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Morrow County,  Ohio
History & Genealogy

History of 
Morrow County, Ohio
A Narrative Account of its Historical Progress,
Its People, and its Principal Interests
Assisted by
The Lewis Publishing Company
Chicago-New York

NOTE:  If there is something you want transcribed, please ask me.
Sharon Wick

Pages 125-180

By Robert F. Bartlett

     In writing a brief history of the county, scrupulous accuracy will be the highest aim, and if the truth gives praise that will be most gratifying; but if it gives blame, it cannot be helped, but will, nevertheless, be a reason for regret.
     The inspiration to write this chapter is to illustrate the patriotism of the men of 1861 to 1865, and to hand down to the present and coming generations the deeds, and sufferings, of the young men of that county, of nearly half a century ago.  It is proper to say that a few fathers and mothers gave a half dozen of their sons to the support of the government in the war of Rebellion, and that others gave all the sons they had; many of them paid the "last full measure of devotion to their country" with their lives upon the battlefield, and others came home bearing scars from honorable

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wounds, and maimed for life.  The men of those times made the history, and its truthfulness cannot be disputed.  A few, only, opposed the efforts of the government to put down the rebellion, but there are a few.


     It is not necessary to go into a discussion of the causes of the war more than to say that "State Rights," and "American Slavery" in all their bearings were the causes, and the people of Morrow county as to slavery had some part.  Nearly every one of the "Underground Railroad" from the south to Canada, are gone.  It was so called because its trains ran in the night, and its stations were not generally known.  When a slave left his master and was lucky enough to set his foot on the soil of Canada he was that instant a free man; for the laws of England made him free.  Three stations of the Underground Railroad were in Morrow county: One at or near South Woodbury; one at the Friends' Settlement, two and one-half miles south of Mt. Gilead; and one at Iberia; and many are the black men and women who gained their freedom, through help given them at these stations.  The nearest station south was in Union county, or at Osem Gardner's, twelve miles north of Columbus, Ohio.  These agents were called "Abolitionists" and considered it their religious and highest duty, to aid runaway slaves.  At South Woodbury, William Martin and Reuben, and Aaron L. and Aaron "Dick" Benedict (or Long Aaron) were men of mature years, from 1850 to 1860, and were conscientious in their work for these slaves.  At the second station Samuel Andrews, Samuel Peasley, Jonathan Wood, Sr., David Wood, the late Col. Samuel N. Wood, and his brother, Jonathan Wood, Alfred Breese and Robert and Joseph and John Mosher, Wm. Wood, Nathan N. and Gideon Mosher and Thomas A. Wood (all now living) were youngsters then, and all, or nearly so, were conductors of loads of runaway slaves.  They were usually conveyed in a spring wagon with cover, or some other device to conceal the passengers.  At Iberia, the third station, men engaged in aiding fugitive slaves were Rev. George Gordon, Robert and Hugh McClarren, Richard Hammond, James H. and Robert Jeffrey, Archibald Brownlee, Allen McNeal, I. P. C. Martin, James Ross, Alexander Campbell and Samuel Iams, James and Robert McKibben, and a few others in minor roles.  Because of resistance to a United States marshal, in pur-

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suit of runaway slaves or fugitives from labor, Iberia became a place of note in all southland.  Grandison Martin, a fugitive slave, had escaped from his master in Kentucky and in September, 1860, was pursued by Joseph L. Barber, a United States marshal, and the men, who were friendly to the negro, acting under a higher law, as they claimed a law in the "Impressible Conflict" superior to the Fugitive Slave law caught the marshal, cut off his hair and shaved his head, for which that official afterward recovered damages in our courts.  This caused excitement at the south, but was not the cause of the war.
     The occasion for the Rebellion of the south, was the election, as president, of Abraham Lincoln, who had said "The nation could not exist half slave and half free." which was really the statement in a different form; of the saying of Jesus Christ, That a Kingdom divided against itself, that Kingdom cannot stand."  In his first inaugural message President Lincoln declared "that he had no purpose to interfere with slavery in the state where it existed," but the leaders in the south had for a long time contemplated "Secession" and nothing could pacify them.  From the November election in 1860 until April, 1861, the days were filled with gloomy forebodings of dire disaster and war, and great excitement and threatenings possessed the south, and dread possessed the whole nation.  Many overt acts were committed, such as firing in December, 1860, on the "Star of the West," and an armed transport, with relief for Fort Sumter, and firing on steamboats on the Mississippi river; but the north remained calm, as no act of war had yet been committed against the authority of the government of the United States; but on April 12, 1861, Fort Sumter, at Charleston, South Carolina, was bombarded and the entire north was electrified with great excitement and the alarms of war filled every breast.  Words can scarcely describe the state of feeling in the public mind, at that time in the north.
     By this act of the Rebels the authority of the government of the United States was attacked, and the news reached the north on April 13th and caused the greatest excitement throughout the entire country.  On April 15th President Lincoln issued his proclamation for the enlistment of seventy-five thousand volunteer soldiers for three months to suppress the insurrection, and cause the laws to be enforced in the states in rebellion.  The quote of Ohio was one-tenth of this call, but the enthusiasm to enlist was so great, that within ten days twenty-two full regiments of infantry of more than one thousand men each were organized in Ohio.  Many companies were organized within two days.

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     Morrow county furnished its full share, in Company I, Third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and Company G, Twentieth Regiment, for this call.  Company I, Third Regiment, was raised mainly through the influence of John Beatty of Cardington who, on the organization of the regiment, was made Lieutenant Colonel, and his commission dated Apr. 18, 1861; and the company officers were David C. Rose, captain, John McNeal, first and James St. John, second lieutenant, and Henry E. Cunard, first sergeant, their commissions being dated Apr. 25, 1861.  This company was raised in Cardington and vicinity.
     Company G, Twentieth Regiment, was recruited about Chesterville and Mt. Gilead, and was mustered into the service of the United States April 27, 1861.  The captain of the company was Henry Rigby, first lieutenant.  Samuel E. Adams, promoted to quartermaster; and Jeremiah M. Dunn, promoted from private, was made first lieutenant.  Eli A. James was commissioned second lieutenant, and John Allison, first sergeant.  The company was mustered in the service of the United States Apr. 27, 1861, and mustered out Aug. 28, 1861.
     The United States government refused further enlistments from Ohio.  At the date of this call of the President for troops, the legislature of Ohio was in session, and voted one million dollars to put the state on a war footing.  The greatest honor is due these men who thus sprang to the aid of the government to put down the rebellion and to stamp out treason, which it was then thought could be done in a few weeks; but later events proved the contrary, as the southern states had been arming and equipping troops for months past, and were determined to go out of the Union.  The men of the north who enlisted at that call were regarded by nearly all classes of society as heroes, as they were.  The wearing of the army uniform was the highest distinction a man could have at that time.  Nearly all who enlisted for the first three months' service re-enlisted for three years before the three months' term expired, so great was the enthusiasm of the times.  Martial music was heard daily; and camps of instruction in drill of the manual of arms were many; the country seems like a continuous camp, and all the pomp and circumstance of war were present.  From all ranks, and circumstances in life the "boys" came, and so little did they know what would immediately happen that a comrade who first enlisted Apr. 20, 1861, in Company I, Fifteenth Regi-

