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OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS


A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Welcome to
Logan County, Ohio

History & Genealogy


Source: 
The History of Champaign & Logan Counties, Ohio
from their First Settlement:
by Joshua Antrim:
Bellefontaine, Ohio:
Press Printing Co.
1872

    ANDREW HELLMAN,
ALIAS
ADAM HORN:
HIS LIFE, CHARACTER AND CRIMES

His birth- Travels in Europe - Arrival in this country - His opinion of women - Good character - His courtship and marriage - Jealousy - Charged with attempting to poison his wife - Sudden death of his two children - Charged with poisoning them - Murders his wife - Is committed to prison - Breaks jail and eludes pursuit - Evidence on his trial for the murder of his second wife - Conviction.

     In all the list of crimes recorded in the annals of the law, none has ever existed, which, in all its terrible features, displayed a more ruthless disregard of the laws of instinct, or so utterly violated and set at defiance the common bond of human nature, as the bloody acts of Andrew HELLMAN, alias Adam HORN!  The dreadful enormity of them must not be concealed, for they serve as a warning, and show us to what a length our bad passions may lead us, if suffered to master us.
     From the most authentic sources we have collected the following particulars of HORN's life, which may be relied upon as correct:
     Andrew HELLMAN, alias Adam HORN, was born on the 24th of June, in the year 1792, at the ancient town of Worms on the river Rhine, renowned as the place where the German Dict? assembled in the year 1521, before which Luther was summoned to answer to the charge of heresy, and is a portion of the Hession State of Hesse Darmstadt.  He is, therefore, a Hession by birth, and the son of Hession parents.  We have before us a certificate, signed by a priest, and dated at the town of Worms, in the year 1792, giving the names of his parents, and certifying to the day of his birth and baptism under the name of Andrew HELLMAN; there can, therefore, be no doubt as to this being his true name.  His parents gave him a good education, and at the age of sixteen he was bound an apprentice to a tailor at Wisupenheim, in Petersheim county, Germany, where he remained until he became of age, when a desire to roam induced him to start off with only his thimble and his scissors in his pocket, with the aid of which, according to his own representation, he worked his way through all the German States, as well as various other parts of Europe, returning again to Wisupenheim in the fall of 1816, after an absence of nearly three years.  He could not long content himself there, however, and hearing of the golden harvest that was to be reaped in America, and having a desire to see a country that he had heard so much of, he took passage for Baltimore, where he arrived in the year 1817, being then about twenty-five years of age.  As far as can be learned after his arrival, he worked for a merchant tailor of that city, for nearly three years, when he started for Washington, and passing through the ancient city of Georgetown, son found himself in London county, Virginia.
     It may be proper here to remark that during his stay in Baltimore, he so conducted himself as to secure many friends.  He was then a young man of good personal appearance, sober, steady, and industrious, well-behaved, and mild in his demeanor, and withal intelligent and well-informed.  He seemed, however, to have imbibed a lasting dislike to the whole female race, looking upon them as mere slaves to man, whilst he considered man, in the fullest sense of the term, as the "lord of creation."  Woman, according to his opinion, was only created as a convenience for the other sex, to serve in the capacity of a hewer of wood and drawer of water; to cook his victuals, darn is stockings, never to speak but when spoken to, and to crouch in servile fear whilst in his presence.  He regarded the scriptural phrase applied to the sex, as a "helpmeet for man," in its literal sense, whilst he would deny her all social privileges and rights.  That this is still his opinion may be aptly illustrated by a conversation held with him a few days ago, sine his conviction, by a gentleman who was starting for Ohio, who asked him if he had any message to send to his son Henry.  He replied, "Yes, tell Henry if he should ever marry, to marry a religious woman."  The gentleman replied that he thought he ought also to advise him to embrace religion himself, as it was as necessary on the part of the man as the woman, in order to secure permanent happiness.  "No! no! no!" passionately exclaimed the old reprobate.   "Woman must know how to hold her tongue and obey.  She has nothing to do with man."
     He arrived in London county, Virginia, in the fall of the year 1820, and stepped at the farmhouse of Mr. George M. ABEL, situated about four miles fro Hillsborough, and about seven miles from Harper's Ferry.  Mr. ABEL was an old and highly respected German farmer, who had emigrated to this country a number of years previous; and had reared around him a large family of sons and daughters.  The old gentleman took a liking to HELLMAN, and unfortunately, as the sequel will prove, allowed him to stop or board with him, and being a good workman, he soon succeeded in having plenty of work to do from the farmers of the surrounding country.  He remained through the winter, and in the spring of 1821 started for Baltimore.  He, however, remained in Baltimore for but a few months, and in July again returned to his old quarters at Mr. ABEL's, where he had so effectually succeeded in concealing his opinion of the sex, or had perhaps been lulled from its expression by the scenes of happiness, contentment, and equality that prevailed among the different sexes of the household of the respected old Loudon farmer, that he was allowed to engage the affections of one of his daughters.
     Mary ABEL was at this time in the twentieth year of her age, a blithe, buxom, and light-hearted country girl, with rosey cheek and sparkling eye, totally unacquainted with the deceitfulness of the world, and looking to the future to be a counterpart of the past, which had truly been to her one continued round of innocent pleasure and happiness.  With a kind and affectionate disposition, and a thorough and practical knowledge of all the varied duties of housewifery, she was just such a one as would be calculated, if united to a kind and affectionate husband, to pass through the chequered scenes of life with the sweets of contentment, and but few of the bitters of discord.  But such was not her lot.  Deceived by his professions of love and promises of unceasing constancy, and with the approval of her father and family, in the month of December, 1821, she became the wife of Henry HELLMAN.  They continued for two years in the family of Mr. ABEL, during only a portion of which time the presence of relations and friends was sufficient to restrain the fiendishness of his disposition.  After the lapse of a few months he appeared to be gradually losing all affection for her, though for the first sixteen months, with the exception of this apparent indifference, everything passed off quietly.  On the 8th of August, 1822, Louisa HELLMAN, their first daughter was born, which, however, he looked on as a serious misfortune, and, had they not been under the parental roof, sad would doubtless have been the poor mother's fate.
     In the month of April, 1823, about sixteen months after marriage an unfounded and violent jealousy took possession of his very soul, and all the pent-up ferocioiusness of his disposition towards her sex broke forth with renewed violence.  He accused her of infidelity of the basest kind, and on the 17th of the ensuing September, when Henry HELLMAN, their second child, who is now living in Ohio, was born, he wholly disowned it, and denounced its mother as a harlot.  From this moment all hopes of peace or happiness were banished, but like poor Malinda HORN, she clung to him, and prayed to God to convert and reform him, hoping that his eyes would be ultimately opened to reason and common sense.  But, alas!  It was all in vain.  In return for every attention and kindness she received nothing but threats and imprecations.  Instead of the endearing name of wife, she was always called "my woman," and his ideas of the degrading duties and dishonorable station of women fully applied to her.  He had, however, never used any personal violence, and she consequently felt bound for the sake of her children, not to desert him.
     In the spring of 1824, he rented a small place in Loudon, about a mile from her father's, where they lived for nearly eight years, during which time, in June, 1827, John HELLMAN, a third child was born, at which time he openly declared that if she ever had another he would kill her.  This, however, was their last child.  On one occasion, whilst living on this place, he left her, in a fit of passion, and went to Baltimore, leaving wife and children almost destitute, where he remained about three months, and returned with promises of reformation.
     In the mean time, her father, having several sons grown around him, began to cast about for some mode of giving them all a start in the world, and finally sold a portion of his farm, and bought a section of land for each of them in different counties of Ohio.  John ABEL and George ABEL went to Stark county, Ohio, and HELMAN received for his wife a section of land in Carroll county, though he refused to live on the section of ground belonging to his wife, apparently through ill feeling towards her.  When he left Loudon county he disposed of property to the amount of at least $3,000.  How he had accumulated so much in the short space of ten years, when he had come there penniless, was, and still is regarded as a mystery.  Although possessed of a close and miserly disposition, denying his family nearly all the comforts of life, when the exception of food, of which he could not deprive them without suffering himself, it seemed impossible, from the fruits of his needle, so large an amount could have been accumulated.
     The five years he passed over in Carroll county, we pass over in silence, with the exception of the remark that the lot of the poor wife during the whole of this time, was one of continual unhappiness, whilst the children also regarded him with fear and trembling, particularly poor Henry, who he wholly disowned.  This treatment, on the part of her brutal husband of course entwined her heart more closely to that of Henry, who was then in his twelfth year, and the knowledge of this increased his growing enmity towards her and him.  When he left Carroll county he was in possession of two fine farms, which he sold for a large amount.  They were located within half a mile of the now thriving city of Carrollton.
     His removal to Logan county was hailed by his wife with joy and delight, for there resided her two brothers, Gen. John ABEL and Mr. George ABEL, who had emigrated thither some eight years previously, and were now surrounded by large and happy families.  As good fortune would have it, he bought a fine farm, the dwelling of which was within a hundred yards of Gen. ABEL's, and but a short distance from her brother George;  and now poor Mary expected and did occasionally meet a countenance that beamed on her with affection and kindness.  She could there, when an opportunity afforded, seated at the hospitable hearth of one of her brothers, go over the scenes of enjoyment and happiness that they had passed together in old Loudon, and the memory of her good and kind-hearted father and mother, who were long since departed, would often call a tear to the eye of the afflicted mother.
     They arrived in Logan county in the spring of 1836, at which time the three children had arrived at an age when they became useful about the farm.  Louisa was in her fourteenth year, Henry was thirteen, and John was about nine years of age.  They were three fine intelligent children, such as a man should have been proud of, still they appeared to have no share in their father's affections.  Money and property was the god he worshiped, and although in reality he was far better off than many of his surrounding neighbors, still he kept his family dressed in the meanest manner, so much so that they were compelled to remain at home on all occasions.  The children were, however, knit into the very heart of the mother, and she looked on them with all the fond hope with which a mother usually regards her offspring.
     About a year after their arrival in Logan, Mrs. HELLMAN on one occasion had poured out a bowl of milk with the intention of drinking it, but before she got it to her lips she found that the top of it was completely covered with a quantity of white powder, which had at that moment been cast upon it.  Immediately suspecting it to be poison, and having no mode of testing it, she threw it out, and undoubtedly, from subsequent events, thus preserved her life.  There was no one at the time in the house but her husband, and he denied all knowledge of it.  She was under the impression at the time that he had attempted to poison her, and it is generally believed that such was the case.
     For the year following this event he apparently became more morose and sullen, but his family had become used to it, and expected nothing better.  In the month of April, 1836, all three of the children were suddenly taken sick, and lay in great suffering for about forty-eight hours, when Louisa, the eldest, aged seventeen years, and John, the youngest, aged twelve years, died and were both buried in one grave, leaving the mother inconsolable for her loss.  Her whole attention, however, was still required for poor Henry, who lay several days in great suffering, but he finally recovered.  This was a sad stroke to the heart of the already grief-stricken mother, which was doubly heavy on her from the firm belief she entertained that their death had resulted from poison, and that that poison had been administered to them by the hand of their father - by that hand which should have brushed away from their path every thorn that could harm them.  The belief is now general throughout the county that their blood is also on the head of Andrew HELLMAN, but whether true or false remains to be decided between him and his God.  It would seem, if the charge be correct, to have been a miraculous intervention of Providence that poor Henry, the child of Misfortune, the one alone above all others that his father disliked and ill-treated, was the one that outlived the effects of the deadly potion.  Happy would he doubtless now be could he disown such a father, and forever obliterate from memory his existence.  He is, however, now loved and respected by all who are acquainted with him, having fully inherited all the good qualities of his unfortunate mother, and fully proving the saying that a bad man may be the father of a worthy son.  Just entering on manhood, he bids fair to reclaim, by a just and honorable life, a name that has been tarnished by the most detestable acts of crime and guilt.
     It may be stated here, in justice to HELLMAN, that, since his conviction of the murder of Malinda HORN, he has been questioned with regard to the death of his children, and though he did not deny the murder of his first wife, he positively asserts that he had no hand in their death.  He, however, will find it difficult to satisfy those who witnessed the heart-rending scene, and his utter callousness as to the result, that he is not also their murderer - that the blood of his innocent offspring does not rest on his head, equally with that of the unborn child of the second victim.  The bodies, we learn, were not examined, to discover the cause of death, the suspicion as to their being poisoned having been kept a secret in the breasts of the members of the family, for the sake of the poor mother, whose hard lot might have been embittered in case they should have been unable to sustain the charge.  As bad as they then thought him to be, they could hardly believe him to be guilt of such a crime, but experience has since taught them that he was capable of anything, let it be over so heinous and criminal, and to even a denial under the solemnity of a confession can now clear him of the charge.
    The two children, as has already been stated, died in the month of April, 1839, and on the 26th of September, 1839, five months after, the poor mother met her terrible fate.  The intervening time had been passed in fear and trembling; and she watched over and guarded her only remaining child with tenfold care and anxiety.  She feared that the blow which she thought had been aimed mainly at the head of the disowned Henry, was still reserved for him, and she therefore followed him with the argus eyes of a mother, when evil or danger threatens; she watched his departure, and longed for his return when absent at his daily labor, and folded him to her heart as its only solace under the heavy weight of sorrow and affliction she had been called on to endure.  Henry loved his mother equally well, and did much to ease her heart of heavy burden. 
     On the 26th of September, hearing that her brother George was unwell, she gladly embraced the opportunity of sending Henry to assist his uncle on the work of the farm for a few days, knowing that there at least he would be out of harm's way.  It was the first time that he had ever been absent from her, and when she bade him farewell, and admonished him to take care of himself, little did she think that it was the last time she ever would see him - that ere the ensuing dawn of day she would herself be lying a mangled and mutilated corpse.  Such was the melancholy fact, as the sequel proved.
     The events of that night and the two succeeding days are wrapped in impenetrable darkness, no witness being left but God and the murderer that can fully describe them, but such a scene as we are left to imagine, we will endeavor to narrate.
      On Saturday morning, the 28th of September, 1839, Mrs. Rachel ABEL, the wife of Mr. George ABEL, came to the house to see her sister-in-law, and so soon as she entered the door she was surprised to see HELLMAN lying in bed in the front room, with his head, face and clothing covered with blood.  With an exclamation of wonder she asked him what was the matter.  He replied, affecting to be scarcely able to speak from weakness and loss of blood, that two nights previous, at a late hour, a loud rap had summoned him to the door; on opening it, two robbers had entered, one a large dark man, (meaning a negro) and a small white man, when he had immediately been leveled to the floor with a heavy club.  How he had got into bed he said he could not tell, but that he had been lying there suffering ever since, unable to get out.  On hearing this story, and from his bloody appearance, and apparent faintness, not doubting it, Mrs. ABEL exclaimed, "Where is the name of God is your wife? to which he replied, "I do not know, go and see."  On pushing open the back room door, a scene of blood met her view that would be impossible fully to describe. In the center of the room lay the mangled corpse of the poor wife, with her blood drenching the floor, whilst the ceiling, walls, and furniture were also heavily sprinkled with the streams which had evidently gushed from the numerous wounds she had received in the dreadful struggle.
