OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS


A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Mahoning County, Ohio

.

20th Century History of
Youngstown & Mahoning Co., Ohio

and Representative Citizens - Publ. Biographical Publ. Co.
Chicago, Illinois -
1907


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CONTENTS
  PAGE
CHAPTER I. - GEOLOGY - NOT STARTED 21
  Geological Structure of the State - The Geological Foundations of Ohio of Marine Origin  Prehistoric Conditions - First Land Plants: Origin of Coal Fields - First Permanent Dry Land - Age of Reptiles: First Mammals - The Glacial Period - Effect of Glacial Action on the Landscape - Surface Features of Mahoning County - Geological Structure of Mahoning County  Conglomerate - Fossil Nuts and Fruits of the Carboniferous Age Found in Mahoning County.  
CHAPTER II. - PREHISTORIC RACES - NOT STARTED 31
  Speculation on the Origin of the American Race - Antiquity of Man in America - Probable European Origin of the American Races - The Mound Builders.  
CHAPTER III. - FRENCH DISCOVERIES AND EXPLORATIONS - NOT STARTED 34
  Early French Explorers - Verrazano, Cartier and Roberval - Expedition of DeMonts - Champlain explores Acadia - Establishment of Missions - First English Opposition - Attacks by the Indians - Exploration of the Great Lakes and the Mississippi.  
CHAPTER IV. - INDIAN OCCUPANCY - NOT STARTED 39
  The Iroquois - Their Famous League, Habits and Costume - The Algonquins, Their Commerce, Picture-Writing and Religion - Indian Warfare - Iroquois Conquests - Extermination of the Eries - The Chahta-Muskoki Stock.  
CHAPTER V. - COLONIAL CHARTERS AND LAND TITLES - NOT STARTED 44
  Erroneous Ideas of Early Navigators and Geographers - Attempts to Reach the South sea Overland - Virginia's Charters - Massachusetts' Charters - The Grant to Penn - Overlapping Boundaries - Dispute with Virginia - Connecticut's Claims - Conflict with Pennsylvania - Council of Trenton - Western Reserve.  
CHAPTER VI. - THE NORTHWEST WRESTED FROM FRANCE - NOT STARTED 50
  American History Influenced by the Iroquois - Indian Cessions - English Settlers Cross the Mountains - The French Precipitate the War - Pontiac's Conspiracy - Boquet's Expedition.  
CHAPTER VII. - THE TRANSITION PERIOD - FROM WAR TO WAR - NOT STARTED 57
  English Jealousy of the Colonies - Lord Dunmore's War - Frontier Characters - First White Man's House in Ohio - Military Expeditions to the West - Martial Law - George III. Forbids Western Settlement.  
CHAPTER VIII. - EXPEDITION OF GEORGE ROGERS CLARK - NOT STARTED 62
  Clark's Project - Capture of Forts Kaskaskia, Cahokia and Vincennes - The British Try to Recover the Forts - Project Against Detroit Abandoned - Disappearance of the French Population - The British Retain the Northwestern Forts after the Treaty of Paris.  
CHAPTER IX. - STATE CESSIONS. - NOT STARTED 65
  A New Phase of the Land Question - Maryland's Proposal - National Ownership Proposed by Rhode Island - Delay in Ratifying the Articles - Claims of the Indiana and Other Companies - New York Makes the First Cession - Conditional Cessions - Unconditional Cessions Urged by Congress - Triumph of the National Idea.  
CHAPTER X. - SALE OF THE WESTERN RESERVE - NOT STARTED 71
  Division into Townships - The Parsons Purchase - The Fire Lands - The Act of 1795 - Sales to the Connecticut Land Company.  
CHAPTER XI. - THE CONNECTICUT LAND COMPANY - NOT STARTED 75
  Articles of Association - The Excess Company - The Company's Title Perfected - Ordinance of 1787 - Extinction of the Indian Title - Survey of the Reserve - Quantity of Land in the Reserve - The Equalizing Committee - Mode of Partition - The Drafts.  
CHAPTER XII. - THE SETTLEMENT OF OHIO - NOT STARTED 87
  Land Bounties - The Ohio Company - Founding of Marietta - Abundance of Game - The Moravian Settlements - Founding of Columbia, Cincinnati and North Bend - Floods Damage of Settlements - The Scioto Land Swindle - The Virginia Military District.  
CHAPTER XIII. - SETTLEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF MAHONING COUNTY - NOT STARTED 97
  Lines of Development - Date of the First Settlement on the Reserve - First Wheat Cut on the Reserve - First Postal Service - Early Conditions of Life - A Primitive Mill - Old Time Threshing - Bounty on Wolf Scalps - Olden School Days - Early Youngstown Citizens - Draft of 1812 - Homemade Soap - The Old Ash Hopper - Soap Spookery - The Old Ashery - The Stage Driver - Matches Unknown - If Fires All Went Out - Wild Pigeons; Where are They? - Pioneer Milling Enterprises - Slavery - County Seat Located - Early Elections - First County Seat Issue - Useless Legislation - Renewal of the Strife - Some Interesting Old Letters - County Seat Changed.  
CHAPTER XIV. - COUNTY OFFICIALS SINCE THE ORGANIZATION OF MAHONING COUNTY - NOT STARTED 118
  Auditors - Sheriffs - County Commissioners - Treasurers - Recorders - Prosecuting Attorneys- Probate Judges - State Representatives - State Senators - Vote for Governor.  
CHAPTER XV. - YOUNGSTOWN - THE COUNTY SEAT - PARTIALLY DONE 122
  Laid Out by John Young - First Events - Discovery of Coal - Judge Kirtland's Reminiscences - Celebrating the Fourth - First Murder Trial - Pioneer Schools - Feminine Costumes - Wet Seasons of 1810-1812 - Early Amusements - Pioneer Houses - Elections - Incorporation - City of the Second Class - Extensions of Limits - Mayors of Youngstown - Other Officials - Youngstown Citizens in 1841 - Cemeteries - Parks - Water Works and Filter Plant -  Fire Department - Police Department - Mahoning & Shenango Railway & Light Company - Board of Trade and Chamber of Commerce - Mahoning Gas Fuel Co. - Telephone Companies - Humane Society - Opera House - Park Theatre - A few Statistics - Notable Personages.  
CHAPTER XVI. - TOWNSHIPS AND TOWNS - PARTIALLY DONE 1/7/2015 169
  Settlement and Organization of the Townships - Settlement and Founding of the Towns -
Sketches of:
Austintown Township - Not finished
Beaver Township - Not finished
Berlin Township -  Not finished
Boardman Township -  Not finished
Canfield Township -  Not finished
Coitsville Township -  Not finished
Ellsworth Township - Not finished
Goshen Township - Not finished
Green Township -  Not finished
Jackson Township - Not finished 
Lowellville Township - Not finished
Milton Township -  Not finished
Poland Township - Not finished
Petersburg Township - Not finished
Sebring Township - Not finished
Smith Township, - finished
Springfield Township, - finished
 
