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Licking County
OHIO
History & Genealogy

LICKING COUNTY TOWNS - When Laid Out and by Whom
(Given in Chronological order)
(Source: Centennial History of Licking County, Ohio by Isaac Smucker
Publ. Newark, Ohio: Clark & Underwood, Book and Job Printers - 1876)

[Pg. 29]

PROSECUTING ATTORNEYS

      From 1808 to 1832, Prosecuting Attorneys were appointed by the Judges.  Among those who in early times served in this office for a longer or shorter period, were Major Jeremiah R. Munson, General Herrick, Hons. Thomas Ewing, William Stanbery, Hosmer Curtis, Charles B. Goddard and Corrington W. Searle, whose term ended in 1832.

Joshua Mathiot served from 1832 to 1836
James Parker "  " 1836 to 1840
Daniel Humphrey "  " 1840 to 1850
Charles Elliott "  " 1850 to 1853
Harvey C. Blackman "  " 1853 to 1856
William B. Clarke "  " 1856 to 1858
Gibson Atherton "  " 1858 to 1863
Lucius Case "  " 1863 to 1863

[Pg. 30]

Morgan N. Odell served from 1863 to 1867
James W. Owens "  " 1867 to 1871
Samuel M. Hunter "  " 1871 to 1875
Asbury Barrick "  " 1875 to 1876


COUNTY RECORDERS.

Thomas Taylor served from 1808 to 1814
Amos H. Caffee "  " 1814 to 1820
Stephen McDougal "  " 1820 to 1842
Gilbert Brady "  " 1842 to 1844
James Parker "  " 1844 to 1845
James White "  " 1845 to 1851
Thomas J. Anderson "  " 1851 to 1857
Jesse S. Green "  " 1857 to 1863
Isaac W. Bigelow "  " 1863 to 1869
W. E. Atkinson "  " 1869 to 1875
J. F. Lingafelter "  " 1875 to 1876


COUNTY COMMISSIONERS

Archibald Wilson, Sr. served from 1808 to 1814
Elisha Wells "  " 1808 to 1810
Israel Wells "  " 1808 to 1811
Timothy Spellman "  " 1810 to 1822
William Hains '  " 1811 to 1813
Samuel Stewart "  " 1814 to 1815
Bradley Buckingham "  " 1814 to 1814
Augustine Munson "  " 1814 to 1816
William Stanbery "  " 1815 to 1817
William W. Gault "  " 1816 to 1816
Alexander Holden "  " 1817 to 1820
William Robertson "  " 1817 to 1820
Thomas McKean Thompson "  " 1822 to 1825
Jacob Baker "  " 1823 to 1828
Alexander Holden "  " 1824 to 1827
Richard Lamson "  " 1825 to 1827
Chester Wells "  " 1827 to 1833
John Crow "  " 1827 to 1831
Samuel Parr "  " 1828 to 1832

[Pg. 31]

James Bramble served from 1831 to 1834
John Crow "  " 1832 to 1835
Samuel Hand "  " 1833 to 1839
Benjamin Woodbury "  " 1834 to 1837
Jacob Baker "  " 1835 to 1837
Israel Dille "  " 1837 to 1837
Levi J. Haughey "  " 1837 to 1837
Bryant Thornhill "  " 1837 to 1843
Archibald Cornell "  " 1837 to 1843
Thomas H. Fidler "  " 1839 to 1841
Isaac Green "  " 1841 to 1841
Carey McClelland "  " 1841 to 1845
Henry Burner, Jr. "  " 1841 to 1844
Crandal Rosencrantz "  " 1843 to 1843
Thomas Blanchard "  " 1843 to 1852
John Brumback "  " 1844 to 1850
Leroy Lemert "  " 1845 to 1848
Jordan Hall "  " 1848 to 1851
Daniel Gardner "  " 1850 to 1855
Benj. L. Critchet "  " 1851 to 1854
Lewis Lake "  " 1852 to 1855
Willis Robbins "  " 1854 to 1857
Valentine B. Alsdorf "  " 1855 to 1856
William Barrick "  " 1855 to 1858
James Stone "  " 1856 to 1858
Michael Morath "  " 1857 to 1863
Jacob Anderson "  " 1858 to 1861
James H. Grant "  " 1858 to 1865
Ira A. Condit "  " 1861 to 1867
James Pittsford "  " 1863 to 1869
James Y. Stewart "  " 1865 to 1871
A. J. Hill "  " 1867 to 1873
Elias Pdgett "  " 1869 to 1875
Richard Lane "  " 1871 to 1876
Felix C. Harris "  " 1874 to 1876
Joseph White "  " 1875 to 1876

[Pg. 32]

CLERK OF COMMISSIONERS.

     From 1808 to 1820 the Commissioners appointed their Clerks, who discharged the duties now performed by County Auditors.  The office of Clerk of Commissioners was abolished in 1820 and that of County Auditor created.