     Mrs. ABEL immediately left the house, and proceeded with all dispatch to the house of Gen. ABEL, which was but a short distance off, and on relating to him the story of HELLMAN and the condition of his sister, he immediately pronounced her to have been murdered by her husband.  Charging her as well as his own wife and family, not to go to the house again, until some of the neighbors had entered, he proceeded to make the fact known, and in a short time a large number had assembled.  In answer to their inquiries HELLMAN to the same story, and with a faint voice and apparent anguish, pointed to the bloody and apparently mutilated condition of his head, still laying prostrate in his own bed.  The condition of the house also bore evidence of having been ransacked by robbers, every thing having been emptied out of the drawers and chests and thrown in confusion on the floor.  His story being credited by the neighbors, he was asked where he had left his money, and on looking at the designated place it was found to be gone.  A small amount of money $16.60, belonging to Henry, which had been deposited in the heft of his chest, had also been abstracted.  The reader can doubtless imagine the scene, and the commiseration of the neighbors for the unfortunate victims of the midnight assassin.
     At this moment Gen. ABEL entered, and shortly after him a coroner and a physician.  Twelve men were immediately selected as a jury of inquest to examine into the cause of the death of Mrs. HELLMAN.  The jury being sworn, and having entered on their duty, Gen. ABEL openly charged Andrew HELLMAN with being her murderer.  The jury were struck with astonishment as they looked at HELLMAN, lying prostrate in his bed, and demanded of the accuser what evidence he had to substantiate such a charge.  The afflicted brother in reply stated that he unfortunately had no evidence, but desired that the physician in attendance would examine HELLMAN's wounds.  The examination was accordingly made, and the result was that not a scratch, a cut, or a bruise could be found on any part of his person.  Not only orally but practically was it thus established, beyond the shadow of a doubt, that "her blood was on his head."  He had evidently taken up a quantity of her blood and thrown it on his head and shoulders, in order to give credence to his story, which act alone served as a positive evidence of his guilt.  On a search being made of the premises, his axe was found, leaning against the bar post, about fifty yards from the house, reeking with blood, and hair sufficient sticking to it to identity it as that of the deceased - his knife, covered with blood was found concealed on the hearth of the chimney - his tailor socks were found in the cellar, covered with blood - and the shirt he had on, as well as his arm, was saturated with the blood up to the elbow.  There was, therefore, nothing wanting to identify him, fully and conclusively, as the murderer, and he was forthwith committed for trial; and the remains of his victim, having laid two days exposed before discovery, were, on the evening of the same day followed to the grave by a large concourse of friends and relatives, and deposited by the side of her two children, whom she had sorrowed over but five months previous.
     From the condition of the body, as well as other marks in the room, there remained no doubt that the murder had been committed in the most cold-blooded, premeditated and malicious manner.  The body was lying on the floor, but from the fact that a large quantity of blood was found in the center of the bed, it is supposed she was laying asleep at the time of the attack, wholly unconscious of any impending evil.  The stains on the pillow indicated that she had partially risen up after the first blow, and had been again knocked back on the bed.  The soles of her feet were saturated with blood, which led to the belief that she had managed to et out of bed, and had stood erect in her own blood on the floor before she was finally despatched.  Six distinct cuts, apparently inflicted with the handle of an axe, were discovered on her head.  The hands and arms were dreadfully bruised, as if she had in the same manner as his second victim, endeavored thus to ward off the blows aimed at her head, whilst the little finger of the left hand, and the forefinger of the right hand were both broken.  A large gash, laying open the flesh to the bone, was visible on the right thigh, apparently inflicted with an axe, and across the whole length of the abdomen there extended a heavy bruise, in the shape of the letter X, in the center of which was a large mark of bruised blood, at least six inches square.  An attempt had been made with the axe to sever the head from the body, and three separate gashes passing nearly through the neck, the edge of the blade entering the floor, appeared to have been the finishing stroke of the bloody deed.
     The fact of his having hewn up and dissected the body of Malinda HORN, can no longer there fore be considered a matter of wonder.  It was only the second act of the bloody drama, and well did he understand his part.  The man who had passed, without being conscience-stricken, through such a scene of blood as we have just described, was doubtless capable for any emergency, and he probably disposed of his second subject with the same ease of mind that a butcher would quarter a calf.
     After he had been some time in prison he confessed he had hidden his money himself, and that it was in a tin cup behind two bricks on the breast of the chimney.  A search was there made, and money to the amount of $176.24 in gold, silver and bank notes was found with promissory notes to the amount of $838, making in all $1014.24.  There were also in the cup two certificates for sections of land in Mercer county, Ohio.  The money belonging to his son Henry, which had been taken out of the chest, was found stuck into a crack on the jamb of the chimney.  His acknowledgement of the concealment of the money was of course looked on as a full confession of guilt.  He of course obtained possession of it, and it is thought found some means of transmitting it to a friend in Baltimore, from whose hands he afterwards again obtained possession of it.  His farm in Starke county, having three dwellings on it and considered to be a very valuable piece of property, he deeded to his son Henry  during his confinement, which is in fact the only worthy act with regard to the man that has yet come under our notice.
     A few months after his arrest a true bill was found against him by the Grand Jury of Starke county, and he was brought out for arraignment before the Court of Common Pleas, and there made known his determination, as he had right to do, to be tried before the Supreme Court.  At length the term of the Supreme Court commenced, and two days before the close of its session, his case was called up for trial.  Having secured eminent counsel, they urged on the court that the case would occupy more time than that allowed for the close of the term, and finally succeeded in having it postponed to the next term, which, meeting but once a year, caused a corresponding delay in the trial.
     He was accordingly remanded back to the jail in Bellefontaine, Logan county, Ohio, which was a large log building, from whence on the 13th of November, 1840, after being confined nearly fourteen months, he made his escape.  It had been the custom to keep him confined in the cells only during the night in cold weather, allowing him to occupy an upper room during the day, depending almost entirely for his security on the heavy iron hobbles that were kept attached to his legs.  The means whereby he escaped have been the subject of much controversy, and several persons have been implicated as accomplices, either before or after the fact.  Since his arrest he has positively denied having any assistance, and states that, having got the hobble off of one foot, he started off in that condition, carrying them in his hand.  On the night of his escape he had been left up stairs later than usual, and there being no fastenings of any consequence on the door, he walked off.  He was immediately pursued and traced to the house of a man named Conrad HARPOLE, near East Liberty, in Logan county, in the neighborhood of which, a horse, belonging to one of his attorneys, was found running loose, and it was ascertained that he had there purchased a horse, saddle and bridle, and pursued his journey.  He was then traced to Carrollton in Carroll county, where he had formerly lived, passing through in open day.  He was here spoken to by an old acquaintance, but made no reply.  Some of his pursuers actually arrived in Baltimore before he did, and although the most diligent search was made for him, assisted by High-Constable MITCHELL, no further trace could be found of him.  They, however, were under the opinion that he was concealed in the city, and finally gave up all hope of detecting him.  The next thing that was heard of him was in York, Pennsylvania, where on the 28th of September, 1841, about ten months after his escape, he appeared before John A. WILSON, Esq., a Justice of the Peace, and executed a deed for 640 acres of land in Mercer county, in favor of Charles ANTHONY, Esq., one of his attorneys.
     We have heard it positively stated, though we cannot vouch for its correctness, that in the fall of 1841, which is about the time the deed just mentioned was executed at York, he was a resident of Baltimore, and kept a small tailor shop on Pennsylvania Avenue, near Hamburg Street, where he was burned out.  If so, he then passed by another name, and had not yet assumed the name of Adam HORN.  He made his appearance in Baltimore county, in the neighborhood of the scene of the last murder early in the year 1842, and commenced boarding at the house of Wm. POST, in the month of May.  On the ensuing 17th day of August, 1842, he was married to Malinda HINKLE.
     The horrible particulars of his second wife's murder, we present our readers in the succinct and satisfactory account to fit that we glean from the evidence produced upon the trial.  HORN was arraigned before the Baltimore county Court, and the case came up before Judges MAGRUDER and PURVIANCE, on the 20th of November, 1843.  The lawful barbarity of the man's crime, and the hardened indifference he exhibited in regard to it, created a thrilling excitement in the public mind, and at an early hour a crowd had assembled on the pavement east of the Court-house, in the area above, and all along the lane.  Shortly before the hour, the van drove up below, and was instantly surrounded with an eager throng, anxious to catch a glimpse of the prisoner.  The prisoner was taken out, and, after a considerable struggle with the crowd, brought into the court room.  In five minutes thereafter, the whole space allotted to spectators was crammed to every corner.
     Tow days were occupied in empanelling a jury, which finally consisted of the following gentlemen, citizens of Baltimore county,  exclusive of the city:  John B. H. FULTON, Foreman; Alexander J. KENNARD, Stephen TRACY, Melcher FOWBLE, Hanson RUTTER, Wm. BUTLER, Benjamin WHEELER, senior, Abraham ELLIOT, Samuel PRICE, Henry LEAF, Samuel S. PALMER, James WOLFINGTON.
     J. N. STEELE
, Esq., Prosecuting Attorney for Baltimore county Court, opened the case in a lucid and effective manner. He spoke to the following purport:
     "I shall in the prosecution of this case expect to show to you, that the prisoner, in the early part of the year 1842, came to reside in Baltimore county, under the name of Adam HORN; but that his real name is Andrew HELLMAN; that a short time thereafter in the course of the ensuing summer, he settled in the country, purchased some land, bought a store, and worked at his trade as a tailor; he became acquainted with the deceased, and in August, 1842, married her; that some time thereafter their domestic life was disturbed by frequent bickerings and angry dissensions; that HORN was dissatisfied, saying to his neighbors that she was too young for him, that she loved other men better than himself.  I shall show you that this prisoner is a man of deep-seated malignancy of character, of passionate and violet temper; and though we known some facts in relation to their habits of life, we know not what private feuds and what severity of treatment the deceased may have been too often exposed to.  I shall show you that upon one occasion she had gone to church, contrary to his desire, and that upon her return, he threw her clothes out of the window, and put her violently out of the house, in consequence of which conduct she remained absent several days.  I shall show to you that some time before that event he had looked upon her and spoken of her, evidently to find some cause to be rid of her; and after she was gone, he applied to her the most opprobrious epithets, peculiarly degrading to the character of a woman and of a wife, and openly threatened that if she returned to his house he would shoot her.  Nor was this a temporary feeling raging in his heart at one time more violently than at another; not an outbreak of temper for the moment, but as I shall be able to show you, a malignant, deep settled and insatiate hatred.  Thus they continued to live together until the 22d of March last; on the evening of that day, she was seen the last time alive - that evening at sunset, and these two thusunhappily paired, dwelt in the solitude of this house alone; not another human soul lived within those walls; these two alone on that night were in sole companionship, moved by feelings which the event can alone explain.
     "There was deep snow on the ground that night; there was also a tremendous tempest; it was the worst night remembered during the winter; the wind blew a hurricane, and the snow was banked up in the roads, and at every eminence which offered resistance to the wind, in a manner which it almost impossible to move; and on that night he was in the house with his deceased wife; the next morning he was seen to go up the road; he passed the house of Mr. POIST, his nearest neighbor, with whom he had been intimate since he first went into the county, but said nothing to him about the absence of his wife;  but went on to the house of a German acquaintance (who has sine committed suicide), and said to him, as I expect to show  the counsel for the defense admitting his testimony as given in jail - that his wife had left him two hours before day; that they had had no quarrel, yet she had gone out on such a night, in the condition she was in; he told his German that she had taken $50 in money from a corner of the store in which she had seen him count it; but I shall show you, gentlemen of the jury, that he told another person that she took the money from a trunk up stairs; and still another person that she took it from a chest in the back room, thus stamping the fabrication with its true character of falsehood.  The snow that had fallen remained upon the ground some ten days, at the expiration of which period, I shall show you that HORN went to the house of Mrs. GITTINGER, and requested her to engage for him a housekeeper; that matters continued thus until Sunday, the 16th of April, when Catharine HINKLE, a sister of the deceased, hearing of the absence of Mrs. HORN, went to the house of the prisoner; that although they had previously to that time been on the most friendly terms, HORN, without refusing to speak to her, spoke with manifest reluctance, seemed confused, colored in conversation, and otherwise betrayed uneasiness and guilt; that on being first questioned by Catharine, he said his wife had left the house, on the evening referred to, about bed-time; but afterwards, before she went away, apparently recollecting the contradiction that would exist, he told her that Malinda had gone away about two hours before day.  I shall then show you, gentlemen, that Catharine went off with the determination to see Justice Bushey, satisfied that there was something wrong, but first called at the house of Mrs. GITTINGER, who was, however absent; Mrs. GITTINGER's little daughter only was there, and to her Catharine imparted her suspicions, said she was going to Justice BUSHEY's and would have HORN's house searched forthwith.  On that day the little girl stated this conversation to her mother; and, gentlemen, I shall show you that at that time, HORN himself was at GITTINGER's, in a adjoining room, with some neighbors who had come to visit a sick person; that the statement of the little girl to her mother was distinctly overheard in that room, and immediately thereafter HORN got up from his chair and left the house.  I shall show you that at that time he had on his usual Sunday dress, and that he was seen soon afterwards, in the evening, in his ordinary working clothes, although there was no apparent cause for the change.  On the following day, Monday, he fled - with so much precipitancy of flight, that he had left his store, containing $400 or $500 worth of goods, without a single person to take care of it; and deserted his farm, and indeed so precipitately absconded that the doors of the house had been left unfastened, and his shoes left out uon the floor, he was next seen in the office of the Clerk of Baltimore County Court, on Monday, where he got out a deed of his property, and next heard of in Philadelphia, where, according to his own statement, he arrived on the following (Tuesday) morning.  Thus, on the slightest intimation that active measures would be taken to discover the whereabout of the deceased, overheard in the conversation of the child with her mother, we find this man - a man of thrift, and careful in his business - a man of even miserly habits, thus hurrying away from his home, leaving all his property exposed.  I shall further show to you, gentlemen, that when the prisoner was arrested in Philadelphia, he admitted that he was from Baltimore county, and that his name was HORN; that when passing along the street, in custody of the officer, he was asked his trade, and he replied 'a shoemaker,' his real business being that of a tailor; he was seen to throw something away soon afterwards, which was picked up by another officer, and proved to be a tailor's thimble, the latter saying: 'Did you see him throw this thimble away?' the prisoner offering no denial; at the officer's house to which he was first taken, he threw away a pair of scissors; he also assured the officers he had no deed, but when further search was proposed, he either produced, or there were found upon him, two deeds, one conveying the property from another party to himself, and the other drawn in Philadelphia, conveying it from himself to John STORECH, the German who has since committed suicide.
     "I shall further show you, gentlemen, that by what may be regarded as remarkable interposition of Providence, on the morning following the Sunday on which he had fled, some young men, while shooting in the neighborhood, came to HORN's place, and crossing a small gutter or gully in the orchard, their attention was attracted by a hole newly dug in it, and close by a circular place, a little sunk, into which they thrust a stick, and soon found it resisted by a substance of a nature which caused it to rebound; that without further examination these young men went to a person named POIST, whom they informed that they had discovered something strange in the gulley, and they thought it was probably Malinda HORN.  Accompanied by POIST, they returned to the spot, dug up the earth, and there found the body - no gentlemen, not the body- but the headless, limbless, mutilated trunk, sewed up in a coffee-bag.
    