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ment, served his enlistment of three months, and after remaining at home three weeks re-enlisted for three yeas, and was finally mustered out "as a veteran" Aug. 15, 1865, told the writer, that on his first enlistment he expected to be immediately rushed to the front, and within a few days, to be in deadly affray with the enemy.  He was with his regiment in the battles of Philippi, June 3, 1861; Laurel Hill, July 8, 1861, and Carrick's Ford, July 14, 1861 all in West Virginia.  He was afterwards wounded July 3, 1863, in the battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.  It did not always thus happen, for the Ninety-fifth Ohio Regiment in ten days after their muster into the United States service, on Aug. 19, 1860, were almost annihilated by Kirby Smith's veteran rebel soldiers in overwhelming numbers, at the battle of Richmond, Kentucky, and the One Hundred and Twenty-first Regiment was engaged, and had heavy loss in the battle of Perrysville, Kentucky, Oct. 8, 1862.  A part of two companies of this regiment from Morrow county will be hereafter notice.  A number of men enlisted (nearly all, Apr. 18, 1861) in the Fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, most of whom served three or more years, whose names we give, but for whose records reference must be had to the roster of the regiment published by the state, viz.: -
  Company A. -
     James M. Conger;
     Bernard M. Griffis,
wounded May 12, 1864, at Spotsylvania, Virginia, and
     Hiram Fields, Company H, killed at same place;
     Henry H. Pollock, wounded at Cold Harbor, June 3, 1864, and
     Abner Ustick, and Daniel D. Booher (both of Company K) both wounded at same time and place.
  Company B. -
     John B. Arringdale
(Company A, 20th O. V. I.);
     John T. Hyatt (also Company D, 65th);
     John M. Moore (also Company F, 136th);
     Nelson E. Claytar, veteran;
     W. Davis;
     B. F. Davis (also surgeon, 44th O. V. I.);
     William Kile, and
     William Jackson.
  Company D. -
     Joseph H. Holloway, wounded at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania;
     Samuel Fouts,
     Amos J. Moore (also captain Company H, 118th);
     Joseph F. Moore (also 4th Regiment, U. S. Art., Company K);
     Mervin Crowell
(also Company C, 6th O. V. I.)  
     In Seventh Regiment, Company B, Morris Baxter enlisted April 22, 1861, and died from wounds, Nov. 27, 1863; and
in Company C, John S. Cooper (also lieutenant colonel 107th) and
     Jacob Ashton Peasley,
     John J. Peasley (students at Oberlin) enlisted Apr. 25, 1861.
In Fifteenth Regiment, Apr. 23, 1861, second lieutenant

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Henry C. Miner (captain Company M, 3rd Regiment) and
     Hinchman S. Prophet, enlisted in Company C, and
     Thomas B. Keech in Company H; also Company D, one Hundred and Second, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.


     On June 15, 1861, Company I, Third Regiment, was, with the regiment, re-organized, and re-enlisted for three years.  Captain D. C. Rose in August and September recruited Company E, Thirty-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry;
  Henry E. Conrad, first sergeant, was promoted to captain and
  James St. John made first lieutenant and both were later killed (Oct. 8, 1862) at Perryville, Kentucky.
  Joseph D. Moore was commissioned second lieutenant and later killed (Oct. 8, 1862) at Perryville, Kentucky.
  Joseph D. Moore was commissioned second lieutenant and later killed (Dec. 23, 1861) at Elkwater, Virginia.
  Joel G. Blue was promoted from sergeant to second and first lieutenant.  The state roster must be consulted for other members of the company.
     Lieutenant Colonel John Beatty was again commissioned to that rank on Feb. 12, 1862; promoted to colonel, and Nov. 9, 1862, to brigadier general, and later to brevet major general.
     Edwin Reid was promoted to second lieutenant, Oct. 8, 1862, and died in a Rebel prison.
     On May 3, 1863, the entire regiment present for duty was captured on Streights raid, and the officers sent to Rebel prisons, mainly to Libby prison, Richmond, Virginia, and the men paroled, and exchanged in August, 1863.  Many of the officers were imprisoned twenty-two or more months, being still in prison at end of the three years' enlistment.  No effort was made to re-enlist the men as veterans.  Many of the men enlisted in later new regiments.
     The following members of Company I were killed or died of wounds at the battle of Stone River, Tennessee, Dec. 31, 1862, to Jan. 3, 1863; Jonathan B. Benedict, Levi H. Cartwright, Robert Glenn, John Mortram, James Wright, Charles W. Wood, and Wendell P. Willitts. 
Also at Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862, in addition to the officers:  Charles R. Merrill, George W. Merrill, Sidney J. Aldrich, and Alfred Fisher
  Wounded at Perryville: Simon C. Bennett, Stephen Latsco, Byron Bunker, Lyman M. Courtwright, Job Garberson, Charles S. Hiskett, Hudson B. Sholwell, John Straub,, Alonzo Swisher, C. L. Van Brimer (lost right arm) and Milo Welch.
Wounded at Stone river:  Elias C. Nicho-

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las, Henry Conklin, Jasper Mann, Benjamin J. Meeker
and Fred A. Miller.
     The men of the Third Regiment were a brave and vigorous class of men, ready for any emergency, and somewhat restive under strict discipline.  Those who served three years were:
  first sergeant, George G. Early;
  sergeants, William Stiner, John M. Hiskett, and William Williams;
  corporals, Milo Welch, John S. Reasoner, William W. Kendall, John Matthews, and James A. Blair; Hudson B. Shotwell, John B. Casey, John J. Armstrong, Fletcher Armstrong, Wesley Ayres, Charles W. Benedict, Theodore C. Callahan, Francis M. Doty, William W. Dipert, John A. Duncan, James Duncan, Adam Devore, Joseph Farley, Robert M. Finch, Charles S. Hiskitt, William Houseman, John W. Henry, Jesse Harris, Henry Keeler, George Kearns, Paul Long, Daniel J. Long, Stilman Morey, Fred A. Miller, Jasper Man, Shelby K. Moore, Jonathan Miller, Melville Maxwell, Timothy O'Shea, Smith M. Oliver, William G. Oliver, Francis R. Phelps, Philander Powers, John Straub, Alonzo Swisher, Jesse Snyder, Felix B. Shaw, Joseph Underhill, Thomas Van Sickels, Michael Vincent, John B. White, Simon Welch, James Watson, and William H. Wood.


     In the last days of August, 1861, Captain Hiram Miller, of Mansfield, Ohio, who had served as captain of Company H, Fifteenth Regiment, in the three months' service, came to Mt. Gilead and recruited Company C, Fifteenth Regiment for three years in Morrow county (rendezvous, Camp Bartley, Mansfield).  Nearly all enlistments were on Aug. 30, 1861, and the company was organized with Hiram Miller as captain, Jeremiah M. Dunn as first, and John G. Byrd as second lieutenant.  Both of the last two, later in the service were promoted to captain, as was also Thomas C. Davis.
     David Clarke Thurston, William Abner Ward, (wounded Dec. 31, 1862, at Stone river, and Nov. 25, 1863, at Mission Ridge, Tennessee) Alexander Moore (promoted to second sergeant, sergeant, major and first lieutenant.) and Alfred H. Hurd (died from wounds received at Dallas, Georgia, May 27, 1864) were first sergeants.  During the service Edward B. Mosher promoted to capital steward.
The regiment was a heroic one in its qualities of courage and length of service (Aug. 30, 1861, to Nov. 21, 1865).  The

