Ohio
OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

A Part of Genealogy Express

 

Welcome to
Madison County, Ohio
History & Genealogy

Source:
HISTORY of MADISON COUNTY, OHIO
Its People, Industries and Institutions
Chester E. Bryan, Supervising Editor
With Biographical Sketches of Representative Citizens and
Genealogical Records of Many of the Old Families
- ILLUSTRATED -
Published by B. F. Bowden & Company, Inc.
Indianapolis, Indiana
1915

TABLE OF CONTENTS


HISTORY OF MADISON COUNTY, OHIO

PREFACE  
CHAPTER I. - RELATED STATE HISTORY 33
   - First White Men in Northwest Territory
 - English and French Claims
 - Three Successive Sovereign Flags Over Present Ohio Territory
 - Passing of the Indians
 - Battle of Fallen Timbers
 - Northwest Territory
 - Ohio, the First Northwest State
 - Early Settlements
 - Activities of the Traders
 - French and Indian War
 - Pontiac's Conspiracy
 - Northwest Territory and Quebec Act.
 - Revolutionary Period
 - George Rogers Clark and His Campaign
 - First Surveys and Early Settlers
 - Ordinance of 1787
 - First Stage of Government Under the Ordinance
 - Second Stage of Government
 - First Territorial Legislature
 - Division of 1800
 - Census of 1800
 - Symmes Purchase and Other Early Settlements
 - County Organization
 - Indian Wars
 - Formation of a New State
 - Date of Ohio's Admission to the Union
 - Capitals of Northwest Territory and of Ohio
 - Constitutional History of Ohio
 - Military Records
 - Land Grants
 - Military Lands
 - Refugee Tract
 - Road Lands
 - Canal Grants
 - Zane Sections
 - Ministerial Lands
 - School Sections
 - Ohio Politics
 - Boundary Lines
CHAPTER II. - TOPOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY 51
   - Boundaries
 - Subdivisions
 - Area
 - Streams
 - Geological Survey
 - Prairie Fires
 - Luxurian Flora of Other Days
 - Early Need of Drainage
 - Limestone
 - Drift and Soils
 - Plastering Sands
 - Agricultural Point of View.
 - Blue-grass Lands
 - Water Supply
 - Remains of Pre-glacial Mammals
CHAPTER III. - COUNTY ORGANIZATION 60
   - The First Election
 - First Officials
 - Creation of Madison County
 - Legislative Act
 - Changes in County Lines
 - First Township Elections
 - County Lines Defined
 - An Early Boundary Dispute
 - First County Elections
 - Early License Rates and Licenses
 - Pioneer Listers
 - Wolf Scalps
 - Taxation and Expenditures
 - The County Seat
 - Court House and Jail History
 - The Erection of the Present Building
 - Laying of the Corner Stone
 - Bond Issues
 - Prison Bonds
 - County Infirmary
 - County Children's Home
 - State Representatives
 - County Commissioners
 - County Auditors
 - County Treasurers
 - County Recorders
 - County Surveyors
 - Coroners
 - Tax Collectors
 - Liquor Officials
 - Roster of Present County Officials
CHAPTER IV. - CANAAN TOWNSHIP 87
   - Location
 - Boundaries
 - Name
 - The Pioneers
 - Early Families
 - Early Mills
 - Surface, Soil and Streams
 - Cemeteries
CHAPTER V. - DARBY TOWNSHIP 96
   - First Settlers
 - Pioneer Mills
 - Sickly Seasons
 - Early Stock Speculators
 - Erection of the Township
 - Soil
 - Streams
 - Other Physical Features
 - Topography
 - Geology
CHAPTER VI. - DEER CREEK TOWNSHIP 108
   - Location and Boundaries
 - Changes in Area
 - First Township Officers
 - Pioneers
 - Stock Marks
 - Early Schools
 - Early Roads
 - Cemeteries
CHAPTER VII. - FAIRFIELD TOWNSHIP 114
   - Boundaries
 - Surface and Soil
 - Conditions in Pioneer Days
 - Natural Drainage
 - Early Settlers
CHAPTER VIII. - JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP 118
   - Location and Boundaries
 - Erection of the County
 - Topography
 - Soil
 - Streams
 - Settlement
 - Life of the Early Settlers
 - Indians
 - Early Roads
 - West Jefferson
 - Early Stores
 - Public Improvements
 - Town Officials
 - Business Directory
CHAPTER IX. - MONROE TOWNSHIP 126
   - Location and Boundaries
 - Commissioner's Record Creating Township
 - Streams
 - Soils
 - Timber
 - First Settlers
 - Education
CHAPTER X - OAK RUN TOWNSHIP 130
   - Character of Outline
 - Boundaries
 - Changes in Area
 - The First Officers
 - Surface
 - Soil and Streams
 - Early Settlers
CHAPTER XI - PAINT TOWNSHIP 134
   - Location
 - Boundaries
 - Commissioners' Record Creating Township
 - Surface, Soil and Streams
 - The Pioneer and Early Settlers
 - Early Schools
CHAPTER XII - PIKE TOWNSHP 138
   - Erection of the Township
 - Changes in Boundary Lines
 - Surface, Soil, Etc.
 - Timber
 - "Squatters"
 - The Pioneers
 - First Mills
CHAPTER XIII - PLEASANT TOWNSHIP 145
   - Location
 - Boundaries
 - Surface
 - Soil
 - Streams
 - The Pioneers
 - Township Organization
 - Original Boundaries and Subsequent Changes in Same
 - Mills
 - Early Schools
CHAPTER XIV - RANGE TOWNSHIP 150
   - Location
 - Boundaries
 - Commissioners' Record Creating the Township
 - First Settlers
 - Surface, Soil and Streams
 - Early Schools
 - Mills
CHAPTER XV - SOMERFORD TOWNSHIP 155
   - Location
 - Boundaries
 - Commissioners' Record
 - Surface, Soil and Timber
 - Streams
 - Early Settlers
 - Traderville
 - Summerford
 - Early and Present Business Interests
 - Present Township Officials