"In this remote place, they also found a spade near by, standing against a tree, which a witness identified by a particular mark as belonging to the prisoner.  On the coffee-bag was seen the name of Adam HORN, and it will be identified by Mr. CAUGHY, a merchant of this city, as one in which he sold a quantity of coffee to HORN, nine or ten months before.  In this connection we shall prove to have been found HORN's spade, and HORN's coffee-bag, but it does not stop here; they went to the house to pursue their investigations, and there in a back room upstairs, they found another bag containing the legs and arms of a human being, corresponding with the trunk; thus in the very house occupied by the prisoner and his wife, were found these mangled remains; contained too, in a bag soiled with a quantity of mud, exactly resembling that in the hole of the gully from which they are supposed to have been taken; mud upon the several limbs also corresponding with it; the clothes of the prisoner also found scattered about the house, soiled in the same way, and his shoes even when found, wet and moist, and muddy, in every particular indicating the recent visit of the wearer to that place; still further, by way of tracing him to the very grave of these mutilated remains, his footprint, exactly corresponding with the shoe, is discovered by the gully.  But unfortunately for the prisoner, we do not stop here; I shall produce evidence to convince you beyond all doubt that this body and these limbs so discovered were the body and limbs of Malinda HORN.  I shall show you that there was no other woman missing from that place and neighborhood, and I need not say to you that a woman is not like a piece of furniture that can be destroyed without the knowledge of persons out of the household.  I shall prove to you, gentlemen, that the body and limbs were the size of those of the deceased; that they were large, she being a large woman; that Malinda HORN at the time of her disappearance was known to be pregnant; that the body discovered proved to be in this state; that a small portion of the hair sticking to the back of the neck was of the color of the hair of the deceased; that a peculiarity in the form of the deceased was the width of her breasts apart; that the same peculiarity was perceptible in the body that has been found; that the deceased was seen daily in household duties by her acquaintances, barefoot, and I shall produce testimony to prove positively that the feet found in the prisoner's house are the feet of Malinda HORN; a peculiarity in the thumb of one hand, which had been bent by a felon, also affords positive proof by which the dismembered arms have been identified as those of Malinda HORN.  From this evidence, I say there can be no question of the identity of the body.  Yet is there another fact, a startling, a marvelous one; I do not know that I shall have occasion to resort to it, but I shall mention it now; should I, however, had it necessary to introduce it, what I now say you will be at liberty to discard.  I am not familiar, gentlemen, with the wonder-working powers of nature as exhibited in the human form, but in what I am about to assert it would seem that Providence has indeed followed this terrible murder with evidence from the unborn.  I have alluded to the state in which the unfortunate woman deceased, and I ought now to add that post mortem examination was conducted some time thereafter by a distinguished surgeon of this city; that in the course of the operation the womb was removed, and preserved by that gentleman, and remarkable as it may seem, I learn that the infant, yet four months wanting of the hour of parturition, is in every feature, a facsimile of Adam HORN!
     In addition to what I have stated, and the awful picture presented to your view, we have a striking fact to be considered; the mangled trunk has been found with every limb rudely torn from its place; the limbs have been found, legs and arms, huddled together in horrible confusion, but the head has never to this hour been discovered; there can be no doubt that it has been concealed or destroyed to prevent its identification, and its very absence is proof that it was the head of Malinda HORN.  I shall further show to you, gentlemen, that the body discovered, proved to be that of a person suddenly deceased, in high and perfect health; and I shall show in connection with this fact, that the deceased, when last seen, was in that state - perfectly well.  I shall be able to show to you, that great violence had been committed on this her mangled body; that a large bruise was found extending its effects deep into the muscles on the breast and shoulder; that there was another of four or five inches diameter upon her back, as it inflicted by some large instrument, and by a most violent blow; and further, that one hand and wrist exhibits almost a continuous bruise, as if mashed in apparently fruitless efforts to prevent the dreadful injuries which followed.
     "Still further must I proceed with the disgusting, revolting spectacle; and show you that in the perpetration of the murder, the after circumstances were only part of the original plan; to sever the limbs, to cut off the head, and to salt down the trunk and limbs, was all necessary to be done, because he could not dispose of them by burial; the snow was on the ground, and to do so would expose him to certain detection; and I shall show you that on the floor of an upstairs back room, there is a stain occupying a space about the size of a human body with extended legs; this stain is moist, and at certain times presents on the surface a white incrastation, as having been produced by a quantity of salt; the murder is believed to have been committed on the 22d of March, and the body was found on the 17th of April, and when found, though it had been buried in a damp hole in the ground, a moisture and mud, yet it was in a state of preservation evidently from the effects of the salt; it was again buried, and when exhumed three or four weeks after for the post mortem examination, it was still found but slightly decomposed.  I must call your attention to the time at which the body could have been disposed of by burial, after the disappearance of the snow, as agreeing with that when the prisoner called on Mrs. GITTINGER to provide him a housekeeper until the mangled remains were gone.