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casualties of the regiment on the Atlanta campaign were: Killed, forty-four; wounded one hundred and seventy-seven; and missing nineteen; total, two hundred and forty.  (See serial No. 72, page 411.  Records of the Rebellion).
     Besides those above noted the casualties of Company C were:
  Wilson S. Iler, promoted to principal musician, died of wounds, Sept. 14, 1864;
others killed were:
  Reuben Hissong and Joel Miller, died of wounds,
  Captain Thomas C. Davis, Hugh S. Moore, William H. Rodgers, Hiram Morehouse, Reuben Davis and Enoch Numbers wounded at Shiloh, Apr. 7, 1862.
     The company (C), with the regiment, took part in the following great battles of the Civil war; Shiloh, Corinth, Mississippi; Stone river, and Liberty Gap, Tennessee; Chickamauga, Georgia; Mission Ridge, Tennessee; Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Cassville, Pickett's Mills, Kenesaw, Peachtree Creek,, Atlanta and Lovejoy Station, Georgia; and Franklin and Nashville, Tennessee.
     Those killed in battle and died of wounds in prison and diseases, other than those given above in Company C, were:

James M. Barrett
Marshall S. Byrd
James C. Chambers
Andrew J. Craven
Leroy Fields
Philip Fogle
Nathaniel M. Grice
Joseph S. Hunt
David Hunter
Theron A. Jolly
Melvin B. Lane
Benjamin F. Lehman
John R. McBride
John Messmore
Emanuel Strawbridge
Smith Walker
Alonzo O. Wilson

     The wounded were:

Captain John G. Byrd
Sergeants, William Doak, Harvey Sipe & George W. Thompson
Corporals Harvey C. Calkis, William Karr, John C. Ibach, and Joseph P. Moulton; and
Privates: Welcome Ashbrook (twice), Felix Albaugh, Samuel C. Burke, Charles C. Byrd, David K. Baggs, George M. Chambers, Daniel C. Courtwright, Sanford U. Early (Twice), Amos F. Harding, William D. Mannell, William C. Markward, Jacob S. Risor, Calvin J. Paxton, and Richard L. Wrenn.

     The men in Company 'C, Fifteenth Regiment, who served three years were:

Sergents Albert Noe and William A. Ward, and
Privates Charles C. Byrd, Asa M. Breese, George C. Early, Smith Fry, Thomas J. Holloway, William D. Hammell, James T. Hosue, William C. Markward, Theodore J. Mosher, Hiram Morehouse, Calvin J. Paxton, John C. Porter, Daniel S. Potter, Joseph B. Ross, Sylvester H. Reed, Frank B. Shauck, Byron L. Talmage, Richard L. Wrenn, William R. Withers, and John B. Williams; and they were mustered out Sept. 20, 1864.  The veterans who were mustered out Nov. 21, 1865, were: Sergeants William Doak, Henry C. Groff, Harvey Sipe and Robert D. McBride;

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corporals Harvey C. Calkins, Abner Sipe, Jonathan Gidley, John C. Ibach, Joseph P. Moulton, Henry C. Meredith, William McHill, and William F. Karr;
Martin Johnson,
John Meyers, wagoner;
privates Welcome Ashbrook, Samuel C. Burke, James Blair, Sanford U. Early, Nathaniel M. Grice, William Laney, and Abram Sherman.
James C. Chambers
died in prison.


     The larger number of Company A, Twentieth Regiment, was enlisted for three years in Chesterville and its vicinity, in September, 1861.  Ebenezer Martin, living near that village, at the age of fifty-five years enlisted in Company I, of that regiment, on Nov. 20, 1861, and was discharged for disability Oct. 20, 1862.  He enlisted chiefly, to prevent his son, Noble C. from enlisting, and whom he wanted to stay at home and care for the wife and mother. His act deserves to be embalmed in history.  On the organization of Company A, Dr. Elisha Hyatt was made captain; William Rogers of Knox county, first, and Lyman N. Ayres, second lieutenant; and Peter Weatherby, first sergeant; and the commissions of the four bore the date of Sept. 3, 181.  During the service Peter Weatherby, first sergeant; and the commissions of the four bore the date of Sept. 3, 1861.  During the service Peter Weatherby was promoted to the various grades of second and first lieutenant and captain, and major, Lyman N. Ayres to first lieutenant and captain.  William W. McCracken from sergeant to first sergeant and second lieutenant, and discharged for wounds received at Champion Hill, May 16, 1863.  (He carried the bullet back of his right ear, for more than twenty-eight years).  Christopher W. McCracken from  sergeant to first sergeant and first lieutenant, veteran; James E. McCracken from corporal to sergeant to first sergeant and first lieutenant, veteran; James E. McCracken from corporal to sergeant, sergeant major and captain Company A, and mustered out with the company July 16, 1865, veteran.
     For records of others, reference is made to volume 2, pages 686-89, Rosters of Ohio Soldiers.
     Company A, with the regiment, participated in twenty-three great battles, including Fort Donelson, Feb. 14-16, 1862; Shiloh, Apr. 6 and7, 1862, in Tennessee; Champion Hill, May 16, 1863 and Vicksburg, May 19, July 4, 1863, in Mississippi; Kenesaw Mountain, July 27, 1864; Atlanta, July 22, 1864, in Georgia; Sherman's march from Atlanta to the sea; Bentonville, Mar. 19, 1865, and Goldsboro, Mar. 21, 1865, in North Carolina, and fifteen other battles.  Whitelaw Reidd's "Ohio in the War," volume two,

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in an extended account of the services of the Twentieth Regiment, among other things says on page 145: "It became known that (General Joseph E.) Johnston had asked terms for surrender; the men seemed crazy with joy; they shouted, laughed, flung their hats in the air, threw their knapsacks at each other, hugged each other, stood on their heads in the mud, and were fairly made with delight."  The regiment marched via Raleigh, North Carolina, and Richmond Virginia, to Washington, District of Columbia, and was in the Grand Review May 24, 1865.  The casualties in Company A, among the men from Morrow county were as follows: - killed and died of wounds and disease in the service:  William Allison, Arnold Davis, Levi B. Evarts, Robert M. Fogle, Caleb W. Galleher, Philip Ephraim Harris, Daniel Harris, Davis B. James, Abraham Skillman, and Benjamin F. Wilson.  Wounded May 12, 1863; Thomas B. Runyan, both eyes shot out.
     David Griffith, a sturdy Welshman from Chester township, was drafted for nine months in the fall of 1862 in the forty-fifth year of his age, his term commencing Nov. 15, 1862, and closing July 13, 1863, which period covered the Vicksburg campaign through all of which he served in Company A.  He died Apr. 22, 1910, at his home in Chester township, at the age of nearly ninety-two years.  His son, Albert W., served in Company F, Eighty-first Regiment, and another son, Gillman T. in Company K, One hundred and Seventy-fourth Regiment.
     James J. Runyan, a soldier in the war with Mexico, also served three years in Company A.  Isaac W. Rush, from Morrow county, also served in Company G, Twentieth Regiment.  On "Shermans' March to the Sea," an amusing incident happened.  Sergeant Major James E. McCracken had just received on the march (January, 1865) his commission as a captain of Company A, Twentieth Regiment, and he needed a valise in which to carry his uniform, and told one of the "hummers" to bring him a valise which the soldier did.  the column was near Branchville, South Carolina.  The valise when brought was locked, and when a key was found to open it, the contents were found to be a Confederate dress uniform for an officer of herculean size, two Confederate eight per cent bonds, of the denomination of $500 each, and fifty-four thousand dollars in Confederate currency.   The bills were distributed among the soldiers who lighted their pipes with some of them, and with others played poker with one thousand dollars on a corner.  The men who served three years and were mustered out

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Sept. 14, 1864, were:  Captain Lyman K. Ayers, Lucien Rigby, Robert W. Cunningham, James J. Runyan and Augustus R. Runyan.  The veterans of who mustered out July 15, 1865, were Captain James E. McCracken, Lieutenant Christopher W. McCracken, first sergeant Wm. W. McMahon, Peter Weatherby, major John T. Condon, James I. Miller, Lester Wright, Aaron V. Lambert, William H. Kinney, Charles W. Hotchkiss, Van Buren Ayers, Abram Brokaw, Corydon Chauncey, James Clink, Russell B. Conant (in prison many months at Andersonville, Georgia), John J. Cramer, Madison Hobbs, William Lidderdale, Alexander s. McGaughey, George W. Modie, Mahlon I. Runyan and William Taylor.


