OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Welcome to
Montgomery Co., Ohio
History & Genealogy

Source: 
History
of
Montgomery County, Ohio

Containing
A History of the County; Its Townships, Cities, Towns, Schools,
Churches, Etc.; General and Local Statistics; Portraits of
Early Settlers and Prominent Men; History of The
Northwest Territory; History of Ohio; Map of
Montgomery County; Constitution of the
United States, Miscellaneous
Matters, Etc., Etc.
- ILLUSTRATED -
Published
Chicago:
W. H. Beers & Co.
1882

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

PREFACE
 

BOOK I.
---
PART FIRST.
HISTORY OF THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY

---
PRELIMINARY HISTORY.

  Page
History of Ohio 93
French History 96
Ordinance of 1787, No. 32 105
The War of 1812 122
Banking 126
The Canal System 128
Ohio Land Tracts 129
Improvements 132
  Page
State Boundaries 136
Organization of Counties 137
Description of Counties 137
Early Events 137
Governors of Ohio 160
Ancient Works 174
Some General Characteristics 177
Outline Geology of Ohio 179
  Page
Ohio's Rank During the War 182
A Brief Mention of Prominent Ohio Generals 191
Some Discussed Subjects 196
Conclusion 200
Comments upon the Ordinance of
   1787, from the Statutes of Ohio
   Edited by Salmon P. Chase, and
   Published in the year 1833
204


BOOK II.
----
PART FIRST
HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY.

  Page
CHAPTER I. -
 - The Mound Builders
 - Earthworks, and Evidences of Antiquity
 - Location of Mounds in Montgomery County
 - Title to Lands in the Northwest
 - Indian Title to Ohio Valley and Lower Lake Region
 - The French Title
 - The English Title
 - French-English War for Possession
 - English Acquire Possession
 - Expeditions into the Indian Country
 - Northwest Territory in Control of the British in 1775
 - But Indians had not Ceded any their Rights
 - George Rogers Clark's Expedition to Illinois
 - Fort McIntosh and Laurens
 - Great Britain's Quitclaim to Lands Northwest of the Ohio.
215-213
CHAPTER II. -
 - The Miami Valley
 - Military Events that Influenced its Settlement
 - The Common Hunting Grounds for the Tribes
 - 'Description of Streams, Hills and Bottoms
 - Colonists Pushing Through to the West
 - Capt. Bullit
 - Indian Alarm and Hostilities
 - Col. Bowman's Expedition to Old Chillicothe
 - Speedy Retaliation
 - Hard Winter of 1780
 - Location of the Ohio Tribes
 - Their Strength
 - Noted Chieftains
 - Indian Village Life
 - Manners, Customs and Conditions
 - Hunting, Trapping, Fishing
 - War Parties
 - Cruelties
224-241
CHAPTER III. -
 - Kentucky Pioneers
 - Col. Byrd's Expedition Against Them
 - Clark Destroys Indian Villages on Little Miami and Mad River
 - Col. Broadhead's Expedition
 - Col. Lochry Ambushed
 - Williamson
 - Crawford's Defeat and Death
 - Battle of Blue Licks
 - Skirmish at the Mouth of Mad River
 - Indian Towns, Crops and Supplies Destroyed at Piqua and Loramie
 - Mouth of Mad River Selected in 1782 for Settlement
 - Fort Harmar and Fort Finney Built
 - Clark and the Shawnees at Fort Finney
 - Logan Destroys Mackacheek Towns
 - Virginia Cedes Northwest Territory to United States
 - Indian Treaties
 - United States Title Perfected
 - Location of Loramie's Store and Fort Loramie
 - Standing Stone Forks of Miami
242-253
CHAPTER IV. -
 - Northwest Territory July 4, 1786
 - Territorial Officers in 1787
 - Gov. St. Clair at Fort Harmar
 - Washington County
 - Pioneer Thanksgiving
 - The Symmes Purchase
 - Columbia
 - The Cincinnati Settlement
 - North Bend
 - The Mad River Country
 - Details of Progress
 - Fort Washington
 - Hamilton County
 - Indian Troubles
 - Harmar's Expedition
 - Indians at Dunlap's Station
 - 'St. Clair's Defeat
 - Wilkinson's Expedition
 - Gen Anthony Wayne
 - His Advance in 1793
 - Victory at Fallen Timbers, 1794
 - Winter Quarters; Winters of 1794-95
254-267
CHAPTER V. -
- Wayne's Treaty
 - Squatters
 - Purchase of Lands at Mouth of Mad River
 - Surveying Parties
 - Dayton Platted
 - Drawing Lots
 - Formation of Colony
 - First Settlers
 - Their Journey Through the Woods
 - Arrival by River
 - BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
 -
Topographical
 - DAyton Township
 - Tax Assessment, 1798
 - Township Affairs to 1803
 - Ohio Becomes a State
 - The Name
 - State Boundaries
 - Montgomery County
 - Gen. Richard Montgomery
 - The Original Townships
 - Enumeration
268-287
CHAPTER VI. -
 - First Settlements
 - Emigrant Settlers
 - In the Clearings
 - Cabins and Cabin Life
 - The Squatter Settlements
 - Tomahawk Rights
 - Discouraged Squatters
 - Order of Township Settlements
 - Farming
 - Food
 - Cabin Affairs
 - Stock
 - Sugar Camps
 - Mills
 - Log Rollings
 - Weddings
288-300
  Page
CHAPTER VII. -
 - The County Seat
 - County Court
 - The Log Jail
 - Elections of 1803
 - First Commissioners
 - Tax Duplicate, 1804 - 1804 and 1805
 - Randolph Township
 - Jefferson Township
 - The Brick Court House
 - Schools
 - Division of Montgomery County
 - Roads
 - Fruits
 - Whisky
 - Indian Summer
 - Hunting and Trapping
 - 1808
 - Madison Township
 - Militia
 - First County Convention
 - Wayne Township
 - 1810-11
 - First Stone Jail
 - Earthquakes
 - Influential Men of the County
 - War Times
 