EVIDENCE OF WITNESSES.

     Wm. POIST, sworn. - Knows the prisoner at the bar very well; known him since May 1842; came to witness's house to board; boarded with him 'till the middle of August, and then got married; witness was his groomsman; two weeks afterwards they went to house-keeping; took a house about three hundred yards from witness's house; it is situated about twenty-two miles from Baltimore, and the Hanover and Reisterstown road; HORN's house is this side of witnesses house; GITTINGER's house is about one hundred and fifty yards this side of HORN's; STORECH's house is about three hundred yards beyond that of witness; the "gate house" is between witness's house and STORECH's; when HORN went to housekeeping, he kept a store and worked at his trade as a tailor; recollected the time when Malinda HORN disappeared; one morning of 23rd saw HORN go by his house; said to a wagoner in there that he wondered where HORN was going so early; he said he supposed he was going to church; witness said no, that was not the way he went to church; he was not a Catholic, but pretended to be a Lutheran; soon after, Frank GITTINGER came in and said, "HORN's wife was gone again last night;" witness said, last night was too bad a night for anyone to go out; it was a very stormy, ugly night; there and been a heavy snow on the ground abut ten days.
     On good Friday the people had been talking a good deal about the matter, and I went down the road to the fence between HORN's place and mine, and saw a spade standing against a tree; thought "My God, what has he been doing with this space?" could not see any peach trees that had been planted; walked round the spade, at a few feet distance; recognized it as one that he had seen at HORN's house, it had a paper on as the outside one of the bundle; it was about four or five steps from the place where the body was found; is positive that it was the same spade that he had seen before at HORN's house.
     On Easter Monday, about 9 o'clock, saw Jacob MYERS, Henry FRINGER, John STORECH, and Isaac STANSBURY, go by his house with guns, down the road; between 10 and 11 o'clock while witness was up in his field, the men came back again; asked them what game; they said, "Oh, we found plenty of game down there," and allowed they thought they had found HORN's wife; agreed to go along, and went around to avoid HORN's house, so that he should not see them; went down to the place, and pushed a stick down and found taht it rose up again when pressed; witness then threw the dirt away with a spade, and found a coffee-bag, which he proposed to slit open; there was something in it; some of them thought perhaps it was a hog buried there, and did not want to open the bag for fear they would be laughed at; witness cut the bag a little, and saw the breast of a woman; they then concluded to go to HORN's house first; went up to HORN's house and knocked, but nobody answered; NASE said the back door was open; pushed it with a stick; waited till more people came; none would go in until witness went; went into the entry and then the store, and found all right; went into a sleeping room back and found a bed which looked as if it had been tumbled; finally one of the party went to the back room up stairs, and there saw the arms and legs sticking out of a bag; he called to witness, who was on the stairs, to see them; all went up and looked at them; then went down to the place where the body was, and lifted it out; witness then cut it open, and there was the trunk of the body, without head, arms or legs; examined it and found marks of violence on the breast and the shoulder; turned the body over and found another wound on the back; then went and brought down the legs and arms, and found they corresponded with the body; then sent for some women, and Mrs. GITTINGER came; asked her if she knew Mrs. HORN was enciente; she said she was; thought that body was in the same condition; the mud of the gully was a kind of slimy mud, not exactly yellow, not black; that upon the limbs was of the same kind; the hole from which they supposed the limbs were taken seemed to have been quite fresh opened; as if opened the night before; the same kind of mud was upon the clothes; the field was a clover-field and orchard; the soil upon the surface in the field and surrounding country is of a different kind and color from the gully mud.  In the house found HORN's clothing and shoes - same kind of mud on them; the shoes were moist and muddy; found part in the back room, part in front; shoes under the counter; a bucket of water, discolored with the same sort of mud, was found in the entry; a basin of the same muddy water, as if hands had been washed in it, was found in tne store; [the bags and clothes spoken of produced; that in which the limbs were found is marked "A. HORN," with certain private marks the waistcoat exhibited, marked with mud;] witness saw HORN wearing it on Sunday night before he left; [a piece of striped linsey produced, found between the bed and sacking, worn by Mrs. HORN as an apron, considerably stained with blood;] witness found the piece of linsey himself; saw nothing of HORN on the Monday; through his house and ground; he was not there; knew Malinda HORN; the body found was about the size of that of deceased, as near as witness could judge; searched for the head all about; tore up a fence, thinking it might be in the post holes; dug all about the garden and other places; the hand was marked with a heavy bruise, as if it had defended a blow off; knows of no other woman having disappeared from the neighborhood about that time; found dried apples and peaches up stairs in back room of the front building; several bushels; there was a pile of plaster in the back room up stairs, where the limbs were found; they were close to the pile; there was a mark on the floor, as if the body had been laid down there; supposed it had been cut up there; this room was at the head of the back stairs; this stain was about the size of a human being, and a body cut up and salted there would likely have made such a stain; it was a greasy sort of mark, such as a pickle or brine always makes.
     The condition of the goods in the store was in the usual form after HORN had fled; about $400 or $500 worth of goods were there; the entry door and the door that leads into the store were open; there was no one left in charge of the house and ____ the house is immediately on the turnpike; the body was in a good state of preservation; looked as if it had been salted; there was no blood visible; one of the thighs appeared  as if a piece of steak had been cut off of it; witness had a coffin made, sent for her sister and a preacher, and had the body buried in the burial ground on the next day, the 18th of April; the body was again taken up about ten or twelve days after, for a post mortem examination; when it was dug up it smelt a little but very little , and was in a good state of preservation; the orchard in which the spade was found was not used for any agricultural purpose; HORN had been at work building fense along the turnpike, about two-hundred yards distance; witness thinks for the purpose of preventing easy ingress to the spot where the body was buried; the nature of the soil where he was digging for the fence would not have made the same stain on the clothing found as that which was on it.  When he saw him at the jail in Philadelphia, he reached his hand towards him and said to him, "My God, Mr. HORN, must I meet you here!  we have found the legs and arms  of Mrs. HORN at the head of the stairs, and the body you.  I suppose, know where; and you ought to pray to God to forgive you of your sins;" that the prisoner looked at him but did not say a word, nor did he shed a tear, but seemed to be endeavouring to smother his feelings.
     Cross-examined by My, Mayer, - HORN passed my door before sunrise in the morning; did not say he had gone up to STORECH's soon after that Mr GITTINGER came and told witness that HORN's wife had left him on the previous evening; and he replied it was a bad night for any one to leave home; it was on the 23d day of March that he told witness his wife was missing, and it was about the 17th day of April that the found; was the spade at the tree on Good Friday; HORN went away on Easter Sunday, and there had been considerable talk in the neighborhood as to his wife being missing; when I saw the spade I wondered if he had been planting trees; I looked whether he had, and I found that he had not; HORN was attending to his business quietly and composedly all this time; HORN came on Good Friday evening to his house and offered to pay him $10 out of the $50 he owned him; he replied that that would do him no good, as he wanted it all to pay his rent; did not examine his house very closely for stains of blood, but was looking about for the remainder of the body; I saw a large stain upon the floor up stairs some time after; some of the neighbours called my attention to it; I came to the conclusion that it was salt, and that the body had laid there and salt thrown on it on account of the weather being too bad to dispose of it at the time it was killed; the stain on the floor was in the form of a body; the stain is still there; smelt it, and it smelt like brine; it was dry, I could smell it; there was no fancy about it, as I do not snuff; I took for granted that the body had not been buried; when I saw him in Philadelphia I asked him if he could pay me what he owed me; I asked him in the presence of the jailor; I was ordered to Philadelphia by Squire BUSHEY to identify the prisoner; the mark on the spade by which I knew it, was a label pasted on the handle; all spades have not that mark; it was a mark such as it put on by the maker, a label.
     Cross-examined by Mr. BUCHANAN. - I first became acquainted with the prisoner in the month of May, 1842, when he came to my house to board; he had been living in the neighborhood before, but I did not know him; he lived with me until the 16th or 17th of August, when he got married to Malinda, and he and his wife stayed with me until the end of August, when they went to live at the house where his store was; Mrs. HORN was missed on the night of the 22d of March, and on the morning of the 23d, the prisoner passed my house before sunrise; I did not see where he went; on the same day about half an hour afterwards I learned that his wife was missing; did not go to his house or see him that day; but saw him the next morning, the 24th; saw him on the porch at the house; I did not speak to him after his wife was missing until the 3d of April.
     [A question was here put to the witness by Mr. BUCHANAN, as to the conversation of the prisoner, which was objected to by Mr. STEELE; but as the objection was afterwards waived by the prosecution, it is unnecessary to detail it.  The cross-examination was accordingly resumed.