     Early in June, 1861, Captain Jesse Meredith, a veteran of the war with Mexico, as captain of Company B, Third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, at the age of forty-four years, and in June, 1861, at the age of fifty-nine years, began to raise a company in Westfield township, Morrow county, of which he was a resident, and in the adjoining territory in Delaware county; which became Company C, of the Twenty-sixth Ohio Regiment.  His commission was dated June 5, 1861.  About one-half of this company was from Morrow county and one half from Delaware county.  On account of age and infirmity Captain Meredith resigned Aug. 11, 1862.  The first lieutenant was E. A. Hicks of Delaware county, who was promoted to captain of Company I.
     William Clark was second lieutenant, promoted to first lieutenant Dec. 12, 1861; to captain Company E, Dec. 5, 1862; to lieutenant colonel Dec.9, 1864, and mustered out with the regiment Oct. 21, 1865, at Victoria, Texas.
     Others soldiers, of this company, whose merits require particular notice are Benjamin W. Shotwell, appointed sergeant and promoted first sergeant July 15, 1861; second lieutenant Dec. 5, 1862, and first lieutenant Apr. 6, 1863; severely wounded Sept. 20, 1863, at Chickamauga, Georgia, and resigned Sept. 13, 1864; veteran.
     Also Justin A. Goodhue, appointed sergeant and promoted to first sergeant Dec. 5, 1862; second lieutenant Apr. 6, 1863, and mustered out Feb. 11, 1865; veteran.
     Also Jerry E. Coomer, promoted from private to hospital steward, Aug. 1, 1864; to first lieutenant Company D, Dec.

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9, 1864; to captain Feb. 10, 1865, and resigned June 8, 1865; veteran.
     Also Josephus  F. Doty and John B. Richardson, sergeants, serve each three years.
     Jesse Mason, musician, was captured Sept. 20, 1863, at Chickamauga, Georgia, and confined in Rebel prisons at Libby, (Richmond, Virginia), Pemberton, Danville, Andersonville, Charleston and Florence, and paroled in December, 1864; discharged Jan. 25, 1865.
     The members of Morrow county of Company C, who were killed or died of wounds or disease in the service, were: Corporals Thomas J. Simpson, and William Creamer; George H. Burrell, James Bartholomew, George Bensley, Newman Barber, Benjamin Corkins, John Goodhue, Daniel Hopkins, Adam Moyer, Newton Oliver, Levi Potter, Jonathan Sherwood, Albert Taylor, David H. Taylor, William H. West, Frank M. Wilcox, and Dennison Frye. 
Wounded: John Shoemaker
Discharged after three years' service: W. H. Miller, Vincent E. Dunnen, Elijah Hibbard, Benton Mason, and Sidney Winsor.
Discharged October 21, 1865, as veterans:  Theron M. Messenger, corporal; Samuel E. Hull, musician; William Bensley, William McClary and William Worline.


     At the same time Company C was recruited at Westfield, Morrow county, and in Delaware county, Dr. Sylvester M. Hewitt, of Mt. Gilead, and Henry C. Brumback, of same place, as first lieutenant, and James E. Godman, of Cardington, as second lieutenant, commenced to recruit for Company E.  Each of their commissions was dated June 5, 1861.  Nearly all the enlistments were in June 1861
     On July 26, Captain Hewitt was promoted to major of the Thirty-second Regiment and on July 29, 1861, James K. Ewart, a resident of Harmony township, Morrow county, was commissioned captain of Company E.  He had a military training at Norwich University, Vermont, and was an accomplished officer.
     Oscar L. R. French was made a first sergeant, and was discharged Feb. 7, 1862, also as first lieutenant Company C, One Hundred and Eightieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
     Henry C. Brumback resigned Nov. 20, 1861, and James E. Godman was promoted to the vacancy Dec. 23, 1861; resigned Apr. 26, 1862, and died at home May 11, 1862.

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     William H. Green was appointed sergeant from corporal Oct. 11, 1861; and first sergeant Jan. 14, 1863, and died Oct. 21, 1863, from wounds, received at the battle of Chickamauga, Georgia, Sept. 19, 1863.
     Walden Kelly, aged eighteen, was appointed sergeant from corporal, Feb. 6, 1862; first sergeant Oct. 22, 1863; promoted to first lieutenant Dec. 9, 1864, and to captain Company F, Feb. 28, 1865, and mustered out with that company Oct. 21, 1865; veteran.  His record is a very heroic one.  To commemorate the services of Company E, he has written and published a sketch entitled, "A Historic Sketch;"  "Lest We Forget;"  "Company E, Twenty-sixth Ohio Infantry."  In it he gives a thrilling account of the services of the company and regiment.  After giving a graphic account of the first day's battle at Chickamauga, Sept. 19, 1863, he says this:  "Over half of the company had fallen in two or three hours desperate fighting, not as Greek met Greek, but as Americans met Americans, so view the field, ye good people of Morrow county; stand by that monument erected by the great State of Ohio to the memory of the Twenty-sixth, two hundred and twelve of whom fell in that bloody battle - three fourths of them undoubtedly on the Vineyard farm.  Then, but few yards away, see the one erected by the State of Georgia in memory of the Twentieth Regiment of Infantry, Confederate States of America, and read the inscription on it; this regiment went into battle with 23 officers and of this number 17 were killed and wounded."
     Lieutenant Colonel William H. Young was in command of the Twenty-sixth Ohio at this battle, and his report shows 350 men of the regiment engaged, and the total loss 213.  Company E, had 32 in the battle, of whom 20 were killed and wounded:  Killed and mortally wounded, First Lieutenant Francis M. Williams; First SErgeant William H. Green; Sergeant Silas Stucky; Corporal Luther Reed and Privates Moses Aller, William Calvert, John Blaine, James R. Goodman, Chas. A. R. Kline, Samuel Neiswander, Emanuel W. Stahler, and Robert W. Stonestreet.  The wounded were: Corporals James W. Clifton and Isaac D. Barrett; William H. H. Geyer, Henry C. Latham, McDonald Lottridge, John Mishey, Joseph L. Rue, Henry Stovenour and Isaiah Sipes.  Twenty killed and wounded out of thirty-two of Company E, and only one of the wounded out of thirty-two of Company E, and only one of the wounded, William H. H. Geyer was ever able to rejoin the company.
     The services of the Twenty-sixth Ohio, at the battle of Mission Ridge, Tennessee, Nov. 25, 1863, and on the Atlanta campaign, from May 3 to Sept. 5,  1864, in many battles, as well

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as during the Nashville campaign in the destruction of the rebel army under General J. B. Hood in December, 1864, were very heroic, and those who "paid the last full measure of devotion to their country" with their blood and their lives of Company E, in these campaigns were as follows:  William Derr (twice wounded), Daniel Densel, John Derr, Origen M. Illes, Joseph Wallace Miller, Henry G. Shedd, Socrates Shaw, James H. Smith, Hudson H. Thompson, and Joseph Utter.  The company and regiment were finally mustered out Oct. 21, 1865, at Victoria, Texas, and discharged at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, in November, 1865.
     The descendants of the soldiers of the Twenty-sixth Ohio Regiment can refer with pride to the services of their fathers.
     These served three years:  Sergeant George W. Jackson; Corporal Andrew M. Smith; Socrates Chandler, Peter Craley, Joseph Cromer, William H. H. Geyer, Henry L. High, Martin M. Karr, McDonald Lottridge, and Philip Metzger.  These served as veterans and were mustered out Oct. 21, 1865, at Victoria, Texas: First Sergeant Samuel Watson; Sergeant John Bechtel; Corporal John L. Richardson; John W. Emerson, Charles Henderson, George W. Longstreet, James W. Longstreet, and Edmund L. Thompson.


