OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Welcome to
Montgomery Co., Ohio
History & Genealogy

Source: 
History of City of Dayton and Montgomery County, Ohio
by Rev. A. W. Drury
- Vol. 1 -
1909

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

PART FIRST
---
PRELIMINARY HISTORY.

CHAPTER I. - THE PERIOD BEFORE AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE. 11
   - The Indians
 - Era of the White Man
 - The French
 - Celoron's Expedition
 - The English
 - Triumph over the French
 - Pontiac's War
 - Settlements Opposed
 - Lord Dunmore's War
 - The Revolution
 - Indian Attacks
 - Clark's First Expedition
 - Clark's Second Expedition
 - Conquest of Illinois
 - Terms of Peace
 
 
CHAPTER II. - THE NORTHWEST UNDER THE AMERICAN FLAG. 25
   - Nationalizing of the Public Domain
 - Ordinance of 1785
 - Ordinance of 1787
 - Indians Within the Bounds of Ohio
 - Indian Treaties
 - March of Settlements
 - The Ohio Company
 - The Miami Lands
 - Judge Symmes' Purchase
 - Journey to the West
 - Exploration of Miami Lands
 - First Settlements
 - Exploration and Surveys
 - The River Settlements
 - Plan for Town on Site of Dayton
 - Indian Attacks
 - Outcome of Judge Symmes' Contract
 - A General Indian War
 - General Harmar's Campaign
 - St. Clair's Expedition
 - Peace Efforts
 - General Wayne's Expedition
 - Civil Administration
 - Hamilton County Territorial Legislature
 - Ohio a State
 


PART SECOND
---
THE CITY OF DAYTON

CHAPTER I. - THE FOUNDING OF THE DAYTON COMMUNITY 57
   - Environment
 - Large Purchases of Land
 - The Surveys
 - West of the Miami
 - Judge Symmes
 - Governor St. Clair
 - General Dayton
 - Colonel Ludlow
 - Van Cleve's Account of Survey and Settlement
 - Hamer's Party
 - Newcome's Party
 - Thompson's Party
 - First Necessities
 - Newcom's Tavern
 - The Indians
 - Schools and Churches
 - Stores and Mills
 - Social Events
 - Neighboring Settlements
 - Raods
 - First Boat
 - Hamilton County
 - Dayton Township
 - Land Titles
 - Land Sales
 - Memorial to Congress
 - Suits in the Supreme Court
 - Sketches of First Settlers
 - Character of the First Settlers
 
CHAPTER II. - THE FOUNDING CONTINUED, 1803 TO 1810 99
   - Montgomery County
 - General Montgomery
 - Locating the County Seat
 - The Town
 - The Public Grounds
 - First Courts
 - Place of Holding Court after 1803
 - First Jail
 - First Court House
 - Some Events in 1805
 - Town Charter
 - Acts of Council
 - Schools
 - Village Funds
 - Village Growth
 - Taverns
 - The Press
 - Marriages and Deaths
 - Cemeteries
 - Roads, Fords and Ferries
 - River Traffic
 - Post Office
 - Sketches of Pioneers
 - Fourth of July Celebration
 - First Political Convention
 - Pioneer Customs
 - Conditions in 1810
 
CHAPTER III. - PERIOD FROM 1810 TO 1830 127
   - Local Condiitons
 - Ominous Calamities
 - War of 1812
 - Sawmills
 - The Town Enlarging
 - Labor
 - The Bank
 - Leading Merchants
 - Taverns
 - Breweries and Distilleries
 - Hard Times
 - Transportation by Boats
 - Land Transportation
 - Presidents and Recorders
 - Amendments to Charter
 - First Market House
 - New Market House
 - Town Improvements
 - The Canal
 - Stage Lines
 - Mad River Bridge
 - Bridge Street Bridge
 - Canal Bridges
 - Street Improvements
 - Floods and Levees
 - Fires and Fire-Fighting
 - Jails
 - County Offices
 - Diversions
 - Social and Moral Features
 - Benevolent and Religious Societies
 - Music, Schools, Churches
 - Sunday Schools
 - New Factories
 - Summaries
 
CHAPTER IV. - PERIOD FROM 1830 TO 1860 147
   - Water Power
 - New Channel for Mad River
 - Landmarks
 - Era of Turnpikes
 - Main Street Bridge
 - Third Street Bridge
 - New Enterprises
 - The Telegraph
 - A City Charter
 - "Charter" of 1852
 - Municipal History
 - Public Buildings
 - New Court House
 - City Prison
 - Another Market House
 - Cemeteries
 - Era of Improvements
 - Levees
 - Epidemics
 - Political Differences
 - Harrison and Clay Conventions
 - Distinguished Visitors
 - The Colored People
 - War
 - Material and Spiritual Progress
 - Beginning of the Y. M. C. A.
 - The Press
 - Sketches of Prominent Men.
 