Elias Gilman served as Commissioner's Clerk from 1808 to 1809
Archibald Wilson, Jr. served from 1809 to 1811
John Cunningham "  " 1811 to 1813
Amos H. Caffee "  " 1813 to 1820


COUNTY AUDITORS.

William W. Gault served from 1820 to 1820
Stephen McDougal "  " 1820 to 1825
John Cunningham "  " 1825 to 1835
William Spencer "  " 1835 to 1841
William P. Morrison "  " 1841 to 1844
William P. Morrison "  " 1841 to 1844
Abner W. Dennis "  " 1844 to 1853
Thomas J. Davis "  " 1853 to 1855
William B. Arven "  " 1855 to 1857
Thomas J. Davis "  " 1857 to 1859
Wm. H. Winegardner "  " 1859 to 1861
Silas B. Woolson "  " 1861 to 1865
William Bell, Jr. "  " 1865 to 1871
William D. Morgan "  " 1871 to 1875
Corrington S. Brady "  " 1875 to 1876

COUNTY ASSESSOR.

      From the year 1808 to 1825, property was assessed by Township Assessors.  In the latter year a law was passed providing for the election of County Assessors by the people, which remained in force until 1851 when it was repealed and the old system of Township Assessors again adopted.  The following persons served as County Assessors under the law of 1825:

James Holmes served from 1825 to 1827
C. W. Searle and M. M. Chaffee served in ___ 1827
J. B. W. Haynes "  " 1829 to 1833
John Stewart "  " 1833 to 1835
William Moats "  " 1835 to 1841

     Tax Collectors were appointed by the Commissioners.  From 1808 to 1827 they collected the taxes and paid them over to the County Treasurer for disbursement.  In 1827 the office was abolished and the duty of collecting the taxes was imposed upon the Treasurer.

John Stadden served from 1808 to 1810
John Cunningham "  " 1810 to 1812
James Robinson "  " 1812 to 1812
John Cunningham "  " 1812 to 1813
Andrew Allison "  " 1813 to 1816
Jonathan Simpson "  " 1816 to 1817
Jacob Little "  " 1817 to 1818
John Cunningham "  " 1818 to 1820
Nicholas Shaver "  " 1820 to 1822
Thomas Taylor "  " 1822 to 1823
Samuel Bancroft "  " 1823 to 1824
Elias Howell "  " 1824 to 1827


COUNTY TREASURERS.

Elias Gilman served from 1808 to 1810
John J. Brice "  " 1810 to 1813
John Cunningham "  " 1813 to 1817
James Gillespie "  " 1817 to 1827
Sereno Wright "  " 1827 to 1838
Jesse D. Arvan "  " 1838 to 1840
John Stewart "  " 1840 to 1842
William Moats "  " 1842 to 1844
Thomas Holmes "  " 1844 to 1852
Thomas Ewing "  " 1852 to 1856
I. C. Ball "  " 1856 to 1858
Thomas B. Pease "  " 1858 to 1862
Lewis Evans "  " 1862 to 1866
D. E. Stevens "  " 1866 to 1870
L. A. Stevens "  " 1870 to 1874
E. H. Ewan "  " 1874 to 1877


MARSHALS OR CENSUS-TAKERS.

Amos H. Caffee enumerated the inhabitants in 1820
Benjamin Briggs and Samuel English took the Census in 1830
Isaac Smucker, Henry S. Manon, J. A. W. McCadden and
     H. W. R. Bruner performed that duty in
1840
   
   
   
   
       
       
       

[Pg. 34]

Enoch Wilson, E. B. Pratt, Hiram Wright and David Wilson were
     the Deputy Marshals in
1850
Levi J. Haughey, Henry S. Manon, S. Sutton, James Pitzer and
     J. M. McClelland took the Census in
1860
C. B. Giffin, J. E. Rankin, Stewart Barnes, Aurelius Ballou and
     others enumerated the inhabitants in
1870

COUNTY SURVEYORS.

    

Elnathan Schofield, Samuel H. Smith and James Dunlap performed the duties of Surveyor, wile we were a portion of Fairfield County; the first named serving from 1801 to 1804
Samuel H. Smith served from   1804 to 1807
James Dunlap "  "   1807 to 1812
Alexander Holmes "  "   1812 to 1820
James Holmes "  "   1820 to 1828
Thomas H. Bushnell "  "   1828 to 1836
Timothy S. Leaeh "  "   1836 to 1847
Julius C. Knowles "  "   1847 to 1850
David Wyrick "  "   1850 to 1859
Z. H. Denman "  "   1859 to 1865
G. S. Spring "  "   1865 to 1867
A. R. Pitzer "  "   1867 to 1874
George P. Webb "  "   1874 to 1876

COUNTY CORONERS.

     Captain Samuel Elliott was elected Coroner at the organization of the County in 1808 and served nearly a score of years, when his son, Alexander Elliott, succeeded and continued in the office by many re-elections.  Captain James Coulter, Captain Samuel H. Josephs and John Lunceford were the immediate successors of the Elliotts.