     In the last days of August, and early in September, 1861, Captain David C. Rose, who had served from April 25, to Aug. 22, 1861, in Company I, Third Regiment, with the aid of others, enlisted fifty-eight men in the south half of Morrow county, who, with twelve men from Preble county and the balance from Delaware county, formed Company E of the Thirty-first Regiment.  Captain Rose was the oldest of seven sons of James Rose and wife, of Lincoln township.  His brothers, Henry H., and James M., served under him in Company I, of the Third, and both enlisted in Company E of the Thirty-first.  The other brothers were Edward, and John M., of Company B, Tenth Regiment, of Ohio cavalry; Alonzo J. of Company B, Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, Thirteenth Regiment, and Charles J., of Company G, One Hundred and Thirty-Sixth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
     The other officers were George P. Stiles, Sr., first lieutenant; George W. Reed, second lieutenant, and Ludwell M. Cunard, first sergeant; the latter's wife is a sister to the Rose boys.  All were commissioned Sept. 24, 1861.  Captain D. C. Rose died

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Dec. 26, 1861, at Camp Dick Robinson, Kentucky.  Lieutenant Stiles served nearly three years and three months.  Lieutenant Reed resigned Mar. 18, 1862, and Sergeant Cunard was promoted to second lieutenant, and resigned Aug. 12, 1863.
     Private Jonathan Culver was appointed first sergeant, and promoted to second lieutenant and mustered out with company July 20, 1865; wounded, and resigned Aug. 12, 1863.
     Private Jonathan Culver was appointed first sergeant, and promoted to second lieutenant and mustered out with company July 20, 1865; wounded; veteran.
     The regiment served in the army of the Cumberland in seventeen great battles and campaigns, among which were the siege of Corinth; Perrysville, and Stone river, in 1862; Chickamauga and Mission Ridge in 1863; Resaca, Kenesaw, Peachtree Creek and Atlanta in 1864; Goldsboro, North Carolina, 1865; and "Sherman's March to the Sea."  Mustered out July 20, 1865.
     The men of Company E, from Morrow county who gave up their lives, and those who received wounds are, besides Captain Rose; Sergeant William B. Doty, Corporal Joseph C. Campbell, and Private Charles W. Barber.  The wounded were:  Lieutenant Jonathan Culver, Slocum Barge, Myron A. Cady, Nathan Herendeen, and James M. Rose.  Died of disease:  William R. Clark, Fred K. Kehrwecker, John Mills, and Jacob Sherman.  Those from Morrow county who served three years and were mustered out Sept. 24, 1864, were:  Lieutenant George P. Stiles, Sr., First Sergeant Nathan H. Patton, and Walter I. Case, Alexander Cunard, Myron A. Cady, Major Frost, Stephen H. Green, Caleb H. Herendeen , Nathan Herendeen, John S. Powers, Jacob Pancoast, Lorenzo Rogers, Lewis H. Shirey, Benjamin F. Tyler, Francis M. Tyler, George Zent and Francis T. Conklin.  The veterans mustered out July 20, 1865, were:  Sergeants John D. Scovill and Thomas Edgar; and Privates Slocum B. Barge, and Henry N. Rose.


     On Sept. 14, 1861, recruits for an original company, chiefly about Iberia, Williamsport and Chesterville, in Morrow county, were enlisted and it became Company B, Forty-third Ohio Infantry.  A majority of the soldiers of this company were from the country.  On the organization of this company, James Marshman became captain, and Samuel McClarren first lieutenant; both of whom resigned Sept. 3, 1862, the former for ill health, and the latter for wounds.  Hinchman S. Prophet, who had already served in Company C, Fifteenth Regiment, from April 23, 1861,

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was appointed second lieutenant Dec. 5, 1861; June 17, 1862, was promoted to first lieutenant and assigned to Company C, and resigned June 10, 1863.
     John H. Rhodes enlisted as private Oct. 1, 1861; was appointed first sergeant, promoted to sergeant major; and May 15, 1862, to captain Company K; Apr. 15, 1865, to lieutenant colonel, and July 13, 1865, was mustered out with the regiment.
     The rendezvous was at Camp Andrews, Mt. Vernon, Ohio.  The first colonel of the regiment was J. L. Kirby Smith, a West Point cadet, who died Oct. 12, 1862 of a wound received at the battle of Corinth, Mississippi, Oct. 4, 1862.
     The subsequent advancement of men of Company B was as follows:  George W. Purcell, who enlisted Oct. 2, 1861, was promoted to second lieutenant June 7, 1862, and to first lieutenant Sept. 3, 1862, and mustered out with his company July 13, 1865; veteran.
     Jonathan J. McClarren, who enlisted Sept. 14, 1861, promoted to quartermaster sergeant, and to second lieutenant Sep. 3, 1862, and to first lieutenant and regimental quartermaster, May 27, 1863; and mustered out Dec. 27, 1864, on expiration of enlistment; veteran.
     Milton F. Miles, enlisted Sept. 14, 1861, as private, and appointed sergeant; Jan. 9, 1862, promoted to second lieutenant Company A, Forty-ninth Regiment, and to first lieutenant Company B, Sept. 30, 1862; transferred to Company H. Feb. 13, 1863; appointed adjutant Forty-ninth Regiment Mar. 2, 1863; promoted major, Mar. 29, 1865, and lieutenant colonel, June 26, 1865; mustered out with Forty-ninth Regiment Nov. 30, 1865; veteran.
     James H. Green, enlisted Sept. 14, 1861, as private; promoted to hospital steward Jan. 1, 1864, and transferred to Fourth Alabama, Company F; veteran.  The soldiers of Company B, were more than an average for intelligence and soldierly qualities.
     A number of men of Company E, Forty-third Regiment were also from Morrow county; among whom were: Charles P. Andrews, Henry Nefe, Francis M. Carpenter, Henry Graverick, and Justus and David Paxton, son  and father.
     Also several Morrow county men were in Company K, among whom were Denton and David Brewer, William M. Eccles, Harrison Kinneman, and Charles E. Lewis.