CHAPTER V. - PERIOD FROM 1860 TO 1880 171
   - The Civil War
 - Local Effects of the War
 - Expansion
 - Flood of 1866
 - Period of Depression
 - New Jail
 - Deed from Cooper Heirs
 
CHAPTER VI. - PERIOD FROM 1880 TO 1909 177
   - New Court House
 - County Memorial Building
 - Post Office Building
 - Some Other Buildings
 - Across the Miami
 - Reclaimed Land
 - Floods
 - Recent Inventions and Appliances
 - Some Notable Occasions
 - Columbian Celebration
 - Dayton's Centennial
 - The Wright Celebration
 - Wilbur and Orville Wright
 - Dr. Custer's Inventions
 - National Organizations
 - Personal Sketches
 - Robert W. Steele
 - Mary Davies Steele
 - Mary Belle Eaker
 - Lewis B. Gunckel
 - Paul Laurence Dunbar
 - W. D. Howells
 
CHAPTER VII. - PLATS - EXTENSIONS 215
   - Plat of 1795
 - Plat of 1803
 - Revised Plat of 1809
 - Land Titles
 - The Town Site
 - Annexations
 - West Dayton
 - Dayton View
 - Riverdale
 - North Dayton
 - Edgemont
 - East Dayton
 - South Park
 
CHAPTER VIII. - MEDICAL MEN AND MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS 243
   - Medical Beginnings
 - John Hole
 - John Elliott
 - James Welsh
 - William Murphy
 - John Steele
 - Job Haines
 - William Blodgett
 - Medical Societies
 - Montgomery County Medical Society
 - Academy of Medicine
 - Hibbard Jewett
 - Adams Jewett
 - Oliver Crook
 - Samuel G. Armor
 - Clarke McDermont
 - Richard Gundry
 - Earlly Hospitals
 - St. Elizabeth Hospital
 - John Davis
 - E. Pilate
 - J. D. Daugherty
 - W. H. Negly
 - S. B. Ellis
 - P. N. Adams
 - Richard Ralph Petitt
 - Miami Valley Hospital
 - Private Hospitals
 - Tuberculosis Hospital
 - Boards of Health
 - Homeopathy
 - William Webster
 - F. W. Thomas
 - Dayton Homeopathic Society
 - Dayton Eclectic Society
 - Dentistry
 - Early Dentists
 - Dental Societies
 - Later Dentists
 
CHAPTER IX. - THE CHURCHES 281
   - Presbyterian Churches
 - Methodist Episcopal Churches
 - Protestant Episcopal Churches
 - Baptist Churches
 - Lutheran Churches
 - Reformed Churches
 - United Brethren Churches
 - United Presbyterian Churches
 - Disciples Churches
 - Christian Churches
 - Evangelical Churches
 - Dunker Churches
 - Friends Churches
 - Christian Science Churches
 - Christian and Missionary Alliance
 - Salvation Army
 - Miscellaneous
 - Catholic Churches
 - Jewish Congregations
 
CHAPTER X. - CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATIONS 367
   - The Young Men's Christian Association
 - Woman's Christian Association
 - Young Women's League
 
CHAPTER XI. - THE PRESS 397
   - Early Newspapers
 - The Journal, The Dayton Daily News
 - The Dayton Herald
 - Miscellaneous Papers
 - German Papers
 - The Religious Press
 - The United Brethren Publishing House
 - The Christian Publishing Association
 - The Lutheran Evangelist
 - the Christian World
 