CHAPTER XVI - STOKES TOWNSHIP

160
   - One of the Original Townships
 - Commissioenrs' Record
 - Location and Boundaries
 - First Election
 - Pioneers
 - Later Early Settlers
 - Surface
 - Soil
 - Streams
 - Early Schools
CHAPTER XVII - UNION TOWNSHIP 164
   - Situation
 - Surface Characteristics
 - Streams
 - Timber
 - Prairies
 - Pioneers
 - Organization of the Township
 - Early Mills
 - Cemeteries
CHAPTER XVIII - TOWNS AND VILLAGES 174
   - Amity
 - Plain City
 -
Early History - Present Industries and Advantages
 - Kile (Kileville)
 - Lafayette
 - Lilly Chapel
 - Big Plain
 - Kiousville
 - Gillivan
 - Resaca
 - Plumwood
 - Chrisman
 - Walnut Run
 - Rosedale
 - Mt. Sterling
 - Sedalia (Midway)
 - Danville
 - Chenoweth
 - South Solon
 - Its Early History
 - Meyers
 - Rupert
CHAPTER XIX - TOWN OF LONDON 190
   - Its Past, Present and Future
 - Oldest House
 - "Uncle Sammy" Davidson
 - The Coal Oil Lamp
 - Old Elm Trees
 - A Vision of the Future
 - First County Seat of Justice
 - Site Donated
 - The Town of Madison
 - Incorporation and Growth of London
 - Action of the Town Council in Early Days
 - The First Ordinances
 - Present City Officers
 - Public Library
 - Library Association
 - Carnegie Donation
 - The Florence and Other Gifts
 - Some Local Industries
 - The Board of Trade
 - State Reformatory Secured
 - Present Business Interests
 - Water works
 - Electric-light Plant
 - Sewerage System
 - Postoffice History
 - Other Interesting Items
CHAPTER XX - ROADS AND TRANSPORTATION 222
   - Public Highways
 - Langham's Trace
 - Early Roads
 - The National Road
 - An Early Description of It
 - Corporation Pikes
 - Railroads
 - Railroad Statistics
 - Telegraph and Telephone Companies
 - Gas Companies
CHAPTER XXI - AGRICULTURE, GRANGES, ETC. 230
   - Early Soil Conditions
 - Pioneer Farm Equipment and Early Implements
 - The Wheat Harvest
 - Market and Labor Conditions
 - Hogs
 - Horses, Cattle and Sheep
 - Madison County Stock Importing Company
 - Some Notable Stock Sales
 - Some Leading Stock Men of Madison County
 - Percheron Breeders
 - Resident Landowners in 1819
 - Madison County Agricultural Society
 - The First Fair
 - London Driving Park Association
 - The Mt. Sterling Fair
 - The Grange
 - Madison County Farmers' Club
CHAPTER XXII. - BANKS AND BANKING 253
   - Madison National Bank
 - London Exchange Bank Company
 - Central National Bank of London
 - People's Commercial and Savings Bank of London
 - Citizens Loan and Savings Company, of London
 - London Home and Savings Company, Mt. Sterling
 - First State Bank, Plain City
 - Farmers National Bank, Plain City
 - Plain City Home and Savings Company
 - Security Building and Loan Company, Mt. Sterling
 - Citizens National Bank, Mt. Sterling
 - Farmers Bank, Lilly Chapel
 - Farmers Bank, West Jefferson
 - Commercial Bank, West Jefferson
 - Farmers and Traders Bank, South Solon
CHAPTER XXIII - NEWSPAPERS OF MADISON COUNTY 259
   - An Apostrophe to the Press
 - London Newspapers
 - The Times
 - The Madison County Democrat
 - Vigilant
 - Madison County Republican
 - Enterprise
 - Newspapers at Plain City, West Jefferson and Mt. Sterling
CHAPTER XXIV - EDUCATION 267
   - Zeal of the Pioneers in Educational Matters
 - School Lands
 - The Sale of Such Lands
 - Legislative Enactments
 - Pioneer Schools
 - A Primitive Curriculum
 - Growth of Education
 - First General School Law
 - The Color Line
 - State Superintendent of Schools
 - Schools for Colored Youth
 - Later Government of Schools
 - District School Directors
 - Schools Under the New Laws
 - Qualifications of the County Superintendent
 - Centralization of Rural Schools
 - The Rural High School
 - Changes in the School System
 - Decrease in Rural Population
 - New School Districts
 - London High School
CHAPTER XXV - CHURCHES OF MADISON COUNTY 283
   - Religion a Potent Factor in the Life of a Community