CHAPTER VIII -
 -
War of 1812
319-340
CHAPTER IX -
 - Germantown
 - Jackson Township
 - Farmersville
 - Alexandersville
 - Whisky Tax
 - Improved Stock
 - Liberty
 - Union
 - Little York
 - County Building
 - Market Rates
 - Butler Township
 - Chambersburg
 - Vandalia
 - Miamisburg
 - Perry Township
 - New Lebanon
 - Johnsville
 - Notes
 - Sunbury
 - Clay Township
 - Phillipsburg
 - Arlington
 - West Baltimore
 - Brookville
 - County Infirmary
 - Miami Township
 - Carrollton
 - Miami Canal
 - Events of 1833 to 1841
 - Division of Dayton Township
 - Harrison Township
 - Mad River Township
 - Van Buren Township
 - Beavertown
 - Turnpikes
341-350
CHAPTER X. -
 - Log Cabin Settlers
 - D. C. Cooper
 - Robert Edgar
 - Maj. George Adams
 - Dr. John Hole
 - Zachariah Hole
 - Aaron Nutt
 - Daniel Hoover
351-368
CHAPTER XI. -
 - New Comers
 - Judge Joseph H. Crane
 - Col. Robert Patterson
369-378
CHAPTER XII. -
 - Philip Gunkel
 - Henry Brown
 - Jonathan Harshman
 - H. G. Phillips
379-393
CHAPTER XIII. -
 - The Mexican War
 - 1847 to 1861
 - The War of the Rebellion
 - Events in Military Circles since 1865
394-434
CHAPTER XIV. -
 - The Soldiers' Home
435-447
CHAPTER XV. -
 - Teology of Montgomery County
448-461
CHAPTER XVI. -
 - County Buildings
 - Railroads
462-469
CHAPTER XVII. -
 - Bench and Bar of Montgomery County
470-491
CHAPTER XVIII. -
 - Medical Societies
492-497
CHAPTER XIX. -
 - Montgomery County Bible Society
 - Sabbath School Union
498-501
CHAPTER XX. -
 - Agriculture
 - Horticulture
 - Pioneer Association
 - Farmers' Club
502-510
CHAPTER XXI. -
 - Insane Asylum
 - Infirmary
 - Children's Home
 - Women's Christian Association
 - German Baptists
 - Gypsies
511-534
CHAPTER XXII. -
 - County Officers
 - Statistics
535-542


