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OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

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Welcome to
Madison County, Ohio
History & Genealogy

Source:
HISTORY OF MADISON COUNTY, OHIO
A History of the County: Its Townships, Towns, Churches,
Schools, etc.; General and Local Statistics; Portraits of
Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of
The Northwest Territory; History of Ohio;
Miscellaneous Matters, Etc., Etc.
ILLUSTRATED
Publ. Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co. 1883

TABLE OF CONTENTS


PART I.
HISTORY OF THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY.

  Page
Geographical Position 19
Early Explorations 20
Discovery of Ohio 32
  Page
English Explorations and settlements 34
American Settlements 59
Division of Northwest Territory 65
  Page
Tecumseh and the War of 1812 69
Black Hawk and the Black Hawk War 73
...  


PART II.
HISTORY OF THE STATE OF OHIO.

  Page
History of Ohio 93
French History 96
Ordinance of 1787, No. 32 105
The War of 1812 122
Banking 126
The Canal System 128
Ohio Land Tracts 129
Improvements 132
  Page
State Boundaries 136
Organization of Counties 137
Description of Counties 137
Early Events 137
Governors of Ohio 160
Ancient Works 174
Some General Characteristics 177
Outline Geology of Ohio 179
  Page
Ohio's Rank During the War 182
A Brief Mention of Prominent Ohio Generals 191
Some Discussed Subjects 196
Conclusion 200
Comments upon the Ordinance of 1787, from the Statutes of Ohio.  Edited by Salmon P. Chase, and Published in the year 1833 204


PART III.
HISTORY OF MADISON COUNTY, OHIO

CHAPTER I. - - Archaeology
- Mound Builders and Indians
- Antiquities
- The Different Classes of Mounds
- Sacrificial Mounds
- Temple Mounds
- Mounds of Observatoin
- Memorial or Monumental Mounds
- Etligies or Animal Mounds Inclosures
- Inclosures
- Covered Ways Sacred Inclosures
- Lessons Taught by these Works
- The Implements used by the Mound  Builders and Indians
- Mounds of Madison County
- Their Location, Class and Size
215
CHAPTER II. - - The North American Indians Their Life, Language, Places of Abode and Character
- The Medicine Man
- The Indian Squaw
- Marriage and Social Relations
- Religious Belief
- Original Ohio Tribes
- Miami Confederacy
- Six Nations
- Location of Tribes and their Strength
- Indian Wars and Expeditions
- Sites of Villages
- Victories and Defeats
- Final Defeat of the Indians
- Leading Chiefs
- Simon Girty
- Peace of 1795
- Tecumseh and the War of 1812
- Subsequent Treaties
- Indian Reservations
- Extinction of Indian Title in Ohio
- Resum from 1751 to 1794
- Madison County as a Hunting Ground
- Indian Camping Places
- Burying-Grounds and Relics
- Captain John
230
CHAPTER III. - - First White Men
- Catholic Missionaries
- French and English Trading Posts
- Fort Lorens
- Attempted Settlement at the Month of the Scioto
- Salt Works
- French and English Claims
- English Agents
- American Possession
- Ohio Company's Purchase
- Symmes Purchase
- Fort Harmar
- Pioneer Settlements along the Ohio
- Fort Washington
- First Settlement in the Virginia Military District
- Nathaniel Massie
- French Settlement at Gallipolis
- Formation of Adams County
- Ross County Settled and Erected
- Settlement of Madison County
- Territorial Legislature
- Ohio Becomes a State
- Franklin County Erected
- Leading Men of the Scioto Valley
251
CHAPTER IV. - - Pioneers Prior to 1800
- Jonathan Adler
- Benjamin Springer
- Usual Osborn
- James and Joshua Ewing
- David Mitchell
- Other Settlers
- Michael Johnson
- William Lapin
- James and William Hewey
- David Martin
- William Alkire
271
CHAPTER V. - - Principal Land Divisions of Ohio
- The Virginia Military Lands
- Perils of the Survey
- Pioneer Days and Trials
- Pioneer Cabin
- Furniture, Food and Medicine
- Habits and Labor
- Clothing and Books
- Early Manners and Customs, etc.
- Mills, Store Goods, Period of 1812
301
CHAPTER VI. - - Events Leading to the Creation of Madison County
- Darby Township
- Madison County Erected
- Surveys of Boundary Lines
- First Election
- Early License Rates and Licenses
- Pioneer Listers
- Wolf Scalps
- Taxation and Expenditures
- County Seat and County Buildings
- First Court House and Jail
- Second Court House and Jail
- Present Buildings
- Prison Bounds
- County Infirmary, etc.
318
CHAPTER VII. - - Boundaries of Madison County
- Erection of Townships
- Area and Streams
- Topography
- Appearance of the country when first Settled
- Prairie Fires
- Timber
- Geological Series
- Drift and Soil
- Water Supply
- Wild Animals and Reptiles
339
CHAPTER VIII. - - Public Officers
- Member of Congress
- Presidential Electors
- Members of the Territorial Assembly
- Senators
- Representatives
- Associate Judges
- Prosecuting Attorneys
- County Commissioners
- Sheriffs
- Treasurers
- Clerks
- Recorders
- Surveyors
- Coroners
- Collectors
- Auditors
- Probate Judges
- Biographies of Pioneer Officials
- Politics
354
CHAPTER VIII. - - Public Officers
- Member of Congress
- Presidential Electors
- Members of the Territorial Assembly
- Senators
- Representatives
- Associate Judges
- Prosecuting Attorneys
- County Commissioners
- Sheriffs
- Treasurers
- Clerks
- Recorders
- Surveyors
- Coroners
- Collectors
- Auditors
- Probate Judges
- Biographies of Pioneer Officials
- Politics
354
CHAPTER IX. - - Territorial Judiciary
- State Judiciary Prior To 1851
- Supreme Court
- Court of Common Pleas
- Justices of the Peace
- Circuits
- Judiciary Since 1851
- Supreme Court
- Court of Common Pleas
- District Courts
- Justices of the Peace
- Pioneer Courts of Madison County
380
CHAPTER X. - - Judicial
- The Bench
- President Judges
- Judges Since 1851
- The War
- Visiting Lawyers
- Resident Attorneys
- Madison County Bar Association.
391
CHAPTER XI.* -
 