CHAPTER XII. - SCHOOLS 419
   - Educational
 - Early School Legislation
 - Great Interest in Public Schools 1835-1838
 - Dayton Academy
 - Lancasterian School
 - Early Private Schools
 - Francis Glass
 - Milo G. Williams
 - E. E. Barney
 - Dayton Public Schools
 - German Schools
 - Night Schools
 - Colored Schools
 - Instruction in Music
 - High School
 - School Law of 1853
 - Superintendent of Instruction
 - Intermediate School
 - Normal School
 - Penmanship and Drawing
 - Night Industrial School
 - Comparative Statement
 - Public Libraries
 - First Library Incorporated in Ohio
 - Dayton Lyceum
 - Mechanics' Institute
 - Dayton Library Association
 - Dayton Public School Library
 - Cooper Female Seminary
 - Continuation of School History
 - The District Schools
 - High Schools
 - Normal School
 - Manual Training
 - Kindergarten Instruction
 - Special Teachers
 - The Superintendency
 - Board of Education
 - Other Features
 - Parochial Schools
 - St. Mary's Institute
 - Notre Dame Academy
 - Private Schools
 - Bonebrake Theological Seminary
 - Central Theological Seminary
 - Miami Commercial College
 - Jacobs Business College
 
CHAPTER XIII. - PUBLIC LIBRARIES 471
   - Public Libraries  
CHAPTER IX. - MUSIC, ART, CLUBS, SOCIEITES 483
   - Music
 - Art
 - Woman's Clubs
 - The Dayton Club
 - The Present Day Club
 - Societies
 - Masonic Societies
 - Knights of Pythias
 - Odd Fellow Lodges
 - Dayton Historical Society
 - Daughters of the American Revolution
 - Sunshine Societies
 - German Societies
 - Colored Organizations
 
CHAPTER XV. - MUNICIPAL HISTORY AND PUBLIC SERVICE 503
   - City Government
 - Public Service Boards
 - Board of Public Safety
 - Officers Under Paine Law
 - Mayors
 - Councilmen
 - City Officers
 - Police Department
 - Fire Department
 - Water Works
 - Light, Heat and Power
 - Dayton Gas, Light and Coke Company
 - Dayton Gas and Fuel Company
 - Dayton Lighting Company
 - Dayton Citizens' Electric Company
 - Telephone Companies
 - Board of Health
 - Infirmary Board
 - City Finances
 
CHAPTER XVI. - COMMERCE 537
   - The Grocery Trade
 - Dry Goods
 - Chamber of Commerce
 - Banks
 - Early Banks
 - Third National Bank
 - Merchants National Bank
 - Winters National Bank
 - Fourth National Bank
 - Union Safe Deposit and Trust Company
 - Dayton Savings Bank
 - First Savings and Banking Company
 - Dayton Savings and Trust Company
 - Farmers' and Merchants' Bank
 - North Dayton Savings Bank
 - Market Savings Association
 - Building Association
 - Dayton Building Association No,. 1
 - Concordia Building Association
 - Germania Building Association
 - Mutual Home and Savings Association
 - Permanent Building and Savings Association
 - American Loan and Savings Association
 - Franklin Building and Savings Association
 - Franklin Savings and Loan Association
 - Central Building Association
 - Homestead Loan and Savings Association
 - Montgomery Building Company
 - Centennial Loan and Savings Association
 - Equitable Loan and Savings Association
 - West Side Building and Loan Association
 - Miami Loan and Building Association
 - Dayton Building Company
 - Gem City Building and Loan Association
 - Citizens' Building and Loan Association
 - Merchants' Loan and Savings Association
 - Buckeye Building and Loan Association
 - Enterprise Loan and Savings Association
 - Edgemont Building and Loan Association
 - Union Building and Loan Association
 - Montgomery County Building and Loan Association
 - Dayton Building and Savings Association
 - Insurance Companies
 
CHAPTER XVII. - TRANSPORTATION 563
   - Early Transportation
 - Railroads
 - Beginnings of the Big Four
 - Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton
 - Dayton and Michigan
 - Dayton and Western
 - Dayton, Xenia and Belpre
 - Dayton and Union
 - Atlantic and Great Western
 - Dayton and Wellston Division
 - Delphos Southern Railway Company
 - Dayton, Lebanon and Cincinnati
 - Inter-Urban Lines
 - Street Railroad Companies
 - Dayton's New Bridges
 
CHAPTER XVIII. - PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS - PARTIALLY FINISHED 5/17/2016 581
   - Parks
 - Post Office
 - Port of Entry
 - Dayton State Hospital
 - Associated Charities
 - Widows' Home
 - Flower and Fruit Mission
 - Door of Hope
 - Cemeteries
 
