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OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

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Welcome to
Harrison County, Ohio

History & Genealogy

 

HISTORY
Source: History of Carroll and Harrison Counties, Ohio  - Vol. I - Under the Editorial Supervision of Judge H. J. Eckley - Illustrated -
Published by The Lewis Publishing Company - Chicago and New York - 1921)

CHAPTER XXVII.
GERMAN TOWNSHIP.

BOUNDARIES - NATURAL FEATURES - ORGANIZATION - EARLY SETTLEMENT -
POPULATION - RAILROADS - VILLAGE AND HAMLET HISTORY

      This was among the later civil sub-divisions of Harrison County and was not made a separate township until after 1832..  The records are silent as to its early history.
     It is situated south of the Carroll County line, west of Jefferson County, north of Green Township in this county, and east of Rumley and Archer townships.  It is five miles from north to south and the same from east to west or twenty-five sections of land.  Owing to the "correction line" running through the county this township is cut in two parts by it - the two lower tier sections being to the south of this line of survey.  The streams are numerous but quite small.  While the land is uneven and cut up by hills and ravines, yet there are hundreds of people farming and stock raising within the limits of the township.  Here one finds a happy and contented people.  The mining interest has of late years come to be quite profitable here, as in other portions of the county.

POPULATION

    Since Dec. 6, 1824, the boundaries of this township have been about the same as they stand today.  During the passing years the citizens have sought to be law-abiding and support schools, churches and other societies for the upbuilding and betterment of the whole county.  General chapters of this work will give an account of many things connected with the history of this township.  the educational chapter and church chapter treats on those topics and they can be found by consulting the index.

POPULATION.

      The actual figures for the population of this township in 1920 are 1,074; the earlier reports say in 1910, the township had 1,107; in 1900 it was 1203; in 1890 it was 1,254. 

EARLY SETTLEMENT.

     Before 1814 the settlers in German Township were as follows:
     George Abel, from Loudoun County, Virginia;
     George Shultz, 1810, from Loudoun County, Virginia;
     John Abrahams, 1811;
     Jacob Beckley, 1812;
     Robert Birney, 1807, from Chester County, Pennsylvania;
     Stephen Ford, 1807;
     Joseph Sprott, 1806, from Fayette County, Pennsylvania;
     William Gallaher, 1809, from Fayette County, Pennsylvania;
     James Hazlett, 1812, from Fayette County, Pennsylvania; 
     Nicholas Gutshall, 1806, from Washington County, Pennsylvania;
     James Hanna, 1810, from Washington County, Pennsylvania;
     James B. Magrew, 1806, from Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania
     Peter Markley, 1811, from Washington County, Pennsylvania
     George Atkinson, 1804, from Brook County, West Virginia;
     David Gibson, 1809, from Brooke County, West Virgnia;
     William Wallace, 1809, from Brook County, West Virginia;
     George Hartford, 1809, from Brooke County, West Virginia;
     Robert Kelly, 1811, from Brook County, West Virginia;
     William Kelly, 1812, from Brook County, West Virginia; 
     Henry Heisler, 1806, from Northumberland County, Pennsylvania;
     Peter Hesser, 1807;
     Francis Holmes, 1811;
     Nathan Johnson, 1812;
     Jacob Kail, before 1806, from Pennsylvania;
     John Kail, before 1810, from Pennsylvania;
     James Kelly, 1809;
     Benjamin Menyard, 1811;
     David Miller, 1812;
     William Nichols, 1813;
     George Pfautz, 1805, from Cumberland County, Pennsylvania;
     Fred Reed, 1807;
     John Riddle, 1812, from Allegheny County, Pennsylvania;
     John Sadler, 1806;
     Jacob Smyer, 1810;
     Jacob Stees, 1812;
     Matthias Stohl, 1806;
     Benjamin Wheeler, 1806, from Baltimore County, Maryland;
     Nicholas Wheeler, before 1810, from Maryland;
     John Winnance, 1812.

RAILROADS.

      This township is well supplied with railway trackage, having the Lake Erie & Western and the Pennsylvania lines, the latter through the southern portion of its territory while the northeastern part is traversed by the Lake Erie & Western.  At Cadiz Junction the Cadiz branch of the Pennsylvania line extends to Cadiz, the county seat, the lines all touching German township at some one or more points.  The stations in the township are Germano, Carman, Cadiz Junction. 

VILLAGES OF THE TOWNSHIP.

      Cadiz Junction, quite a railway center, has less than 150 inhabitants.  It was platted a short distance west of the present depot many years ago.  At this date there are a few small stores and shops and a restaurant at this junction point.  These with the railway interests make up the sum total of Cadiz Junction.  The postoffice here is known as Means. 
     The village of Carman is situated in teh southeastern part of the township, on the Pennsylvania railroad.  It has less than 100 population.
     Germano village in the northwestern part of German township.  The station point on the railroad near by is called Apex.  It has a population of about 300, with the ordinary stores and shops of a place of its size.  This place is the same, in reality as Jefferson or New Jefferson, the inland place is now styled Germano and the railway station is Apex.  Germano is situated in section 26.

BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL INTERESTS - 1920

 

     Auto Garage - E. B. Tedrow.
     Barber Shop - C. C. Lowmiller.
     Furniture Dealer - A. B. Roberts.
     General Dealers - Dry Goods, Groceries and Hardware - B. C. Scott, C. L. Adrian.
     Shoe Repairs - George Clowman and Andrew Kuhn.
     Dentist - William Spence.
     The churches of the village are the Methodist Epoiscopal, Reform and Lutheran, all of which will be treated in the general chapter on the Churches fo Harrison County.
     There is a township high school here - see Educational Chapter.  
 

FOR MORE HISTORY OF HARRISON COUNTY, OHIO, CLICK HERE

 

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