OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Welcome to
Miami County, Ohio

History & Genealogy

Source:
CENTENNIAL HISTORY
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Troy, Piqua and Miami County, Ohio
And Representative Citizens.
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Edited and Compiled By
Thomas C. Harbaugh
Casstown, Ohio
Literary Journalist, Secretary of Maryland association of Ohio.
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"History is Philosophy Teaching by Examples."
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Published by
Richmond-Arnold Publishing Co.
Chicago.
1909


CONTENTS:

CHAPTER I. - INTRODUCTORY AND DESCRIPTIVE 21
 - Introductory
 - First Lords of the Soil, the Mound Builders
 - Speculations and Traditions as to the Mound Builders
 - The Indians not the Aborigines
 - Coming of the white Man
 - Resistance of the Indians
 - Area of Miami County
 - Its Division into Twelve Townships
 - Topography, Elevation, Drainage
 - Fertility of the Soil
 - Disappearance of the Forests
 - Conditions Favorable to Agriculture
 - Tributaries of the Miami
 - Geological Foundations
 - Prehistoric Remains
 - Indian Occupancy -
 - Early Abundance of Game.
 
CHAPTER II. - FIRST WHITE AN IN THE COUNTY 29
 - The Call of the West
 The Pioneer Settler
 - De Bienville's Expedition of 1749
 - Attack on Pickawillany
 - Expedition of Christopher Gist
 - Location of Pickawillany
 - Washington's Journey
 - Expeditions of George Rogers Clarke
 - Experiences of Abram Thomas
 - Battle on the Johnston Farm
 - Beauty of the Country at the Time of Clarke's Expedition
 - Coming of John Knoop, 1797
 - Pioneer Settlers
 
CHAPTER III. - FORMATION OF THE COUNTRY; THE HOME IN WILDERNESS 42
 - Pontiac's Conspiracy
 - Bouquet's Expedition
 - Block Houses Built at Cincinnati
 - New York and Virginia Relinquish Charter Claims
 - Fort Harmar Erected
 - The Settlement at Marietta
 - Quick Settlement of the Ohio Valley
 - Ordinance of 1787
 - Slavery Forbidden
 - St. Clair Made Governor
 - Formation of Hamilton and Montgomery Counties
 - Formation of Miami County
 - Abrogation of the Indian Title
 - Wayne's Victory of the Fallen Timbers and Treaty of Greenville
 - The Miami Indians
 - The Symmes Purchase
 - School Districts Reserved
 - Sale of Public Lands on Time Payments
 - The First Court
 - Homes of the Pioneer Settlers
 - Pioneer Habits and Customs
 - Domestic Industries
 - Early Circulating Medium
 - Militia Musters
 - County Officials.
 
CHAPTER IV. - THRILLING INCIDENTS OF PIONEER LIFE 55
 - Contrast of Past and Present
 - Emigrant Trails
 - Encounters with Wild Animals
 - Pioneer Reminiscences
 - England Pays Bounty on Scalps
 - Indian Murders
 - Adoptions into the Tribes
 - The Moffit Boys
 - Col. Johnson
 
CHAPTER V - EARLY TRANSPORTATION 68
 - Corduroy Roads
 - First Gravel Road
 - The National Road
 - Braddock's Road
 - Early Stage Lilnes, Stages and Stage Drivers
 - Famous Taverns
 - Water Transportation
 - Freighting on the Miami
 - To New Orleans by River in 1819; an Unfortunate Voyage
 - Dr. Dorsey's Recollections of Flat Boat Navigation
 - Canal Construction
 - The Miami and Erie Canal
 - Benefits of the Canal
 - the old Mail Service
 - Postal Rates in 1816
 - Postoffice Established at Piqua
 - The Early Postmaster
 - A Mail Carrier's Adventure
 - A Century's Progress
 
CHAPTER VI. - THE TOWNSHIPS (WESTERN) 82
 - Washington, Concord, Monroe, Union, Newton and Newberry Townships; Their Boundaries and History
ds - Early Settlers
 - Heroes of the Revolution and War of 1812
 - Development of Natural Resources
 - First Mills, Founding of the Villages; Tippecanoe, Etc.
 
