharge, by reason of
losing his right arm at New Hope Church, on the 28th of
May, 1864. In the three years service, Hancock
County had four Companies. Co. A, Capt. D. M.
Strougton, who was promoted to Major, and in
December, 1863, was promoted to Lieut. Co., which
position he held at the time of his death, in November,
1864, from wounds received at the battle of Chickamauga.
Co. B, Capt. Geo. F. Walker, who was afterwards
promoted to Major. Co. E., Capt. Isaac
Cusae, who was promoted to Major, and mustered out
with the Regiment at the close of the war. Co. F.,
Capt. H. H. Alban, who was honorably discharged at
the close of the war. The Lieutenants of Co. A
were J. A. Williams and Geo. Forman; of
Co. B, Wm. Vance and Joseph E. Sternes; of
Co. E, James Porter and Simon B. Webber,
and of Co. F, John C. Martin and Alex A.
During the time this Regiment was in the field, a
great number of its members were promoted to Captains
and Lieutenants. It bore the name of "Fighting
Regiment," having been engaged in as many and as severe
battles as was any other Regiment in the service.
This Regiment accompanied Sherman on his
celebrated march to the sea, and was present at the
"Grand Review" in Washington City, May 26, 1865, and was
mustered out of service at Louisville, Ky., and finally
paid off and discharged at Columbus, Ohio, July7 28,
1865. This Regiment made a record during the war,
for bravery, good discipline, and persistent fighting,
of which the members are justly proud. There were
perhaps, from the organization of this Regiment for
three years service, until discharged, in the four
companies from this county, not less than six hundred
31ST OHIO INFANTRY.
was commanded by Col. M. B. Walker from its
organization until the muster out at the close of the
war. Col. Walker volunteered from this
county, and took with him in the service quite a number
of Hancock county boys. This Regiment made a good
record, was with Sherman to the sea, was at the
Grand Review at Washington, was mustered out at
Louisville, Ky., and paid and discharged at Columbus,
Ohio. I have no means of knowing the exact number
of Hancock boys in this Regiment, but there were perhaps
not more than thirty.
49TH OHIO INFANTRY.
Gen. W. H. Gibson's Regiment, he being its first
Colonel, and was organized at Tiffin, O. In this
Regiment Hancock County had one Company, under command
of Capt. A. Longworthy, and Lieuts. S.
F. Gray and J. W. Davidson. Lieut.
Gray was afterwards successively promoted to
Captain, Major and Lieut. Colonel, and was, I believe,
in command of the Regiment at muster out. This
Regiment did as much marching, was in as many
engagements, and suffered many hardships, as any in the
service in the South-west. Their gallant Colonel
was ever ready by word and act to make them comfortable,
and always led in an engagement. His loyalty,
patriotism and eloquence seemed to inspire the men, and
they were under his leadership willing to undertake any
They suffered incredible hardships in their winter
march to the relief of Burnside at Knoxville.
Almost naked, without shoes, and rations exhausted, the
brave fellows did not grumble. On their return
from this expedition they were called upon to re-enlist,
and right nobly did they respond. Many of the
Hancock boys won and received promotion.
On the 13th of July, 1865, this Regiment was ordered to
Texas, where they suffered the hardships of a campaign
of four months, after nearly all the other troops were
discharged. The Regiment was mustered out of
service Nov. 30th, 1865.
The whole number of men on the rolls of this Regiment
was fifteen hundred and fifty-two. Eight officers
were killed in battle and twenty wounded, (six of them
mortally). Of the privates one hundred and
twenty-seven were killed in battle, seventy-one were
mortally wounded, one hundred and sixty-five died from
hardship and disease, and seven in rebel prisons.
Six hundred and sixteen were discharged on account of
wounds or other disability. Of these Hancock
furnished her full proportion. There were perhaps
not less than two hundred men from this county in the
49th, and every boy who survives, is proud that he was a
member of this famous Regiment.