     We met together as stated, for the first time after she was missing, on the 3d of April, in his store; after I had taken my seat I asked him for the fifty dollars he owed me; he told me that his wife had run off and taken fifty dollars with her, and consequently he could not pay me; I then asked him about his wife leaving him, and he told me that she got up in the night whilst he was asleep, alongside of her, and when she went out of the door he woke up and went to look after her, but not seeing her, he went to bed again.  I then told him that there was some rumor or suspicion afloat among the neighbors, to the effect that he had killed or made away with his wife.  The prisoner, clapping his hands on his knees replied, "My God, you don't say so!  How could the people think so?" I then told him if he could prove there was no foundation in the rumor, that he might still consider me his friend; if not, I was done with him.  I then proposed that he should submit the house to be searched, in order to satisfy  me as well as the neighbors, to which he expressed himself willing.  He then said to me, "Ah, Mr. POIST, you know much;" to which I replied, "Why, you do not suppose I have had anything to do with, or know anything about your wife?"  He replied, "No; but another man is the cause of all this."  I then advised him to stop the stage driver, and question him as to whether he had seen her, shortly after which I went home.  I had not been home long when the stage came past, and I saw him stop the stage and speak to the driver.  I then returned to his house and asked him whether the driver had seen her, and he said that he had not.  I did not search the house, however, until the body was found.  STORECH, who has sine killed himself, was one of the four who were out gunning and first discovered the body.  He went with them to the spot where they thought the body was, and one of them pointed out the print of a shoe to him in the clay, but is certain it was not STORECH; it was STORECH, however, who said that the print of the shoe was that of HORN's as he knew the shoe and had made it; I then took the spade and threw up some of the dirt, when I discovered a bag, and thinking that some one had buried a sheep there, and that we would be laughed at, I took my knife and cut it open and the breast of a female was visible.  (Witness then proceeded again to detail his examination of the premises around HORN's house, and his gathering the people together.)  On going into the house I found a stain on the stairway, which I thought was stained by apples, but the others thought it was blood; did not say that the large stain on the floor in the form of a body was not blood; I said nothing about it at the time; I did not come to the conclusion that the large stain was blood; the apron was found in the house about ten days after she had been found; does not know that that part of the house where the apron was found had been searched before; found the apron in the front building between the bed and teh sacking-bottom; nobody went into the house with me; did not see any mark that he was certain was blood until the apron was found; had never seen the body naked until they had joined the limbs on it on a plank; would not know your body or my own if I saw it cut or mangled in that way; could not recognize the body; has no certain personal knowledge what became of Malinda HORN; she had left her husband once and went up in the neighborhood of Littlestown; she was gone some six weeks; she had left some of her clothes up there and had wanted to go again after them; that HORN was at my house and saw the stage at his door, and he ran out and stopped it and took his wife out, and made her go home; she never went away again until she went finally.
     In Chief. -  I proposed to the prisoner that he should allow the house to be searched, and he consented; the snow was then off the ground; he did not propose to have a search, but said they might search if they came; the spots on the stairs he thought were not blood; that after the floor had been scrubbed the blood was visible on the large stairs; when the deceased left the house of HORN the first time thinks he said nothing to him about it, though he might.
     Henry BUSHEY, Esq., was called upon to come to HORN's house on the 17th of April, by Mr. POIST's son, who told him that they had found the body; that he went up with two or three neighbors and went immediately to the lot and saw the trunk of the body; that the boy came to him from the house and told him to come up, that they had found the rest of the body; that he went and Mr. POIST showed him the bag, and he directed him to cut it open, and the legs and arms were found in it; that he then summond a jury, and brought the body to the house, and after placing it on a board, joined the arms and legs to it, and they seemed to correspond; thinks that it was the body of Malinda HORN from the size of it; thought the lady was pregnant; saw blood in the house on the next day, on the steps, or at least he thought it was blood; saw the clothes and the mud upon them, and the mud on the body and bag correspond in color, as it also did with the mud in the gully; the dirt about the hole seemed to have been recently turned up; the hole would have contained the bag with the arms; a search was then made for the head; even the ashes in the fire-place were searched for bones, but none were found; on one of the bags the name of A. HORN was written very legibly; the body was found, he thinks about three hundred yards from the house; the goods were in the store, but o one in charge of them; a waistcoat, a shirt, a roundabout the shoes were found with the mud upon them; they were in different sections of the house; a bucket and a pan with water in them were found in the store, discolored the same as the earth where the body was found would have discolored it, as if something had been rinsed in them; (the witness here identified the two bags in which the parts of the body ahd been found, as well as the clothes;) the hands were bruised as well as the shoulders and aback; he did not discover any other marks on it.
     Benj. CAUGHY, sworn. - [Bag produced in which the limbs were found.]  Has seen that bag before; saw it last on the last day of May, 1842; sold it to HORN; the marks on the bag I put on; "A. HORN," "155," for so many pounds, and "11" for so many cents per pound; they are to the best of my opinion my marks; they correspond with the book and my hand-writing.
     Mrs. GITTINGER
, sworn. - Knew Malinda HORN from August, 1842, till the 23d of March, 1843, the time of her disappearance; had seen her barefooted every day, from the time she came into the neighborhood until it was cold weather; my house is about a hundred yards from HORN's; Mrs. HORN was, at that time of her death, "in the family way;" she expected to be confined about the last of August; saw the body that was found; it was in a pregnant state; the feet of Malinda were very peculiar; they tapered off very much in consequence of the great length of the big toe; there was a little knot or lump by the joint of the little tow; from these peculiarities I know the feet were those of Malinda HORN; she one time went away and left her husband six weeks; at that time she came to my house and said she was going away; I said, "My, la! Malinda, what are you going away for? - you've got everything comfortable around you, and a good home; what is the reason you can't stay? "Oh," she said, "you don't know how it is; if I don't go he'll kill me!"  Witness said, "How would he look, killing you?" Malinda said, "If he don't kill me, he'll break my heart."  "Well, then," I said, "you may as well go."  Before she left home that time, some four days, she had been to see a sick old man; on going home she stayed a minute or two, and then came to my house and told her sister that HORN had turned her out; could see from my house her clothes thrown out of the window; HORN afterwards said to witness that his wife was good for nothing, and that was the reason she went.
     Cross-examined by Mr. MAYER- The time when Mr. HORN first went away was a few days before Christmas, 1842; she came back after being away six weeks; came to my house, and I went with her to HORN's, and said, "Here HORN, I've brought your old woman back;" he never looked up, and as they didn't seem to say anything, I was going away; she asked me not to go; she went up to the counter and bought kisses and pins; STORECH was there, and said it was a shame she should pay for the things; she was then going away with me, when HORN said, "Where are you going to?" Malinda said, "I am going where I have been;"  HORN told her to come back; she said, "I shan't;"  I persuaded her to go back to the old man, and she went.  It was then about dusk, and she stayed until 9 o'clock, and then came to my house and slept with me that night; next day they made it up between them somehow; heard no more of any difficulties between them; but she always said she was afraid HORN would knock her down; she never said he had done it, or struck her at all; never knew what the difference was; after she came back she didn't tell of any particular quarrel; she was afraid to tell, she said, for fear it should come out; when she went away she was trembling; he treated her huffishly at the best of times; never heard him curse her, or threaten her.
     Catherine HINKLE, sworn. - I am the sister of Malinda HORN.  On Sunday, the 16th of April, went to see Mr. HORN on account of my sister; he was sitting on the back porch; I called to him and he came to the front door; asked him where Malinda was; he did not answer at first, but appeared much confused; then said he did not know where she was; he said she had left home about bedtime; asked him whether she went away before she went to bed; he replied that he had gone to bed, but she had not; that she went out of the front door as he came through the room, having heard her move about; that he did not see which way she went; said they had no falling out on that night, but they had few days before; told him I did not think she could get away on such a bad night as that was, and he didn't make any reply; asked him where her clothes were, and he said she had taken all but two dresses; he refused to give them to me, and said she might have them herself if she would come for them, and I replied that I thought she would never come for them; told him he had accused her of being intimate with other men, but that it was not so, as he would never allow her to speak to any man without getting angry; to which he made no reply; when I left him I went to Mr. GITTINGER's house, and his little daughter was present, and I told them that I wanted to see Mr. GITTINGER, as I thought there was a great change in him, and that he had made way with my sister, and I was going to 'Squire BUSHEY to have a search made. The change I allude to is, before that he had been more sociable and friendly, and that now he would hardly speak to me or look at me.  It was about 12 o'clock on Sunday when I called at his house; did not tell him anything about getting a search warrant.  I was at HORN's house on the 17th of December, before dark, and went to church with Malinda; when we came back, he commenced running her down and said she was too young for him, and abused her, and said that she liked other men better than she did him, and was very angry; next morning I went to church with her again, and she was confirmed; it was a protracted meeting; when she went home I went to Mrs. GITTINGER's and she came over and said the old man had thrown her clothes out to her and would not let her in; I then went over with her, and he said I might come in, but that she should not; she tried to get in, but he pushed her out, and said she should never come in his house again; it was about 12 o'clock on the 18th of December. When she was at Littlestown HORN came to me and said if I would send for her he would try and do better than he had done before; after a few weeks I wrote her a letter and told her what HORN had said, but did not advise her to come back to him; when she came back she staid at Mr. GITTINGER's all night, and said she would try and please him.  When he turned her out on the Sunday he said she should never come back, as she thought more of other men than she did of him; I told him that he ought not to treat her so, particularly while she was attending meeting.
     A singular circumstance, collaterally connected with the murder of Malinda HORN, is the suicide of STORECH, who was the neighbor and friend of the murderer, and was one of the gunning party who found the body in the hole.  To STORECH it appears that HORN had deeded away his property, and we have every reason to believe that if this man had not made away with his own life previous to the trial, his evidence would have brought to light some secrets in regard to the motives of the murder that must now remain forever buried.
     The trial lasted one week - the prisoner was ably defended by his counsel, Jas. M. BUCHANAN, Chas. F. MAYER, Chas. Z. LUCAS, and John I. SNYDER, Esqrs.; and on Monday, 27th of November, the arguments closed, and the case was sumitted to the jury, who were instructed to find the prisoner "guilty," or "not guilty," and if "guilty," to find the grade of guilt.  A bailiff being sworn, the jury retired to their room, and after an absence of about ten minutes, returned into court.
     The prisoner was then placed in the bar; he took a position merely resting against the seat, standing on the lower step, and a sort of languor seemed to pervade his frame.
     The Clerk then asked, "Gentlemen of the jury, have you agreed upon your verdict?"
     The foreman replied, "We have."
     "Who shall say for you?"
     A juror answered, as usual, "Our foreman."
     "How say you; is Adam HORN, the prisoner at the bar, guilty of the matter whereof he stands indicted, or not guilty?"
     The foreman replied, in a distinct voice, GUILTY.
     The sanctity of the court room was instantly violated by a spontaneous outburst of applause, consisting of stamping of the feet and cheers; and a constant succession of loud raps from the ivory hammer of the Judge, and the vigilance of the bailiffs, were insufficient to restore order for several seconds.  As soon as silence again prevailed, his Honor, Judge MAGRUDER, remarked that he would send any one to prison who should be detected in such a breach of decorum, and hoped that every one would consider the solemnity of the occasion.
     Mr. BERRYMAN, the clerk, then demanded the grade of the guilt.

