OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Welcome to
Lorain County, Ohio
History & Genealogy

A STANDARD HISTORY
OF
LORAIN COUNTY
OHIO
An Authentic Narrative of the Past, with Particular
Attention to the Modern Era in the Commercial,
Industrial Civic and Social Development.
A Chronicle of the
People, with Family Lineage
and Memoirs.
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G. FREDERICK WRIGHT
SUPERVISING EDITOR
Assisted by a Board of Advisory Editors
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ILLUSTRATED
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VOLUME I
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THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY
CHICAGO AND NEW YORK
1916

CHAPTER I - GEOLOGY OF THE COUNTY. - Pg. 1
THE OHIO SHALE IN LORAIN COUNTY - THE WAVERLY SANDSTONE -
MARKS OF THE GLACIAL PERIOD IN THE COUNTY -
THE LAKE RIDGES - SOILS -
ELEVATIONS IN THE COUNTY - NATURAL GAS AND OIL

CHAPTER II - BOTANY OF THE COUNTY by Mary E. Day - Pg. 13
THE TREES - THE SHRUBS - THE WILD FLOWERS - THE FERNS - THE GRASSES -
FLORA OF THE COUNTY - A UNIQUE BOG -
COLLECTORS OF PLANT LIFE.

CHAPTER III - ANIMAL LIFE OF THE COUNTY by Prof. Lynds Jones - Pg. 20
NATIVE AND MIGRATORY BIRDS - CHANGES IN VARIETIES - WATER BIRDS -
SONGSTERS - MAMMALS OF LORAIN COUNTY - PREHISTORIC REMAINS -
FISHES OF THE COUNTY - AMPHIBIANS - REPTILES - INSECTS

CHAPTER IV - LEADING TO CIVIL GOVERNMENT - Pg. 27
GREAT HISTORIC WATERWAYS - FRENCH SCHEME OF COLONIZATION -
FRENCH NORTHWEST TERRITORY - FORMALLY CLAIM LOUISIANA -
ENGLISH SERVE  NOTICE OF POSSESSION - FIRST OHIO COMPANY AND AGENT GIST -
GEORGE CROGHAN - IN THE LAND OF THE DELAWARES - FRENCH AND ENGLISH CLASH -
THE DELAWARES MOVE WESTWARDLY - THE OTTAWAS AND THE WYANDOTS OF THE LAKE ERIE REGION -
BOUQUET'S EXPEDITION - SHAWNEES LAST TO SURRENDER - A NORTHWEST TERRITORY ASSURED -
LIFTING OF THE INDIAN AND STATE TITLES - LORD DUNMORE'S SQUATTERS -
AMERICAN SYSTEM OF LAND SURVEYS - PUBLIC LANDS - CONGRESS LANDS - CONNECTICUT WESTERN RESERVE -
FIRE LANDS - UNITED STATES MILITARY LANDS - VIRGINIA MILITARY LANDS -
OHIO COMPANY'S PURCHASE - THE GERM OF OHIO - DONATION TRACT -
SYMMES PURCHASE - REFUGEE TRACT - FRENCH TRACT - CANAL LANDS - SCHOOL LANDS -
OTHER PUBLIC TRACTS

CHAPTER V - DAWN OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT - Pg. 49
THE ORDINANCE OF 1787 - OHIO-MICHIGAN BOUNDARY FINALLY FIXED -
FIRST SURVEYS OF WESTERN LANDS - HOW THE RESERVE BECAME NATIONAL TERRITORY -
MILITARY AND CIVIL FRICTION - FIRST JUDICIARY -
INDIANS AT LAST SUBDUED.

CHAPTER VI - SECURE UNDER THE LAWS - Pg. 55
HOW THE RESERVE WAS SOLD - ACREAGE OF THE RESERVE -
JUDGE PARSONS, PIONEER LAND BUYER - WASHINGTON COUNTY (1796) CLAIMED JURISDICTION -
IN THE COUNTRY OF CANAHOGUE - WAYNE COUNTY (1796) -
JEFFERSON COUNT (1797) - LAWLESS BUT IN NAME -
TRUMBULL COUNTY (1800) RECOGNIZED - PERIOD OF CIVIL COMPLICATION