- Medical Profession of Madison County
- Past and Present Physicians of London
- Plain City
- Jefferson
- Mt. Sterling
- Amity
- Midway
- La Fayette
- Somerford
- Liverpool
- South Solon
- California
- Tralersville
- Newport
- Danville
- Lilly Chapel
- Madison County Medical Association
- Army Surgeons From Madison County.
430
CHAPTER XII. - - Education
- School Lands
- Pioneer Schools
- Growth of Education
- Schools for Colored Youth
- President Government of Schools
458
CHAPTER XIII. - - Agriculture
- Its Growth and Progress
- Buildings, Implements, Crops and Stock of the Early Settlers
- Pioneer Farming
- Madison County Agricultural Society
- The Madison County Stock Importing Company
- Madison County Stock Sales.
471
CHAPTER XIV. - - Military History of Madison County - Finished 1/6/2022
- War of 1812
- Mexican War
- Civil War
- Roll of Honor
- Seventeenth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry
- Twenty-Sixth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry
- Fortieth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry
- Ninety-fifth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry
- One Hundred and Thirteenth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry
- Squirrel Hunters and Militia
- One Hundred and Fifty-Fourth Regiment Ohio National Guards
- Return of Peace.
487
CHAPTER XV. - - Resident Land Owners of Madison County In March, 1819
- The Sickly Seasons of 1822-23
- Causes
- Symptons
- Treatment
- The Blalock Tragedy
512
CHAPTER XVI. - - Public Highways
- The Old State Road
- First Roads Opened by Madison County
- The National Road
- Corporation Pikes
- The Roads of 1883
- Railroads
- Statistics
522
CHAPTER XVII. - - Seat of Justice
- London In 1812
- Original Lots and Lot-Owners
- Early Industrial Interests
- London In 1835
- Postmasters
- Electric Telegraph and Telegraph
- The Conflagration of 1854
- Dr. Kane
- First Street Sprinkling In London
- Distinguished Men Visit London
- Fire Department
- Schools of London
- The Newspaper Press
- Banks
533
CHAPTER XVIII. - - Toland Hall
- Past and Present Manufacturing Interests
-  Grain Elevators
- Burying Grounds
- The Centennial Fourth
- The London Gas Company
- Churches
- The London Library Association
- Societies
- The Woman's Anti-Liquor Crusade
- Sales Day
- Incorporation and Growth of London
564