 - Characteristics of Pioneer Congregations
 - Primitive Houses of Worship
 - Methodist Episcopal Churches
 - African Methodist Episcopal Churches
 - Methodist Protestant Churches
 - Presbyterian Churches
 - Baptist Churches
 - Universalist Churches
 - Evangelical Lutheran Church
 - Christian Churches
 - Dunkard Church
 - United Brethren Church
 - Episcopal Churches
 - Antioch Mission Union Church
 - Other Union Churches
 - Catholic Churches
CHAPTER XXVI - SECRET SOCIETIES 326
   - Free and Accepted Masons
 - Royal Arch Masons
 - Royal and Select Masters
 - Order of the Eastern Star
 - Independent Order of Odd Fellows
 - Daughters of Rebekah
 - Knights of Pythias
 - Fraternal Order of Eagles
 - Catholic Order of Foresters
 - Knights of Columbus
 - Colored Masons
 - Woman's Relief Corps.
CHAPTER XXVII - CLUBS AND FRATERNITIES 338
   - London Federation of Women's Clubs
 - The London Club
 - East High Street Club
 - The Woman's Club
 - Daughters of the American Revolution
 - Woman's Elective Franchise Association
 - Twentieth  Century Club
 - Madison County Health and Welfare League
 - Married Ladies Thimble Club
CHAPTER XXVIII - THE MEDICAL PROFESSION 354
   - Many Systems of Practice
 - Rational Systems Now Prevailing
 - London Physicians
 - During the Civil-war Period
 - Plain City
 - Physicians at West Jefferson, Mt. Sterling, Amity, Midway, Lafayette, Summerford, Liverpool, South Solon, California, Tradersville, Newport, Danville, Lilly Chapel
 - The Sickly Seasons of 1822-3
 - A Distressing Incident
 - Epidemic at Amity
 - Madison County Medical Association
 - Madison County Medical Society
 - Present Physicians of Madison County.
CHAPTER XXIX - BENCH AND BAR OF MADISON COUNTY 377
   - Establishment of Courts in the Northwest Territory
 - State Judiciary Prior to 1851
 - Court of Common Please
 - Justices of the Peace
 - Judicial Circuits
 - Judiciary Since 1851
 - Supreme Court
 - Court of Common Pleas
 - Associate Judges
 - District Courts
 - Justices of the Peace
 - Pioneer Courts of Madison County
 - Personnel of the Courts
 - Present Judges
 - Judges Since 1851
 - Probate Court
 - The Judiciary
 - The Early Bar
 - Visiting Lawyers
 - Former Resident Attorneys
 - Madisonians by Birth, But Practiced Elsewhere
 - Living Resident Attorneys
 - Probate Judge
 - Prosecuting Attorneys
 - Clerks
 - Sheriffs
 - Official Stenographers
 - Notes
CHAPTER XXX - MILITARY HISTORY OF MADISON COUNTY 415
   - Seven Revolutionary Heroes Buried in Madison County
 - Frontier Wars
 - The War of 1812
 - Treaty of Peace
 - The "General Muster"
 - The Mexican War
 - The Civil War
 - The "Eagle Guards"
 - Military Committee
 - Company Rosters
 - Commands in Which Madison County Soldiers Served
 - Morgan's Raid
 - The Return to Peace
 - Spanish-America War
 - Grand Army of the Republic
CHAPTER XXXI - TEMPERANCE MOVEMENTS 449
   - Temperance Movement by the Women in 1874
 - London Temperance Association
 - Woman's Temperance Alliance
 - Madison County Woman's Christian Temperance Union
 - London Woman's Christian Temperance Union
 - Unions Elsewhere in the County
 - Trials of the "Crusaders."
CHAPTER XXXII - SIDELIGHTS ON MADISON COUNTY HISTORY 459
   - Madison County Belgium Relief Fund
 - Wild Animals and Reptiles
 - Pioneers' Dreaded Enemies
 - The Useful Deer
 - Passing of the Snake
 - The Blalock Tragedy
 - Mound Builders
 - London Penitentiary Farm
 - Early Burials
 - Ohio State Fish Hatchery
  BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX  

.

CLICK HERE to Return to
MADISON COUNTY, OHIO
INDEX PAGE
CLICK HERE to Return to
OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS
INDEX PAGE
FREE GENEALOGY RESEARCH is My MISSION
GENEALOGY EXPRESS
This Webpage has been created by Sharon Wick exclusively for Ohio Genealogy Express  2008
Submitters retain all copyrights