By Robert F. Bartlett
writing a brief history of the county, scrupulous accuracy will
be the highest aim, and if the truth gives praise that will be
most gratifying; but if it gives blame, it cannot be helped, but
will, nevertheless, be a reason for regret.
The inspiration to write this chapter is to illustrate
the patriotism of the men of 1861 to 1865, and to hand down to
the present and coming generations the deeds, and sufferings, of
the young men of that county, of nearly half a century ago.
It is proper to say that a few fathers and mothers gave a half
dozen of their sons to the support of the government in the war
of Rebellion, and that others gave all the sons they had; many
of them paid the "last full measure of devotion to their
country" with their lives upon the battlefield, and others came
home bearing scars from honorable
wounds, and maimed for life. The men of those times made
the history, and its truthfulness cannot be disputed. A
few, only, opposed the efforts of the government to put down the
rebellion, but there are a few.
UNDERGROUND RAILWAY STATIONS.
It is not necessary to
go into a discussion of the causes of the war more than to say
that "State Rights," and "American Slavery" in all their
bearings were the causes, and the people of Morrow county as to
slavery had some part. Nearly every one of the
"Underground Railroad" from the south to Canada, are gone.
It was so called because its trains ran in the night, and its
stations were not generally known. When a slave left his
master and was lucky enough to set his foot on the soil of
Canada he was that instant a free man; for the laws of England
made him free. Three stations of the Underground Railroad
were in Morrow county: One at or near South Woodbury; one at the
Friends' Settlement, two and one-half miles south of Mt. Gilead;
and one at Iberia; and many are the black men and women who
gained their freedom, through help given them at these stations.
The nearest station south was in Union county, or at Osem
Gardner's, twelve miles north of Columbus, Ohio.
These agents were called "Abolitionists" and considered it their
religious and highest duty, to aid runaway slaves. At
South Woodbury, William Martin and Reuben, and Aaron L.
and Aaron "Dick" Benedict (or Long Aaron) were men
of mature years, from 1850 to 1860, and were conscientious in
their work for these slaves. At the second station
Samuel Andrews, Samuel Peasley, Jonathan Wood, Sr., David Wood,
the late Col. Samuel N. Wood, and his brother,
Jonathan Wood, Alfred Breese and Robert and Joseph
and John Mosher, Wm. Wood, Nathan N. and Gideon
Mosher and Thomas A. Wood (all now living) were
youngsters then, and all, or nearly so, were conductors of loads
of runaway slaves. They were usually conveyed in a spring
wagon with cover, or some other device to conceal the
passengers. At Iberia, the third station, men engaged in
aiding fugitive slaves were Rev. George Gordon, Robert and
Hugh McClarren, Richard Hammond, James H. and Robert Jeffrey,
Archibald Brownlee, Allen McNeal, I. P. C. Martin, James Ross,
Alexander Campbell and Samuel Iams, James and Robert McKibben,
and a few others in minor roles. Because of resistance
to a United States marshal, in pur-
suit of runaway slaves or fugitives from labor, Iberia became a
place of note in all southland. Grandison Martin, a
fugitive slave, had escaped from his master in Kentucky and in
September, 1860, was pursued by Joseph L. Barber, a
United States marshal, and the men, who were friendly to the
negro, acting under a higher law, as they claimed a law in the
"Impressible Conflict" superior to the Fugitive Slave law caught
the marshal, cut off his hair and shaved his head, for which
that official afterward recovered damages in our courts.
This caused excitement at the south, but was not the cause of
The occasion for the Rebellion of the south, was the
election, as president, of Abraham Lincoln, who had said
"The nation could not exist half slave and half free." which was
really the statement in a different form; of the saying of Jesus
Christ, That a Kingdom divided against itself, that Kingdom
cannot stand." In his first inaugural message President
Lincoln declared "that he had no purpose to interfere with
slavery in the state where it existed," but the leaders in the
south had for a long time contemplated "Secession" and nothing
could pacify them. From the November election in 1860
until April, 1861, the days were filled with gloomy forebodings
of dire disaster and war, and great excitement and threatenings
possessed the south, and dread possessed the whole nation.
Many overt acts were committed, such as firing in December,
1860, on the "Star of the West," and an armed transport, with
relief for Fort Sumter, and firing on steamboats on the
Mississippi river; but the north remained calm, as no act of war
had yet been committed against the authority of the government
of the United States; but on April 12, 1861, Fort Sumter, at
Charleston, South Carolina, was bombarded and the entire north
was electrified with great excitement and the alarms of war
filled every breast. Words can scarcely describe the state
of feeling in the public mind, at that time in the north.
By this act of the Rebels the authority of the
government of the United States was attacked, and the news
reached the north on April 13th and caused the greatest
excitement throughout the entire country. On April 15th
President Lincoln issued his proclamation for the
enlistment of seventy-five thousand volunteer soldiers for three
months to suppress the insurrection, and cause the laws to be
enforced in the states in rebellion. The quote of Ohio was
one-tenth of this call, but the enthusiasm to enlist was so
great, that within ten days twenty-two full regiments of
infantry of more than one thousand men each were organized in
Ohio. Many companies were organized within two days.
THREE MONTHS' MEN FROM MORROW COUNTY.
Morrow county furnished
its full share, in Company I, Third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer
Infantry, and Company G, Twentieth Regiment, for this call.
Company I, Third Regiment, was raised mainly through the
influence of John Beatty of Cardington who, on the
organization of the regiment, was made Lieutenant Colonel, and
his commission dated Apr. 18, 1861; and the company officers
were David C. Rose, captain, John McNeal, first
and James St. John, second lieutenant, and Henry E.
Cunard, first sergeant, their commissions being dated Apr.
25, 1861. This company was raised in Cardington and
Company G, Twentieth Regiment, was recruited about
Chesterville and Mt. Gilead, and was mustered into the service
of the United States April 27, 1861. The captain of the
company was Henry Rigby, first lieutenant.
Samuel E. Adams, promoted to quartermaster; and Jeremiah
M. Dunn, promoted from private, was made first lieutenant.
Eli A. James was commissioned second lieutenant, and
John Allison, first sergeant. The company was mustered
in the service of the United States Apr. 27, 1861, and mustered
out Aug. 28, 1861.
The United States government refused further
enlistments from Ohio. At the date of this call of the
President for troops, the legislature of Ohio was in session,
and voted one million dollars to put the state on a war footing.
The greatest honor is due these men who thus sprang to the aid
of the government to put down the rebellion and to stamp out
treason, which it was then thought could be done in a few weeks;
but later events proved the contrary, as the southern states had
been arming and equipping troops for months past, and were
determined to go out of the Union. The men of the north
who enlisted at that call were regarded by nearly all classes of
society as heroes, as they were. The wearing of the army
uniform was the highest distinction a man could have at that
time. Nearly all who enlisted for the first three months'
service re-enlisted for three years before the three months'
term expired, so great was the enthusiasm of the times.
Martial music was heard daily; and camps of instruction in drill
of the manual of arms were many; the country seems like a
continuous camp, and all the pomp and circumstance of war were
present. From all ranks, and circumstances in life the
"boys" came, and so little did they know what would immediately
happen that a comrade who first enlisted Apr. 20, 1861, in
Company I, Fifteenth Regi-
ment, served his enlistment of three months, and after remaining
at home three weeks re-enlisted for three yeas, and was finally
mustered out "as a veteran" Aug. 15, 1865, told the writer, that
on his first enlistment he expected to be immediately rushed to
the front, and within a few days, to be in deadly affray with
the enemy. He was with his regiment in the battles of
Philippi, June 3, 1861; Laurel Hill, July 8, 1861, and Carrick's
Ford, July 14, 1861 all in West Virginia. He was
afterwards wounded July 3, 1863, in the battle of Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania. It did not always thus happen, for the
Ninety-fifth Ohio Regiment in ten days after their muster into
the United States service, on Aug. 19, 1860, were almost
annihilated by Kirby Smith's veteran rebel soldiers in
overwhelming numbers, at the battle of Richmond, Kentucky, and
the One Hundred and Twenty-first Regiment was engaged, and had
heavy loss in the battle of Perrysville, Kentucky, Oct. 8, 1862.
A part of two companies of this regiment from Morrow county will
be hereafter notice. A number of men enlisted (nearly all,
Apr. 18, 1861) in the Fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry,
most of whom served three or more years, whose names we give,
but for whose records reference must be had to the roster of the
regiment published by the state, viz.: -
Company A. -
James M. Conger;
Bernard M. Griffis, wounded May 12, 1864, at
Spotsylvania, Virginia, and
Hiram Fields, Company H, killed at same place;
Henry H. Pollock, wounded at Cold Harbor, June
3, 1864, and
Abner Ustick, and Daniel D. Booher (both
of Company K) both wounded at same time and place.
Company B. -
John B. Arringdale (Company A, 20th O. V. I.);
John T. Hyatt (also Company D, 65th);
John M. Moore (also Company F, 136th);
Nelson E. Claytar, veteran;
B. F. Davis (also surgeon, 44th O. V. I.);
William Kile, and
Company D. -
Joseph H. Holloway, wounded
at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania;
Amos J. Moore (also captain
Company H, 118th);
Joseph F. Moore (also 4th
Regiment, U. S. Art., Company K);
Mervin Crowell (also Company C, 6th O. V. I.)
In Seventh Regiment, Company B, Morris Baxter
enlisted April 22, 1861, and died from wounds, Nov. 27, 1863;
in Company C, John S. Cooper (also lieutenant colonel
Jacob Ashton Peasley, and
John J. Peasley (students at
Oberlin) enlisted Apr. 25, 1861.
In Fifteenth Regiment, Apr. 23, 1861, second lieutenant
C. Miner (captain Company M, 3rd Regiment) and
Hinchman S. Prophet, enlisted in
Company C, and
Thomas B. Keech in Company H; also Company D,
one Hundred and Second, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
COMPANY I, 3RD REGIMENT, O. V. I. (THREE
On June 15,
1861, Company I, Third Regiment, was, with the regiment,
re-organized, and re-enlisted for three years. Captain
D. C. Rose in August and September recruited Company E,
Thirty-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry;
Henry E. Conrad, first sergeant, was promoted to
James St. John made first lieutenant and both were later killed
(Oct. 8, 1862) at Perryville, Kentucky.
Joseph D. Moore was commissioned second lieutenant and later
killed (Oct. 8, 1862) at Perryville, Kentucky.
Joseph D. Moore was commissioned second lieutenant and later
killed (Dec. 23, 1861) at Elkwater, Virginia.
Joel G. Blue was promoted from sergeant to second and first
lieutenant. The state roster must be consulted for other
members of the company.
Lieutenant Colonel John Beatty was again
commissioned to that rank on Feb. 12, 1862; promoted to colonel,
and Nov. 9, 1862, to brigadier general, and later to brevet
Edwin Reid was promoted to second lieutenant,
Oct. 8, 1862, and died in a Rebel prison.
On May 3, 1863, the entire regiment present for duty
was captured on Streights raid, and the officers sent to Rebel
prisons, mainly to Libby prison, Richmond, Virginia, and the men
paroled, and exchanged in August, 1863. Many of the
officers were imprisoned twenty-two or more months, being still
in prison at end of the three years' enlistment. No effort
was made to re-enlist the men as veterans. Many of the men
enlisted in later new regiments.
The following members of Company I were killed or died
of wounds at the battle of Stone River, Tennessee, Dec. 31,
1862, to Jan. 3, 1863; Jonathan B. Benedict, Levi H.
Cartwright, Robert Glenn, John Mortram, James
Wright, Charles W. Wood, and Wendell P. Willitts.
Also at Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862, in addition to the officers:
Charles R. Merrill, George W. Merrill, Sidney J. Aldrich,
and Alfred Fisher.
Wounded at Perryville: Simon C. Bennett, Stephen Latsco, Byron Bunker,
Lyman M. Courtwright, Job Garberson, Charles S. Hiskett, Hudson
B. Sholwell, John Straub,, Alonzo Swisher, C. L. Van Brimer (lost
right arm) and Milo Welch.
Wounded at Stone river: Elias C. Nicho-
las, Henry Conklin, Jasper Mann, Benjamin J. Meeker and
Fred A. Miller.
The men of the Third Regiment were
a brave and vigorous class of men, ready for any emergency, and
somewhat restive under strict discipline. Those who served
three years were:
first sergeant, George G. Early;
sergeants, William Stiner, John M. Hiskett, and William
corporals, Milo Welch, John S. Reasoner, William W. Kendall, John
Matthews, and James A. Blair; Hudson B. Shotwell, John B.
Casey, John J. Armstrong, Fletcher Armstrong, Wesley Ayres,
Charles W. Benedict, Theodore C. Callahan, Francis M. Doty,
William W. Dipert, John A. Duncan, James Duncan, Adam Devore,
Joseph Farley, Robert M. Finch, Charles S. Hiskitt, William
Houseman, John W. Henry, Jesse Harris, Henry Keeler, George
Kearns, Paul Long, Daniel J. Long, Stilman Morey, Fred A.
Miller, Jasper Man, Shelby K. Moore, Jonathan Miller, Melville
Maxwell, Timothy O'Shea, Smith M. Oliver, William G. Oliver,
Francis R. Phelps, Philander Powers, John Straub, Alonzo
Swisher, Jesse Snyder, Felix B. Shaw, Joseph Underhill, Thomas
Van Sickels, Michael Vincent, John B. White, Simon Welch, James
Watson, and William H. Wood.
COMPANY C, 15TH REGIMENT, O. V. I. (THREE
In the last days of
August, 1861, Captain Hiram Miller, of Mansfield, Ohio,
who had served as captain of Company H, Fifteenth Regiment, in
the three months' service, came to Mt. Gilead and recruited
Company C, Fifteenth Regiment for three years in Morrow county
(rendezvous, Camp Bartley, Mansfield). Nearly all
enlistments were on Aug. 30, 1861, and the company was organized
with Hiram Miller as captain, Jeremiah M. Dunn as
first, and John G. Byrd as second lieutenant. Both
of the last two, later in the service were promoted to
captain, as was also Thomas C. Davis.
David Clarke Thurston, William Abner Ward,
(wounded Dec. 31, 1862, at Stone river, and Nov. 25, 1863, at
Mission Ridge, Tennessee) Alexander Moore (promoted to
second sergeant, sergeant, major and first lieutenant.) and
Alfred H. Hurd (died from wounds received at Dallas,
Georgia, May 27, 1864) were first sergeants. During the
service Edward B. Mosher promoted to capital steward.
The regiment was a heroic one in its qualities of
courage and length of service (Aug. 30, 1861, to Nov. 21, 1865).
casualties of the regiment on the Atlanta campaign were:
Killed, forty-four; wounded one hundred and seventy-seven; and
missing nineteen; total, two hundred and forty. (See
serial No. 72, page 411. Records of the Rebellion).