PART SECOND

CITY OF DAYTON

  Page
CHAPTER I. -
 - Selecting the Site
 - Purchase of 1789
 - The Proprietors in 1795
 - The Plat
 - Arrival of First Settlers
 - Dayton Pioneers
 - Three First Cabins
 - Topographical
 - Discouragements
 - Improvements
 - The Hamlet
 - Block House and School
 - First Dayton Baby
 - Cabin Meetin House and Burying Ground
 - Flat Boating Trade
 - Skin Currency
 - Indian Trading
 - Titles and Change of Plat
 - The Old Tavern
 - Population Reduced
547-558
CHAPTER II. -
 -
The Village
 - Incorporated
 - Changes
 - Flood of 1805
 - Indian Graves
 - First Newspaper
 - Business in 1808
 - The Doctors
 - Public Vendue
 - Mail Routes
 - Divorce
 - Town Election
 - Manufactures
 - Ferries
 - The Town Plats
 - United States Patents to Cooper
 - Fourth of July, 1809
 - St. John's Lodge
 - Boating up the Miami
 - A Trip East
 - Teaming
 - The Town in 1810 - 1811
 - Mob
 - Celebrations
 - War of 1812
 - Mechanical Society
 - Real Estate
559-569
CHAPTER III. -
 - The Bank
 - Shows, 1815
 - Female Bible Society
 - Cabintown
 - Rattlesnake-- Commons
 - Bucklot
 - Market House
 - Wagon Rates
 - Rival Societies
 - Mad River Bridge
 - Bridge Street Bridge
 - Breweries
 - Town Election, 1816
 - Freighting up the River
 - Medical Society
 - Sunday Schools
 - Camp Meeting
 - Stage Lines
 - Boating South
 - New Year's Ball
 - Scarcity of Money
 - Compton's Tavern
 - Sickly Season
 - Hanging of McAfee
 - Mails
 - 1825 to 1829
 - Dayton and the Canal
570-580
CHAPTER IV. -
 - Charter Amended
 - Licenses
 - Town Boundaries 1829
 - The Five Wards
 - Elections 1820 to 1841 inclusive
 - Canal and Other Statistics
 - Cholera
 - Seely's Basin
 - Peasley's Garden
 - New Bridges
 - Cooper Hydraulic
 - Change of Mad River
 - 'Canal Extension
 - Dayton Hydraulic Company
 - Harrison Convention
 - Clay Convention
 - City Charter
 - Markets
 - Scraps of History
 - Elections 1841 to 1853, inclusive
 - Statistics
582-594
  Page
CHAPTER V. -
 - Village Plats and other Localities
 - Mexican War
 - Flood of 1847
 - The City in 1850
 - Minor Events
 - Census
 - Banks
595-603
CHAPTER VI. - DAYTON INDUSTRIAL INTERESTS -
 - Introduction
 - Car Works
 - Wood Working Establishments
 - Agricultural Works
 - Carriages
 - Machine Shops, etc.
 - Mills
 - Brewers
 - Marble and Stone
 - Tobacco
 - Cracker Manufactories
 - Miscellaneous
604-637
CHAPTER VII. - CHURCHES -
 - Presbyterian
 - Methodist
 - Baptist
 - Lutheran
 - United Brethren
 - Reformed
 - Christian
 - Dunkard
 - Hebrew
 _ Methodist Protestant
 - Catholic
 - Y. M. C. A.
638-382
CHAPTER VIII -
 - Educational
 - Introduction
 - Public Schools
 - German Schools
 - Night Schools
 - Colored Schools
 - Instruction in Music
 - High Schools
 - School Law
 - Superintendent of Instruction
 - Intermediate School
 - Normal School
 - Board of Examiners
 - Public Library
 - Free Night Industrial Schools
 - Statement of Superintendent of Penmanship
 - Cooper Academy
 - Catholic Schools
 - (Saint Emanuel's - Saint Joseph's - St. Mary's - Holy Trinity - Sisters of Notre Dame - Saint Mary's Institute)
 - Commercial College
683-705
CHAPTER IX. - THE DAYTON PRESS -
 -
Pioneer Newspapers
 - The Dayton Journal
 - The Dayton Republican
 - The Dayton Democrat
 - The Dayton Transcript
 - The Daily Daytonian
 - The Dayton Tri-Weekly Bulletin
 - The Dayton Gazette
 - The Dayton Daily and Weekly Volkszeitung
 - The Saturday People
 - The Daily and Weekly Herald
 - The Miami Valley Courier
 - The Vindicator
 - Christ Church Register
 - The Reformed Publishing House
 - The Religious Telescope
 