57TH OHIO INFANTRY.
Regiment was organized at Camp Vance, at Findley, Ohio,
in September 1861. Co. B was made up of men from
Hancock and Seneca Counties. Co. F and Co. G from
Hancock, and Co. H from Hancock and Seneca. Wm.
Mungen, of Findley, was first Colonel. Dr.
W. D. Carlin was Surgeon, James Wilson was
Capt. of Co. F, John B. May of Co. G. By
promotions Hiram E. Henderson, John W. Wheeler,
Daniel Gilbert, Squire Johnson and George
Trichler became Captains, and Squire Johnson
was promoted to Major. The Lieutenants from this
county at the formation of the Regiment were Co. B,
Daniel S. Price; Co. F, H. E. Henderson and
John Adams; of Co. G, Edmund W. Firmin; of
Co. H. John W. Wheeler; of Co. I, Daniel
Gilbert, and of Co. C, Oliver Mungen.
This Regiment very soon after its organization, and
before it had become accustomed to camp life, marching,
or military tactics, was to join the army of the
Tennessee. Going immediately into a different
climate, exposed to hardships, it suffered terribly from
sickness, and on the 6th of April, 1862, less than six
months from the time it broke camp at Findley, only four
hundred and fifty men were fit for duty. From the
time the Fifty-seventh shelled the rebel works at
Chickason, Alabama, in April, 1862, until they were
finally discharged, they were almost continually in the
front, and took aprt in the skirmishing and fighting in
these four dreadful years. At Pittsburg Landing,
at Corinth, at Hamburg, at Pea Ridge, at Camps Six and
Seven, at the Russel house, at Morning Sun, at Wolf
Creek, at Chickason Bayou, at Arkansas Post, at Clay
Plantation, at Haine's Bluff, at Raymond, at Champion
Hills, at Vicksburg, at Mission Ridge, and at numerous
other engagements, it was always in the van, and
received the first fire of the rebels. In all
these places the Regiment behaved well, and did herself
The boys from Hancock were amongst the bravest of the Regiment, and
are proud of the achievements of the old Fifty-seventh.
This Regiment was discharged and paid off at Camp Chase,
O., on the 25th of August, 1865. The Fifty-Seventh
travelled by railroad, steamboat, and on foot, more than
twenty-eight thousand miles, and of the one thousand
five hundred and ninety-four men on the muster rolls,
there were only four hundred and eight-one alive at the
muster out. In all there were perhaps five hundred
men from this county in the Fifty-Seventh.
65TH OHIO INFANTRY.
was in what was called Sherman Brigade, raised at
Mansfield. Joshua S. Preble, of McComb, was
Captain of Co. H, and in his company were quite a number
of men from this county. The Hancock boys of
course acquitted themselves as become true soldiers, in
the many engagements in which they participated, from
their first fight at Pittsburg Landing, under Gen.
Garfield, until the final battle at Nashville.
They were ordered to Texas in June, 1865, and did
garrison duty at San Antonio until December 1865.
They were then ordered to Columbus, O., to be mustered
out, and paid, being perhaps the last Ohio Volunteers to
87TH OHIO INFANTRY.
This was one of
the tree months regiments, and Hancock had one company
therein, under the command of Capt. Sam. Huber
and Lieuts. Philip Ford and Christopher Keasy.
The Rev. Geo. D. Oviatt, of Findley, was
Chaplain. On the 12th of June, 1862, the Regiment
had orders to repair to Baltimore, at which place they
were assigned to a camp under command of Col.
Banning. In July they had orders to report to
Col. Miles at Harper's Ferry. At the siege of
that place by Jackson's men, they were surrendered to
him, although their term of enlistment had expired.
They were however, immediately paroled, and returned
home and were mustered out at Columbus, on the 20th of
99TH OHIO INFANTRY.
Regiment, Co. C, Capt. O. P. Capell, and
Lieuts. C. G. Barnel and Robert B. Drake, and
Co. F, Capt. J. A. Bope, and Lieuts.
