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Licking County
History & Genealogy

LICKING COUNTY TOWNS - When Laid Out and by Whom
(Given in Chronological order)
(Source: Centennial History of Licking County, Ohio by Isaac Smucker
Publ. Newark, Ohio: Clark & Underwood, Book and Job Printers - 1876)

[Pg. 61]


     In the year 1805, two men settled within the limits of this County, who subsequently attracted to themselves a large share of public attention, figured extensively in high military and civil positions, and who enjoyed to an unusual extent, the public confidence and regard.  These men were major Jeremiah R. Munson, and General John Spencer.  They were both undoubted patriots - both, early in the war of 1812, entered the military service of their country - both were included in General Hull's capitulation at Detroit - both subsequently re-entered the army - both were shot and narrowly escaped death - both made good military or war records - both were summoned, I believe, as witnesses at the Court Martial of Hull - both were honorably discharged from the army - both served creditably as Representatives of Licking County in the State Legislature - both were men of energy, enterprise, and great popularity - both possessed fine social qualities and commanding influence - both were men of ambition and of honor - both had strong convivial proclivities - both merited and enjoyed high consideration - the floods engulfed them both, one a little more, the other a year less than half a century ago - both reached the end, when they had passed but little beyond "the noon of life;" and when the limpid waters of the Raccoon closed over the despondent, despairing Munson, a gallant, patriotic, generous life went out; and when the heroic Spencer passed out of sight, in the midst of the swollen, turbid, fast-flowing waters of the North Fork, a brave heart ceased to beat, a patriotic life came to an end, a gallant soldier died, an upright Magistrate ceased to be, an incorruptible Legislator was o more, an honest man passed on to his final reckoning!  Both shared largely in the commiserations of "troops of Friends," sincere, devoted.


     A most extraordinary political excitement pervaded Licking County, as well as the country at large, during the year 1840 - the year of "the log-cabin-hard-cider and coon-skin campaign."  As indicated, it was not a local but a general tornado raging with more or less fury, in all the States of the American Union, but in none of them was the hurricane wilder than in Ohio, and in no locality did it rage more furiously than in "Old Licking."  The people were wont to meet in immense crowds, and became intensely excited under the
[Pg. 62]
declamatory harangues of wranglers, demagogues and stump orators.  The inflammatory appeals of the party press of the country, addressed to the passions, super-added to the fanatical and exciting speeches of the heated partisans, and candidates for public offices, roused the people as they had never been roused before, and worked them up to fever heat, producing a state of wild delirium among them, hitherto unparallelled in the history of the country and never afterwards approached in infuriated fanaticism.  The stormy passions of the masses were lashed into uncontrolable fury, who often displayed an intensity of feeling wholly unknown before, and manifested a degree of extravagance and wildness in the discussion of political questions that was a marvel to the few sober-minded men of both parties, that remained in a measure unaffected in the midst of the frenzy that had seized upon the multitudes.  These abnormal manifestations characterized one portion of the people, while the other portion, little, if any less excited or delirious, erected their lofty hickory poles, surmounted them with huge hickory brooms, and displayed living roosters in various ways and in every conceivable manner, as the representative of antagonism to the coon, while their speeches about equaled in defamation of character the ribaldry of the doggerels sung by the former.  And all this hullabaloo, this frantic madness, resulted from a determination of the party of the first part, to prevent the re-election of Martin Van Buren and Richard M. Johnson, and substituting for them General William H. Harrison and John Tyler - this and nothing more!  The question was, shall we elect General Harrison or Martin Van Buren President?  Licking County decided by about 200 majority in favor of the latter.  The great gathering of the clans during the year, was in Newark, on the 4th of July, Thomas Corwin being the Whig orator of the occasion, and John Brough the Democratic.  Sam. White and Joshua Mathiot were the chief local orator of the former and B. B. Taylor and James Parker of the latter.
     The delirium manifested itself in the oft-repeated gathering together by the populace, in immense meetings, at distances so remote as to necessitate an absence of a number of days to the partial neglect of their usual avocations.  The further irrational manifestations of the excited crowds while going to, and returning from those monster meetings, as well as while present at them consisted of singing songs and rolling balls - of riding from place to place in canoes on wheels, and of hauling with oxen or horses, from town to town, miniature log cabins, erected upon wheels partially covered with coon-skins,
[Pg. 63]
 (the ridge-pole of the roof being generally embellished with one or more live coons,) and to whose corners were clinging, by way of adornment, full grown statesmen, nibbling at corn-dodgers or section of Johnnycake, and sipping at a gourde of hard-cider, and at intervals signing, on the highest attainable key, doggerel songs in the interest of "Tippecanoe and Tyler too."  A few of the Trades and Industries and Arts were also represented in miniature, on wheels, at the great Conventions, and temporarily operated, sometimes while in motion.  Some large log-cabins, built of heavy logs, and furnished with buckeye-chairs, were built in which to hold neighborhood meetings, and in front of which the trunk of the largest accessible buckeye tree was erected, surmounted with a cider-barrel and a gourd attached!  One of these log-cabins, with the usual adjuncts, was erected in Newark and used for many months for the practice of the oratory, the eloquence, the minstrelsy peculiar to that year.