- The United Brethren Publishing House
 - Christian Publishing House
 - Conclusion
706-724
CHAPTER X. - SECRET SOCIETIES
 - Masonic
 - Odd Fellows
 - Knights of Pythias
 - Ancient Order United Workmen
 - Order United American Mechanics
 - Other Orders
725-735
CHAPTER XI. -
 - Fire Protection
 - Water-Works
 - Board of Health
 - Police
 - Work-House
 - City Prison
 - Insurance
 - Street Railways
 - Dayton Gas, Light and Coke Company
 - Telegraphs
736-751
CHAPTER XII. -
 - St. Elizabeth Hospital
 - Woodland Cemetery
 - Calvary Cemetery
 -
Descriptive Review of the City of Dayton
752-760


BOOK III.
-----

PART FIRST
TOWNSHIP HISTORIES

  Page
WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP 3
 - Towns - 16
 - Baptists - 17
 - Old School Baptists - 19
 - Universalists - 19
 - Orthodox Friends - 19
 - Washington Presbyterian Church - 20
 - Methodist Episcopal Church - 21
 - Conclusion - 22
 
GERMAN TOWNSHIP 24
 - Twin Valley - 24
 - German township - 25
 - Sunbury - 26
 - Early Settlement - 26
 - Brief Biographical Sketches of Pioneers - 29
 - Churches - 35
 - Sunday Schools - 44
 - Education - 45
 - Institutions of a Higher Grade - 46
 - Places of Sepulture - 47
 - Newspapers and Printing - 48
 - Manufactures - 49
 - The Legal Profession - 49
 - The Medical Profession - 50
 - Justices of the Peace - 51
 - Prominent Men - 51
 - Statistics for the year 1881 - 53
 
RANDOLPH TOWNSHIP 54
 - The First Settlement - 55
 - Education - 56
 - Manufacturing - 56
 - Physicians - 57
 - Officers of the Township, Etc. - 58
 - Roads - 59
 - Churches - 59
 - Secret Societies - 62
 - Villages - 62
 
JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP 65
 - Early Settlers and Settlements - 66
 - Churches - 70
 - Schools - 72
 - Early Enterprises - 72
 - Graveyards - 73
 - Towns and Villages 73
 
MADISON TOWNSHIP 75
 - Pioneers - 76
 - Early Enterprise - 80
 - Churches - 80
 - Schools - 81
 - Villages - 81
 - McAfee Murder - 81
 
WAYNE TOWNSHIP 82
 - Schools and Churches - 86
 - Topography - 88
 - Public Roads - 90
 
JACKSON TOWNSHIP 93
 - Early settlements - 94
 - Churches - 98
 - Schools - 99
 - Roads - 99
 - Towns and Villages - 100
 
  Page
BUTLER TOWNSHIP 102
 - Early Settlement - 103
 - Justices of the Peace - 107
 - Schools - 107
 - Churches and Graveyards - 108
 - Mills, Distilleries, Etc. - 110
 - Villages - 111
 - Stations - 114
 