James Harsh and W. C. Kelley, were
from Hancock. Albert Longworthy was
the 1st Colonel, and Dr. J. T. Woods was Surgeon.
This Regiment left Camp Lima August 31st, 1862, with an
aggregate of one thousand and twenty-one men, under
orders to report at Lexington, Ky. Severe marching
and hot weather occasioned so much sickness, that when
the Regiment moved forward to take part in the battle of
Stone River, only three hundred and sixty-nine men, two
field officers, seven line, and three staff officers
were fit for duty. In courage and discipline this
Regiment was not found wanting, as their acts at Rocky
Face Ridge, Kenesaw Mountain, Pine Mountain, Atlanta,
Jonesboro, Lovejoy, and many other engagements,
demonstrated. During almost the entire Atlanta
campaign they were under fire daily. At Nashville
it was consolidated with the Fiftieth Ohio, forming one
Regiment. The men were mustered out at Salsbury,
N. C., and discharged and paid at Camp Dennison, O.,
July 17th, 1865. Hancock furnished perhaps three
hundred men in all for this Regiment.
118TH OHIO INFANTRY.
went into camp at Lima, in August 1862. Co. H was from
Hancock, and was officered by Capt. Samuel
Howard and Lieuts. Darious
Pendleton and M. B. Patterson. In
September, only eight companies being then full, it was
ordered to Cincinnati to assist in repelling the
threatened invasion of Kirby Smith. Here the ninth
company joined it, and the Regiment was mustered in.
Their first engagement was at Mossy Creek, where after a
desperate charge, the reels under Generals
Martin and Armstrong, were driven back with a
loss to the One Hundred and Eighteenth, of forty killed
Whilst in East Tennessee, the Regiment subsisted for
six months on quarter and half rations, and endured
great privation. On the afternoon of the 14th of
May, 1864, they participated in a charge on the enemy's
works at Reseca, and out of three hundred men actually
engaged lost one hundred and sixteen in less than ten
minutes. Such was some of the desperate fighting
of this Regiment, and it was continued at Dalton,
Pumpkin Vine Creek, Kenesaw Mountain, and at Atlanta.
Such was the fatality in this Regiment, that at no time
after June 1st, did it number over two hundred and fifty
men, and at one time it was reduced to one hundred and
During one hundred and twenty-one days they were within
hearing of hostile firing every day but one, and for
sixty consecutive days it was under fire, sixty
different times. About one hundred and fifty of
Hancock's brave boys participated in the fortunes of
this gallant Regiment.
133D OHIO INFANTRY. N. G.
Regiment of one hundred-day men, this county had a
company under the command of Capt. James Walternire
and Lieuts. Jacob Romich and Jefferson Darrah.
This Regiment did duty around Washington City, and at
Bermudae Hundred. Whilst at work on the
fortifications at Fort Powhattan, it was so very
unhealthy that over three hundred of this Regiment were
on the sick list at one time.
134TH OHIO INFANTRY. N. G.
A company of
men from this county belonged to this Regiment, and were
under the command of Capt. Miles Wilson.
The Regiment was ordered to Cumberland, Va., May 7th,
1864, and from there proceeded to White House, on the
Pamunky, by way of Washington City, but before dis-embarking
at White House, were ordered to City Point. On
June 17th, they had an engagement with the enemy at Fort
Walthall, during the assault on Petersburg, and the men
displayed great courage under fire. For seventy
days this Regiment formed a portion of the advanced line
operating on Richmond. The Regiment was mustered
out at Camp Chase, August 31st, 1864.
161ST OHIO INFANTRY. N. G.
from Hancock County, under command of Capt. Geo.