CHAPTER VII. - THE TOWNSHIPS (EASTERN) 98
 - Brown, Springcreek, Staunton, Lostcreek, Elizabeth, Bethel.  
CHAPTER VIII. - TROY, THE COUNTY SEAT 114
 - Establishment of the County Seat
 - Rivalry Between Staunton and Piqua; Troy Enteres the Contest
 - First Survey by Andrew Wallace
 - Absence of Graft
 - Description of Troy in 1815
 - Log Court House Built
 - Brick Court House Built in 1816
 - Overfield's Tavern
 - Queer Real Estate Transactions
 - William Barbee
 - "Squire" Brown and Other Early Settlers
 - The "Broadford War"
 - First Railroad
 - Opening of the Canal
 - The Cholera Scourge in 1850
 - First Court of Common Pleas
 - Troy Merchants in 1828
 - The Jackson-Adams Campaign
 - Runaway Apprentices
 - Appearance of the County Seat in 1853
 - Mayors Since 1840
 - Early Schools and School Teachers
 - Churches
 - The Postoffice
 - City Government
 - Covner Stone of the Court House Laid, 1885
 - Masonic Temple Erected
 
CHAPTER IX. - PIQUA, THE BORDER CITY 131
 - Origin of the City
 - Its Historic Associations
 - An Indian Legend
 - Piqua Formerly Called Washington
 - Coming of Job Gard
 - Reminiscences of Joseph Hilliard
 - Piqua a Place of Rendezvous in the War of 1812
 - Land Office Established in 1819
 - Piqua Becomes a Town in 1843
 - First Election Under the Charter
 - Early Mayors
 - Amusing Ordinances
 - Population in 1826
 - The Act of Incorporation
 - The Ewing Tavern
 - Early Merchants and Leading Citizens
 - Piqua Benefited by the Canal
 - Coming of the Railroad
 - The Hydraulic Canal
 - Business Statistics
 - The Town Hall
 - The John Vail Academy
 - Early Schools
 - Education Soldiers' Aid Societies
 - War Memorials
 - Postmasters
 - Fire Department
 - City Government
 
CHAPTER X -  MIAMI IN THE WARS 148
 - The War of 1812
 - Employment of the Indians by England
 - Battle of Tippecanoe
 - Tecumseh
 - Services of Col. John Johnston
 - Results of Perry's Victory on Lake Erie
 - Miami Heroes of the War
 - The War of the Rebellion
 - Prompt Enlistments
 - The Gravity of the Struggle Realized
 - Miami Soldiers on Many Battlefields
 - Eleventh Ohio Volunteers
 - Forty-Fourth Infantry and Eighth Cavalry
 - The Seventy-first Ohio Hundred and Forty-seventh Regiment
 - Spanish American War Volunteers
 - Roster of Veterans
 
CHAPTER XI. - THE BENCH AND BAR: FAMOUS TRIALS, ETC. 169
 - First Court Session, 1807
 - First Grand Jury Impanelled
 - First Case Docketed
 - Early Lawyers
 - Manner of Holding Court in the Late Forties
 - Some Famous Cases
 - The Present Bench and Bar
 - Court Officers in 1908
 - Amusing incidents.
 
CHAPTER XII. - EDUCATIONAL 180
 - The Log Schoolhouse Early Teachers
 - First Text Books
 - Methods of Discipline
 - Advent of the Salaried Teacher
 - Coming of the Graded School
 - Latter Day Improvements
 - Schools of Troy and Piqua
 - Educational History of the Townships
 - Parochial Schools
 - Teachers' Examinations
 - Results Accomplished
 
CHAPTER XIII. - THE PRESS: LITERARY ACHIEVEMENTS, ETC. 195
 - Early News Conditions
 - Early Newspapers Destitute of Local News
 - Their Contents
 - Presses in Use
 - The Old Time Compositor
 - First Newspaper in Miami County, The Piqua Gazette
 - The Intelligencer
 - The Miami Reporter
 - Troy Times
 - The Miami Union
 - The Troy Sentinel
 - The Troy Democrat
 - The Daily Record
 - The Buckeye
 - The Enquirer and Piqua Journal
 - Miami County Democrat
 - The Helmet
 - The Daly CAll
 - The Piqua Leader-Despatch
 - The Miami Post
 - The Reflector
 - The City Item
 - The Harold
 - Stillwater Valley Gazette
 - Greenville Advocate
 - The Covington Gazette
 - The Covington Tribune
 - The West Milton Record
 - The West Milton Buckeye
 - Local Literature and Authors.
 