MURDER IN THE FIRST DEGREE.

     The counsel for the defence then asked that the jury should be polled.  The jury were accordingly each called separately, and rose as they were called, delivering their answers standing, in the following manner:
     J. B. H. FULTON.
     Mr. FULTON
, who was the foreman of the jury , rose.
     "Look upon the prisoner at the bar.  How say you, is Adam HORN guilty of the matter whereof he stands indicted, or not guilty?"
     "GUILTY OF MURDER IN THE FIRST DEGREE."
    
And so with the rest.
     The prisoner, who had manifested throughout the whole of these solemn proceedings the same stoicism which characterized his general deportment, with the exception of a slight flush which passed over his cheek at the word "guilty," was then conducted from the bar by Mr. TRACY, the Sheriff, and Mr. SOLLERS, the warden of the jail.  He was shortly afterwards conducted through the library, under a large official escort, but the crowd was so dense without the court room, down the steps, in the lower portion of the building, and extending down the lane to the carriage, that it was only with great difficulty they could force their passage.  They finally succeeded in getting the prisoner into the van; and it drove off amidst the hootings, cheers and execrations of the surrounding multitude.
     On the 4th of December 1843, the prisoner was brought into Court to receive the awful doom of the law; and in the midst of a crowd of witnesses of the solemn scene, the prisoner being first asked whether he had any thing to say why sentence of death should not be pronounced against him, and signifying that he had nothing to say, the Honorable Richard B. MAGRUDER, who presided alone at the trial pronounced the sentence, that he be taken to the jail of Baltimore county, from whence he came, and from thence to the place of execution, at such time as shall be duly appointed, and there be hanged by the neck until he be dead.

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     This unhappy criminal has been ordered for execution on Friday,

A REVIEW OF ADAM HORN'S CONFESSION,
SHOWING ITS
Falsehoods, Omissions and Prevarications.

[BY ONE OF THE PEOPLE]

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     When it was first publicly announced that Adam HORN was about to make a full confession of his crimes, and that it would be forthwith published, a suspicion immediately seized the public mind that the promised expose would be unsatisfactory - that the publication of it before his death was intended to change the tide of the public opinion that had set against him, and perhaps procure an amelioration of his lawful punishment.  The perusal of the confession has tended rather to confirm these suspicions, whilst the tone of enmity and vindictive feeling evinced toward the memory of his murdered victims, falsely traducing them as they lay in their graves, in a effort for his own vindication, has it possible, rendered him more odious than before.  The keen eye of public scrutiny has weighed every word that he has uttered, and the motive can be traced throughout, clearly showing it to be a studied effort to excite a feeling of pity in behalf of the murderer; and, did not his assertions bear the impress of falsehood on their face, such might have been the impression produced.  If his story is to be believed, he has been a man of proverbial good disposition, prone to yield everything for peace and quiet, whilst his whole life has been embitted by an unfortunate union in the first place with an unfaithful and devilish woman, and in the second with one equally evil disposed, and prone to violate her marriage vows.  Verily, if such were the case, he would, indeed, be worthy of public sympathy, and none would be more willing to yield it to him, with all the benefits that might accrue therefrom, than the writer of this communication.  The character of his first wife has, however, been fully vindicated in the sketch of "his life, character and crimes," given to the public through the columns of the Sun, which will live long after her murderer and traducer has met his deserts.  Sad, indeed, has been her lot on earth, and she richly deserves "Peace to her ashes."  After living for eighteen years in constant unhappiness, accompanied by relentless torture and misery, deprived of all the comforts of social life, she was hurled headlong and unprepared into eternity, by that hand that was pledged to protect her; and now, after the lapse of several years, we find him again using his bloodstained hands to record all manner of evil to her memory, and to traduce , vilify, and blacken her character, as one whose sad fate should be unlamented.  The character of Malinda HORN has also been fully vindicated from his last malignant and cruel attack, by your faithful record of the evidence and cruel attack, by your faithful record of the evidence adduced on the trial.  From the mouths of the "host of witnesses," we there have the most conclusive proof of the falsity of his charges, establishing her character for virtue, fidelity, piety, submission, and kindness of heart, far above the efforts of his vindictive arm to blacken it.
     The high character of his legal friends and advisers, to whom this confession was made, at once clears them from any implication of joining in the palpable designs of the criminal, but that they did not advise him to a different course and thus save him from adding perjury to his other crimes, is a matter of general surprise.  The old saying that "a drowning man will catch at a straw," is fully verified in this confession, and that same cunning which led him to smear the blood of his first victim over his person, in order to substantiate his story, has undoubtedly led him to disregard both truth and honor in his abortive effort to palliate his crimes, and excite the sympathy of the public in his favor.  Whilst the tenor and spirit of the confession, as well as its early publication, fully sustains this construction as to the motive of the criminal, the plain manner in which it is drawn up clearly shows that his intentions were not communicated to, or entertained by, his legal friends.
     The object of this communication is not to crush the fallen, or to strike a blow at the defenseless, but rather to protect from the foul tongue of slander and falsehood those who are mouldering in untimely graves.  To shield the memory of the dead is the duty of all who have it in their power, but is doubly incumbent in a case  like the present, when the deceased are of that sex whose character is dearer to them than life, and who would doubtless, whilst living, rather have submitted willingly to their unfortunate fates, than have surrendered their claims to virtue and purity of life.  Having, therefore, from undoubted sources, become acquainted with facts - stubborn and uncontrovertible facts - I feel called on to stand forth is their defense, and if, in so doing, falsehood is stamped on this confession, and its author be followed to the gallows without one sympathizing heart in the train, no more than justice will be done to the memory of his helpless victims.
     With regard to the first part of the confession, as to the early life in Germany, nothing new is detailed - it is only a repetition of his own representations in former days, as fully detailed by you in the Sun two weeks since.  Whether it be true or false, rests solely between Adam and his God, and the fearful reckoning will shortly be made.  But his history, from the time of his arrival in this country, in the detail of the murder of his two wives, of which sufficient had previously been known to render a confession unnecessary, I will prove him guilty of so many falsehoods, prevarications, and omissions to detail so many important matters, that the rest of the confession, which cannot be touched for want of information, must be considered equally void of truth.
     From the time of his birth, up to his marriage with Miss Mary ABEL, he represents himself as possessed of every good quality of  both head and heart; and he would then have us believe that he entered the marriage contract as a lamb goes to the slaughter - that he was always disposed to do well, and she to do evil - that he was industrious and she was lazy - that he was mild and kind in his disposition, and she was cross, stubborn and morose; in short, he would have us believe that she was a very devil, and that he was as kind as an angel.  He does not, however, tell us how he slighted and neglected her immediately after marriage, which was the case; he does not tell us that, when she became enciente with her second child, and during the whole time of her pregnancy, when she was in that weakly condition which commands kindness from the vilest of creation, he continually taunted her with being unfaithful to him, denied that the child she bore was his, and denounced her in the strongest terms as the harlot.  If, as he says, she had afterwards been unhappy, sullen, and morose, she had here cause enough, in all conscience, to make her so.  But such was not the case.  Her whole life was one of fear and trembling.  So tyrannizing was his disposition, and bitter his temper, that, like his second victim, she was afraid to speak aloud in his presence; whilst those very children, whom he now calls his dear offspring, were kept in rags, one of them was totally disowned, and all of them strangers to kindness or love from their father.  The love he now professes for his "dear son Henry," the disowned, must be a new born passion, that has never before been visible, and which will not now, at this late hour, I should think, be reciprocated.  It is now the son's turn to disown the father, and most thoroughly should he do it.
     Again, he does not tell us that on the birth of his third and last child, John HELLMAN, when the poor heart-broken mother was lying, weak and emaciated from her sufferings, that he approached her bed, and with oaths and imprecations swore that "if she ever had another child he would kill her."  From the day that this horrid threat was made, the poor mother determined to use the only means in her power to prevent its consummation, and from that time to her death she had no more children.  On the night of her murder Henry HELLMAN was absent, they were alone together, for the first time, and the reader can imagine the scene as well as the cause which led to the bloody drama that ensued.
     Had he detailed these facts, it would have spoiled the amiable and inoffensive character which he had laid out for himself, and have shown him to the world as he is, in his true character, grasping, miserly, tyrannical, unfeeling and fiendish in his tem per and passions, consequently they were entirely withheld.  There is an evident desire to justify himself throughout the confession, to make it appear that he had suffered and forborne until "forbearance ceased to be a virtue," and had then rid himself of the evil spirits which had rendered his life so miserable and unhappy.  We can discover no remorse, no sorrow or contrition for his crimes, no prayer for forgiveness from an offended God, but it is all self-justification, and a person on perusing it cannot but imagine that the heart that dictated it must have exclaimed to itself:  "Well done!  I have served them right?"  Not the slightest indication of regret appears, even when contemplating the forfeit of his own life for his crimes, but he seems, on the contrary, to think that this is nothing in comparison with the satisfaction received from their committal.
     His description of the murder of his first wife is glossed over in its details, and none of the real horrors of the scene are at all mentioned.  He speaks of striking her but twice, and then cutting her throat, whereas the fact is, her body displayed fourteen distinct wounds, besides the bruises on her hands, and the forefinger of the right, and the little finger of the left hand being broken.  According to the appearance of the room and the body, the contest must have been a fierce and determined one.  The large quantity of blood in the bed clearly gives the lie to his assertion that she was awake and getting up when he attacked her, whilst the sprinkling of the blood in all sections of the room, and the number of her wounds plainly indicates that she was not despatched so quickly as he has "confessed."  To inflict so many wounds time must have been required, and the suffering of his victim must have been intense.  He then tells us that he bruised his head and back and went to bed, but he says nothing about smearing her blood over his head and person, to give credence to his story - and instead of giving the true cause which excited him to the committal of the murder, he has evidently fabricated another relative to his wife's charging him with being the father of his nephew, who, it will be remembered, even according to his own story, had been then long absent from his roof.  It being thus evident that he has disregarded truth, and omitted important facts in relation to the first murder, may it not be equally presumed that the array of "startling facts," which, according to the preface, "illustrates the soundness of the injunction, that in the infirmity of man's judgment such circumstantial testimony may shed a false light, and lead into fatal fallacies, and that therefore the most anxious caution in receiving and weighing it should ever be used," are equally false and unfounded in the second.  There are some things, however, in his detail of the cause of the manner of the murder of Malinda HORN, which we shall also be enabled to stamp with falsehood, and therefore the remainder of the confession may be considered equally void of truth.  But we are digressing.
     He then states to us that he was thrown in jail at Bellefontaine, and having filed the hobble off one leg, made his escape, carrying them in his hand; but he does not say who assisted him in his escape - by whom the hobble was taken off of the other leg - who it was that sold him the horse - who visited him in his cell prior to his escape.  These matters as he is aware, have been much discussed in Bellefontaine, and names have been handled in the controversy, but he remains wholly silent on the subject.  If his confession were a full and a true one, this would not be the case; nothing would be withheld, and those wholly under the full imputation, if innocent, would have been exonerated from the charge.  But he tells us every thing which is known, and artfully conceals that which justice requires should be disclosed.   On the heads of those who thus shielded and protected  him from the punishment due his first offence, rests a tearful responsibility, and they are equally guilty, in a moral point of view, with him who is condemned to suffer death for the murder of his second victim!  Yes, her blood is on their heads, and on the fearful day of judgment God will require them to account for it.  If it had not been for their assistance, she would doubtless yet have been living, surrounded by relatives and friends, whilst her murderer would have met the doom which now awaits him, two years ago in Ohio.  These are stubborn facts, which are recommended to the serious reflection and consideration of those concerned.
     With reference to his detail of the murder of his second wife there are few who will believe, after reading the evidence of the host of respectable witnesses, that she, a young and defenceless female alone and in his power, and acquainted with the violence of his temper, would have dared to call him a liar, or even to quarrel with him.  Can it be believed that she, who was in constant dread of her life, and was afraid to speak aloud in his presence, could have mustered sufficient courage, when he was almost bursting with rage,  to have called him a liar?  The assertion is preposterous, and bears on it the impress of falsehood.  Nor has any one been found credulous enough to believe that the bruises on the hands, the breast, the shoulder and the back, resulted in any other way than by blows inflicted at the same time that those which caused her death were given.  A man who had gone through such a scene of horror as he confesses, at a previous day, would not have struck a blow, and repeated it, without knowing and contemplating what would have been its effect.  He was, from experience, skilled and practiced in the force of the blow required on the human head to cause the death, and still he would have us believe that it was almost the result of accident, not intended, and unpremeditated.
     In order to substantiate the charge of infidelity, and to palliate the offense, he states that he had understood she was in the habit of clandestinely meeting a young man who resided in the neighborhood in the vicinity of his house.  From whom had he understood this, and why was not the person who had given him the information brought forward as a witness?  Could he have proved her infidelity, it would doubtless have saved him from the gallows, by changing the character of his offense to murder in the second degree.  But no such person could be found, as it was doubtless a creature of his own jealous and evil imagination.  Any person who has the slightest doubt as to her fidelity can be satisfied that it is utterly without ground in truth by calling at the office of Dr. DUNBAR.  There will be found the unimpeachable testimony of God himself in behalf of this murdered and traduced victim, establishing her virtue and fidelity to her husband beyond the power of frail man to controvert it.
     With regard to the preservation of the body, the writer of this, for one, does not believe him when he says that he can not account for it.  After it had been in the cellar for three or four days he states that he cut off the limbs, and burnt the head, and two or three days after deposited the body in the bag, and buried it, leaving the limbs under the oven in the yard, and they were not buried for seventeen days.  Can it be believed that he would have thus left the body lying in and about the house, where persons were constantly visiting, without using some means to prevent it from smelling?  If, as he says, it was preserved by some mysterious agency, he must have been aware that it would be thus preserved, or he would never have kept it so long in the house, where it was constantly liable to lead to his detection.  In the course of nature it would have become very offensive in a few days, which he must have known, and without using some means for its preservation, or knowing that it would be preserved, his confession of the one fact proves the falsity of the other.  If the truth were known, it would  doubtless be found that the body was cut up for the purpose of enabling him to pack it up in a barrel of brine, in order to preserve it until the disappearance of the snow would enable him to bury it.  Its appearance, even six weeks after death, indicated that salt had been applied to it, and few will be so credulous as to believe his assertions to the contrary, particularly when there is such an apparent motive throughout to conceal the most horrid features of both acts of the tragedy, in an effort to palliate the crime and justify in some measure the murderous deeds  which he has confessed.
     The lantern which induced his sudden flight, may or may not have been the imagination of his cowardly heart, dreading that the forfeit of his life would be the result of discovery, but be it what it may it was a most providential visitation, and at the very moment above all others, which sealed the guilt on the murderer.
     That the whole of this confession is a one-sided, partial affair, glossed over for effect, I think has already been clearly proved, but there are yet other portions of it which perhaps demand a notice, before the subject is dismissed.  In speaking of the fact of his last wife having left his house and gone to Littlestown, he wholly omits to mention his threats to kill her, as proved on the trial, which was the cause that had driven her from his house, as well as his harsh and abusive treatment of her.  The fact of her going is only mentioned, and that in such a manner as to leave the reader to infer that his jealousy was not without grounds - that he had cause not only to suspect her, but was confirmed in his suspicions.
     With regard to his protestations of innocence as to the death of his children, he has told so many other palpable falsehoods that this is equally liable to be untrue.  The denial of the charge, in such a confession as this, even if it should be credited here, will find few believers beyond the Alleghenies, particularly in the region of the country where he was personally known.  His language respecting the death of his "dear offspring" whose death he witnessed without a tear, will rather tend to confirm the suspicious of those who witnessed their final moments.  Suffice it to say, that their mother, who knew the feelings he entertained for them, suspected him of poisoning them, which opinion was afterwards, and is now, the universal belief of the whole neighborhood.
     That he has not yet deserted all hopes of life is evident from the perusal of his narrative, and is also sustained by a conversation held by him a day or two since with the warden of the jail.  When, however, the certainty of death approaches, it will be found that his assumed indifference will fail him, and then, under the guidance of his spiritual teacher, the public may expect from him a true and full confession, that will be free from all expressions of malice and attempts at self-justification, and having in view his forgiveness at the bar of God rather than the bar of pubic opinion, to which this has evidently been solely addressed.