Foreman and Lieut. H. B. Green, was a part of
this Regiment, which was mustered into service at Camp
Chase, May 9, 1864, and was immediately ordered to
Cumberland, Md. The operations of this Regiment
were confined to the Shenandoah Valley. Five
companies of this Regiment made a march from Lynchburg
to Webster, in charge of sick, prisoners, and wagon and
ambulance train, a distance of nearly five hundred
miles. At Maryland Heights, they were engaged two
days in a lively skirmish with the enemy. On the
2d of September, 1864, the Regiment was mustered out at
192D OHIO INFANTR.
was organized at Camp Chase, and one company from this
county, under command of Capt. Moses Louthan,
formed a part. They started for the field in
March, 1865. They marched through Charleston, Va.,
and under orders on the 3d of April, they moved before
daylight to relieve the Regiment picketing the
Shenandoah River. This was accomplished by noon of
that day, without loss. This Regiment was
stationed for some time at Stevenson Station and Jordon
This Regiment was in high favor for its very excellent
drill, and discipline. They were paid off and
discharged on the 6th of September, at Columbus.
12TH OHIO CAVALRY.
was recruited in September and October, 1863, and went
into camp at Cleveland. During the winter of
1863-64 one half of the Regiment did guard duty on
Johnson's Island. This county had one company in
this organization, with Capt. A. A. Monroe and
Lieut. En. N. Flaiseg. this Regiment did duty
in Tennessee and North Carolina, and aided in the
capture of Jeff Davis. They were discharged
at Columbus, in November, 1865.
1ST OHIO HEAVY ARTILLERY.
was joined with the 117th Ohio Infantry and on the 2d
day of May, 1864, the Regiment (117th) was ordered to be
changed into the First Heavy Artillery. The
Artillery Regiment was then recruited up to the full
maximum of twelve companies, with aggregate of eighteen
hundred and thirty nine men, including officers.
The principal field of operations of this Regiment was
in East Tennessee, and they took part in nearly all the
battles in that section. They were in almost
constant action against the guerrillas under Vaughn
and Debrill. Our county had one company
in the Artillery commanded by Capt. Joshua S. Preble
and Lieuts. Ebenezer Wilson and John Foreman.
INDEPENDENT SHARP SHOOTERS.
Dougherty, and Lieuts. James Waltemire and
James Cox, joined this organization with a company
of Hancock County boys. This company ("H") was in
the following engagements and skirmishes:
Tuscumbia Bridge, Danville, Miss., Blackalnd, Rienzi,
Jumpertown, Miss., Hatchie River, Boonesville and
Whitesides Farm. They also took part in the
Atlanta campaign, in the Sixteenth Army Corps, of
In this campaign they were engaged in no less than
thirty encounters with the enemy, between the 8th of May
and the 5th of September, 1864. They were with
Sherman in his march to the sea, and were paid off
and discharged at Camp Dennison.
In addition to the several commands already named, our
county was represented in many other organizations, not
only of this, but of other States. A few of our
patriotic colored citizens went into the Fifty-fourth
and Fifty-fifth Mass. Colored Regiments. Every
branch of the service had representatives from Hancock.
Every grade of soldier, from the humble private in the
ranks, who did the marching and fighting, to the
Brigadier General, who did the planning and commanding,
had her full share of representation by our boys.
It is estimated that not less than two thousand as
brave, as loyal men, as ever went forth to defend their
county, marched out of old Hancock at the signal of
danger, and that more than one-third of that number laid
down their lives on the altar of their country - died
that their country might live. Hancock County is
justly proud of her war record, justly proud of her
noble sons who went forth to battle for right, and she
jealously cherishes the memory of her fallen braves,
whose deeds are recorded in their hearts. May
their example ever keep alive a burning love of country
in the hearts of the living.
I have thus briefly, and imperfectly, given a statement
of ours in the war, a history that ought to be written,
and when written, the recital of the gallantry, the
patriotism, the sufferings, the achievements, the
heroism, of our brave men in that four dreadful years,
would fill a volume. If, in my sketch I have did
injustice to any one, my excuse is ignorance of the
matter, together with want of time and space to do the