- Woodland Cemetery
 
- Calvary Cemetery
 - Jewish Cemeteries
 - Soldiers' Monument
 
CHAPTER XIX. - MANUFACTORIES 609
   - The Barney and Smith Car Company
 - The Globe Iron Works
 - The Buckeye Iron and Brass Works
 - The Thresher Varnish Company
 - The Brownell Company
 - Crawford, McGregor and Canby Company
 - The W. P. Callahan Company
 - The Charles A. P. Barrett Company
 - The Lowe Brothers Company
 - The Kuhns Brothers Foundry
 - The Ohio Rake Company
 - The Dayton Supply Company
 - The Canby, Ach and Canby Company
 - The Ohio Foundry Company
 - The Gem City Stove Company
 - The Coffield Motor Washer Company
 - The Ohmer Fare Register Company
 - The Reynolds and Reynolds Company
 - The Davis Sewing Machine Company
 - The Dayton Malleable Iron Company
 - The F. A. Requarth Company
 - The Dayton Breweries Company
 - The Seybold Machine Company
 - The Cooper Heater Company
 - The Pasteur Chamberland Company
 - The Kinnard Manufacturing Company
 - The Dayton Friction Toy Works
 - The Joyce Cridland Company
 - The Morris Woodhull Company
 - The Egrey Register Company
 - The National Cash Register Company
 - The Platt Iron Works Company
 - The C. W. Raymond Company
 - The Dayton Manufacturing Company
 - The Beaver Soap Company
 - The New Era Gas Engine Company
 - The Dayton Rubber Manufacturing Company
 - The Kramer Brothers Foundry Company
 - The Computing Scale Company
 - The Aetna Paper Company
 - The Reynolds "Aertite" Carton Company
 - The Mercantile Corporation
 - The Rice Electric Display Company
 - The Speedwell Motor Car Company
 - The Dayton Motor Car Company
 - Manufacturing and Mechanical Trades
 - World Leaders
 - Industrial Organization 
 


PART THIRD

MONTGOMERY COUNTY

CHAPTER I. - GEOLOGY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY 673
   - Geology  
CHAPTER II. - OUR PREDECESSORS 685
   - Our Predecessors  
CHAPTER III. - ORGANIZATION AND HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY 691
   - History
 - Formation of Township
 - First Elections
 - Tax Duplicate for 1804
 - Incorporated Towns
 - Public Roads and Bridges
 - County Officials
 - Clerk of Courts
 - Prosecuting Attorneys
 - Sheriffs
 - Treasurers
 - Coroners
 - Commissioners
 - Recorders
 - Auditors
 - Surveyors
 - Common Pleas Judges
 - Probate Judges
 - The Dunker Churches
 - Gypsies
 - Farm Statistics
 
CHAPTER IV. - MILITARY HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY - by Albert Kern 715
   - War of 1812
 - War With Mexico
 - The Civil War
 - Spanish-American War
 - Montgomery County Memorial Building
 
CHAPTER V. - NATIONAL MILITARY HOME 749
   - State Soldiers' Home at Columbus
 - First Attempt to Establish National Military Asylum
 - Charter for Establishment of National Homes
 - Board of Managers Organized
 - Dayton Chosen as Site for Central Branch
 - Beginnings of Dayton Home
 - Grounds Laid out
 - First Buildings
 - Extension of Privileges and Regular Appropriations
 - Continued Improvements
 - Some Incidents
 - Officers of the Home
 - The Home Today
 
CHAPTER VI. - THE BENCH AND BAR OF DAYTON AND MONTGOMERY COUNTY 771
   - Early Legislation Establishing the Courts
 - First Court Held in Dayton
 - The Old Newsome Tavern
 - Common Pleas Court Personnel
 - Superior Court Personnel
 - Circuit and Supreme Court Personnel
 - Probate Court Personnel
 - Personnel of the Courts and Bar
 
CHAPTER VII. - COUNTY INSTITUTION 801
   - Montgomery County Children's Home
 - Montgomery County Infirmary
 - Woman's Christian Temperance Union
 - Montgomery County Bible Society
 - Montgomery County Agricultural Society
 - Southern Ohio Fair Association
 - Montgomery County Horticultural Society
 - Montgomery County Pioneer Association
 - Postoffices and Postmasters in Montgomery County
 - Miscellaneous
 