Besides those above noted the casualties of Company C
Wilson S. Iler, promoted to principal musician, died of wounds,
Sept. 14, 1864;
others killed were:
Reuben Hissong and Joel Miller, died of wounds,
Captain Thomas C. Davis, Hugh S. Moore, William H. Rodgers,
Hiram Morehouse, Reuben Davis and Enoch Numbers
wounded at Shiloh, Apr. 7, 1862.
The company (C), with the regiment, took part in the
following great battles of the Civil war; Shiloh, Corinth,
Mississippi; Stone river, and Liberty Gap, Tennessee;
Chickamauga, Georgia; Mission Ridge, Tennessee; Rocky Face
Ridge, Resaca, Cassville, Pickett's Mills, Kenesaw, Peachtree
Creek,, Atlanta and Lovejoy Station, Georgia; and Franklin and
Those killed in battle and died of wounds in prison and
diseases, other than those given above in Company C, were:
|James M. Barrett
Marshall S. Byrd
James C. Chambers
Andrew J. Craven
Nathaniel M. Grice
Joseph S. Hunt
Theron A. Jolly
Melvin B. Lane
Benjamin F. Lehman
|John R. McBride
Alonzo O. Wilson
The wounded were:
|Captain John G. Byrd
Sergeants, William Doak, Harvey Sipe & George W.
Corporals Harvey C. Calkis, William Karr, John C.
Ibach, and Joseph P. Moulton; and
Privates: Welcome Ashbrook (twice), Felix
Albaugh, Samuel C. Burke, Charles C. Byrd, David K.
Baggs, George M. Chambers, Daniel C. Courtwright,
Sanford U. Early (Twice), Amos F. Harding,
William D. Mannell, William C. Markward, Jacob S.
Risor, Calvin J. Paxton, and Richard L. Wrenn.
The men in Company 'C,
Fifteenth Regiment, who served three years were:
|Sergents Albert Noe and William A.
Privates Charles C. Byrd, Asa M. Breese, George
C. Early, Smith Fry, Thomas J. Holloway, William D.
Hammell, James T. Hosue, William C. Markward,
Theodore J. Mosher, Hiram Morehouse, Calvin J.
Paxton, John C. Porter, Daniel S. Potter, Joseph B.
Ross, Sylvester H. Reed, Frank B. Shauck, Byron L.
Talmage, Richard L. Wrenn, William R. Withers,
and John B. Williams; and they were mustered
out Sept. 20, 1864. The veterans who were
mustered out Nov. 21, 1865, were: Sergeants
William Doak, Henry C. Groff, Harvey Sipe and
Robert D. McBride;
|corporals Harvey C. Calkins, Abner Sipe,
Jonathan Gidley, John C. Ibach, Joseph P. Moulton,
Henry C. Meredith, William McHill, and
William F. Karr;
Martin Johnson, musician;
John Meyers, wagoner;
privates Welcome Ashbrook, Samuel C. Burke, James
Blair, Sanford U. Early, Nathaniel M. Grice, William
Laney, and Abram Sherman.
James C. Chambers died in prison.
COMPANY A, 20TH REGIMENT, O. V. I. (THREE YEARS)
The larger number
of Company A, Twentieth Regiment, was enlisted for three
years in Chesterville and its vicinity, in September, 1861.
Ebenezer Martin, living near that village, at the age
of fifty-five years enlisted in Company I, of that regiment,
on Nov. 20, 1861, and was discharged for disability Oct. 20,
1862. He enlisted chiefly, to prevent his son,
Noble C. from enlisting, and whom he wanted to stay at
home and care for the wife and mother. His act deserves to
be embalmed in history. On the organization of Company
A, Dr. Elisha Hyatt was made captain; William
Rogers of Knox county, first, and Lyman N. Ayres,
second lieutenant; and Peter Weatherby, first
sergeant; and the commissions of the four bore the date of
Sept. 3, 181. During the service Peter Weatherby,
first sergeant; and the commissions of the four bore the
date of Sept. 3, 1861. During the service Peter
Weatherby was promoted to the various grades of second
and first lieutenant and captain, and major, Lyman N.
Ayres to first lieutenant and captain. William
W. McCracken from sergeant to first sergeant and second
lieutenant, and discharged for wounds received at Champion
Hill, May 16, 1863. (He carried the bullet back of his
right ear, for more than twenty-eight years).
Christopher W. McCracken from sergeant to first
sergeant and first lieutenant, veteran; James E.
McCracken from corporal to sergeant to first sergeant
and first lieutenant, veteran; James E. McCracken
from corporal to sergeant, sergeant major and captain
Company A, and mustered out with the company July 16, 1865,
For records of others, reference is made to volume 2,
pages 686-89, Rosters of Ohio Soldiers.
Company A, with the regiment, participated in
twenty-three great battles, including Fort Donelson, Feb.
14-16, 1862; Shiloh, Apr. 6 and7, 1862, in Tennessee;
Champion Hill, May 16, 1863 and Vicksburg, May 19, July 4,
1863, in Mississippi; Kenesaw Mountain, July 27, 1864;
Atlanta, July 22, 1864, in Georgia; Sherman's march
from Atlanta to the sea; Bentonville, Mar. 19, 1865, and
Goldsboro, Mar. 21, 1865, in North Carolina, and fifteen
other battles. Whitelaw Reidd's "Ohio in
the War," volume two,
in an extended account of the services of the Twentieth
Regiment, among other things says on page 145: "It became
known that (General Joseph E.) Johnston had
asked terms for surrender; the men seemed crazy with joy;
they shouted, laughed, flung their hats in the air, threw
their knapsacks at each other, hugged each other, stood on
their heads in the mud, and were fairly made with delight."
The regiment marched via Raleigh, North Carolina, and
Richmond Virginia, to Washington, District of Columbia, and
was in the Grand Review May 24, 1865. The casualties
in Company A, among the men from Morrow county were as
follows: - killed and died of wounds and disease in the
service: William Allison, Arnold Davis, Levi B.
Evarts, Robert M. Fogle, Caleb W. Galleher, Philip Ephraim
Harris, Daniel Harris, Davis B. James, Abraham Skillman,
and Benjamin F. Wilson. Wounded May 12, 1863;
Thomas B. Runyan, both eyes shot out.
David Griffith, a sturdy Welshman from Chester
township, was drafted for nine months in the fall of 1862 in
the forty-fifth year of his age, his term commencing Nov.
15, 1862, and closing July 13, 1863, which period covered
the Vicksburg campaign through all of which he served in
Company A. He died Apr. 22, 1910, at his home in
Chester township, at the age of nearly ninety-two years.
His son, Albert W., served in Company F, Eighty-first
Regiment, and another son, Gillman T. in Company K,
One hundred and Seventy-fourth Regiment.
James J. Runyan, a soldier in the war with
Mexico, also served three years in Company A.
Isaac W. Rush, from Morrow county, also served in
Company G, Twentieth Regiment. On "Shermans'
March to the Sea," an amusing incident happened.
Sergeant Major James E. McCracken had just received
on the march (January, 1865) his commission as a captain of
Company A, Twentieth Regiment, and he needed a valise in
which to carry his uniform, and told one of the "hummers" to
bring him a valise which the soldier did. the column
was near Branchville, South Carolina. The valise when
brought was locked, and when a key was found to open it, the
contents were found to be a Confederate dress uniform for an
officer of herculean size, two Confederate eight per cent
bonds, of the denomination of $500 each, and fifty-four
thousand dollars in Confederate currency. The
bills were distributed among the soldiers who lighted their
pipes with some of them, and with others played poker with
one thousand dollars on a corner. The men who served
three years and were mustered out
Sept. 14, 1864, were: Captain Lyman K. Ayers,
Lucien Rigby, Robert W. Cunningham, James J. Runyan and
Augustus R. Runyan. The veterans of who
mustered out July 15, 1865, were Captain James E.
McCracken, Lieutenant Christopher W. McCracken, first
sergeant Wm. W. McMahon, Peter Weatherby, major
John T. Condon, James I. Miller, Lester Wright, Aaron V.
Lambert, William H. Kinney, Charles W. Hotchkiss, Van Buren
Ayers, Abram Brokaw, Corydon Chauncey, James Clink, Russell
B. Conant (in prison many months at Andersonville,
Georgia), John J. Cramer, Madison Hobbs, William
Lidderdale, Alexander s. McGaughey, George W. Modie, Mahlon
I. Runyan and William Taylor.
COMPANY C 26TH REGIMENT, O. V. I.
Early in June,
1861, Captain Jesse Meredith, a veteran of the war
with Mexico, as captain of Company B, Third Regiment, Ohio
Volunteer Infantry, at the age of forty-four years, and in
June, 1861, at the age of fifty-nine years, began to raise a
company in Westfield township, Morrow county, of which he
was a resident, and in the adjoining territory in Delaware
county; which became Company C, of the Twenty-sixth Ohio
Regiment. His commission was dated June 5, 1861.
About one-half of this company was from Morrow county and
one half from Delaware county. On account of age and
infirmity Captain Meredith resigned Aug. 11, 1862.
The first lieutenant was E. A. Hicks of Delaware
county, who was promoted to captain of Company I.
William Clark was second lieutenant, promoted to
first lieutenant Dec. 12, 1861; to captain Company E, Dec.
5, 1862; to lieutenant colonel Dec.9, 1864, and mustered out
with the regiment Oct. 21, 1865, at Victoria, Texas.
Others soldiers, of this company, whose merits require
particular notice are Benjamin W. Shotwell, appointed
sergeant and promoted first sergeant July 15, 1861; second
lieutenant Dec. 5, 1862, and first lieutenant Apr. 6, 1863;
severely wounded Sept. 20, 1863, at Chickamauga, Georgia,
and resigned Sept. 13, 1864; veteran.
Also Justin A. Goodhue, appointed sergeant and
promoted to first sergeant Dec. 5, 1862; second lieutenant
Apr. 6, 1863, and mustered out Feb. 11, 1865; veteran.
Also Jerry E. Coomer, promoted from private to
hospital steward, Aug. 1, 1864; to first lieutenant Company
9, 1864; to captain Feb. 10, 1865, and resigned June 8,
Also Josephus F. Doty and John B.
Richardson, sergeants, serve each three years.
Jesse Mason, musician, was captured Sept. 20,
1863, at Chickamauga, Georgia, and confined in Rebel prisons
at Libby, (Richmond, Virginia), Pemberton, Danville,
Andersonville, Charleston and Florence, and paroled in
December, 1864; discharged Jan. 25, 1865.
The members of Morrow county of Company C, who were
killed or died of wounds or disease in the service, were:
Corporals Thomas J. Simpson, and William Creamer;
George H. Burrell, James Bartholomew, George Bensley, Newman
Barber, Benjamin Corkins, John Goodhue, Daniel Hopkins, Adam
Moyer, Newton Oliver, Levi Potter, Jonathan Sherwood, Albert
Taylor, David H. Taylor, William H. West, Frank M. Wilcox,
and Dennison Frye.
Wounded: John Shoemaker
Discharged after three years' service: W. H. Miller,
Vincent E. Dunnen, Elijah Hibbard, Benton Mason, and
Discharged October 21, 1865, as veterans:
Theron M. Messenger, corporal; Samuel E. Hull,
musician; William Bensley, William McClary and
COMPANY E, 26TH REGIMENT, O. V. I.
At the same
time Company C was recruited at Westfield, Morrow county,
and in Delaware county, Dr. Sylvester M. Hewitt, of
Mt. Gilead, and Henry C. Brumback, of same place, as
first lieutenant, and James E. Godman, of Cardington,
as second lieutenant, commenced to recruit for Company E.
Each of their commissions was dated June 5, 1861.
Nearly all the enlistments were in June 1861
On July 26, Captain Hewitt was promoted to major
of the Thirty-second Regiment and on July 29, 1861, James
K. Ewart, a resident of Harmony township, Morrow county,
was commissioned captain of Company E. He had a
military training at Norwich University, Vermont, and was an
Oscar L. R. French was made
a first sergeant, and was discharged Feb. 7, 1862, also as
first lieutenant Company C, One Hundred and Eightieth Ohio
Henry C. Brumback resigned Nov. 20, 1861, and
James E. Godman was promoted to the vacancy Dec. 23,
1861; resigned Apr. 26, 1862, and died at home May 11, 1862.
William H. Green was appointed sergeant from
corporal Oct. 11, 1861; and first sergeant Jan. 14, 1863,
and died Oct. 21, 1863, from wounds, received at the battle
of Chickamauga, Georgia, Sept. 19, 1863.
Walden Kelly, aged eighteen,
was appointed sergeant from corporal, Feb. 6, 1862; first
sergeant Oct. 22, 1863; promoted to first lieutenant Dec. 9,
1864, and to captain Company F, Feb. 28, 1865, and mustered
out with that company Oct. 21, 1865; veteran. His
record is a very heroic one. To commemorate the
services of Company E, he has written and published a sketch
entitled, "A Historic Sketch;" "Lest We Forget;"
"Company E, Twenty-sixth Ohio Infantry." In it he
gives a thrilling account of the services of the company and
regiment. After giving a graphic account of the first
day's battle at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 1863, he says this:
"Over half of the company had fallen in two or three hours
desperate fighting, not as Greek met Greek, but as Americans
met Americans, so view the field, ye good people of Morrow
county; stand by that monument erected by the great State of
Ohio to the memory of the Twenty-sixth, two hundred and
twelve of whom fell in that bloody battle - three fourths of
them undoubtedly on the Vineyard farm. Then, but few
yards away, see the one erected by the State of Georgia in
memory of the Twentieth Regiment of Infantry, Confederate
States of America, and read the inscription on it; this
regiment went into battle with 23 officers and of this
number 17 were killed and wounded."
Lieutenant Colonel William H. Young was in
command of the Twenty-sixth Ohio at this battle, and his
report shows 350 men of the regiment engaged, and the total
loss 213. Company E, had 32 in the battle, of whom 20
were killed and wounded: Killed and mortally wounded,
First Lieutenant Francis M. Williams; First SErgeant
William H. Green; Sergeant Silas Stucky; Corporal Luther
Reed and Privates Moses Aller, William Calvert, John
Blaine, James R. Goodman, Chas. A. R. Kline, Samuel
Neiswander, Emanuel W. Stahler, and Robert W.
Stonestreet. The wounded were: Corporals James
W. Clifton and Isaac D. Barrett; William H. H. Geyer,
Henry C. Latham, McDonald Lottridge, John Mishey, Joseph L.
Rue, Henry Stovenour and Isaiah Sipes.
Twenty killed and wounded out of thirty-two of Company E,
and only one of the wounded out of thirty-two of Company E,
and only one of the wounded, William H. H. Geyer was
ever able to rejoin the company.