CHAPTER XVII. - TRANSPORTATION - NOT STARTED 231
  Introductory - Railroad Era - Erie Railroad - Pennsylvania Lines - Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway - Pittsburg & Lake Erie Railroad - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad - Youngstown & Southern Railway.  
CHAPTER XVIII. - THE COAL AND IRON INDUSTRIES - NOT STARTED 246
  The County Formerly an Important Coal Mining Center - Extensive Operations - The Manufacture of Iron an Old Established and Leading Industry of the Mahoning Valley - A Large Amount of Capital Invested in These Two Industries of Mahoning County.  
CHAPTER XIX. - MANUFACTURES - NOT STARTED 251
  The County's Chief Manufacturing Establishments.  
CHAPTER XX. - BANKS AND BANKING - NOT STARTED 271
  Youngstown Banks - First National - Mahoning National - Commercial National - Dollar Savings and Trust Co. - Home Savings and Loan Co. - Equity Savings and Loan Co. - Youngstown Savings and Banking Co. - International Bank.  
CHAPTER XXI. - THE BENCH AND BAR. - PARTIALY DONE 1/7/2015 279
  Its Early History - First Court and First Lawyers - Great Lawyers of Former Years - The Present Bar and Its High Standing.  
CHAPTER XXII. - THE MEDICAL PROFESSION - NOT STARTED 319
  Eminent Physicians of the Past and of the Present.  
CHAPTER XXIII. - RELIGIOUS DEVELOPMENT - NOT STARTED 341
  First Churches and Pioneer Ministers - General History of Religious Organizations - Churches and Clergy of Today.  
CHAPTER XXIV. - EDUCATION. - NOT STARTED 374
  The Public and Parochial Schools of the County - Their Growth and Present and Present Efficiency - Some of the Early Educators - The Growth and Progress of the Public Schools of Youngstown and Their Present Encouraging Conditions.  
CHAPTER XXV. - FRATERNAL AND BENEVOLENT ORGANIZATIONS. - NOT STARTED 386
  Free Masons - Odd Fellows - Elks - Knights of Pythias - Knights of the Golden Eagle - National Protective Legion - Other Societies.  
CHAPTER XXVI. - PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. - PARTIALLY DONE 399
  County Infirmary - Youngstown Free Public Library - Youngstown City Hospital - Mahoning Valley Hospital - Glenwood Children's Home - Florence Crittenden Home.  
CHAPTER XXVII. - MILITARY HISTORY OF THE COUNTY. - PARTIALLY DONE 411
  War of 1812 - Mexican War - War of the Rebellion - Spanish America War.  
CHAPTER XXVIII. - THE PRESS - PARTIALLY DONE 427
  Newspapers and Editors of the Past and Present  
BIOGRAPHICAL 435
 
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