PART IV.
TOWNSHIP HISTORIES

CHAPTER I. - DARBY TOWNSHIP by Dr. Jeremiah Converse - Partial added 12/5/2022
- Streams
- Soil
- Physical Features
- Topography, with Pre-Historic Deductions.
- Geology
- Pioneers
- Early Stock Speculators
- PLAIN CITY
- Churches
- Plain City Churches
- I. O. O. F., No. 193
- Urania, Masons, No. 311
- Rectifiers
- Cemeteries
- Soldiers
597
CHAPTER II. - JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP.
- Topography, Soil and Timber
- Pioneers and Pioneer Life
- Roads
- Early Incidents, Customs and Reminiscences
- Licenses
- Early Industries, Taverns and Stage Routes
- Churches
- Schools
- Cemeteries
- JEFFERSON (formerly NEW HAMPTON)
- Secret Societies
- West Jefferson Book Society
- Manufacturing
623
CHAPTER III. - DEER CREEK TOWNSHIP.
- Surface and Soil
- Pioneers
- Conflicts and Trials
- Early Conditions
- Early Elections and Township Officials
- Schools
- Churches
- Towns
- Pikes
- Early Marriages ----
- An Incident
647
CHAPTER IV. - UNION TOWNSHIP
- Pioneers
- Surface, Soil, Etc.
- Pikes and Roads
- Churches
- Cemeteries
- Schools
- Mills
- Officials
667
CHAPTER V. - PLEASANT TOWNSHIP
- First Settlers
- Surface, Soil, Etc.
- Officials
- Roads and Turnpikes
- Schools
- Mills
- Towns and Villages
- Cemeteries and Burying-Grounds
- Churches
- Secret Societies
691
CHAPTER VI. - STOKES TOWNSHIP.
- Surface, Soil, Etc.
- Pioneers
- Early Settlers
- Township Officials
- Towns
- Schools
- Churches
710
CHAPTER VII. - RANGE TOWNSHIP.
- Pioneers
- Towns
        Midway
        Danville
- Schools
- Churches
- Mills
- Roads and Turnpikes
- Secret Societies
- Remarkable Storms
- Township Officials
722
CHAPTER VIII. - PIKE TOWNSHIP.
- Surface, Soil, Etc.
- Pioneers
- Towns and Business
- Mills
- Pikes and Roads
- Schools
- Churches
-
Cemeteries
742
CHAPTER IX. - MONROE TOWNSHIP.
- Surface, Soil, Etc.
- Pioneers
- Schools
- Cemeteries
- Pikes and Roads
- Mills
- Business Interests
- Incidents
- Churches
757
CHAPTER X. - CANAAN TOWNSHIP.
- Settlers
- Surface, Soil, Etc.
- Towns and Villages
- Schools
- Churches
- Epidemic at Amity
- Mills and Factories
- Pikes and Roads
- Township Officers
768
CHAPTER XI. - FAIRFIELD TOWNSHIP.
- Surface, Soil, Etc.
- Streams
- Pioneers
- Churches
- Cemeteries
- Schools
- Mills
- Pikes
- Towns
        California - P. O. Big Plains
        Warnersville
        Gilroy or Lilly Chapel
- Secret Societies
793
CHAPTER XII. - SOMERFORD TOWNSHIP. - Partial added - 1/4/2022
- Surface, Soil, Etc.
- Pioneers
- Elections and Township Officials
- Schools
- Churches
- Cemeteries
- Mills
- Towns
- Secret Societies
810
CHAPTER XIII. - PAINT TOWNSHIP. - Partial added 12/5/2022
- Settlers
- Erection of Paint Township
- Officials of the Townshp
- Churches
- Cemeteries
- Schools
- Towns
        Newport
- Roads and Pikes
825
CHAPTER XIV. - OAK RUN TOWNSHIP.
- Surface, Soil and Streams
- Pioneers
- Mills
- Schools
838