The services of the Twenty-sixth Ohio, at the battle of
Mission Ridge, Tennessee, Nov. 25, 1863, and on the Atlanta
campaign, from May 3 to Sept. 5, 1864, in many
battles, as well
as during the Nashville campaign in the destruction of the
rebel army under General J. B. Hood in December,
1864, were very heroic, and those who "paid the last full
of devotion to their country" with their blood and their
lives of Company E, in these campaigns were as follows:
William Derr (twice wounded), Daniel Densel, John
Derr, Origen M. Illes, Joseph Wallace Miller, Henry G. Shedd,
Socrates Shaw, James H. Smith, Hudson H. Thompson, and
Joseph Utter. The company and regiment were
finally mustered out Oct. 21, 1865, at Victoria, Texas, and
discharged at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, in November, 1865.
The descendants of the soldiers of the Twenty-sixth
Ohio Regiment can refer with pride to the services of their
These served three years: Sergeant George W.
Jackson; Corporal Andrew M. Smith; Socrates Chandler, Peter
Craley, Joseph Cromer, William H. H. Geyer, Henry L.
High, Martin M. Karr, McDonald Lottridge, and Philip
Metzger. These served as veterans and were
mustered out Oct. 21, 1865, at Victoria, Texas: First
Sergeant Samuel Watson; Sergeant John Bechtel; Corporal John
L. Richardson; John W. Emerson, Charles Henderson, George W.
Longstreet, James W. Longstreet, and Edmund L.
COMPANY E, 31ST REGIMENT, O. V. I.
In the last days of
August, and early in September, 1861, Captain David C.
Rose, who had served from April 25, to Aug. 22, 1861, in
Company I, Third Regiment, with the aid of others, enlisted
fifty-eight men in the south half of Morrow county, who,
with twelve men from Preble county and the balance from
Delaware county, formed Company E of the Thirty-first
Regiment. Captain Rose was the oldest of seven
sons of James Rose and wife, of Lincoln township.
His brothers, Henry H., and James M., served
under him in Company I, of the Third, and both enlisted in
Company E of the Thirty-first. The other brothers were
Edward, and John M., of Company B, Tenth
Regiment, of Ohio cavalry; Alonzo J. of Company B,
Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, Thirteenth Regiment, and Charles
J., of Company G, One Hundred and Thirty-Sixth Regiment,
Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
The other officers were George P. Stiles, Sr.,
first lieutenant; George W. Reed, second lieutenant,
and Ludwell M. Cunard, first sergeant; the latter's
wife is a sister to the Rose boys. All were
commissioned Sept. 24, 1861. Captain D. C. Rose
Dec. 26, 1861, at Camp Dick Robinson, Kentucky.
Lieutenant Stiles served nearly three years and three
months. Lieutenant Reed resigned Mar. 18, 1862,
and Sergeant Cunard was promoted to second
lieutenant, and resigned Aug. 12, 1863.
Private Jonathan Culver was appointed first
sergeant, and promoted to second lieutenant and mustered out
with company July 20, 1865; wounded, and resigned Aug. 12,
Private Jonathan Culver was appointed first
sergeant, and promoted to second lieutenant and mustered out
with company July 20, 1865; wounded; veteran.
The regiment served in the army of the Cumberland in
seventeen great battles and campaigns, among which were the
siege of Corinth; Perrysville, and Stone river, in 1862;
Chickamauga and Mission Ridge in 1863; Resaca, Kenesaw,
Peachtree Creek and Atlanta in 1864; Goldsboro, North
Carolina, 1865; and "Sherman's March to the Sea."
Mustered out July 20, 1865.
The men of Company E, from Morrow county who gave up
their lives, and those who received wounds are, besides
Captain Rose; Sergeant William B. Doty, Corporal
Joseph C. Campbell, and Private Charles W. Barber.
The wounded were: Lieutenant Jonathan Culver,
Slocum Barge, Myron A. Cady, Nathan Herendeen, and James M.
Rose. Died of disease: William R. Clark,
Fred K. Kehrwecker, John Mills, and Jacob
Sherman. Those from Morrow county who served three
years and were mustered out Sept. 24, 1864, were:
Lieutenant George P. Stiles, Sr., First Sergeant Nathan H.
Patton, and Walter I. Case, Alexander Cunard, Myron
A. Cady, Major Frost, Stephen H. Green, Caleb H. Herendeen ,
Nathan Herendeen, John S. Powers, Jacob Pancoast, Lorenzo
Rogers, Lewis H. Shirey, Benjamin F. Tyler, Francis M.
Tyler, George Zent and Francis T. Conklin.
The veterans mustered out July 20, 1865, were:
Sergeants John D. Scovill and Thomas Edgar; and
Privates Slocum B. Barge, and Henry N. Rose.
COMPANY B, 43RD REGIMENT, O. V. I.
On Sept. 14, 1861,
recruits for an original company, chiefly about Iberia,
Williamsport and Chesterville, in Morrow county, were
enlisted and it became Company B, Forty-third Ohio Infantry.
A majority of the soldiers of this company were from the
country. On the organization of this company, James
Marshman became captain, and Samuel McClarren
first lieutenant; both of whom resigned Sept. 3, 1862, the
former for ill health, and the latter for wounds.
Hinchman S. Prophet, who had already served in Company
C, Fifteenth Regiment, from April 23, 1861,
was appointed second lieutenant Dec. 5, 1861; June 17, 1862,
was promoted to first lieutenant and assigned to Company C,
and resigned June 10, 1863.
John H. Rhodes enlisted as private Oct. 1, 1861;
was appointed first sergeant, promoted to sergeant major;
and May 15, 1862, to captain Company K; Apr. 15, 1865, to
lieutenant colonel, and July 13, 1865, was mustered out with
The rendezvous was at Camp Andrews, Mt. Vernon, Ohio.
The first colonel of the regiment was J. L. Kirby Smith,
a West Point cadet, who died Oct. 12, 1862 of a wound
received at the battle of Corinth, Mississippi, Oct. 4,
The subsequent advancement of men of Company B was as
follows: George W. Purcell, who enlisted Oct.
2, 1861, was promoted to second lieutenant June 7, 1862, and
to first lieutenant Sept. 3, 1862, and mustered out with his
company July 13, 1865; veteran.
Jonathan J. McClarren, who enlisted Sept. 14,
1861, promoted to quartermaster sergeant, and to second
lieutenant Sep. 3, 1862, and to first lieutenant and
regimental quartermaster, May 27, 1863; and mustered out
Dec. 27, 1864, on expiration of enlistment; veteran.
Milton F. Miles, enlisted Sept. 14, 1861, as
private, and appointed sergeant; Jan. 9, 1862, promoted to
second lieutenant Company A, Forty-ninth Regiment, and to
first lieutenant Company B, Sept. 30, 1862; transferred to
Company H. Feb. 13, 1863; appointed adjutant Forty-ninth
Regiment Mar. 2, 1863; promoted major, Mar. 29, 1865, and
lieutenant colonel, June 26, 1865; mustered out with
Forty-ninth Regiment Nov. 30, 1865; veteran.
James H. Green, enlisted Sept. 14, 1861, as
private; promoted to hospital steward Jan. 1, 1864, and
transferred to Fourth Alabama, Company F; veteran. The
soldiers of Company B, were more than an average for
intelligence and soldierly qualities.
A number of men of Company E, Forty-third Regiment were
also from Morrow county; among whom were: Charles P.
Andrews, Henry Nefe, Francis M. Carpenter, Henry Graverick,
and Justus and David Paxton, son and
Also several Morrow county men were in Company K, among
whom were Denton and David Brewer, William M. Eccles,
Harrison Kinneman, and Charles E. Lewis.
The casualties in Company B, among soldiers from Morrow
county, were: Killed and died from wounds:
Corporal Salathiel K. Galleher, William Creighton Orr,
and Robert Simpson; and privates Bradford Huld,
James B. Bowen, W. L. Churchhill (in rebel prison),
Joseph Sunderland, and Nathan Thornburg.
the wounded were: Sergeant Asher Reynolds and
James Heffelfinger, Russell B. Clink, and James
Gage. The killed in Company E, were: Henry Nefe
and Justus Paxton, and Company K, David Brewer
(in prison). Those who died from disease in Company B,
were: John M. Breese, Alexander Fleming, William H.
Marple, and Thomas E. Turner.
The Forth-third Regiment took
part in the following battles, sieges and raids: New Madrid,
Missouri, MAr. 13, 1862; Iuka and Corinth, Mississippi;
Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw, Nickajack Creek, Atlanta and
Savannah, Georgia; Rivers Bridge, South Carolina, and
Sherman's "March to the Sea." It was mustered out July
13, 1865, at Louisville, Kentucky.
These men of Company B served three years:
Sergeants Fred F. Adams, and Orson D. Merrian;
Corporals Francis M. Iden, and Elias Ashburn; and
Privates Commodore P. Brollier, Harod Hays, Moses C. Rogers,
Madison M. Smith, Leonidas W. Wilson, and George
Yeagly; and in Company E, Francis M.
Carpenter, These men of Company B were veterans and
mustered out July 13, 1865: Captain Jerry O. McDonald;
First Sergeant Thomas Dakan; Commissary Sergeant Henry H.
Adams; Quartermaster Sergeant James B. Conger; Sergeants
Bentley B. Benedict, James M. Peterson, and Asher
Reynolds; Corporals Calvin D. French, Aaron B. Kees, George
W. Reese, Robert Simpson, Thomas Turner; Musicians David
Auld and Dennis Auld; Privates James Heffelfinger,
James B. Bowen, Robert M. Clayton, Russel B. Clink, Daniel
Conger, Michael Denton, Milo A. Dicks, Charles S. Ely, Henry
Fleming, John Groves, James Gage, Edward Hilliard, Washinton
G. Irwin, Edward Jones, Zephaniah Kinney, Judson J. Kelly,
George W. Mills, Thomas B. Morris, Samuel Pipes, John H.
Rogers, and of
Company E, Charles P. Andrews, Henry Nefe, and
John J. Gainer.
AN ESCAPED ANDERSONVILLE PRISONER.
By Calvin D. French, Company B, 43rd O. V. I.
the morning of the 4th of August, 1864, the Forty-third Ohio
Regiment, with others, was ordered to advance the Union
lines in front of Atlanta, Georgia. Our regiment
was put on the skirmish line, after piling all of our
knapsacks together, each company's by itself. We
started from a depleted line about nine in the morning, and
went over fences and ditches into a dense underbrush, the
rebel batteries covvering their infantry while firing at us.
The bullets were coming thick and fast, and I stepped behind
a tree, which was so small I had to stand sidewise to get
under cover. I continued to fire my gun as rapidly as
possible in the direction of the enemy who were concealed in
the tick underbrush directly ahead. I had become
separated from the rest of the company, in the rush which
followed our advance, and only Barney Keyes and one
other member of my company were in sight. They turned
and ran, but Keyes stumbled and fell. I thought
he had been shot. Realizing that I was surrounded, my
first impulse was to break my gun against the tree, and, as
I raised it to do so, a rebel ordered me to halt at the
point of a gun, and I was compelled to hand my Endfield over
to him. 'Come on, you Yank,' he said, and I was
marched back through the rebel forts to Atlanta, which was
just east of their lines.
"The guard took me with a few others they had captured
into an old barn, where we were kept under guard for the
night. The next morning we were marched about six
miles south to a station called Eastport, and in the evening
were put on a train and started for Andersonville, where we
arrived about ten o'clock the following morning.
"The stockade was built of pine logs about fifteen feet
high set on end in the ground, each log touching the other.
This ran all the way on four sides enclosing about thirty
acres of ground. The rebel guards were stationed on
top of this stockade at intervals of about fifty feet where
a small guardhouse was built, reached by stairs from the
"We were driven like cattle into this pen. There
were three from my company (John H. Rogers, James B.
Bowen and myself) all of us young, stout and healthy.
The first night we went to the north side of the prison and,
with my blouse for a blanket and my shoes for a pillow,
began my service in Andersonville, the stars for my
consolation and the rebel guards for protection. When
I shook my blouse in the morning, a multitude of maggots and
vermin dropped to the ground ,which awakened me to the real
conditions under which we were placed.
"The site of Andersonville was a solid pine forest
war, and when the first prisoners were brought there they
had built some small shanties or huts with some of the trees
which were left after the stockade and other rebel buildings
had been constructed. These shanties were all occupied
by prisoners and some others had dug-outs in the ground
covered with split timbers. But those who came in the summer
of 1864 had the sky only for their covering.
"There was a low piece of ground toward the south end
of the enclosure where the water from the rebel soldiers'
camp came down through the prison. These stream was
bridged with a plank covering at one place to convey
prisoners from one side of the prison to the other.
This stream was filled with filth which came from the rebel
camp above, but it was the only source of water supply for
the new recruits. The older prisoners had dug wells,
but they were insufficient to supply more than their own
needs, and the spirit of the prison was 'every man for
himself in the desperate struggle for existence.'
There was a market street where Union soldiers had dried
roots to sell; also biscuits which they had made from flour
purchased from the rebels. They got the roots by
rolling up their sleeves and digging in the swale filled
with the refuse of the prison. Once a day the rebs
would send a wagon through the prison with corn bread or
baked beans, which were distributed to the prisoners.
When we got bread we got no beans, and when we got beans we
got no bread. Food, food, was the great cry of the
prison, and the only think talked about was something to
eat. I have seen stout, robust men look over the
situation when they arrived as prisoners of war, lay down in
the hot sand, and in a day or two were so weak they could
not stand up. They would simply root their heads in
the sand and in a short period of time die. It was
such a common occurance that no one paid any attention to
such a thing. To live through such an ordeal required
steel courage and not a thought of despair. While it
looked hopeless, some of us had a ray of hope that
Sherman would cause the rebels to transfer us to a safer
"While I was there the Providence spring broke out
during a night of heavy thunder and rain storm. Some
of the stockade was washed down. In the morning there
was a spring with running water - nice and cool - between
the dead line and the stockade. They ran this water
over the dead line so we could get it. Each man took
his turn to drink or take a canteen of water away with him,
and there was a continuous line of men from daybreak in the
morning until dark. This was the best water I ever
drank, and the spring was rightly named 'Providence.'
"The dead line was constructed of a narrow piece of
board nailed on stakes about fifteen feet from the stockade
all around the prison. If a prisoner touched or fell
on the line - even though from weakness - the guards killed
him. Commencing at dark and lasting until daylight, on
the hour the guards would pass along the call 'eight o'clock
and all's well,' 'nine o'clock and all's well,' and so
on through the dismal night.