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     The casualties in Company B, among soldiers from Morrow county, were:  Killed and died from wounds:  Corporal Salathiel K. Galleher, William Creighton Orr, and Robert Simpson; and privates Bradford Huld, James B. Bowen, W. L. Churchhill (in rebel prison), Joseph Sunderland, and Nathan Thornburg.  the wounded were:  Sergeant Asher Reynolds and James Heffelfinger, Russell B. Clink, and James Gage.  The killed in Company E, were: Henry Nefe and Justus Paxton, and Company K, David Brewer (in prison).  Those who died from disease in Company B, were:  John M. Breese, Alexander Fleming, William H. Marple, and Thomas E. Turner.
     The Forth-third Regiment took part in the following battles, sieges and raids: New Madrid, Missouri, MAr. 13, 1862; Iuka and Corinth, Mississippi; Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw, Nickajack Creek, Atlanta and Savannah, Georgia; Rivers Bridge, South Carolina, and Sherman's "March to the Sea."  It was mustered out July 13, 1865, at Louisville, Kentucky.
     These men of Company B served three years: 
Sergeants Fred F. Adams,
and Orson D. Merrian; Corporals Francis M. Iden, and Elias Ashburn; and Privates Commodore P. Brollier, Harod Hays, Moses C. Rogers, Madison M. Smith, Leonidas W. Wilson, and George Yeagly; and in Company E, Francis M. Carpenter, These men of Company B were veterans and mustered out July 13, 1865: Captain Jerry O. McDonald; First Sergeant Thomas Dakan; Commissary Sergeant Henry H. Adams; Quartermaster Sergeant James B. Conger; Sergeants Bentley B. Benedict, James M. Peterson, and Asher Reynolds; Corporals Calvin D. French, Aaron B. Kees, George W. Reese, Robert Simpson, Thomas Turner; Musicians David Auld and Dennis Auld; Privates James Heffelfinger, James B. Bowen, Robert M. Clayton, Russel B. Clink, Daniel Conger, Michael Denton, Milo A. Dicks, Charles S. Ely, Henry Fleming, John Groves, James Gage, Edward Hilliard, Washinton G. Irwin, Edward Jones, Zephaniah Kinney, Judson J. Kelly, George W. Mills, Thomas B. Morris, Samuel Pipes, John H. Rogers, and of
Company E, Charles P. Andrews, Henry Nefe, and John J. Gainer.

By Calvin D. French, Company B, 43rd O. V. I.

     "On the morning of the 4th of August, 1864, the Forty-third Ohio Regiment, with others, was ordered to advance the Union

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lines in front of Atlanta, Georgia.   Our regiment was put on the skirmish line, after piling all of our knapsacks together, each company's by itself.  We started from a depleted line about nine in the morning, and went over fences and ditches into a dense underbrush, the rebel batteries covvering their infantry while firing at us.  The bullets were coming thick and fast, and I stepped behind a tree, which was so small I had to stand sidewise to get under cover.  I continued to fire my gun as rapidly as possible in the direction of the enemy who were concealed in the tick underbrush directly ahead.  I had become separated from the rest of the company, in the rush which followed our advance, and only Barney Keyes and one other member of my company were in sight.  They turned and ran, but Keyes stumbled and fell.  I thought he had been shot.  Realizing that I was surrounded, my first impulse was to break my gun against the tree, and, as I raised it to do so, a rebel ordered me to halt at the point of a gun, and I was compelled to hand my Endfield over to him.  'Come on, you Yank,' he said, and I was marched back through the rebel forts to Atlanta, which was just east of their lines.
     "The guard took me with a few others they had captured into an old barn, where we were kept under guard for the night.  The next morning we were marched about six miles south to a station called Eastport, and in the evening were put on a train and started for Andersonville, where we arrived about ten o'clock the following morning.
     "The stockade was built of pine logs about fifteen feet high set on end in the ground, each log touching the other.  This ran all the way on four sides enclosing about thirty acres of ground.  The rebel guards were stationed on top of this stockade at intervals of about fifty feet where a small guardhouse was built, reached by stairs from the outside.
     "We were driven like cattle into this pen.  There were three from my company (John H. Rogers, James B. Bowen and myself) all of us young, stout and healthy.  The first night we went to the north side of the prison and, with my blouse for a blanket and my shoes for a pillow, began my service in Andersonville, the stars for my consolation and the rebel guards for protection.  When I shook my blouse in the morning, a multitude of maggots and vermin dropped to the ground ,which awakened me to the real conditions under which we were placed.
     "The site of Andersonville was a solid pine forest before the

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war, and when the first prisoners were brought there they had built some small shanties or huts with some of the trees which were left after the stockade and other rebel buildings had been constructed.  These shanties were all occupied by prisoners and some others had dug-outs in the ground covered with split timbers. But those who came in the summer of 1864 had the sky only for their covering.
     "There was a low piece of ground toward the south end of the enclosure where the water from the rebel soldiers' camp came down through the prison.  These stream was bridged with a plank covering at one place to convey prisoners from one side of the prison to the other.  This stream was filled with filth which came from the rebel camp above, but it was the only source of water supply for the new recruits.  The older prisoners had dug wells, but they were insufficient to supply more than their own needs, and the spirit of the prison was 'every man for himself in the desperate struggle for existence.'  There was a market street where Union soldiers had dried roots to sell; also biscuits which they had made from flour purchased from the rebels.  They got the roots by rolling up their sleeves and digging in the swale filled with the refuse of the prison.  Once a day the rebs would send a wagon through the prison with corn bread or baked beans, which were distributed to the prisoners.  When we got bread we got no beans, and when we got beans we got no bread.  Food, food, was the great cry of the prison, and the only think talked about was something to eat.  I have seen stout, robust men look over the situation when they arrived as prisoners of war, lay down in the hot sand, and in a day or two were so weak they could not stand up.  They would simply root their heads in the sand and in a short period of time die.  It was such a common occurance that no one paid any attention to such a thing.  To live through such an ordeal required steel courage and not a thought of despair.  While it looked hopeless, some of us had a ray of hope that Sherman would cause the rebels to transfer us to a safer place.
     "While I was there the Providence spring broke out during a night of heavy thunder and rain storm.  Some of the stockade was washed down.  In the morning there was a spring with running water - nice and cool - between the dead line and the stockade.  They ran this water over the dead line so we could get it.  Each man took his turn to drink or take a canteen of water away with him, and there was a continuous line of men from daybreak in the morning until dark.  This was the best water I ever drank, and the spring was rightly named 'Providence.'

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     "The dead line was constructed of a narrow piece of board nailed on stakes about fifteen feet from the stockade all around the prison.  If a prisoner touched or fell on the line - even though from weakness - the guards killed him.  Commencing at dark and lasting until daylight, on the hour the guards would pass along the call 'eight o'clock and all's well,' 'nine o'clock and all's well,'  and so on through the dismal night.
     "Time passed on and we learned that Sherman had captured Atlanta.  On September 11th it came my turn to march to the depot, and about eight o'clock in the morning we were put in box cars and started for Charleston, South Carolina.  At Macon we were allowed to be around some under guard.  After leaving Macon one prisoner said to me that he would have gotten away there if someone had gone with him.  I told him that I would have done so, and then told him a plan which had come to me during our journey to Macon.  We agreed that we would work over near the door of the car and when the train was running slowly I would get off and he would follow as soon as possible.  We were then to walk toward each other and make for the Union lines together.  Soon the train began to slacken its speed, and he took hold of my hand and let me down until my feet touched the ground, and let go.  I rolled over and over to a ditch beside the track and lay quiet until the train had passed.  The guards in the cars and on top failed to see me and I was a free man again, for the moment at least.  In letting me down from the car my left leg struck against a tie and when I got up after a few minutes found that I was quite badly hurt, although I could walk.  I then started in the direction the train was moving to meet my comrade.  I went some little way and saw a cabin by the side of the track.  A negro was living there, and he got me some cold water with which to bathe my leg, and also bartered my blouse for his gray coat.  He gave me some corn bread and I went on down the track.
     "After going a little farther I heard someone whistle, which was our prearranged signal, and my comrade in the escape, who I later learned was George W. Wagerly, of Chillicothe, Ohio, came up the bank, and we shook hands.  We were glad to see each other.  We went back the way we had come and stopped at the negro shanty.  The darky told us to go back the railroad track about three miles until we came to a road crossing, then to turn to the right and follow the road.  We were now in the enemy's territory and had to use every precaution in our movements.  When we reached the road crossing we saw a fire and found it was a rebel