CHAPTER VI - COUNTY SURVEYED AND ORGANIZED - Pg. 62
THE TREATY OF FORT INDUSTRY (1805) - WESTERN LANDS SURVEYED -
SURPLUS LANDS OF LORAIN COUNTY - EQUALIZING LAND VALUES -
FOUR TOWNSHIPS CONSIDERED MOST VALUABLE - THE LAND DRAWINGS -
DRAWING THE TOWNSHIPS - TRUSTEES OF THE RESERVE -
CIVIL JURISDICTION FROM 1807 TO 1811 - ADJUSTMENT OF COUNTY BOUNDARIES -
FIXING THE NORTHERN INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY -
ELY'S INDUCEMENTS FOR COUNTY-SEAT LOCATION - LOCATED AT ELYRIA -
FIRST COURTHOUSE AND JAIL - CIVIL ORGANIZATION -
FIRST COMMISSIONERS' MEETING - FIRST OFFICIAL DOCUMENT -
JUDICIAL MACHINERY IN MOTION - ORIGINAL ORGANIZATION OF THE TOWNSHIPS

CHAPTER VIII - PIONEER SETTLEMENT -Pg. 74
INDIANS ADOPT FIRST WHITE SETTLER - DISGRACED BY GETTING LOST IN THE WOODS - STARTS FOR THE BLACK RIVER -
REACHES THE LAKE - JOIN WYANDOTS ON THE SITE OF LORAIN - THE CAMP AT ELYRIA - REPLENISHING THE COMMON LARDER -
 FUR HUNTING EXPEDITIONS - RETURN TO CIVILIZATION - MORAVIAN COLONY ATTEMPTS TO SETTLE - WOOD RETURN TO RUINED MUSKINGUM VILLAGES -
FOUND PILGERUH (PILGRIM'S REST) - ABANDON PLAN OF RETURN TO THE MUSKINGUM - ORDERED TO MOVE ON -
THREE DAYS IN LORAIN COUNTY - FINAL RETURN TO THE MUSKINGUM - DAVID WEINBERGER, WOULD-BE SETTLER - SETTLEMENTS FROM 1807 TO 1812 -
A WAR SCARE OF 1812 - EASTERN SHIPBUILDERS DRIVEN WEST - LORAIN'S EARLY SHIP-BUILDING INDUSTRY -
 BLACK RIVER SETTLEMENT BECOMES CHARLESTON VILLAGE - HEARSE, FIRST PUBLIC UTILITY -
PLOWING OUT A RIVER CHANNEL - EARLY HOTELS - CHARLESTON'S LEAN YEARS - SCENT OF THE COMING IRON HORSE -
FIRST COLONY OF PERMANENT SETTLERS - COLUMBIA TOWNSHIP ORGANIZED - PIONEER SETTLERS OF RIDGEVILLE -
RIDGEVILLE TOWNSHIP ORGANIZED - EATON TOWNSHIP SETTLED - CIVIL ORGANIZATION -
THE BEEBES AND PERRYS OF BLACK RIVER - OTHER PIONEERS - BLACK RIVER TOWNSHIP ORGANIZED -
FOUNDING OF LORAIN CITY - EARLY SETTLES OF AMHERST TOWNSHIP - JOSIAH HARRIS - AS A POLITICAL BODY -
AMHERST AS A VILLAGE - TOWNSHIPS SETTLED DURING THE WAR - PIERREPONT EDWARDS DRAWS AVON TOWNSHIP -
THE CAHOON FAMILY - AVON TOWNSHIP CREATED - PIONEER FAMILIES CROWD INTO SHEFFIELD -
SHEFFIELD, FIRST TOWNSHIP AFTER COUNTY ORGANIZED - PITTSFIELD TOWNSHIP DRAWN - FIRST PERMANENT SETTLERS -
TOWNSHIP ORGANIZED - VILLAGE OF ELYRIA FOUNDED - THE ELY HOME - THE FAMOUS BEEBE TAVERN -
THE FIRST BEEBE HOME - THE BRIDAL TRIP - THE OLD-TIME FIREPLACE - LAST BEEBE HOUSE, PRIDE OF THE TOWN -
ELYRIA TOWNSHIP PARTITIONED IN 1816 - "RAISINGS" - TOWNSHIP AND VILLAGE SURVEYED - POSTOFFICE ESTABLISHED -
 TOWNSHIP ERECTED - ELYRIA CITY OF TODAY - FATHER AND PIONEERS OF BROWNHELM - TOWNSHIP CREATED AND ORGANIZED -
SETTLEMENT OF RUSSIA TOWNSHIP - FOUNDING OF OBERLIN - RUSSIA TOWNSHIP ORGANIZED -
FIRST YEAR OF PIONEERING IN GRAFTON - TOWNSHIP INCORPORATED - VILLAGE OF GRAFTON -
WELLINGTON'S ORIGINAL OWNERS AND SETTLERS - ARRIVAL OF FIRST FAMILY - TOWNSHIP ORGANIZATION -
WELLINGTON VILLAGE - TOWNSHIP OF HUNTINGTON - THE LABORIES AND OTHER FAMILIES - WOODEN BOWL FACTORY -
ORGANIZATION OF THE TOWNSHIP - PENFIELD TOWNSHIP RIGHTLY NAMED - COMING OF THE PENFIELDS -
FAMILIES OF CALVIN SPENCER AND OTHERS - CARLISLE TOWNSHIP - PIONEER FAMILIES SETTLE -
BRIGHTON TOWNSHIP - HENRIETTA TOWNSHIP - CAMDEN TOWNSHIP.