PERRY TOWNSHIP 115
 - Early Settlers - 118
 - Pyrmont - 120
 - New Lebanon - 121
 
CLAY TOWNSHIP 122
 - Villages - 127  
MIAMI TOWNSHIP 132
 - Erection of Miami Township - 136
 - Streams - 138
 - Mills - 138
 - Agriculture - 139
 - The Great Mound - 139
 - Miamisburg - 139
 - Shipping and Traveling Facilities - 141
 - Manufacturing - 141
 - Merchants - 143
 - Postmasters - 144
 - Public Houses - 144
 - Banks - 145
 - The Reformed Church - 145
 - The Evangelical Lutheran Church - 146
 - Grace Evangelical Lutheran Church - 147
 - United Brethren - 147
 - The Methodist Episcopal Church - 147
 - The Catholic Church - 148
 - Education - 150
 - The Press - 150
 - The Miamisburg Union - 151
 - The Miamisburg Bulletin - 151
 - The Miamisburg News - 152
 - Alexanderville - 152
 - Carrollton - 153
 - Bridgeport - 153
 - Cemeteries - 154
 
HARRISON TOWNSHIP 156
MAD RIVER TOWNSHIP 163
 - Oakland - 163
 - Pioneers - 163
 - Mills and Distilleries - 169
 - Graveyards - 170
 - Schools - 171
 - Churches - 171
 - Military Camps - 172
 - Township Officers - 172
 - Justices of the Peace - 172
 - Township Clerks - 172
 - Township Treasurers - 172
 
VAN BUREN TOWNSHIP 173
 - Shakertown - 176
 - Davids' Church - 177
 - Beavertown - 178
 - Mills - 179
 - Topography, etc. - 179
 - Stone Quaries - 181
 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

  Page
Dayton 185
Washington Township 208
German Township 278
Randolph Township 294
Jefferson Township 310
Madison Township 319
Wayne Township 323
Jackson Township 337
  Page
Butler Township 356
Perry Township 369
Clay Township 396
Miami Township 413
Harrison Township 426
Mad River Township 438
Van Buren Township 445

PORTRAITS

  Page
Dr. John Treon 213
Robert Bradford (deceased) 226
Samuel Wells 235
Joseph Nutt 246
John W. Turner 255
E. Shultz 266
George Bixler 275
Henry Becker 286
James H. Munger 295
John Vance 306
John Sacksteder 315
Colesten Schwind 326
Jacob Stickle 335
Michael Schiml 345
Christian F. Bremer 355
Charles Burroughs 366
H. Wyatt, Sr. 375
E. E. Barney (deceased) 546
Daniel Beckel (deceased 553
William Dickey (deceased 572
John Temple (deceased) 589
Henry Best (deceased) 508
M. P. Nolan 625
E. Bimm 644
P. Mitchell 661
  Page
E. H. Brownell 386
Samuel W. Hoover 406
John W. Gaines 407
E. Newcom (deceased 418
Mrs. E. Newcom 419
Noah Coler 430
Mrs. Eliza A. Coler 431
J. M. Kelsey 442
Mrs. Mary Kelsey 443
William M. Kelsey 454
Mrs. Phebe Kelsey (deceased) 455
Samuel Weller 474
Mrs. Mary C. Weller 475
David Worman 494
Mrs. Susannah Worman 495
Robert Sloan 514
Mrs. Mary A. Sloan 515
J. J. McIlhenny, M. D. 680
John L. H. Frank 689
W. J. Shuey 700
John Rouzer 709
J. E. Lowes 720
Samuel A. Dickey (deceased) 729
H. C. Eversole 740

MISCELLANOUS

Maps of Montgomery County 14, 15
Constitution of the United States 79
Population of the United States 203
Area of the United States 203
Area of the Principal Countries in the World 203
Population of the Principal Countries in the World 203
Population of Ohio 202
Population of Montgomery County 539
Business References 456

ILLUSTRATIONS

Source of the Mississippi 22
La Salle Landing on the Shores of Green Bay 24
Buffalo Hunt 26
Trapping 28
Mouth of the Mississippi 31
High Bridge 33
Pontiac, on the Ottawa Chieftain 42
Indians Attacking Frontiersmen 55
Present site Lake Street Bridge, Chicago, in 1833 58
Pioneer Dwelling 60
Lake Bluff 62
Tecumseh, the Shawnee Chieftain 68
Indians Attacking a Stockade 71
Black Hawk, the Sac Chieftain 74
Perry's Monument, Cleveland 91
Niagara Falls 92

NOTES:

 


 
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