"Time passed on and we learned that Sherman had
captured Atlanta. On September 11th it came my turn to
march to the depot, and about eight o'clock in the morning
we were put in box cars and started for Charleston, South
Carolina. At Macon we were allowed to be around some
under guard. After leaving Macon one prisoner said to
me that he would have gotten away there if someone had gone
with him. I told him that I would have done so, and
then told him a plan which had come to me during our journey
to Macon. We agreed that we would work over near the
door of the car and when the train was running slowly I
would get off and he would follow as soon as possible.
We were then to walk toward each other and make for the
Union lines together. Soon the train began to slacken
its speed, and he took hold of my hand and let me down until
my feet touched the ground, and let go. I rolled over
and over to a ditch beside the track and lay quiet until the
train had passed. The guards in the cars and on top
failed to see me and I was a free man again, for the moment
at least. In letting me down from the car my left leg
struck against a tie and when I got up after a few minutes
found that I was quite badly hurt, although I could walk.
I then started in the direction the train was moving to meet
my comrade. I went some little way and saw a cabin by
the side of the track. A negro was living there, and
he got me some cold water with which to bathe my leg, and
also bartered my blouse for his gray coat. He gave me
some corn bread and I went on down the track.
"After going a little farther I heard someone whistle,
which was our prearranged signal, and my comrade in the
escape, who I later learned was George W. Wagerly, of
Chillicothe, Ohio, came up the bank, and we shook hands.
We were glad to see each other. We went back the way
we had come and stopped at the negro shanty. The darky
told us to go back the railroad track about three miles
until we came to a road crossing, then to turn to the right
and follow the road. We were now in the enemy's
territory and had to use every precaution in our movements.
When we reached the road crossing we saw a fire and found it
was a rebel
picket with three men around the fire. We went back a
hundred paces or more and removed our shoes, and then slowly
and quietly got by them.
"We deemed it wise not to go in the road, but to keep
in the woods and open fields. We turned into a path in
the underbrush and followed it until daylight, when we
camped near an open field in some low bushes. We slept
some during the day. Some negroes passed close by, but
we lay low waiting for night to come. Then we went to
the nearest plantation and made friends, with a negro, who
got some johnny cake for us, which we relished very much.
We then struck out, taking the moon and stars for a guide,
traveling through corn fields, swamps, wet grass, sometimes
eating sweet corn and now and then some raw sweet potatoes.
We kept clear of the road, although progress was very slow
otherwise. We got wet through and before morning were hardly
able to walk, but our only thought was of escape and return
to the Union lines. At the break of day we could find
some low bushes and camp for the day. This we kept up
for seven or eight days and nights, depending upon the
negroes at the plantations for most of our food.
"The eighth night when we got our corn bread from the
darkey at a plantation, he said, 'Massa, there is no rebs in
these parts, why doan you all take the road.' Well,
that night we took the road and went as directed, but about
nine o'clock there came a man on horseback at full gallop
right to us before we could get out of sight. We were
pretty well scared, thinking he was a reb, but he asked
where some doctor lived, and we quickly tol \d him there was
one three miles straight ahead. He whipped up his
horse and drove away, and we drew a long breath of relief.
"Toward morning we came to an outpost of rebels.
We went around them, and soon came to a railroad that had
been torn up by Sherman's army before he took
Atlanta. A burned bridge impeded our progress, and we
had considerable difficulty getting over the river.
That day was Sunday, and we camped in the woods. About
three o'clock saw some women and children coming towards us.
We went over the hill on a run and into a big swamp, where
we remained until darkness came. We could hear the
bark of blood hounds in the far distance, and thought they
might be on our trial, but the sounds gradually died out.
It would have meant the end of our hopes had the hounds been
on our trail, for we had no means of defense, and our
strength was on the wane.
"Progress in the swamp was very difficult. Every
step we would go down in the mud and water, then get up
again only to
fall headlong the next step. When we finally did get
to dry ground again, we were a dilapidated looking sight.
We moved at a slow pace, but were not disheartened. In
a little while we began to smell and camp fires, and soon
after midnight we could see our pickets a short distance
ahead. It was necessary at this point to use great
precaution in advancing for fear we would be mistaken for
rebels. At four in the morning we were halted by our
guards, and we told them we were escaped prisoners. We
were escorted to the picket post and everyone greeted us
with open arms. It was the happiest time of my life.
Once more back to real freedom. When our thoughts
reverted to the prison pen where 32,000 were huddled
together in about thirty acres, and where they died at the
rate of ninety a day during our confinement there, it made
us thankful beyond expression for our deliverance.
"After being fed and given some clothing, we were taken
by wagon to Atlanta, Georgia, four miles south.
Brother Oscar came to see me before we started.
They had all believed that I was killed instead of being
captured. At Atlanta we were taken to the Soldiers'
home, where we had plenty to eat. It was at this place
that my comrade in escape, George W. Wagerly of
Chillicothe, Ohio, and I became separated, and I have never
seen nor heard from him since, although I have used every
endeavor to get in communication with him.
"I found some of the boys from my company and went with
them to where our regiment was camped. They gave me a
great reception. Barney Keyes was one of the
first boys I met.
"In a few days I was granted a furlough and went home.
When my furlough of thirty days had expired I went back to
Atlanta, and arrived just in time to go with Sherman
on his March to the Sea.
FIFTY-FIFTH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY.
These men of Morrow
county served in the Fifty-fifth Regiment, namely:
First Sergeant John B. Gatchel, Company F, nearly
four years; previously three months in Company I, Fifteenth
Regiment, and wounded at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. He
was County Record of Morrow county from 1876 to 1882.
A cut of him appears on the following page
Also Clark Edgington in Company F, and in
Company G, Henry H. Sterner.
COMPANY C, 64TH REGIMENT, O. V. I.
In the Sixty-fourth
Regiment were about twenty-men, mainly in Company C, from
Morrow county, chiefly among whom were: Riley
Albach, who enlisted Oct. 9, 1861, as private; appointed
sergeant Nov. 18, 1861, and first sergeant Oct. 31, 1862;
promoted to second lieutenant Apr. 1, 1863; wounded Nov. 25,
1863, at Mission Ridge, Tennessee; promoted to first
lieutenant Aug. 5, 1863, and resigned May 7, 1864; veteran.
Jacob H. Shauck, enlisted as private Oct. 5,
1861; appointed first sergeant Oct. 5, 1861; appointed
first sergeant Oct. 31, 1861; discharged Feb. 20, 1863, for
Jacob Shively, enlisted Oct.
19, 1861; appointed corporal October 31; and sergeant Nov.
27, 1861; wounded, May 25,
JOHN B. GATCHELL
1864, at Dallas, Georgia; mustered out Jan.
11, 1865; veteran.
Alben Coe, enlisted as private Oct. 4, 1861;
appointed sergeant Oct. 31, 1861; discharged for disability
Jan. 11, 1863; also captain Company E, Ninth Ohio Volunteer
William Christy, enlisted as private Oct. 11,
1861; appointed corporal Nov 1, 1864; mustered out Oct. 3,
Joseph E. Moser, enlisted
Oct. 4, 1861; appointed corporal Apr. 7, 1863; killed Sept.
20, 1863, at Chickamauga, Georgia.
John W. Leidleigh enlisted
Oct. 22, 1861, as private;
wounded May 9, 1864, at Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia; promoted
to sergeant major May 1, 1864; mustered out with regiment
Dec. 3, 1865.
The Sixty-fourth belonged with the Sixty-fifth Regiment
to Sherman's famous brigade, and was in the same
battles and campaigns as the latter.
COMPANY D, 65TH REGIMENT, O. V. IL.
Contributed by Sergeant Washington Gardner.
Sixth-fifth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, was recruited
wholly from Morrow county during the month of October, 1861.
The men came chiefly from Mount Gilead and near-by towns,
and from Westfield and vicinity. At that time, and for
many years after, James Olds, who recruited the
company, was the foremost lawyer in the county. His
boyhood home was on a farm near Westfield, the people in
that section were proud of him, and the young men were eager
to follow his standard.
In November, 1861, the company assembled in Mt. Gilead,
where it had its first formation on the public square and
from which it broke ranks to be taken in private conveyances
to Camp Buckingham, near Mansfield, where it became a part
of the regiment above named. It was mustered into the
United States service for three years, or during the war,
Dec. 3, 1861. James Olds became the first major
of the regiment; John Chambers Baxter, captain of
Company D; David H. Rowland, first lieutenant, and
John T. Hyatt, second lieutenant. Charles G.
Harker, a young man of twenty-five years of age, a
graduate of West Point and a captain in the Fifteenth United
States Infantry, was made colonel. Harker was
an accomplished and gallant officer, and greatly endeared
himself to the men of his command. His death as a
brigadier general, on the slopes of Kenesaw Mountain, was
sincerely mourned, and his memory is treasured by all who
served under him.
During its first year of service Company D, though not
seriously engaged in battle, lost by disease, Lieutenant
Hyatt, died while the company was still in Camp
Buckingham. He was a promising young officer, who had
seen service during a previous three months' enlistment.
His death, so soon after going into camp, made a profound
impression on the company. Septimus Clagett
died Feb. 6yh; William H. Braddock, February 10th,
and Abraham M. Smith, Mar. 5, 1862, all in hospital
Kentucky, and Andrew M. Buck died in hospital at
Lebanon, Kentucky, February 24th of the same year.
Captain Baxter resigned February 26th, Lieutenant
Rowland, June 16th, and Major Olds, October 7th,
all in 1862. During the first twelve months in the
field, twenty-five men were discharged on surgeon's
certificate of disability. During its first year of
service in company lost, by death, resignation or discharge,
thirty-two of its original eighty-seven officers and men; or
almost exactly thirty-seven per cent, before a single
man had been killed or wounded, or the company seriously
engaged in battle. Besides these, James Peak
had been transferred to the navy.
The company entered its second year with a total
enrollment of fifty-four officers and men, present and
absent. Asa M. Trimble, who had been promoted
successively from sergeant to first lieutenant, commanding
the company, and John S. Talmage was second
lieutenant. The company was on the field at Shiloh,
the second day of the battle, but was not actively engaged;
it had also been in a number of skirmises and was in
supporting distance at the battle of Perryville, but was not
in the fight. Its first real battle came early in the
second year of its service at Stone river, near
Murfreesborough, Tennessee, on the last day of December,
1862, and the first three days of January, 1863. In
this battle John Long, a younger brother of Robert,
was fatally wounded on December 31st, and died on the 18th
of the following January. Lieutenant Asa A. Gardner,
commanding Company D, while endeavoring to rally his
hard-pressed men, was shot through the body. When the
ball struck him, he fell forward on his face, his sword
dropping from his hand. All supposed, until some time
after when the lost ground was recovered, that he was dead
upon the field. In Colonel Harker's official
report of the battle, Lieutenant Gardner received
honorable mention. Amos Pinyard lost an arm;
Fred Moser was badly wounded, the ball passing through
the face from cheek to cheek, knocking out most of his teeth
and breaking his jaws. Pinyard and Moser
were permanently disabled. Others wounded, but less
severely, were Samuel P. Snider, Daniel Griffith, Elias
Aldrich, John Bailey, Samuel Kirkpatrick, William L.
Thompson, George W. Jackson and Joel Wright.
Joseph Dewitt and Calvin W. Hudson were taken
prisoners, but after a few weeks were exchanged and returned
Following the battle of Stone River, the company
in the Tullahoma and the Chattanooga campaigns and took part
in the battle of Chickamauga, Sept. 19 and 20, 1863.
Lieutenant Gardner who, in the meantime, had been
promoted to captain, had sufficiently recovered from his
Stone River wound to return to the field and took his
company into action on Saturday afternoon, September, 19th.
In the first volley from the enemy, which was fired at close
range, John O. Bartlett was shot in the front line of
battle. During the war of Sixty-fifth Ohio lost many
worthy men in battle, but it laid no purer nor nobler
sacrifice upon the altar than this Mount Gilead youth of
twenty years. In the same
JOHN D. BARTLETT
line, and almost at the same time that young
Bartlett fell with a bullet through his brain.
Captain Gardner was again shot through the body,
James Hopkins through the shoulder, and William
Taylor who had been hit at Stone River and had
recovered, was again among the wounded.
On Sunday, about noon of the 20th, in a desperate
encounter with the enemy and after the field officers of the
regiment and the line officers of Company D had all been
killed or wounded, a captain of the line was in command of
the regiment and Sergeant Samuel P. Snider, in
command of Company D. At this time Junius B. Shaw
was badly wounded. Taking his shattered and
bleeding right arm in his left, he withdrew from the line of
battle and walked twelve miels through dust and heat to
Chattanooga, where he submitted to an amputation at the
shoulder. There was no finer example of genuine grit
than this trim twelve-mile march of Shaw, looking for
a surgeon to sever his lacerated arm from his body.
Samuel P. Snider, though only a boy not yet quite
eighteen years old, was so brave and so competent a company
commander in battle as to deserve and receive high praise in
the official report of the commanding officer of hte
regiment. About the time Shaw was
hit, the Union line was being hard pressed by the enemy not
only in front but on both flanks. Snider
received a grievous wound through the right shoulder and
while prostrate on the field was captured. Sergeant
Robert Long, who stopped to minister to his suffering
comrade, likewise fell into the hands of the enemy and was
kept in prison until the close of hte war. He was a
passenger with 1,898 other exchanged prisoners on the
ill-fated "Sultana," the memory of which still causes a
shudder of horror to all who recall the many heroic men who
having endured the horrors of prison now went from her
burning decks to a watery grave.
Among others captured at this state of the battle were
Calvin W. Hudson, Joseph Dewitt, Ira Barber and
Harvey Wheeler. The three last named died in
prison. Hudson, while being transferred from
one place of confinement to another, managed to escape and
after a perilous experience of lying in hiding, by day, and
traveling under the friendly aid and guidance of the
negroes, by night, reached our lines in June, 1864, ragged
and emaciated, but happy to be once more among friends.
Company D was among the besieged at Chattanooga
in the fall of 1863; it participated in the assault on
Missionary Ridge and in the march to the relief of
Knoxville, where it completed its second full year in the
service. In this second year, there was much of hard
srvice and hard fighting. The company had lost,
killed in battle two, wounded seventeen, five of the latter
so severely as never to be able to return to active service.
Eight were taken prisoners during the year, three of whom
died. Three were discharged for disabilities other
than wounds. Among these was John Barger, a
fine-spirited youth from near Month Gilead, who died on his
way home after being discharged.