CHAPTER VIII. - TOWNSHIP HISTORIES  
   - Washington Township - 821 - FINISHED
    - Centerville - 823
    - Woodburn - 825
    - Doctors of Washington Twp - 825
 - Miami Township - 828 - ready to start
    - Miami Mound - 830
    - Miamisburg - 831
    - Manufacturing - 832
    - Commercial Institutions - 833
    - The Press - 834
    - Municipal Departments - 834
    - Town Officers - 834
    - Societies - 835
    - Carnegie Library - 835
    - Public Schools - 835
    - Churches - 842
    - St. Jacob's Lutheran Church (picture) - 843
    - Reformed Churcn (picture) - 847
    - Attorneys - 850
    - West Carrollton - 851
    - Physicians - 851
    - Alexanderville - 853
 - Van Buren Township - 854 - ready to start
    - Beavertown - 856
    - Oakwood - 855
    - The Shaker Community - 856
 - Mad River Township - 862 - ready to start
 - Wayne Township - 867 - FINISHED
 - German Township - 869 - Partially finished
    - Germantown - 874 - not finished
    - Sunsbury - 887
 - Jackson Township - 887 - FINISHED
    - Farmersville - 891
    - New Lebanon
    - Johnsville
 - Jefferson Township - 893 - ready to start
 - Harrison Township - 897 - ready to start
 - Madison Township - 900 - ready to start
    - Trotwood
 - Perry Township - 904 - ready to start
 - Butler Township - 910 - ready to start
 - Randolph Township - 917 - ready to start
 - Clay Township - 923 - ready to start
END OF BOOK
 


INDEX

Academy, The Dayton 423
Adams, George 820
Adams, John Quincy 165
Adams, P. N., Dr. 266
Agricultural Societies 806
Alexanderville 845
Anglo-Saxons 15
Anneations 234
Apartment houses 182
Arcade, Dayton 182
Arlington 921
Armor, Samuel G., Dr. 255
Armory, United States 153
Art 485
Asphalt Repair Plant 191
Associated Charities 591
   
Bachelors, The Associated 141
Bachman 921
Baggott, J. H., Judge 784
Baggot, R. W., Judge 785
Baker, D. C. 7
Baker, Aaron 117
Banks 540
 - The First 129
 - The First 540
 - Later Banks 154
 - City National 546
 - Dayton Bank 507
 - Dayton Savings 548
 - Dayton Savings and Trust Co. 549
 - Farmers and Merchants' 549
 - First Savings and Building Co. 549
 - Fourth National 548
 - Market Savings 549
 - Merchants' National 547
 - North Dayton Savings 549
 - Third National 547
 - Winters' National 547
Baptist Churches 306
 - Colorado Ave. 318
 - Colored 318
 - Dayton View 317
 - First 307
 - German 313
 - Haynes street 318
 - Linden Ave. 314
 - Memorial 313
 - North Dayton 318
 - Wayne Street 312
 - Williams street 315
Barney, E. E. 430
Beavertown 848
Bench and Bar 771
 - Circuit and Supreme Courts 782
 - Common Pleas Court 773
 - Probate Court 784
 - Superior Court 780
Bible Societies 141
Bible Societies 806
Blodgett, William, Dr. 249
Boats, first 79
 - Transportation by 133
Boone, Daniel 19
Boonesborough attacked 19
Brant, Captain 20
Breweries and distilleries 132
 - Dayton Breweries 634
Bridges 186
 - Bridge street 138
 - Mad river 138
 - Main street 150
 - New 576
 - Third street 150
Brookville 922
 - Churches of 924
 - Commercial institutions 923
 - Press of 923
 - Schools of 922
Bruen, Luther 117
Brown, Jacob, Gen. 117
Brown, Henry 119
Brown, Oren B., Judge 777
Brown, Thomas 169
Brule 13
Brumbaugh, C. W. 8
Building Association 550
 - American 554
 - Buckeye 558
 - Centennial 556
 - Central 556
 - Citizens' 558
 - Dayton No. 1 550
 - Dayton 559
 - Dayton Building Co. 557
 - Edgemont 558
 - Enterprise 558
 - Equitable 556
 - Franklin Buiding and Savings 555
 - Franklin Savings and Loan 555
 - Gem City 557
 - Germania 551
 - Homestead 556
 - Mechanics' 558
 - Miami 557
----
MORE TO COME.....  

NOTES:

 


 

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