ANDREW HELLMAN IN OHIO

     The Logan Gazette, of Dec. 23, published at Bellefontaine, Ohio, where HELLMAN broke jail, and in the immediate neighborhood of the scene of the first murder, contains a sketch of the "Life, Character, and Crimes of Andrew HELLMAN," covering 17 columns of that paper.  The general tenor and facts of the narrative fully corroborate all the particulars of the Ohio tragedy as published in the Sun, whilst the opinions urged by "One of the People" against the truth of that part of his confession which relates to his treatment of his first wife, &c., are corroborated.  We have extracted such portions of the narrative as go to justify the feeling evinced in defence of his first victim, at the request of "One of the People," to show that no sinister motive guided his pen:
     In this confession, which was doubtless gotten up to influence the public mind, and perhaps induce from the Governor of Maryland a communication of his punishment, HELLMAN seems to labor to render odious the character of his first victim, - to transform the faithful, devoted and suffering wife, into a lewd and fiendish termagant, whose temper nothing could restrain, and no sacrifice could soften.  But, fortunately for her relatives who survive, his malice has betrayed itself, and involved him in several contradictions.   That she may have spoken in her own defence, and for the sake of the future character of her offspring, resisted and resented his vile imputations and unmanly abuse, is highly probable - most women would have done the same.  And she should be respected for it - for her bravery in defending her character and her children from the infamy he would have heaped upon them, bespeaks a noble mind and a strong and ardent love for those whom she had borne.  But that she was the fiend he represents - violent and unyielding in temper, fretful and discontented, loose in her morals, and always ready to harass and vex him, without cause, is totally at variance with her character and conduct while residing in this county. - Here, she was regarded by her neighbors - those who knew her best and saw her often - as a mild, inoffensive woman, who bore the tyranny of her husband with great patience - who resisted not, but for the sake of peace, endured, without a murmur, hardships and abuse.  As a housewife she was held in model.  Her house was always clean and tidy, and every thing about her was well taken care of.  It is not true, therefore, that she was the vixen HELLMAN would make her appear; and after inquiry of those who knew her personally, as well as by reputation, we have no hesitation in pronouncing so much of this confession as contains imputations against her, malicious, willful, and deliberate falsehoods.
    