In the latter part of the winter of 1863-4 a large per
cent of Company D veteranized - i. e., reenlisted for three
years more, or during the war. The reenlisted men were
given a home furlough
for thirty days. When the Atlanta campaign opened, in
the spring of 1864, there were but comparatively few of the
original members of Company D in line. In the affair
at Rocky Face Ridge, on May 9th, the company suffered no
casualty; but five days later at Resaca, Georgia, it lost
over thirty per cent of the original company actually
In this battle, John Koon was mortally wounded
on Saturday afternoon, and died in the field hospital the
following Sunday morning. Koon died like a true
soldier. Not a murmur of complaint escaped his lips
because of suffering or the approach of death. When
the fatal bullet struck him, he was within elbow touch, on
JOHN S. McKIBBEN
the right, with the author of this sketch, and
was but third man from him in the row of wounded in the field
hospital when he died.
John S. McKibbin also received a wound, from the
effect of which he died in few weeks later. Company D had
no more faithful or dependable soldier, whether in the camp or
in battle, than Mr. McKibbin whose body now rests in the
family burial lot near his boyhood home at Iberia.
Hiram Wheeler and Washington Gardner were
badly and Joel Wright slightly wounded at Resaca.
Wright returned to com-
pany and served until the regiment was mustered out. Neither
Wheeler nor Gardner was ever after able for duty in
In the Atlanta campaign, during which there were one
hundred successive days that artillery or musketry firing could
be heard somewhere along the line, Company D was reduced to two
muskets in line for duty out of the more than eighty that went
out from Mansfield. The company had been considerably
strengthened by drafts and substitutes, but these not being from
Morrow county are not considered in this sketch further than to
say that they did splendid service, as it attested by the list
of killed and wounded from their number, notably in the battles
of Spring Hill and Nashville
GILBERT E. MILLER
John S. Talmage,
who had been promoted to first lieutenant, resigned in July,
1864, and Sergeant Snider became, during the same year, a
captain in the United States colored troops. On Dec. 14,
1864, while the Union army was lying on the outskirts of
Nashville, the non-veterans in the field were mustered out, they
having served a little more than three years, the full term of
enlistment, and were given an honorable discharge. They
were Sergeant Ira Herrick, Sergeant Washington Gardner,
and Private Barak M. Butler, Frederick Cutler, Zeno Hakes,
Calvin W. Hudson
and Gilbert E. Miller. Three of these were from
Mount Gilead and three from Westfield. John C. Barber
was mustered out Dec. 16, 1864, at Columbus, Ohio; Harrison
Clark, Oct. 20th, at Camp Dennison, Ohio; William L.
Thompson, Jan. 10, 1865; Joseph M. Farley, Mar. 20,
1865, and Sergeant Robert W. Long, May 20, 1865.
These were all members of the original company and each had
served three years or more.
Those who had veteranized continued in the service.
Among those was Jonathan Lewis. He was a
great favorite in Westfield, where he was born and reared.
While home on veteran furlough, he married a Westfield young
woman of good family. Most of his first period of service
Lewis had been a musician; consequently he did not go
into battle. Near the close of his first enlistment he
asked to enter the ranks and carry a gun. He was appointed
a corporal Nov. 1, 1864, and on the 14th day of December, the
day his non-veteran comrades were discharged, he was made a
sergeant and on the 16th, two days later, was shot dead on the
field of battle near Nashville. He was the last soldier of
Company D to give his life for his country in battle. In
the village cemetery at Westfield his body rests beside that of
his brother, Orson, of the same company.
Robert T. McKibben, a younger brother of John,
came as a recruit to the company during the winter of 1862-3,
and served the three years' term of enlistment.
Of the original members of the company, when mustered
out of service at Victoria, Texas, Nov. 30, 1865, were First
Lieutenant William H. Smith, First Lieutenant William H. Mozier,
who had done excellent service as hospital steward; Second
Lieutenant Joeph Meredith, who had served as regimental
commissary sergeant; Second Lieutenant Joel Wright, Sergeant
Daniel Griffith and Sergeant Zeno Wood.
According to the official record,
the oldest man in Company D was Edward Terry, forty-nine,
and the youngest Washington Gardner, sixteen. Both
were from the village of Westfield. Nineteen per
cent of the company was killed in battle, mortally wounded, or
died of disease or in prison. Eighteen per cent were
wounded once and several of these twice. Seven were
captured on the field of battle, three of whom died in prison.
Ten became commissioned officers.
So far as is known at this date, fifty years after
enlistment, every surviving member has lived a respectable life.
Several have been more than ordinarily successful in business,
and some have
been honored by their fellow citizens with positions of trust
and responsibility. Among the latter may be mentioned
Captain Asa A. Gardner, who served the people of Morrow
county as probate judge for a period of six years, and
Lieutenant William H. Mozier, who held the same honorable
office in the county of Van Wert for three years.
Captain Samuel P. Snider served two years in congress, and
Sergeant Washington Gardner, a younger brother of Asa,
served five years as secretary of state in Michigan and twelve
years in congress. Snider and Gardner, each
of whom was sixteen years old at the time of enlistment in 1861,
were the "kids" of Company D. They were for a time
bunk-mates and, so far as is known, are the only two
rank-and-file soldiers who slept under the same army blanket in
the war who afterward both served in the congress of the United
COMPANY K, 66TH REGIMENT, O. V. I.
from southwestern Morrow county served in Company K, Sixty-sixth
Regiment, among whom were First Lieutenant Wilson Martin
and Watson N. Clark; Sergeants Yelverton P. Barry
and Alva M. Rhoads (both wounded at Chancellorsville,
Virginia) and Philip Phillippi, and Privates William
Powell (who lost a leg at Antietam, Maryland) and Francis
C. Shaw. Those who served three years were Daniel
W. Gibbs and Mark Sweet; and, as veterans, Philip
Phillippi, Benjamin Peak, John Van Brimer, James D. Bishop
and Benjamin P. Stokes.
COMPANIES F, G AND K, 81ST REGIMENT, O. V.
In August and
September, 1861, and later, seventy-five men from the eastern
and northeastern parts of Morrow county enlisted in Company F,
and G, and in August, 1862, thirty more in Company K,
Eighty-first Regiment. The complete organization of a full
regiment was delayed many months.
On the initial organization of the regiment Samuel
E. Adams, of Chesterville, was made quartermaster and served
as such from Aug. 19, 1861, to Aug. 18, 1864.
Andrew R. Boggs, private in Company G, was
promoted to quartermaster sergeant and served until July 22,
1862, and was discharged for disability; later adjutant One
Hundred and Thirty-sixth Regiment.
Pascal B. Ayers,
aged fifty-one years, private Company G, of Chesterville, was
made commissary sergeant and discharged Aug. 22, 1862, for
Richard S. Laycox, Company F, was promoted to
The officers in Company F were: William Pitman
successively promoted from private to sergeant, first sergeant,
sergeant major, second and first lieutenant and assistant
adjutant general, second brigade, fourth division, Fifteenth
Army Corps; mustered out Mar. 27, 1865; veterans.
Wesley K. James, promoted from private to
sergeant and first sergeant for good conduct at battle of
Corinth, Mississippi; mustered out Dec. 13, 1864.
The officers of Company G, from Morrow county were
Russell B. Kinsell, captain; Eli A. James, first
lieutenant, and Caleb B. Ayres, second lieutenant, each
of whom was commissioned Oct. 2, 1861, and resigned: Captain
Kinsell, Aug. 15, 1862; discharged: Lieutenant Ayres,
Sept. 30, 1862. Lieutenant James was discharged
June 30, 1862.
In the roster of Ohio soldiers of the Eighty-first
Regiment, published by the state, fourteen soldiers, including
Sergeant Samuel Virtue, are omitted from the roster, in
Companies F and G.
In Company H, Thomas H. Imes, was appointed
sergeant Aug. 21, 1862; promoted to first sergeant and to second
and first lieutenant, and mustered out July 13, 1865.
The first service of a detachment of the regiment, from
Sept. 24, 1861, to Mar. 1, 1862, was in northern Missouri, where
about one-half of the population were rebels and bush-whackers,
which made the service especially dangerous, and where several
expeditions against bands of guerrillas were undertaken, one of
two weeks duration in December, 1861, on which the men at night
slept on the ground in rain, sleet and snow with no covering but
Early in March, 1862, the regiment left St. Louis
Missouri, on the transport and steamboat, "Meteor," and arriving
at Pittsburg Landing March 17th, was assigned to McArthur's
brigade of General C. F. Smith's division, and while in
camp here the regiment was vigorously drilled by Major Evans.
Following the battle of Shiloh the rebel army retreated to
Corinth, Mississippi, and intrenched, the Union army besieged
it, but during the whole spring and until the evacuation of
Corinth by the Rebel army May 15, 1862, only a few skirmishes
occurred. The armies menaced each other
all summer at Corinth and on October 3 and 4, 1862, a great
battle was fought in which the Eighty-first lost 14 killed and
44 wounded. In 1863, but two battles occurred in which the
Eighty-first was engaged, Tuscumbia and Town Creek,
Alabama, with small loss.
In April, 1864, preparations were made for the Atlanta
campaign, in which the Eighty-first was engaged in the following
battles; Leys Ferry, May 14th and 15th; Rome Cross Roads, May
16th; Dallas, May 26th to June 4; Atlanta, June 22nd, and a
second battle, July 28th; the seige of Atlanta, July 28th to
September 2nd; Jonesboro, August 31st to September 1st, and
Lovejoy Station, September 2nd to 6th, 1864, all in the state of
Georgia; in which the Eighty-first, had 62 killed, 80 wounded
and 160 died of disease.
Those killed and died of wounds in Companies F and G,
from Morrow county, were: Sergeant James Carrothers;
Corporal Abner McCall, and Privates Daniel H. Brown,
Durbin French, Leman P. Gifford and John R. Thompson;
and in Company K, Benton Karr. The wounded in
Companies F and G were: Sergeants Ira Hartwell and
Marcus L. Newland, and Privates George A. Crowell, John
E. Jones; in Company K, Thomas J. Burwell and
The men of Company F who served three years were,
besides those already noted above: Ira Hartwell,
Marion Hartwell, Daniel W. Potts, Marcus L. Newland, William
Bates, Napoleon B. Bowker, Benjamin F. Hartwell, James W.
Galleher, Daniel B. Bowker, Benjamin F. Hartwell, James W.
Galleher, Daniel Cooper, Silas Richey, Duncan Bowker, Moses
Clark, Orion Clark, George W. Cunningham, John Gleason, Robert
H. Incho, Davis E. James, Caleb S. Jeffries, John E. Jones,
Augustus Jones, Alexander Mann, Wiley Peterson, James D. Pitts,
Clark Richards, Samuel J. Rogers, Sylvester Shipman and
William Wagoner; and veterans George Allington, George A.
Crowell, James Kennedy and Albert Kinnaman.
In Company K, which was enlisted in August, 1862,
the men who served nearly three years were as follows:
Lieutenant Thomas H. Imes, Peter Snyder, Joseph J. Smart,
Stephen Hosford, John R. Stoller, Andrew W. Kerr, Samuel
Mobley, Levi Arman, Delevan Brewer, John Burkhart, Thomas J.
Burwell, William B. Dickey, Justus Dye, David L. Elder, George
Fry, Charles S. Garberich, Harrison Harding, Jacob Hill, Samuel
James, Samuel Pitman, Samuel Shaffer, Jacob B. Snyder, Thomas W.
Snyder, Samuel Spigel, James Stall and Marcus L. Teeple.
COMPANY C, 82ND REGIMENT, O. V. I.
In November, 1861,
Francis M. Baker and Morris Baker, of Harmony
township (the latter wounded May 2, 1863, in the battle of
Chancellorsville, Virginia), enlisted in Company C,
Eighty-second Regiment, and both were finally mustered out July
24, 1865, as veterans.
George A. Breckenridge, of Westfield township,
enlisted in the same company November 25, 1861, and was
discharged May 13, 1864, for wounds received July 1, 1863, at
On Feb. 29, 1864, Orlando D. Phillips enlisted
in same company, and was wounded at Dallas, Georgia, May 25,
1864, and transferred to Veteran Relief Corps Mar. 3, 1865.
COMPANIES B AND C, 85TH REGIMENT, O. V. I.
James G. Shedd,
of Mt. Gilead, May 27, 1862, enlisted for three months in
Company B, Eighty-fifth Regiment, and in the last days of May
and June, 1862, fifty-six men were from Morrow county enlisted
for three months in Company C. Some of these men were
transferred to Company I, Eighty-seventh Infantry. (See
Of Company C, Thomas S. Bunker was made captain;
Silas Holt, first lieutenant (died Aug. 4, 1862, at Camp
Chase, Ohio), and Ludwell W. Nickols, second lieutenant,
and all who were not transferred to Company I, Eighty-seventh
Regiment, were mustered out Sept. 23, 1862.
COMPANY I, 87TH REGIMENT, O. V. I.
The twenty men of
Company C, Eighty-fifth Regiment, from Morrow county transferred
to Company I, Eighty-seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, were with
the remainder of the command taken prisoner at Harper's Ferry,
Virginia, Sept. 15, 1862, by General "Stonewall" Jackson's
Rebel army. After their term of enlistment and expired
(the Eighty-seventh being a three months regiment), they were
released on their paroles, and mustered out Oct. 3, 1862.
88TH REGIMENT, O. V. I.
In the early summer of
1862, four companies, called the First Battalion Governors'
Guards, were organized at Camp Chase, Ohio and in July and
August of that year six more companies were mustered into the
United States service for three years, as the Eighty-eighth Ohio
Infantry. About one hundred men were from Morrow county,
many of whom were drawn from the religious denomination of
Friends, conscientiously opposed to war but desirous to serve
their country. The regiment was engaged principally in
guarding rebel prisoners at Camp Chase. It also took part
in the pursuit of General John Morgan's raiders, and in
the insurrection in Holmes county, Ohio. It was mustered
out July 3, 1865.
COMPANIES C AND D, 96TH REGIMENT, O. V. I.
Of the field and staff
officers of the Ninety-sixth Regiment, Morrow county furnished
the following: Adjutant George N.
LIEUTENANT COLONEL ALBERT H. BROWN.
Clark, who was commissioned July 18,
1862, and, for ill health, resigned Feb. 28, 1863.
David A. Stark, adjutant; promoted from Company
C; resigned Nov. 20, 1863.
Charles W. Ketcham, chaplain; commission dated
Sept. 10, 1862, and resigned June 22, 1863.
George M. Scott, chaplain; promoted from first
sergeant Company C, and discharged Dec. 15, 1864.
Sergeant George S. Singer, at the battle of
Sabine Cross Roads, Louisiana, April 8, 1864, was color-bearer.
On the retreat he was commanded by the rebels to surrender the
colors, but amid a shower
of bullets, which riddled his clothes, refused to give up the
flag and brought it safely off the field. He was
discharged May 24, 1865.