CHAPTER X - GENERAL COUNTY MATTERS - Pg. 170

CHAPTER XI - BENCH AND BAR - Pg. 197

CHAPTER XII - DISTINGUISHED CHARACTERS - Pg. 225
DR. NORTON S. TOWNSHEND - JOHN HENRY BARROWS - DR. BARROW' MOTHER  -
HIS ANTE-OBERLIN CAREER - THROUGH THE EYES OF DAUGHTER AND FATHER - COLONEL CHARLES WHITTLESEY -
JUDGE CHARLES CANDEE BALDWIN - LUCY STONE AND ANTOINETTE BROWN -
GENERAL QUINCY ADAMS GILLMORE - A MORAL AS WELL AS PATRIOTIC HERO -
HON. MYRON T. HERRICK - FRANK H. HITCHCOCK

CHAPTER XIII - MILITARY MATTERS - Pg. 247
CONTRIBUTIONS FROM OBERLIN COLLEGE - COMPANY C, SEVENTH OHIO INFANTRY - FATALITIES -
THE SQUIRREL HUNTERS - COMPANY D, TWENTY-THIRD REGIMENT -
FATALITIES - COMPANY K, TWENTY-THIRD REGIMENT - FATALITIES -
REGIMENTAL HISTORY - COMPANY H, FORTY-FIRST REGIMENT -
REGIMENTAL HISTORY - FORTY-SECOND OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY -
COMPANY E - REGIMENTAL HISTORY -
THE ONE HUNDRED AND THIRD INFANTRY -
COMPANY F - COMPANY H - REGIMENTAL HISTORY -
THE FORTY-THIRD INFANTRY -
THE FIFTY-FOURTH REGIMENT -
THE GERMAN ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH -
OTHER INFANTRY BODIES -
BATTERY B, LIGHT ARTILLERY -
FIFTEENTH OHIO INDEPENDENT BATTERY -
SECOND REGIMENT, OHIO VOLUNTEER CAVALRY -
THE TWELFTH OHIO CAVALRY -
OTHER CIVIL WAR ORGANIZATIONS -
FIFTH REGIMENT, OHIO NATIONAL GUARD

CHAPTER XIV - LAND ROUTES - Pg. 280

CHAPTER XV - CORPORATE LORAIN - Pg. 288

CHAPTER XVI - COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL LORAIN - Pg. 304

CHAPTER XVII - CHURCHES OF LORAIN - Pg. 335

CHAPTER XVIII - UPLIFTING FORCES - Pg. 349

CHAPTER XIX - PUBLIC AFFAIRS OF ELYRIA - Pg. 360

CHAPTER XX - CHURCHES, CHARITIES AND FRATERNITIES - Pg. 374

CHAPTER XXI - NEWSPAPERS, INDUSTRIES AND BANKS - Pg. 404

CHAPTER XXII - OBERLIN AS AN INSPIRATION - Pg. 420

CHAPTER XXIII - THE VILLAGE AND ITS INSTITUTIONS - Pg. 494

CHAPTER XXIV - VILLAGE OF WELLINGTON - Pg. 510

CHAPTER XXV - VILLAGE OF AMHERST - Pg. 531

BIOGRAPHIES

NOTES:
 

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