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picket with three men around the fire.  We went back a hundred paces or more and removed our shoes, and then slowly and quietly got by them.
     "We deemed it wise not to go in the road, but to keep in the woods and open fields.  We turned into a path in the underbrush and followed it until daylight, when we camped near an open field in some low bushes.  We slept some during the day.  Some negroes passed close by, but we lay low waiting for night to come.  Then we went to the nearest plantation and made friends, with a negro, who got some johnny cake for us, which we relished very much.  We then struck out, taking the moon and stars for a guide, traveling through corn fields, swamps, wet grass, sometimes eating sweet corn and now and then some raw sweet potatoes.  We kept clear of the road, although progress was very slow otherwise. We got wet through and before morning were hardly able to walk, but our only thought was of escape and return to the Union lines.  At the break of day we could find some low bushes and camp for the day.  This we kept up for seven or eight days and nights, depending upon the negroes at the plantations for most of our food.
     "The eighth night when we got our corn bread from the darkey at a plantation, he said, 'Massa, there is no rebs in these parts, why doan you all take the road.'  Well, that night we took the road and went as directed, but about nine o'clock there came a man on horseback at full gallop right to us before we could get out of sight.  We were pretty well scared, thinking he was a reb, but he asked where some doctor lived, and we quickly tol \d him there was one three miles straight ahead.  He whipped up his horse and drove away, and we drew a long breath of relief.
     "Toward morning we came to an outpost of rebels.  We went around them, and soon came to a railroad that had been torn up by Sherman's army before he took Atlanta.  A burned bridge impeded our progress, and we had considerable difficulty getting over the river.  That day was Sunday, and we camped in the woods.  About three o'clock saw some women and children coming towards us.  We went over the hill on a run and into a big swamp, where we remained until darkness came.  We could hear the bark of blood hounds in the far distance, and thought they might be on our trial, but the sounds gradually died out.  It would have meant the end of our hopes had the hounds been on our trail, for we had no means of defense, and our strength was on the wane.
     "Progress in the swamp was very difficult.  Every step we would go down in the mud and water, then get up again only to

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fall headlong the next step.  When we finally did get to dry ground again, we were a dilapidated looking sight.  We moved at a slow pace, but were not disheartened.  In a little while we began to smell and camp fires, and soon after midnight we could see our pickets a short distance ahead.  It was necessary at this point to use great precaution in advancing for fear we would be mistaken for rebels.  At four in the morning we were halted by our guards, and we told them we were escaped prisoners.  We were escorted to the picket post and everyone greeted us with open arms.  It was the happiest time of my life.  Once more back to real freedom.  When our thoughts reverted to the prison pen where 32,000 were huddled together in about thirty acres, and where they died at the rate of ninety a day during our confinement there, it made us thankful beyond expression for our deliverance.
     "After being fed and given some clothing, we were taken by wagon to Atlanta, Georgia, four miles south.  Brother Oscar came to see me before we started.  They had all believed that I was killed instead of being captured.  At Atlanta we were taken to the Soldiers' home, where we had plenty to eat.  It was at this place that my comrade in escape, George W. Wagerly of Chillicothe, Ohio, and I became separated, and I have never seen nor heard from him since, although I have used every endeavor to get in communication with him.
     "I found some of the boys from my company and went with them to where our regiment was camped.  They gave me a great reception.  Barney Keyes was one of the first boys I met.
     "In a few days I was granted a furlough and went home.  When my furlough of thirty days had expired I went back to Atlanta, and arrived just in time to go with Sherman on his March to the Sea.


     These men of Morrow county served in the Fifty-fifth Regiment, namely:
First Sergeant John B. Gatchel, Company F, nearly four years; previously three months in Company I, Fifteenth Regiment, and wounded at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.  He was County Record of Morrow county from 1876 to 1882.  A cut of him appears on the following page
     Also Clark Edgington in Company F, and in Company G, Henry H. Sterner.

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     In the Sixty-fourth Regiment were about twenty-men, mainly in Company C, from Morrow county, chiefly among whom were:  Riley Albach, who enlisted Oct. 9, 1861, as private; appointed sergeant Nov. 18, 1861, and first sergeant Oct. 31, 1862; promoted to second lieutenant Apr. 1, 1863; wounded Nov. 25, 1863, at Mission Ridge, Tennessee; promoted to first lieutenant Aug. 5, 1863, and resigned May 7, 1864; veteran.
     Jacob H. Shauck, enlisted as private Oct. 5, 1861; appointed first sergeant Oct.  5, 1861; appointed first sergeant Oct. 31, 1861; discharged Feb. 20, 1863, for disability.
     Jacob Shively, enlisted Oct. 19, 1861; appointed corporal October 31; and sergeant Nov. 27, 1861; wounded, May 25,


1864, at Dallas, Georgia; mustered out Jan. 11, 1865; veteran.
     Alben Coe, enlisted as private Oct. 4, 1861; appointed sergeant Oct. 31, 1861; discharged for disability Jan. 11, 1863; also captain Company E, Ninth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.
     William Christy, enlisted as private Oct. 11, 1861; appointed corporal Nov 1, 1864; mustered out Oct. 3, 1865; veteran.
     Joseph E. Moser, enlisted Oct. 4, 1861; appointed corporal Apr. 7, 1863; killed Sept. 20, 1863, at Chickamauga, Georgia.
     John W. Leidleigh enlisted Oct. 22, 1861, as private; 

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wounded May 9, 1864, at Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia; promoted to sergeant major May 1, 1864; mustered out with regiment Dec. 3, 1865.
     The Sixty-fourth belonged with the Sixty-fifth Regiment to Sherman's famous brigade, and was in the same battles and campaigns as the latter.

Contributed by Sergeant Washington Gardner.

     Company D, Sixth-fifth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, was recruited wholly from Morrow county during the month of October, 1861.  The men came chiefly from Mount Gilead and near-by towns, and from Westfield and vicinity.  At that time, and for many years after, James Olds, who recruited the company, was the foremost lawyer in the county.  His boyhood home was on a farm near Westfield, the people in that section were proud of him, and the young men were eager to follow his standard.
     In November, 1861, the company assembled in Mt. Gilead, where it had its first formation on the public square and from which it broke ranks to be taken in private conveyances to Camp Buckingham, near Mansfield, where it became a part of the regiment above named.  It was mustered into the United States service for three years, or during the war, Dec. 3, 1861.  James Olds became the first major of the regiment; John Chambers Baxter, captain of Company D; David H. Rowland, first lieutenant, and John T. Hyatt, second lieutenant.  Charles G. Harker, a young man of twenty-five years of age, a graduate of West Point and a captain in the Fifteenth United States Infantry, was made colonel.  Harker was an accomplished and gallant officer, and greatly endeared himself to the men of his command.  His death as a brigadier general, on the slopes of Kenesaw Mountain, was sincerely mourned, and his memory is treasured by all who served under him.
     During its first year of service Company D, though not seriously engaged in battle, lost by disease, Lieutenant Hyatt, died while the company was still in Camp Buckingham.  He was a promising young officer, who had seen service during a previous three months' enlistment.  His death, so soon after going into camp, made a profound impression on the company.  Septimus Clagett died Feb. 6yh; William H. Braddock, February 10th, and Abraham M. Smith, Mar. 5, 1862, all in hospital at Stanford,