The hospital steward, Dr. Henry S. Green, at
Sabine Cross Roads was taken prisoner, and was on duty ten weeks
with three hundred Union wounded in Rebel hospitals at
The killed and died of wounds in Company C at Arkansas
Post, Arkansas, Jan. 11, 1863, were Cyrus Devore, Daniel
Linden and George W. Curren; at Grand Coteau,
Louisiana, Nov. 3, 1863, William H. Wheeler; at Sabine
Cross Roads, Louisiana, Apr. 8, 1864, James J. Gilkison;
and Daniel McClary, lost on steamer "Sultana," Apr. 28,
1865. The wounded were Robert T. Barge and
William Faris at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and Alfred J.
Battey, Francis M. Harris and Julius W. Wood (lost
right arm), at Grand Coteau, Louisiana, and Gilbert
Cronk and Peter D. Wilson at Sabine Cross Roads.
Died of Disease: Lieutenant Thomas E. Shunk, Sergeant John
Kehrwearker, Corporal Robert P. Demuth, and Privates
David Barber, Thomas Barber, George W. Barnhard, William D.
Barnhard, Joshua Brokaw, Hampton Brown, Albert G. Caris, James
W. Clark, John H. Clark, Albert S. Coomer, James H. Coomer,
Benson H. Conway, Jacob P. Cratt, James H. Cunningham, Elisha
Everts, Edwin B. Frost, Josiah T. Howard, Lyman Losee, Joseph
Matheany, John W. Myers, Oliver P. Phillips, Andrew J. Reed,
Obed Rogers, Fortunatus Sherman, Caleb Underwood, Albert D.
White and Elias White.
William M. Dwyer, who had previously served as
sergeant for eight months in Company C, Fifteenth Regiment, Ohio
Volunteer Infantry, was commissioned July 23, 1862, as captain
of Company D, Ninety-sixth Regiment, and Thomas Litzenburg,
at same date, was commissioned second lieutenant. For ill
health, Captain Dwyer resigned Jan. 26, 1863, and
Lieutenant Litzenburg Mar. 22, 1863. The first
lieutenant, John B. Williams, who became captain, and
First Sergeant John M. Godman, who also became captain,
were both from Marion, Ohio. Sergeant David Bachelder
was promoted to second and first lieutenant and captain, but not
mustered as captain until after the war. He had, for a
long period, performed the duties of captain and was entitled to
that rank. He was mustered out Nov. 18, 1864, by reason of
the consolidation of the regiment into a battalion.
The casualties in Company D, were: Killed or died of
wounds at Arkansas Post (killed):
James M. Marvin, and (wounded), First Sergeant Robert F. Bartlett,
George Brown, Nathan Clark
and Daniel May (lost right arm); at Vicksburg (killed):
John N. Geyer and Clark Miner and (wounded)
William W. Reed who was discharged for wounds Sept. 5, 1863;
at Grand Coteau, Nov. 3, 1863 (killed): George
Blanchard, John C. Campbell, Henry W. Franks, Henry Feerer
and David W. Reid and (wounded) First Sergeant Robert
F. Bartlett (lost left arm), Amos G. Barger and
Cyrus R. Myles; and killed at Sabine Cross Roads, Charles
H. Kendall. Died of disease; Madison Walker
Wagoner, George Blow, Charles Boynton, Ryla W. Busby, Hiram O.
Cooper, Alexander Dakan, Abner J. Dennis, William F. Dennis,
Joseph Devolt, David Ferguson, Benjamin Kennedy, Nicholas Kile,
Benjamin W. McDonald, Thomas Maiden, Malachi Mann, Isaac N.
Miracle, James Moore, Alexander Reed, Alexander D. Reed, Joseph
A. Reed, Madison Shields, John Shoffner, Daniel L. Smith and
John M. Young.
Deaths from disease, while General Grant's
army was encamped near Vicksburg, at Young's Point and
Milliken's Bend, in the Ninety-sixth Regiment, (as in all
others), were very numerous. One hundred and seventeen
soldiers of this regiment are buried in the Vicksburg National
Military Park Cemetery. The total number is nearly 17,000,
and of this number 12,704 graves are unidentified. The
casualties of the entire regiment were: Killed and died of
wounds, 49; wounded, 54, and died of disease, 217. Total
The men of Company C who had served nearly three years
besides those above noted, were: Harrison Doty, Amos Fell,
Dewitt C. Sanford, Chester Thompson, Gilbert Cronk, John G. H.
Metzner, Jacob R. Lyon, Reuben Aldrich, Robert T. Barge, Peter
Battey, Spencer Booher, John F. Burdine, Francis M. Curren,
Francis M. Harris, Andrew Hart, Jesse H. Hudson, Silas E. Idleman,
Samuel D. Kemerer, George B. Lee, Chauncey Lewis, Daniel McClary.
David C. Marvin, John B. May, Henry W. Sanderson, Alpheus
Scofield, Mathew D. Smith, William Weaver, Henry C. Wells, Peter
D. Wilson and George W. Wolf.
And of Company D; Barkley F. Irwin, Abraham B.
McGowen, David R. Bender, William H. Messenger, John W. Coe,
Jacob B. Fisher, Isaac Ealy, Samuel R. Dille, Cornelius
Nicholas, Amos Barger, Lemuel H. Breese, William H. Briggs,
David Butler, David Colmery, Albert Davis, Isaac M. Dewitt,
Isaac Hall, Jacob H. Henney, George H. Jones, Royal D. McDonald,
Simon A numbers, Isaiah Pinyard, William W. Russeel Henry J.
Smith Melville B. Talmage and William Vanatta.
The Ninety-sixth Battalion was
finally discharged July 29, 1865, at Camp Chase, Ohio, having
been mustered out July 7, 1865, at Mobile, Alabama.
A WAR REMINISCENCE.
By Robert F. Bartlett
"It was up the Teche
with General Banks, in the fall of the year 1863; that
valley in Louisiana that George W. Cable has made
memorable in his writings, for its beauty and fertility and as
the land of the Acadian exiles from Nova Scotia in 1755.
"The Thirteenth Army Corps had, a few weeks before,
been detached from the Army of the Tennessee, at Vicksburg, and
sent to the Army of the Gulf.
"The campaign and siege of Vicksburg had recently
closed, during which occurred strategy most bewildering to the
enemy, terrific attacks by the Union army, and stubborn
resistance by the Confederates; and in all this memorable
campaign, the Thirteenth Army Corps had borne a prominent part.
"On arrival at New Orleans, in the last days of August,
the corps was camped on the common above the city, on which the
Cotton Exposition Buildings in 1885 were located, and the
Thirteenth and Nineteenth Army Corps were reviewed by
Generals Grant and Banks, and General L. Thomas,
adjutant general, U. S. A.
"Later the two corps entered on what is known in the
history of the Civil war, as the Teche expedition. On
October 3rd the Ninety-sixth Ohio Infantry, under orders, turned
over their camp tents and received dog, or shelter tents, which
the boys called "Purp" tents, broke camp and embarked on a
steamer and was transported to a landing at Algiers, the eastern
terminus of a railroad running eighty-three miles west of
Brashear. It is now a part of the Great Southern Pacific
system, from New Orleans to San Francisco.
"On disembarking from the steamboat, it was found that
a train of flat gravel cars on which was loaded a train of army
wagons, cleated on, was the transportation provided to carry the
regiment to Brashear. We awaited orders. The shades
of evening were approaching and in the dusk of the evening the
regiment was ordered to board these gravel cars under the army
wagons, and the soldiers with hilarious shouts climbed on the
cars and put down their blankets as best they could. The
ing Company D and the writer hereof, and another comrade long
since mustered out, fixed our blankets under the fore axle of an
army wagon, where only a small space was permitted above us, and
so rode until late in the night to Brashear, now Morgan, and got
off and laid down on the wharf, and slept until morning light.
"The patriotism of a true soldier forbade him to
murmur at hardships, and his loyalty and faithfulness required
unquestioned obedience to orders. The soldiers laughed at
apparent impossibilities, and always attempted to earn' out
"By easy marches we advanced through Pattersonville,
Franklin, New Iberia and Vermillionville, now Lafayette, to
Opelousas, and on our marches saw orange orchards, and fields of
sugar cane, which were quite new and interesting to us, and also
fields of yams and cotton.
"The soldiers of Ohio were, by law, permitted to vote
in the field, and we camped at Vermillionville long enough to
vote for the governor of Ohio, John Brough was the
Union candidate, and Clement L. Vallandigham, who had
been arrested for treasonable utterances and sent through the
Confederate lines, was the candidate opposed. The vote of
the regiment was two hundred and twenty-one for Brough,
and five for Vallandigham.
"From here on to Opelousas frequent skirmishes occurred
between the cavalry, when the enemy was met in such force, that
we fell back from Opelousas ten miles and the army encamped on
Carencro bayou, with a strong rear guard, consisting of the
brigade of General S. G. Burbridge and a detachment of
the Fourteenth New York Cavalry the One Hundred and Eighteenth
Illinois Mounted Infantry, the First Louisiana Cavalry, one
section of the Second Massachusetts Light Artillery, and the
Seventeenth Ohio Battery Light Artillery, in all sixteen hundred
and twenty-five men, camped on the prairie at the edge of a
wood, on Bayou Bourbeau, and three miles to the rear of the main
army. It was a weird place for a camp, as the trees in the
woods were festooned with southern moss.
"For three days the enemy's cavalry hovered about our
rear, and skirmished with our cavalry videts, and on November
3rd a force of the enemy admitted to be four to one, to our rear
guard, attacked us.
"I pass over the events of the battle, only to say that
the enemy's cavalry swept around our left flank, and captured
several hundred men, many being wounded, and to mention the
gallant conduct of Colonel Thomas H. Bringhurst of the
ana Infantry, and Colonel John Connell of the
Twenty-eighth Iowa Infantry, who at their regimental camps,
three miles away, on hearing the roar of battle, formed their
regiments, without awaiting orders, and came on the double quick
across the prairie, and checked the cavalry of the enemy that
had flanked us on our left. Later the main army came up in
battle line, and the enemy, not desiring to bring on a general
"At evening, forty-seven of us, severely wounded, found
our selves within the lines of the enemy and prisoners of war,
at the plantation of Mrs. Rodgers whose place was
appointed for a temporary hospital; and for the humane acts, and
for the kindly solicitude of this noble southern woman, and to
commemorate the same, this reminiscence is written. Mrs.
Rodgers said to the writer that she could not see anyone,
either Confederate or Federal, suffer and not do all in her
power to relieve them. Nearly one hundred wounded men,
from both sides, were at her house, and her rooms and verandas
were filled with the most severely wounded, lying on cots and
bed mattresses and sofas, which she had placed for them.
On that night, of November 3rd, I lay on the veranda on a hair
cloth sofa without sleep, with an ounce bullet in my left elbow;
at my head a Confederate soldier, mortally wounded, lay on a bed
mattress, and silently died during the night; at my feet lay my
own comrade, David W. Reid, mortally wounded on a bed
mattress, and he also died early the next morning, and both were
buried in the same grave on the front lawn, under the China
trees. Under instruction from Mrs. Rodgers,
the servants prepared yams and meat and bread and milk for the
wounded, and she ministered to the soldiers herself, and all
were treated alike, and all was done that could be done by her.
"Many of the 'Cajun' neighbors, came with carriages,
and carryalls and inquired for the Union wounded, to care for
"During the day, November 4th, General J. P. Major,
who commanded a brigade of Confederate cavalry, came to the
house, and talked with the soldiers of both sides and was
courteous to all.
"About four o'clock that afternoon the medical
director of our brigade and staff, with ambulances, came to
Mrs. Rodgers plantation and met the officers of the
enemy appointed for the purpose, and the surviving wounded were
exchanged, and soon after night fall arrived at the camp of the
Union army on Carencro bayou, happy to be again in our own
"In all the years since, my mind has reverted, with
feelings of gratitude to this dear old lady for her kindly
sympathy and deeds.
"Much has been forgiven and passed into oblivion
between the soldiers of the north and south, and both sides
respect and admire the courage of the other, and not to do so is
to question our own courage."
ONE HUNDRED AND SECOND OHIO INFANTRY
Ten men from the
northern part of our county served in the One Hundred and Second
Regiment, among whom were: Cyrus Shumway, Robert Barr
and Henry Riggle, Company C; Thomas B. Keech and
David K. Mitchell, of Company D, and Peter W. Shambaugh
and Isaac Baker, of Company E. Captain Amos J.
Moore (as private of Company D, Fourth Ohio Volunteer
Infantry) and Benton L. Thompson, served three years each
in company H, One Hundred and Eighteenth Regiment.
In the One Hundred and Twentieth Regiment, Ohio
Volunteer Infantry, John E. Cromer, Alfred J. Creigh
and Milton Parks, served in Company I, and
Leyman Webster in Company K. The latter died in the
ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-FIRST REGIMENT, O. V.
The larger part of
Companies D and E, of the One Hundred and Twenty-first Regiment,
and a few men in Companies F and G, were from Morrow county and
reported at their rendezvous, Camp Delaware, Ohio, the afternoon
of Sept. 1, 1862, which camp the Ninety-sixth Ohio Infantry had
vacated early that morning.
William Smith Irwin, of Mt. Gilead, was
commissioned lieutenant colonel, Aug. 18, 1862, and he resigned
from ill health Mar. 17, 1863.
The regiment was mustered into the service of the
United States on Sept. 11, 1862.
In Company D there were no commissioned officers from
Morrow county; all were from Delaware county. Benjamin A.
Banker, of Morrow, was appointed first sergeant and promoted to
second lieutenant, Company F, Mar. 1, 1863; to first lieutenant,
Company C Mar. 31, 1864; to captain Company A Aug. 29, 1864, and
mustered out with Company A, June 8, 1865.
Sergeant Isaac D. Irwin, Company D, was promoted
to commissary sergeant May 11, 1865, and mustered out with
regiment June 8, 1865.
The commissioned officers in Company E, from Morrow
David Lloyd, captain, who died of wounds
Aug. 7, 1864, received at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 27,
Elisha B. Cook, second lieutenant, resigned Sept.
7, 1863, for disability;
Perry Swetland, private Company D, promoted to
principal musician and mustered out with regiment;
Milton D. Wells, promoted from private Company
H, to quartermaster sergeant, Nov. 6, 1862, and to first
lieutenant Company D, Apr. 12, 1864, and appointed
quartermaster, and mustered out with regiment June 8, 1865.
On Oct. 8, 1862, less than one month from muster, the
regiment took part at the battle of Perrysville, Kentucky, had
large losses in killed and wounded, and besides losses at
Perryville, Kentucky, the greatest losses of the regiment were
at Chickamauga, Georgia, Sept. 20, 1863, enesaw Mountain,
Georgia, June 6-30, 1864, and Bentonville, North Carolina Mar.