CHAPTER XIV. - AGRICULTURE 202
 - Primitive Farm Machinery of Pioneer Days

 - Lack of Transportation Facilitlies
 - The Early Farmers Without Wagons
 - Improvements Gradually Introduced
 - The First Crops Grown in Miami County
 - Livestock Easily Raised
 - Orchards Planted
 - The First Agricultural Society
 - Miami Represented at the State Pomological Exhibition in 1851
 - The Miami County Agricultural society
 - Fair Grounds Purchased
 - Present Condition of the Society and Roster of Officers
 - The Grange Movement
 - The Farmers' Institute
 - The Miami County Horticultural Society
 - Farm Products of Miami County
 - Stock Breeding

 
CHAPTER XV. - PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS 211
 - The Children Home
 - Benevolence of John H. Knoop
 - The Schmidlapp Free Public School Library, Piqua
 - The Troy Free School Library
 - The Young Men's Christian Association
 - The Woman's Christian Temperance Union
 - The Young 'woman's Christian Temperance Unions
 - Colored People's Temperance Union
 - Woman's Christian Association of Troy
 - The Ball Memorial Hospital at Piqua
 - The Altrurian Club of Troy
 - The Civic League
 - Regimental and other Military Organizations
 - The Maryland Association.
 
CHAPTER XVI. - BANKS AND BANKING 321
 - Early Currency; Its Instability
 - The Old State Bank
 - The First National Bank of Troy Organized
 - The Miami County Bank and Troy National Bank
 - The Piqua National Bank
 - The Citizens' National Bank of Piqua
 - The Piqua Savings Bank Company
 - The Tippecanoe National Bank
 - The Citizens' National Bank of Tippecanoe City
 - banks of West Milton, Covington, Pleasant Hill, Bradford, Etc.
 - Stability of Miami County's Financial Institution
 
CHAPTER XVII. - THE MEDICAL PROFESSION, PAST AND PRESENT 226
 - The Pioneer Doctor
 - Crude Methods of a Century Ago
 - Home Remedies
 - Charm Doctors
 - Bleeding the Main Reliance of the Old-Time "Regular"
 - Devotion of the Pioneer Physicians
 - diseases Prevalent in Early Days
 - The Charlatan of Former Days
 - Some Early Physicians
 - The Medical Profession of the Present Day
 - The Miami County Medical Society
 
CHAPTER XVIII. - THE PIONEER PREACHER 235
 - Charles Frederick Post, the Missionary
 - The Presbyterians, Baptists and Catholics Early Represented
 - Controversialism
 - Salary of the Backwoods Preacher
 - Hardships Endured
 - His Devotion
 - Stories of the Itinerant Preachers
 - The Results They Accomplished
 
CHAPTER XIX. - PRESENT RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS OF THE COUNTY 242
 - Local History of the Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, Lutherans, Friends or Quakers, Episcopalians
 - German Baptists
 - Christians, Roman Catholics, Etc.
 
CHAPTER XX. - COUNTY POLITICS OLD AND NEW. 255
 - Smallness of the Voting Population in Early Days
 - First Elective Officers
 - Political Parties
 - Methods of Electioneering
 - Local Issues
 - Some Political Editorials
 - The Adams-Jackson Campaign
 - Coming of General Harrison in 1837 and 1840
 - The Campaigns of 1856 and 1860
 - The Campaign of 1864
 - Later Presidential Campaigns
 - Congressional Battles
 - Humorous Incidents
 - Present Day Politics.
 
CHAPTER XXI - SOME COUNTY HISTORY NOT GENERALLY KNOWN 264
 - The General Harrison Land
 - The Randolph Slaves
 - Last Indian in Elizabeth Townshp
 - Revolutionary Pensioners
 - The July Fourth Celebration of 1827 at Troy
 - Prominent Miami County Lady
 - John Morgan's Raiders
 - A Lincoln Letter
 
CHAPTER XXII. - MANUFACTURERS OF THE PAST AND PRESENT 272
 - Early Mills and Distilleries
 - Brick and Tile Making
 - Present Industries of the County.
 
CHAPTER XXIII. - 278
 - Fraternal Orders, Building and Loan Associations, Population, Etc.  

REPRESENTATIVE CITIZENS

281

NOTES:

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