NUMBER OF INHABITANTS.

     The following table gives the population of Licking County at each decennial period, according to the federal Census tables, since the organization of the County, also of Newark:
 

In 1810 - 3.852 Newark about 200.
In 1820 - 11.861 "     " 450.
In 1830 - 20.869 Newark had 999.
In 1840 - 35.096 "     " 2.705.

[Pg. 35]

In 1850 - 38.846 "     " 3.654.
In 1860 - 37.011 "     " 4.675.
In 1870 0 36.196 "     " 6.698.

LANDS AND FARMS.

     The lands in Licking County amount to 429,464 acres, of which 315,454 acres are cultivated, and 111,861 acres are uncultivated.  Of the cultivated portion 124,134 acres are devoted to pasturage, and of the uncultivated portion 94,195 acres are woodland.  The whole number of farms in the County is 2,693.  The taxable value of the lands is $15,729,783.

TOTAL TAXABLE VALUE OF LICKING COUNTY PROPERTY.

     The taxable value of the property of Licking County, last year amounted to $27,088,271.  The true value, including all the property exempt from taxation, and estimating the remainder at its full value, would probably exceed $40,000,000.  The total amount of taxes collected in Licking County last year was $320,397.89 cens.

DOMESTIC ANIMALS.

     The following table gives a list of the domestic animals in Licking County, and their assessed value, for the year 1875.

Horses ... 12,550 - valued at...... $838.514
Cattle ..... 23,489  "   " 507.954
Swine ....  26,865  "   " 135,144
Sheep ....240,771  "   " 771,927
Mules ...         186 "    " 12,793

     The Wool produced aggregated 1,091,677 pounds, a quantity surpassing that of any County in Ohio, and perhaps any County in the United States.  It is a matter of pride and exultation with our agricultural lists that Licking County stands first in rank among the Counties of Ohio, in the number and value of Sheep, and in the quantity and value of wool produced.

PRODUCTS OF LICKING COUNTY IN 1874.

James Bramble served from 1831 to 1834

[Pg. 36]

James Bramble served from 1831 to 1834

 

VINEYARDS.

     Grapes - 11 acres producing 44,875 pounds of grapes, and 206 gallons of wine.

ORCHARDS.

     In 1874 there were 6,475 acres devoted to fruit culture, producing 193,936 bushels of apples; 20361 bushels of peaches;and 1,887 bushels of pears, besides quinces, plums, cherries, and other fruits.

DAIRY PRODUCTS.

     Our dairy products in 1874, amounted to 9,500 pounds of cheese, and 881,888 pounds of butter.

MANUFACTURES.

     The manufacturing establishments in Licking County, a number 124, in which are employed 696 workmen - the capital invested there in is $705,085, and the products last year amounted to $1,236,198.

TURNPIKE AND CANAL

     Twenty-five miles of turnpike, being the National Road, running through our County, near its southern borders, and the same number of miles of the Ohio Canal, both constructed between the years
[Pg. 37]
1825-1835, are the sum total of those kinds of internal improvements within the limits of Licking County.

RAIL ROADS.

 

EDUCATIONAL

 

OUR SOCIAL, INTELLECTUAL, LITERARY AND BENEVOLENT ORGANIZATIONS.

      We have also not been tardy in establishing organizations other than Colleges, Seminaries, and Schools, to promote Social, Literary and Benevolent interests.  Of this class are the Masonic, and Odd Fellow Lodges, found in every section of our County, and the less numerous lodges of Good Templars, Divisions of Sons of TEmperance, of lodges of Red Men, of Knights of Pythias, of the Order of United American Mechanics, of Druids, of Literary Societies, of Debating and Library Associations, of REading and Social Clubs, of Musical Coteries, of Teachers Institutes and of other institutions of kindred character.  Mention may appropriately be made, in this connection, of the Licking County Pioneer, Historical and Antiquarian Society, whose opportunities tend to mental and moral improvement.  The offices are as follows:
     PRESIDENT - Presley N. O'Banon.
     VICE PRESIDENTS - Thomas J. Anderson, M. M. Munson, and Daniel Forry.
     RECORDING SECRETARY - Isaac Smucker
     CORRESPONDING SECRETARY - C. B. Giffin.
     TREASURER - Enoch Wilson
     CHAPLAIN - Rev. George Sinsabaugh
     It was organized in 1867, and has been eminently successful in collecting and recording the facts of our early time history, and preserving them from being utterly lost; and it has been no less successful in its literary achievements and its historical contributions, than in its devotion to Archaeological or Prehistoric interests.

GRANGES - FARMER'S CLUBS - AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES.

     And then too, we have organizations of whose chief purposes are the cultivation of the social qualities and the promotion of the material interests of the people.  Of this class is that known as the Patrons of Husbandry, (whose members are designated as Grangers,) which has its subordinate institutions throughout the County generally.
[Pg. 39]

James Bramble served from 1831 to 1834

 

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