19-21, 1865. The most terrific contest in which the
regiment was engaged was at the battle of Chickamauga, Georgia,
as a part of I. Steadman's division of General George
H. Thomas' corps, in which the repeated assaults of the
Rebels, in overwhelming numbers, were repulsed. At this
time the battle flag of the Twenty-second Alabama Infantry, and
most of the men of that regiment, were captured by the One
Hundred and Twenty-first Ohio, but with great losses to that
command; for five officers and seventeen men were killed, and
seven officers and seventy men wounded. Governor David
Tod, of Ohio, acknowledged the receipt of the flag of the
Twenty-second Alabama, as a trophy of the valor of the One
Hundred and Twenty-first Ohio, and returned his own with the
thanks of the loyal people of Ohio.
On the Atlanta campaign, which commenced early in May,
1864, the One Hundred and Twenty-first entered with 18 officers
and 429 men, and at the close of the campaign in September,
1864, the reports show that four officers and 22 men had been
killed, and 8 officers and 205 men wounded and one captured.
The men from Morrow county who were killed or died of
Killed, George Shaver, first sergeant; corporal
William Baxter, and Jarvis H. Aldrich, Joshua Barry,
Cheater Bartholomew, Washington Liggett, Sanford Olds, William
M. Slack and Hugh Worline (last named in Rebel
prison), Willis S. Gibbons, Peter Harris and Clark
Pierce; and (wounded), Ezekiel B. Slack, Captain David
Lloyd (at Chickamauga and also at Kenesaw Mountain),
Byron Colwell, Charles Owens, Edward P. Reid, John Ruggles
and Martin G. Modie, of Company G (lost both thumbs by a
Died of disease in the
Sergeant Henry C. Bishop and Gideon Worline;
Privates: George W. Barnes, David Cooley, Benjamin Denton,
Almon L. Ruggles, Theodore P. Wood, Edward L. Bliss, David Lyon,
Raymond Sheldon, David P. Watkins and Thomas West.
The men of Company D who served nearly three years
were: Isaac D. Irwin, promoted to commissary sergeant;
Perry Swetland, promoted to principal musician; Danford
Hare, Alfred R. Livingston, Caleb N. Morehouse, Ezekiel B.
Slack, Lester W. Case, Benjamin F. McMaster, Milton Hicks,
Charles Holt, Joseph Lewis, Lewis K. Riley, Albert L. Slack,
Matthew D. Sterritt, Andrew J. Utter and Harman J.
Those of Company E were: Captain James A. Moore, Daniel
S. Mather, David R. Evans, Clark Pierce, Columbus D. Pierce,
George W. Williams, William T. Carson, David C. Breese,
Christian Sellers, John Bain, David P. Bliss, Christian Edgell,
Samuel A. Fiddler, William B. Fowler, Edward M. Hall, William H.
Howard, Jeremiah Jones, Edward P. Reid, William B. Wagoner,
Ephraim H. Watkins, Emory A. Wilson and Lucius V. Wood.
Those of Company G, were: David Dwyer, Paul C.
Wheeler and Martin G. Modie.
ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT, O. V.
Seven men served in
Company K, One Hundred and Twenty-eighth Regiment, under an
enlistment for three years, to-wit:
Thomas C. Cunard, Lucius C. King, Morgan Wiseman, Orlando R.
Clark, Thomas Roby, James W. Underhill and John O.
ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTY-SIXTH REGIMENT, O. V.
The one-hundred day men
who went out May 2, 1864, performed a very patriotic duty, and
relieved that many drilled and trained soldiers, who went to the
front in General Grant's "On to Richmond," campaign.
About 450 of these men were in Companies A, C, F, G and I, One
Hundred and Thirty-sixth Regiment, and 32 in the One Hundred and
Forty-second Regiment. Their services were mainly in the
forts in the vicinity of Washington City, D. C. The One
Hundred and Thirty-sixth was mustered out Aug. 31, 1864.
ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-FOURTH REGIMENT, O.
The One Hundred and
Seventy-fourth Regiment was the second of the one-year regiments
to organize, in July, August and September, 1864, and fully
one-half of the field and staff, and officers of the line, and
the men in the ranks, were trained soldiers who had seen service
at the front from one to three years. Colonel John S.
Jones (from Delaware county) had served from April 21, 1861,
to June 21, 1864, as an officer in the Fourth Regiment.
Lieutenant Colonel Amos J. Sterling (from Union county) had
served as Captain, Company F, Thirty-first Regiment for over two
years and had been discharged for wounds.
Of the field and staff officers, William G. Beatty,
major; Benjamin J. George, chaplain (promoted from
private, Company I); Balera J. Aurand, commissary
sergeant (promoted from private, Company H), and Davis
McCreary, principal musician (promoted from musician,
Company A), were from Morrow county.
Nearly all of Companies A and K were from Morrow
county, with a few in each company from Marion county.
Company A was recruited in the vicinity of Cardington and
William G. Beatty was captain and was promoted to major;
Henry Rigby, first lieutenant, and promoted to captain;
John B. White, private and promoted to second and first
lieutenant, and discharged May 18, 1865, for wounds; and
William F. Wallace, promoted from private to first sergeant
and second lieutenant.
The officers of Company K, were: Henry McPeek,
captain; B. B. McGowen, first lieutenant; Thomas J.
Weatherby, second lieutenant, and William W. McCracken,
first sergeant. The latter had served in Company A,
Twentieth Regiment, was discharged for wounds received at the
battle of Champion Hill, Mississippi.
Because so many of the regiment had seen service, it
was rushed to the front and on Dec. 4, 1864, took part in the
battle of Overall's Creek, Tennessee, and on Dec. 7th, in the
battle of the Cedars, Tennessee, which many of the regiment were
killed and wounded. On Jan. 17, 1865, the regiment was
ordered to Washington, District of Columbia, and thence to Fort
Fisher, North Carolina, and on Mar. 10, 1865, took part in the
battle of Wise's Fork, North Carolina, with numerous fatal
It is believed that the One Hundred and Seventy-fourth
did the most fighting of any among the one-year regiments, and
its casualties were 22 killed, wounded 39, and died from
disease, 95. The regiment belonged to Ruger's
division. Twenty-third Army
Corps. Those who died of wounds in Company A, were:
William A. Henry and Franklin T. Smith; wounded:
Elwood Bunker, and died of disease; Marvin Burt, Samuel
L. Milligan, Lafayette Aldrich, Henry Fairchild, Albert
Matthews, Cyrus Mowry, Melville W. Nichols, Wesley H. Peck,
Isaac Perkins, Joseph Reed, Gardner Sage and John P.
In Company K, the died-of-wounds
was Julius M. Woodford; wounded, Gilbert J. Conklin
and Adin W. Salisbury; died of disease, Joel Fiant,
William M. Parker, Alexander M. Parks, Clarkson C. Parks
and Israel Shaffer. The regiment was mustered out
June 28, 1865, at Charlotte, North Carolina.
179TH AND 180TH REGIMENTS, O. V. I.
Forty men from Morrow
county served in the One Hundred and Seventy-ninth Regiment;
fifteen in Company A, and twenty-five in Company F. In the
latter company two officers had seen service; First Lieutenant
John W. Hammer, in Company D, Ninety-sixth Ohio Volunteer
Infantry, and First Sergeant Benjamin Tuthill, in Company
B, Forty-third Regiment. The enlistments were chiefly in
September, 1864, and for one year. The regiment was on
duty at and in the vicinity of Nashville, Tennessee. There
were no casualties save from disease or accident, which numbered
Eighteen men served in the One Hundred and Eightieth
Ohio Infantry, on enlistments for one year; one in Company A;
eight in Company C, of whom Second Lieutenant Oscar L. R.
French, who had served in Company E, Twenty-sixth, and I,
One Hundred and Thirty-sixth was one; two men in Company H, and
seven men of Company I. Henry H. Shaw, private of Company
I, was promoted to assistant surgeon, One Hundred and
Eighty-fourth Regiment. The One Hundred and Eightieth was
engaged with the enemy at Wise's Fork, near Kingstown.
North Carolina. Mar. 8, 1865, and the losses were two killed and
three died of wounds. Seventy-five died of disease.
Total casualties, eighty.
187TH AND 188TH REGIMENTS, O. V. I.
Forty men of Company G,
One Hundred and Eighty-seventh Infantry, enlisted for one year,
in February, 1865, many of whom had served for three years in
old regiments, whose terms of enlistment had expired.
John Comly Baxter was commissioned
captain. He had served in Company O. One Hundred and
Thirty-sixth Regiment. Warner Hayden was
commissioned first lieutenant, and he had served in Company E,
One Hundred and Twenty-first, Company G, One Hundred and
Thirty-sixth; and Bela G. Merrill, second lieutenant, had
served in Company I, Third Regiment. All were commissioned
Mar. 2, 1865; on the following day the regiment was taken by
rail to Nashville, Tennessee, and ordered to report at Dalton,
Georgia, and did provost duty there and at Kingston and Macon,
Georgia, until Jan. 20, 1866, when it was mustered out at the
place last named. One man, James R. Craven, died
Mar. 12, 1865.
Four men from Morrow county served in Company F, One
Hundred and Eighty-eighth Ohio Infantry. George Hibbard,
Thomas Ayres, John C. Cooley (killed on cars Aug.
27, 1865), and George McClary, the last of whom had
served in Company G, Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and Company
G, of the Tenth Regiment, for three years and two months,
continued to serve from Feb. 1, 1865, until Sept. 21, 1865.
ARTILLERY AND CAVALRY
Ten men of Company I,
Second Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery, enlisted from
Morrow county in the summer of 1863 for three years. Charles
H. Dalrymple was appointed quartermaster sergeant of Company
I, and promoted to regimental quartermaster sergeant, Jan. 19,
1865, and to second lieutenant Company M, Feb. 23, 1865, and
mustered out with company Aug. 23, 1865.
Ten men of Battery E, First Regiment, Ohio Light
Artillery, enlisted; most of them in August, 1861. They
were: Francis M. Jeffrey, corpora; John McNeal,
wounded Dec. 31, 1862, at Stone River; John F. McNeal,
(later a prominent lawyer at Marion, Ohio); William Wallace
McNeal, killed Dec. 31, 1862, at battle of Stone River,
Tennessee; Henry McPeak, George W. Miller, Jacob Miller,
Reason R. Morrison, Albert J. Myers and Godfrey F.
Pfeiffer. The majority of these men served three
Seven men from Morrow county served from September,
1861, in the First Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Cavalry; Hays
Clark, aged forty-two, in Company C, and discharged Nov.
29, 186 2; in Company K, Abram F. McCurdy, second
lieutenant; resigned June 16, 1862, and also major of Tenth
Regiment; John M. Schultz (who had served in Company D,
Third Ohio Infantry in war with
Mexico), wounded June 15, 1864, at Kenesaw Mountain,
Georgia (veteran); Balera J. Aurand, William E. Campbell,
William Cyphers and Samuel Darrah. Of John
M. Schultz, his captain has said that he was a "dare devil"
and would recklessly ride after the enemy. The regiment
was mustered out Sept. 13, 1854, at Hilton Head, South Carolina.
In Companies D, E, F, L. and M, Third Regiment, Ohio
Volunteer Cavalry, ninety-seven men from Morrow county served,
from the fall of 1861, as follows: William Meredith and
Harvey Kerns, Company D; James C. Serrells (or
Searles) and Cyrus Hoy, Company E; Elijah Boxley,
Company F; and Chauncey Olds, Company L (died of
wound, Nov. 9, 1862). The balance, ninety-one men, were in
Company M. John W. Marvin was commissioned captain;
Henry C. Miner, who had served as second lieutenant Apr.
23, 1861, was commissioned first lieutenant Sept. 18, 1861;
promoted to captain Jan. 21, 1863, and mustered out Nov. 22,
James W. Likens was appointed second lieutenant
Sept. 8, 1861; promoted to first lieutenant Jan. 21, 1863, and
resigned May 16, 1864.
William S. Furbay was appointed first sergeant
Nov. 8, 1861; promoted to second lieutenant Jan. 2, 1863, but
not mustered; discharged for disability Jan. 23, 1863.
Thomas A. O'Rourke, was appointed company
quartermaster sergeant Nov. 8, 1861, and first sergeant Aug. 11,
1864; promoted to second lieutenant Company L, July 13, 1864,
and first lieutenant Company D, Jan. 6, 1865, and mustered out
with company Aug. 4, 1865; veteran.
John H. Fisher was appointed sergeant Nov. 8,
1861; wounded in left forearm June 15, 1864, and mustered out
Oct. 13, 1864, for wounds and expiration of service.
Henry D. Smith was appointed sergeant Nov. 8, 1861;
discharged for disability Aug. 12, 1862.
Melville R. Benson was appointed corporal Nov. 8,
1861; killed Dec. 31, 1862, at battle of Stone River.
Horace B. White, private, aged fifty, was promoted
to battalion hospital steward, Dec. 1, 1861.
Napoleon B. Benedict, private, died Sept. 3, 1864,
of wounds received in action.
James S. Dodge was a recruit to Company M,
enlisting July 14, 1862, at the age of sixteen years; was
appointed corporal and
sergeant; mustered out with company Aug. 4, 1865, and became a
prominent lawyer and judge at Elkhart, Indiana.
On an expedition to Knoxville, Tennessee, Company M
charged a company of Georgia cavalry and Private Jacob Kreis
selected his man. As they came in collision and their
sabers clashed, Jake's saber flew out of his grasp, but
with great presence of mind he spurred his horse close to his
enemy; seized him by his long hair, dragged him off his horse,
and captured him. As Jake said, "When I goes for
you, I takes you." He had herculean strength, and the
rebel was not his equal. The regiment was mustered out
Aug. 4, 1865, at Nashville, Tennessee.
The men from Morrow county who served three years were:
Sergeants, Marion Eldred and John A. Brown;
Corporals, J. K. P. Harris, and Privates Charles A.
Anderson, Samuel Everett, Alexander W. Everett, William Hennie,
Naaman Hodge, Silas Jacobs, John T. Jamison, Jacob Kreis, John
Lackey, George W. Preston, Joseph Rogers, Adelbert B. White,
William A. White and Frederick Yahn. Those who served
more than three years as veterans, were: First Sergeant John
S. Chapin, Sergeant Louis R. Miller, Corporal
Frederick Reidel, Bugler Hiram Martin, Farrier
Joseph Adams, and Privates Valentine Childers and
Daniel E. Kennedy.
Omar D. Neill enlisted for one year in Company
I, Fourth Cavalry, and was discharged with company.
Rolvin J. Brennen and Asa Messenger
served in Company C, Fifth Cavalry, and both were mustered out
with company Oct. 30, 1865.
Benjamin F. Davis was assistant surgeon in the
Fourty-fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and Eighth
Alden P. Moore was sergeant in Company D,
Forty-fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and in Company
I, Eighth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.