PART V.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
 


PORTRAITS

Alder, Henry 226
Allen, William 905
Ballinger, W. I., M.D. 605
Beach, Wm. Morrow 486
Bidwell, Ephraim 765
Bigelow, I. E. 636
Boyd, Daniel 535
Boyd, James 566
Boyd, Robt. 375
Bradley, James L. 645
Bridgman, J. C. 386
Brown, R. N. 736
Burnham, Henry 796
Byers, John W. 326
Carey, Abram 625
Cartmill, A. 836
Cary, Andrew 575
Chandler, W. H. 275
Chenoweth, John F. 115
Clark, B. F. 395
Converse, J., Dr. 596
Converse, James 665
Converse, Russel B. 586
Cominy, J. T. 676
Dungan, John 266
Farrar, William 426
Fitzgerald, Edward 805
Gardner, I. N. 925
Hanson, Robert M., Capt. 406
Haskell, David 945
Hume, A. A. 255
Johnson, R. M. 816
Jones, John 306
Jones, John C. 885
Jones, John 306
Johnson, R. M. 816
Kennedy, Oramell 785
Kilbury, Thomas 705
King, Joseph 776
Knapp, Elihu 696
Lane, Luther 685
Lauck, J. B. 845
Lilly, James 335
Locke, John F. 415
Lohr, G. W. 435
Lohr, John 455
McClintick, S., M.D. 725
McCloud, R. C. 516
McDonald, George G. 134
McKinnon, Theophilus 170
McLene, Patrick 211
McNeal, Jacob 756
Markley, Philip 936
Milliken, James 745
Minshall, Jas. Q. 346
Mitchel, N. 896
Morgridge, J. Bailey 526
Pearce, Saml. T. 286
Phellis, Charles 515
Price, John 716
Pringle, W. D. 825
Rea, Matthew 187
Riddle, William 315
Roberts, John 865
Searle, John P. 466
Selsor, David 506
Smith, Auburn 366
Smith, H. W. 354
Sprague, J. B. 446
Swetland, Jeriah 295
Taylor, John 616
Thomas, Benjamin 876
Timmons, Thomas 555
Toland, Aquilla, M.D. 235
Warner, Henry 246
Watson, David, Sr. 151
Welch, B. F. 856
Willard, James.M. 916
Wilson, Alexander 495
Wilson, James 475
Wilson, William 656
Withrow, Washington 206

 


ILLUSTRATIONS

Source of the Mississippi 22
LaSalle Landing on the Shores of Green Bay 24
Buffalo Hunt 26
Trapping 28
Mouth of the Mississippi 31
High Bridge 33
Pontiac, the Ottawas Chieftain 42
Indians Attacking Frontiersman 55
Present Site of Lake Street Bridge, Chicago, 1833 58
A Pioneer Dwelling 60
Lake Bluff 62
Tecumseh, the Shawnee Chieftain 68
Indians Attacking a Stockade 71
Black Hawk, the Sac Chieftain 74
Perry's Monument, Cleveland 91
Niagara Falls 92


MISCELLANEOUS

Map of Madison County Front
Constitution of the United States 79
Area of the United States 203
Area of the Principal Countrie in the World 203
Population of the Principal Countries in the World 203
Population of Ohio by Counties 202
Population of Madison County 530

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