He reached Bellefontaine with his family, in the spring of 1836, and took a room in the tavern of Mr. HAINES, (now occupied by Mr. M. SMITH,) north of town, where they dwelt until the ensuing fall.  And here we cannot omit to state, as he has spared no efforts to traduce the character of his first wife, and torn her mangled, mouldering remains from the silent grave, only to dwell upon the faults and errors which she possessed in common with the human race, that his treatment to her while they resided at the tavern of Mr. HAINES, was cruel in the extreme.   So violent was he, that without any apparent cause, he would throw chairs or any thing he could lay his hands on at her; and the family of his landlord were several times compelled to rescue her from cruelty.  We have this from undoubted authority - persons who were cognizant of the facts.  And yet, with all the effrontery of a fiend, he hesitates not in his confession to lie to his Maker, and charge the cause of all their differences upon his wife.  Instead of the terrible being he portrays, she presented the appearance of a heart-broken, miserable woman, and so she was considered by all her neighbors and acquaintances."
     Speaking of his attempt to poison his wife, the narrative says: -
     After this circumstance there was a manifest change in his conduct for the worse.  He became morose and sullen, and appeared to his family the incarnation of all that was vile and wicked.  Yet, with his bosom lacerated with the deepest feelings of malice against his unoffending offspring and his unfortunate wife, and the strongest desire of revenge urging him on, HELLMAN, in his eyes of the world, was a moral, upright, inoffensive, quiet citizen.  No man, perhaps, in the same sphere of life, possessed a higher character for morality and honesty.  He was punctual to his engagements, and scrupulously honest in his dealings.  How little did the world known of that man.  With what consummate duplicity did he conceal from society the devilish passions which were raging in his bosom.  Did we not know, by appalling experience, the fearful transformation which jealousy can effect in the human heart, the conduct of this man would present an inexplicable enigma.
     His children were all three attacked with the scarlet fever as he confessed, but speaking of this fact the narrative says: -
     The sudden death of his children made little or no impression upon HELLMAN - none at least that was visible.  Soon the suspicion got abroad that the poison prepared for the wife had been administered to her children; and his subsequent conduct, as well as the testimony of those who saw the sick children, among them the attending physician, only increased and strengthened those suspicions.  His poor wife and her relatives ___ to have entertained no doubt upon the subject, from the ___that in a letter to their friends in Virginia, communicating the demise of Louisa and John, they unreservedly stated that they believed they died by the hands of their inhuman father.   That opinion still prevails here, and the bare word of the monster, though spoken from the scaffold, cannot remove it.  Unfortunately, the bodies were not submitted to examination, for the purpose of ascertaining the truth.  As if by a miraculous dispensation of an all wise Providence, Henry, the hated, disowned child, the one most ill-treated, recovered from his dangerous illness, and was left to his mother.
     Here, the cause of truth compels us again to refer to the published confession of HELLMAN, and to what he says upon this point.  And though he declares "solemnly, as with a voice from the grave, where he is doomed soon to lie," that the "imputation is untrue," we feel authorized to assert, that his declarations in reference to his children are not founded in truth.  He places their sickness and death in 1841, when in fact they died in 1839; and he states that Dr. BROWN, the attending physician, was "with them until just before they breathed their last," thereby intimating that their illness was so severe that the Doctor did to leave them until all hope of saving them was gone.  Here is a studied misrepresentation, to say the least.  When Dr. BROWN was called in, he found that the children were severely attacked with scarlet fever; he attended them for several days; they were sick about a week, as HELLMAN says, but they had survived the worst attack of the disease, and were so far convalescent that Dr. BROWN discontinued his regular visits.  On the last time but one that he visited the house for the purpose of administering to the patients, Mrs. HELLMAN followed him out of the dwelling, and anxiously inquired if there was any hope of their recovery.  He assured her that she need have no fears on the subject, for he entertained no doubt that they were beyond all danger, and would soon be restored to health.
     Dr. BROWN was, therefore, greatly surprised when, a day or two after, he was sent for in great haste, and heard the children were dying; and it is his impression that one of them expired before, or shortly after, he reached HELLMAN's house.  He was the more surprised at the result, from the fact that the disease under which they suffered is not usually, if at all, attended with such sudden changes; and acknowledges that without suspecting the father of anything improper, he was led to doubt his own judgment in such cases.  It is proper here to remark, also, that HELLMAN administer the medicine to his children, his wife not seeming to have a knack for it, and thus he had every opportunity to administer the fatal drug.  However feelingly he may speak of his "dear children," not even the solemnity of a confession, filled as this is with innumerable falsehoods, can now clear him of this charge.

EXECUTION OF ANDREW HELLMAN

     This event, which has been looked to for weeks past, as the consummation of the penalty due to the commission of one of the most atrocious murders that ever blurred the character of humanity, transpired in accordance with the law, at exactly 22 minutes before 12 o'clock, meridian, this day, and was witnessed by not less than fifty thousand people, one-fourth of whom were females.  The excitement from an early hour in the morning until the execution took place, continued to grow more and more intense, and was only relieved at length by the awful scene which was required to be enacted, for the satisfaction of the fearfully violated laws.  By 10-1/2 o'clock, the various streets leading towards the jaila, began to present a very uniform appearance of the tendency of passengers that way, and even before that hour hundreds of persons occupied various positions, or stood grouped in conversation within the immense circle commanding a view of the jail.  The gallows was erected in the north-west angle of the yard, the upper beam being not less than fourteen feet above the level of the top of the wall.  It could be distinctly seen from many points in the central part of the city, and the whole execution was witnessed from several windows of the Courthouse.  AS the hour approached, the ways to the prison became thronged with parties who had quitted their avocations and were hastening to the scene; and the number of strange faces, indicative of visitors from the surrounding country, drawn hither by curiosity, resistless from the startling character of the malefactor's crimes, was immensely great.  The city poured out its thousands, and the merchant, the clerk, the lawyer and divine, the industrious mechanic with the soil of labor upon his hands, the pale-faced and sedentary student, the young, and the old, the matron, the maid, and the wanton, hoyden boys and girls,, the moralist, and the jester, the serious and profane, swelled up the motley multitude to an oceanic flood. "Such is human nature," we moralized and paused, for we ourselves had wended our way to the spot, but found a ready excuse in an imperative duty requiring us to present the details of the day's doings to the eyes of the multitudinous mass spread out before our gaze.  But are there no promptings of the Dionysian curiosity within ourselves?  we asked.  We could not analyze the feelings with sufficient care to obtain a satisfactory response.  Human nature, however cultivated, is human nature still.
     The view from the top of the jail was of the most interesting kind, presenting a dioramic picture of the most diversified character it is possible to conceive.  Immediately below, the gaunt object which lifted its skeleton form into the cold air, stood peering over the wall upon the vast concourse beyond, itself the center for a myriad eyes.  Around and about it, conversing in subdued tones were those who had obtained y privilege or solicitation, admission within the walls, and the busy forms of those immediately engaged and interested in the approaching catastrophe occasionally passing to and fro.  Beyond, the great interjacent plain, which had in the morning been a white field of snow,, was now thronged with an almost compact mass of people, occupying both the hither and thither side of the Falls.  The elevations upon the north and the lanky heights of Howard's woods, opposite upon the west, afforded facilities to immense numbers, especially of women and children.  A great many carriages, chiefly crowded with women, occupied the line of Belvedere Road, and some had drawn up nearer to the wall.  The windows of nearly all the houses commanding a view of the death scene - a few exceptions forming a pleasing attraction to the eye of the observer - were densely crowded by the occupants, their friends and acquaintances.  And an uninformed traveler who had passed that way might have looked on for an hour, and had the gallows escaped his eye, imagined that a national jubilee was about to be celebrated, and that the shrine of oblation was the jail.
     But we revert to the more immediate details connected with the criminal and the closing scenes of his life.  We visited the jail at about 9 o'clock in the morning, and found our friend SOLLARS, the warden, with anxiety and fatigue in the corner of his eye, he having been up all night with his prisoner.
     HORN's Cell, 10 o'clock. - We have just been admitted to the cell of the doomed malefactor.  The officers have this moment knocked off __ iron shackles from his legs, having been engaged at it some twenty minutes.  HORN then turned to the fire, stirred it up, salt down and warmed his boots, which stood at the hearth, and put them upon his feet.  HORN is now in conversation with the reverend gentlemen in attendance, Messrs. SARNDEL and NEWMAN.  He is evidently conversing with a freedom and ease of mind and expression that denotes the most perfect composure.
     We learn from Mr. SOLLERS, who was up with him during the greater portion of the night, that he remained engaged in reading and prayer until about two o'clock in the morning, when he laid down for about an hour, and appeared to enjoy repose during that time.  He then rose and re-applied himself to devotional exercises during the residue of the night.  He declined taking any breakfast this morning, the only meal, by the way, he has taken for two of three weeks past, and from Friday last until Monday, he maintained perfect abstinence.  He was, however, persuaded to resume his morning meal again, lest he should become too weak to sustain the trying scene of this day unassisted.
     Half past 10 o'clock. - The Rev. S. TUSTON, chaplain of the U. S. Senate, has entered the cell by consent of the criminal, and the reverend gentlemen attending, of course with no purpose of taking any part in the religious exercises.  HORN his continued in intercourse with the priests, the conversation being carried on in German.  A few minutes since, Mr. TRACY, the sheriff, came into this cell, he having previously visited the prisoner during the morning.
     AT about 20 minutes before 11 o'clock, Mr. BERSCH and young Henry HELLMAN came into the cell.  The prisoner directly too the hand of his son and said "Well, Henry," and the youth replied "Well, father;" it seemed as much as either could say for the moment.  HORN, after interchanging salutation with Mr. BERSCH, beckoned his son to the table and took up a variety of papers and pamphlets tied in a bundle, which with a carpenter's rule he delivered to him; the package appearing rather loose, HORN took up some books, saying "There was a piece of paper here somewhere," and having found it took the bundle again, carefully wrapped it up and delivered it to his son.
     They then retired to a corner of the cell, and had some conversation together, which we subsequently understood was in relation to the disposition of the body, HORN expressing a desire that his son, as next of kin, would make a formal demand of it of the sheriff.  Mr. BERSCH was afterwards called up by HORN, and the three continued the conversation together.  HORN appearing exceedingly earnest in his instructions, which related chiefly to the disposition of his body.
     At the close of this conversation, Mr. LAWS, sheriff's clerk, Mr. WILSON, deputy sheriff, and Mr. COOK, deputy high constable, appeared, for the purpose of arraying the criminal.  His shroud was produced, and he put it on as composedly as if it had been his daily garb, assisted by the officers, after which his arms were pinioned by a small cord passing from each elbow joint, behind him, having his hands free.  This being accomplished, the Rev. TUSTON took the prisoner's hand to bid him farewell, he having called for the purpose of a few minutes conversation with him and his son.  Mr. TUSTON, on parting, said to him: "Keep your eye steadfastly fixed on the cross of the Lord Jesus Christ, as the only hope of perishing mortals, and may God have mercy on your soul."  The reverend gentleman then shortly withdrew from the cell, and returned to town.  The Rev. Mr. NEWMAN, with the prisoner, then occupied a few minutes in prayer during which the tears came freely from the eyes of the unhappy man. 
     The minutes now sped rapidly away.  HORN entered into spiritual converse with the priests, and remaining standing by their side, manifesting the most wonderful fortitude, and evidently marvelously sustained by the consolatory hope of happiness beyond the awful noon to which the time was fast hastening.
     At half past eleven Mr. TRACEY and Mr. SOLLERS, came into the cell, and intimated to the prisoner that the time had arrived.  He instantly rose, and, preceded by the gentlemen above named, accompanied by the priests, and followed by Mr. BERSCH, Henry HELLMAN, his son, young Mr. BERSCH, and those in the cell present at the time, walked out through the long line of spectators intending to the gallows.
     Having arrived at its foot, Messrs. TRACY and SOLLERS, the two clergymen and the prisoner, ascended the steps without any pause, on the scaffold, a short prayer was said, farewells were interchanged, HORN thanking each for their kindness, and then all retired.  At exactly 22 minutes before 12 o'clock the trigger was drawn, and the unhappy criminal launched from the platform.  He struggled for about four minutes, when, to all appearance, he was dead.
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