Eleven men served in Company K, Ninth Ohio Volunteer
Cavalry, who enlisted in October and November, 1863, for three
years. They were: Alben Coe, first lieutenant, and
promoted to captain Company E; William Logan, Oscar P.
Bowker, Levi Emahizer, Alfred McDonald,
Charles S. Miller, Alexander Poland, Sidney A.
Sayre, Henry Soladay, Levi Townsend
(who were all mustered out July 20, 1865), and George
Rodney (who died Mar. 29, 1864).
Abram F. McCurdy was commissioned October 6,
lieutenant, Company B. Tenth Cavalry, and promoted to captain
and major. William J. Dick, Peter Brewer (killed at
Resaca, Georgia), Oswald M. Bruce, Thomas C. Crane, William
Nichols, Edward P. Rose, John Rose and Francis M. Sloan,
served in Company B.
William M. Hayden enlisted in Company B, as
private, was promoted to commissary sergeant and second
lieutenant Company L.; mustered out July 24, 1865.
Simon Poland, Company L; mustered out June 10,
Denton J. Snider, enlisted as private in Company
H; was appointed sergeant and promoted to second lieutenant,
Company F, One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Regiment, Ohio
James Taylor Corwin served in Company G, Twelfth
Cavalry, and Francis Newson and Jacob Watson in
Wilbert Granger (wounded at Dinwidie Courthouse,
Virginia); Albert Claypool, Jesse Henry and Alonzo J.
Rose served in Fifth Independent Battalion and Company B,
Thirteenth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, on three years' enlistment.
On six-months' enlistment, in the summer of 1863,
Sergeant Alva C. Shaw, Hubbard M. Betts, Madison Foust, William
P. Ferguson, Zenas L. Mills and James William Sexton,
served in Company B, Fifth Independent Ohio Volunteer Cavalry;
the last man also in Company D, Sixty-fourth Ohio Volunteer
On Sept. 3, 1864, William F. Armstrong and
George Karns, enlisted, each for one year in Company M.
Merrill's Horse; mustered out Jan. 10, 1865.
OHIO BOYS IN OTHER COMMANDS
The military history of
Morrow county would not be complete if it failed to give the
services in the army of many of its native sons, who grew up to
young manhood within its borders, and went to other states, as
Union soldiers, and therefore as many as can be learned about,
are here mentioned:
John Purvis, One Hundred and Eleventh Regiment
Illinois Infantry, three years.
Joseph Grove Company F, Eighth Regiment Illinois
Infantry, five years.
Richard M. Hoy, Company G, One hundred and
Second Illinois Infantry.
Lyman Beecher Straw, Company B, One Hundred and
Illinois Infantry; killed at Peachtree Creek, Georgia, July 20,
Mitchell Blair, Thirteenth Regiment Illinois
Butler Dunham, Eighty-eighth Regiment Illinois
Infantry; killed at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 27, 1864.
Henry B. Crane, Company H, Fifth-ninth Regiment
Cyrus G. Benedict, Company I, One Hundred and
Fifty-third Regiment Illinois Infantry.
Levi Benedict, Company A, Second Regiment
Henry C. Shunk,
Eighth Regiment Indiana Infantry.
Liston A. Coomer, Company A, Thirtieth Regiment
Indiana Infantry; wounded June 27, 1864, at Kenesaw Mountain;
served four years.
Byron Talmage Cooper, Company H, Twenty-ninth
James C. McKee, Company C, thirty-seventh
Indiana Infantry three years; and Company A, Thirth-eighth
Indiana, eighteen months.
Benjamin F. Pinyerd, Thirtieth Indiana; three
Nathan N. Mosher,
Company G, third Iowa Infantry.
Ephraim Cooper, Seventeenth Iowa Infantry;
killed at Jackson, Mississippi, May 14, 1863.
Charles McDonald, Twenty-second Iowa Infantry;
drowned in Mississippi river.
Morris Barge, Thirty-fourth Iowa Infantry; died
near Vicksburg, Mississippi, in May, 1863.
C. V. Gardner, captain of company in
Twenty-ninth Iowa Infantry.
James M. Gardner, captain of company of same
Ralph Emerson Cook,
private Company E, Twelfth Kansas Infantry; captain First Kansas
Colored Infantry; killed October 6, 1863, by Quantrell's
John R. Cook, Company E, Twelfth Kansas
William Swart, Company A, First Kansas Infantry.
Richard W. Duncan,
Sixth Michigan Infantry; killed at Port Hudson, Mississippi, in
George Nelson, Company G, Eleventh Michigan
Ephraim Zolman, First Michigan Light Artillery.
Sidney A. Breese, captain in
Sixth Missouri Cavalry
William Thomas, Eighth Missouri Infantry
Samuel Garver, Company F, Fourth Missouri
Daniel Beers, Eighth Company, First Battalion,
New York Sharpshooters
Sylvester Willison, in regiment New York
Infantry. Lost an arm at Antietam, Maryland, September 11,
Silas H. Bush, Company I, eighth Pennsylvania
COLORED SOLDIERS, MORROW COUNTY.
Company I, Fifth
Regiment, United States Colored Troops: Curtis Revels,
William Salters. Daniel Johnson (died in service), and
Lewis St. John (died in service).
Company C, Sixth United States Regiment: John Scott
and Jefferson Kemp (died in service)
Twenty-sixth United States Regiment; Henry Johnson
(died in service)
Fifty-fifth Massachusetts: Jon Cosby, David M. V.
Kinney, George Lewis and Elijah Revels.
More than 360,000 Federal soldiers gave their lives
to save the Union of states; their blood has consecrated to
freedom every slave state, and it is believed that the foregoing
history shows conclusively that the soldiers from Morrow county,
Ohio, fully did their part.
UNITED STATES NAVY.
Edwin T. Pollack, Lieutenant commander (see
Smith De Muth, United States Marine Corps,
Albert F. Rushmund; battleship "Maine," August
7, 1901 - August 6, 1905.
Clarence W. Ewers, Apr. 2, 1907; battleship
"Rhode Island;" cruise around the world.
Gilbert H. Kelly; enlisted May 21, 1904; rating
landsman; served on United States steamer "Hancock," until
and United States steamer "Maryland," on cruise around world;
discharged May 24, 1908;p rating yeoman, first class.
Hubert H. Randolph, United States steamer
"Yorktown, " July 13, 1908 - June 11, 1909.
UNITED STATES NAVY.
James J. Van Horn;
entered West Point Military Academy 1856; colonel Eighth
Regiment, United States Infantry; died Aug. 30, 1898, from
injuries at Siboney, Cuba.
Charles H. Howard, Company F, Fourteenth United
States Infantry; three years in Civil war.
Luke C. Lyman, Company A, Second Battalion,
Eighteenth United States Infantry.
Samuel R. Eccles, Company A, Second Battalion,
Eighteenth United States Infantry.
Jas. S. M. Patton, Eighteenth United States
Infantry, six years.
John C. Poland, musician Company K, regimental
band, Nineteenth United States Infantry; ten years.
Albert Germain, musician band, Nineteenth United
Edgar Irwin, musician, band. Nineteenth
United States Infantry.
Marcus A. Boner, Fourth United States Cavalry,
and Company E. Twenty-sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
James W. Longsdorff, Fourth United States
Cavalry and Company E, Twenty-sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
Riley Taylor, Company A, Fifth
United States Cavalry, Civil war.
Vern T. Rinehart, Troop I, Thirteenth United
States Cavalry, 1907.
James P. Stickle, Seventeenth United States
Infantry, since 1898.
Arthur A. Ashbrook,
Company A, Seventeenth United States Infantry; died July 13,
1898, near Siboney, Cuba.
John F. Adams, regular army; died in Philippine
Dolph Burns, Nov. 4, 1901; Troop A, Sixth United
States Cavalry, 1911; still in army.
John L. Boner, Jan. 26, 1898; Troop A, Sixth
United States Cavalry, 1911; still in army.
John Burr, Hospital Corps, Philippine Islands.
Villa Furstenberger, Hospital Corps, Philippine
Lewis Houle, Company L, Fourth Ohio Volunteer
Infantry; died in 1899.
Hollis Hull, Company G, Fourth Ohio Volunteer
Ray Livingston, lieutenant.
William Long, Eighth Ohio Volunteer Infantry,
and Thirty-third United States Infantry.
Arthur C. Mellinger, Battery G, Ohio Volunteer
Brice Osborn, Company K, Fourth Ohio Volunteer
David G. Orsborn, Company B, Fourth Ohio
Ralph Waite, Company L, Fourth Ohio Volunteer
Thomas H. R. Smith, Company B, Fifteenth United
Walter M. Wright, Company A, Nineteenth United
Carey B. White, Company B, Fourth Ohio Volunteer
MEXICAN AND CIVIL WAR VETERANS.
At present writing
(June, 1911), Major Harvey Johnson, of Marengo, is the
only living veteran of both the Mexican and Civil wars residing
in Morrow county. As he was born in Richland county, Jan.
5, 1824, he is in his eighty-seventh year; but, as one of his
army of friends remarks, "While the Major is an old timer, he is
not a back number," as you will find if you get a chance to get
into conversation with him. The following sketch briefly
tells the story of his life.
At an early age
Harvey Johnson's parents located where Sparta now is, which
at that time was a wilderness, his grandfather clearing a space
upon which to build his cabin, where the hardware store of E.
G. Coe now stands. Among his playmates at that time
were the boys of the Potter family who kept what at that
time was called a tavern. His boyhood days were spent in
Knox, Logan and Franklin counties where he was living at the
outbreak of the Mexican war, and enlisted in Company F, Second
Ohio Infantry, with headquarters at Columbus. General
Morgan, of Mt. Vernon, was colonel of his regiment.
His company was transferred to headquarters of his regiment at
Cincinnati by way of the canal to Portsmouth, thence down
the Ohio to Cincinnati. While on duty in this service he
took part in the battles of Buena Vista and Monterey.
After fifteen months service the war closed, and he was
discharged at New Orleans. After his discharge he worked
his trade, that of a carpenter, in Louisville, Kentucky, for a
time, and finally settled in Cannelton, Indiana, where he
married and was living a the outbreak of the Civil war.
Here he raised a company of which he was commissioned captain,
Aug. 9, 1861. His company was attached to the Twenty-sixth
Indiana Regiment, Herron's Division, Army of the Frontier,
commanded by General Fremont. While in this army
his regiment took part in the battles of Pea Ridge and Prairie
Grove, Arkansas. His regiment was later attached to the
Thirteenth Corps Army of the Gulf, and participated in the
battle of Yazoo City and the seige of Vicksburg. He
was promoted to major, Mar. 13, 1863. At the time of his
enlistment in 1861 he was accompanied to the front by his son,
Samuel, a lad of fifteen years, who, because of his youth,
could not enlist to carry a gun, but went as a drummer boy.
After serving about a year in this capacity he entered the
service, and serving out his term of enlistment was discharged,
but enlisted again in Hancock's Veteran Reserve Corps and earned
his second discharge. The son died many years ago.
Major Johnson resigned his commission at New Orleans
on account of disability.
For years J. J.
Runyan, of Mt. Gilead shared, with Major Johnson, the
honor of being the only living soldier in Morrow county who had
served in both the Mexican and the Civil wars. His death
occurred at Mt. Gilead, Nov. 12, 1907, that town having been his
residence since 1864.
Mr. Runyan was born in Wayne township, Knox
county, one mile north of Fredericktown, Ohio, on the sixth day
of April, 1824, residing there until he was seventeen years of
age. He came to Morrow county and settled near Sparta.
From there he returned to Fredericktown and learned the
carpenter trade with Amos and Stephen Woodruff. At
the expiration of three years he had learned and mastered his
profession, and his first work of overseeing and building a
house was near Mt. Vernon. This same house is still in
existence and is occupied to this day.
Always cherishing a great patriotic love for his
country he had a desire to join some military company and
consequently united with a company called the Fredericktown
Cadets, for a term of five years. Aug. 3, 1847, he
enlisted in Company G, Second Ohio Volunteer Infantry to take up
arms for this country against Mexico. The following being
the officers of that company: Captain James E. Harle;
First Lieutenant, Robert B. Mitchell; Second
Lieutenant, Stiles Thrift; Third Lieutenant, Jabez J.
Antrim; First Sergeant, Andrew S. Gressner; Second
Sergeant, Hiram Miller. This company reported at
Camp Wool, Cincinnati, at which place Mr. Irwin was
elected colonel and was mustered into service about Sept. 1,
1847, and on Sept. 10th embarked on three steamboats for New
Orleans. After an uneventful journey
down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers of some two weeks, the
company arrived at New Orleans. Two weeks later company G
boarded a government boat at New Orleans, and about the fourth
of October landed at Vera Cruz, Mexico, camping about two miles
west of the city. With three other regiments, a company of
cavalry, and six pieces of artillery, this company was sent to
guard 1,000 wagons and 2,000 pack mules loaded with ammunition,
provisions and clothing for Mexico City. The regiment
continued its march to Pueblo, which place was reached about
Nov. 1st. They were then ordered to Rio Frio. At
this place several of the members were killed in skirmishes with
guerrillas. They were kept here until the close of the
war. Some seventy-five men of this regiment were killed or
died from diseases contracted while in the service. The
regiment was returned to Cincinnati, and on July 26, 1848, were
mustered out of service. Being relieved from duty
Mr. Runyan remained in Cincinnati a short time, and then
returned to his home in Morrow county. This in brief, was
his experience in the Mexican war.
Again responding to a call from his country, Mr.
Runyan enlisted at Chesterville in August, 1861, with
Company A, Twentieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, for three years,
and on Sept. 3rd went to Fredericktown and from there to Camp
Chase, where he was again mustered into service. The
regiment participated honorably at the following battles:
Fort Donelson, Feb. 14, 16, 1862; Shiloh, Apr. 7, 1862; Boliver,
Aug. 30, 1862; Iuka, Mississippi, Sept. 19-20, 1862; Hankison's
Ferry Mar. 3, 1862; Raymond, May 12, 1863; Champion Hill, May 6,
1863; Vicksburg, May 19, 1863; Jackson, July 9-16, 1863; Baker's
Creek, Meridian Raid, Feb. 4, 1864; Kenesaw Mountain,
Georgia, June 27, 1864. Mr. Runyan's regiment
participated in several other battles but he was taken sick and
sent to "Big Shanty Hospital," Atlanta, Georgia, and later to
Rome, Georgia. He served his time and was discharged Oct.
8, 18664, at Columbus, Ohio, May 6, 1855, he was united in
marriage to Miss M. X. DeWitt, daughter of Joseph P.
and Phoebe DeWitt, of Chesterville, early pioneers of
Morrow county. He then, in 1864, removed to Mt. Gilead,
where he resided until his death in 1907.