Return Jonathan Meigs   220  
Thomas Worthington   179 399
Thomas Scott   433  
Return Jonathan Meigs   206 639
Thomas Worthington   553  
Othniel Looker   5 558
Thomas Worthington   640  
James Dunlap   20 699
Ethan Allen Brown   195  
James Dunlap   71. 196

[Pg. 64]



Ethan Allen Brown   864  
William H. Harrison   238  
Jeremiah Morrow   108 1210
William W. Irwin   993  
Jeremiah Morrow   371  
Allen Trimble   238 1602.
Othniel Looker 1824    
Jeremiah Morrow   1155  
Allen Trimble   521 1676
James Dunlap 1826    
Allen Trimble   2092  
Alexander Campbell   16  
Benjamin Tappan   11  
John Bigger   6 2125
John W. Campbell   1791  
Allen Trimble   1065 2856
Robert Lucas   1224.  
Duncan McArthur   1077 2301
Robert Lucas   2059  
Darius C. Lyman   1599 3658
Robert Lucas   2201  
James Findlay   1390 3591
Eli Baldwin   2578  
Joseph Vance   2136 4714

[Pg. 65]

Wilson Shannon   3162  
Joseph Vance   3353 6933
Wilson Shannon   3580  
Thomas Corwin   3353 6933
Wilson Shannon   3485  
Thomas Corwin   2755  
Leicester King   193 6433
David Tod   3856  
Mordecai Bartley   3443  
Leicester King   299 7598
David Tod   3175  
William Bebb   3021  
Samuel Lewis   278 6474
John B. Weller   3438  
Seabury Ford   3269 6707
Reuben Wood   3485  
William Johnson   3759  
Edward Smith   222 6466
Reuben Wood   3286  
Samuel F. Vinton   2546  
Samuel Lewis   201 6033
William Medill   3454  
Nelson Barrere   1136  
Samuel Lewis   1072 5662

[Pg. 66]

William Medill   2530  
Salmon P. Chase   2128  
Allen Trimble   722 5380
Henry B. Payne   3438  
William Dennison   3030 6468
Hugh J. Jewett   3582  
David Tod   3014 5496
John Brough   3842  
Clement L. Valandingham   3839 7681
George W. Morgan   3804  
Jacob D. Cox   3152 6956
Allen G. Thurman   4441  
Rutherford B. Hayes   3155 7596
George W. Pendleton   4406  
Rutherford B. Hayes   3107 7513
George W. McCook   4298  
Edward F. Noyes   3115  
Gideon T. Stewart   12 7425

[Pg. 67]

William Allen   4115  
Edward F. Noyes   2749  
Gideon T. Stewart   143  
Isaac Collins   56 7063
William Allen   5142  
Rutherford B. Hayes   3617 8759


     [Inadvertently omitting two names in giving the list of Licking County's Presidential Electors, on page 27, we give the list again, this time in full, as follows]

Daniel Humphrey served in ....................... 1856
James R. Stanbery "  "   1864
William D. Hamilton "  "   1868
Isaac Smucker "  "   1872
Edward M. Downer "  "   1876


     The advance in Mail facilities, and the increase in Post Offices from time to time, well illustrate the growth of our County.  During the first five eyars after the first settlement of the County, Zanesville was or nearest Post office.  Newark was then made a post town, and some years thereafter a Post office was established in Granville.  A weekly mail, carried on horseback, supplied these offices.  A Post Office was established at Utica about 1815, and not long thereafter one was established in Hanover at Chester Well's, and another between Newark and Utica, called Newton Mills.  These were the principal offices before 1825, except those at Johnstown, Vandorn's, and Homer, numbering eight in all, which were chiefly supplied by the two mail routes, one crossing the County East and West, the other North and South, run by two-horse, and sometimes four-horse stages, twice a week.  After 1828 came the ponderous, fast-going four-horse coach, running daily at about seven per hour.  Afterwards came the packets, and the pony express - now we have our principal mails carried daily or twice a day in Rail Road Cars moving
[Pg. 68]
at the rate of thirty miles an hour.  Our Post Offices now numbering thirty-five in all, there being on or more in almost every Township of the County, so that probably not a single man in Licking County but lives within less than five miles of a Post Office.


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