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Kentucky, and Andrew M. Buck died in hospital at Lebanon, Kentucky, February 24th of the same year.  Captain Baxter resigned February 26th, Lieutenant Rowland, June 16th, and Major Olds, October 7th, all in 1862.  During the first twelve months in the field, twenty-five men were discharged on surgeon's certificate of disability.  During its first year of service in company lost, by death, resignation or discharge, thirty-two of its original eighty-seven officers and men; or almost exactly thirty-seven per cent, before a single  man had been killed or wounded, or the company seriously engaged in battle.  Besides these, James Peak had been transferred to the navy.
     The company entered its second year with a total enrollment of fifty-four officers and men, present and absent.  Asa M. Trimble, who had been promoted successively from sergeant to first lieutenant, commanding the company, and John S. Talmage was second lieutenant.  The company was on the field at Shiloh, the second day of the battle, but was not actively engaged; it had also been in a number of skirmises and was in supporting distance at the battle of Perryville, but was not in the fight.  Its first real battle came early in the second year of its service at Stone river, near Murfreesborough, Tennessee, on the last day of December, 1862, and the first three days of January, 1863.  In this battle John Long, a younger brother of Robert, was fatally wounded on December 31st, and died on the 18th of the following January.  Lieutenant Asa A. Gardner, commanding Company D, while endeavoring to rally his hard-pressed men, was shot through the body.  When the ball struck him, he fell forward on his face, his sword dropping from his hand.  All supposed, until some time after when the lost ground was recovered, that he was dead upon the field.  In Colonel Harker's official report of the battle, Lieutenant Gardner received honorable mention.  Amos Pinyard lost an arm; Fred Moser was badly wounded, the ball passing through the face from cheek to cheek, knocking out most of his teeth and breaking his jaws.  Pinyard and Moser were permanently disabled.  Others wounded, but less severely, were Samuel P. Snider, Daniel Griffith, Elias Aldrich, John Bailey, Samuel Kirkpatrick, William L. Thompson, George W. Jackson and Joel Wright.  Joseph Dewitt and Calvin W. Hudson were taken prisoners, but after a few weeks were exchanged and returned to service.
     Following the battle of Stone River, the company participated

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in the Tullahoma and the Chattanooga campaigns and took part in the battle of Chickamauga, Sept. 19 and 20, 1863.  Lieutenant Gardner who, in the meantime, had been promoted to captain, had sufficiently recovered from his Stone River wound to return to the field and took his company into action on Saturday afternoon, September, 19th.  In the first volley from the enemy, which was fired at close range, John O. Bartlett was shot in the front line of battle.  During the war of Sixty-fifth Ohio lost many worthy men in battle, but it laid no purer nor nobler sacrifice upon the altar than this Mount Gilead youth of twenty years.  In the same


line, and almost at the same time that young Bartlett  fell with a bullet through his brain.  Captain Gardner was again shot through the body, James Hopkins through the shoulder, and William Taylor who had been hit at Stone River and had recovered, was again among the wounded.
     On Sunday, about noon of the 20th, in a desperate encounter with the enemy and after the field officers of the regiment and the line officers of Company D had all been killed or wounded, a captain of the line was in command of the regiment and Sergeant Samuel P. Snider, in command of Company D.  At this time Junius B. Shaw was badly wounded.  Taking his shattered and

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bleeding right arm in his left, he withdrew from the line of battle and walked twelve miels through dust and heat to Chattanooga, where he submitted to an amputation at the shoulder.  There was no finer example of genuine grit than this trim twelve-mile march of Shaw, looking for a surgeon to sever his lacerated arm from his body.  Samuel P. Snider, though only a boy not yet quite eighteen years old, was so brave and so competent a company commander in battle as to deserve and receive high praise in the official report of the commanding officer of hte regiment.  About  the time Shaw  was hit, the Union line was being hard pressed by the enemy not only in front but on both flanks.  Snider received a grievous wound through the right shoulder and while prostrate on the field was captured.  Sergeant Robert Long, who stopped to minister to his suffering comrade, likewise fell into the hands of the enemy and was kept in prison until the close of hte war.  He was a passenger with 1,898 other exchanged prisoners on the ill-fated "Sultana," the memory of which still causes a shudder of horror to all who recall the many heroic men who having endured the horrors of prison now went from her burning decks to a watery grave.
     Among others captured at this state of the battle were Calvin W. Hudson, Joseph Dewitt, Ira Barber and Harvey Wheeler.  The three last named died in prison.  Hudson, while being transferred from one place of confinement to another, managed to escape and after a perilous experience of lying in hiding, by day, and traveling under the friendly aid and guidance of the negroes, by night, reached our lines in June, 1864, ragged and emaciated, but happy to be once more among friends.
     Company D was among the besieged at Chattanooga in the fall of 1863; it participated in the assault on Missionary Ridge and in the march to the relief of Knoxville, where it completed its second full year in the service.  In this second year, there was much of hard srvice and hard fighting.  The company had lost, killed in battle two, wounded seventeen, five of the latter so severely as never to be able to return to active service.  Eight were taken prisoners during the year, three of whom died.  Three were discharged for disabilities other than wounds.  Among these was John Barger, a fine-spirited youth from near Month Gilead, who died on his way home after being discharged.
     In the latter part of the winter of 1863-4 a large per cent of Company D veteranized - i. e., reenlisted for three years more, or during the war.  The reenlisted men were given a home furlough

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for thirty days.  When the Atlanta campaign opened, in the spring of 1864, there were but comparatively few of the original members of Company D in line.  In the affair at Rocky Face Ridge, on May 9th, the company suffered no casualty; but five days later at Resaca, Georgia, it lost over thirty per cent of the original company actually engaged.
     In this battle, John Koon was mortally wounded on Saturday afternoon, and died in the field hospital the following Sunday morning.  Koon died like a true soldier.  Not a murmur of complaint escaped his lips because of suffering or the approach of death.  When the fatal bullet struck him, he was within elbow touch, on


the right, with the author of this sketch, and was but third man from him in the row of wounded in the field hospital when he died.
     John S. McKibbin also received a wound, from the effect of which he died in few weeks later.  Company D had no more faithful or dependable soldier, whether in the camp or in battle, than Mr. McKibbin whose body now rests in the family burial lot near his boyhood home at Iberia.
     Hiram Wheeler and Washington Gardner were badly and Joel Wright slightly wounded at Resaca.  Wright returned to com-

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pany and served until the regiment was mustered out. Neither Wheeler nor Gardner was ever after able for duty in the field.
     In the Atlanta campaign, during which there were one hundred successive days that artillery or musketry firing could be heard somewhere along the line, Company D was reduced to two muskets in line for duty out of the more than eighty that went out from Mansfield.  The company had been considerably strengthened by drafts and substitutes, but these not being from Morrow county are not considered in this sketch further than to say that they did splendid service, as it attested by the list of killed and wounded from their number, notably in the battles of Spring Hill and Nashville


     John S. Talmage, who had been promoted to first lieutenant, resigned in July, 1864, and Sergeant Snider became, during the same year, a captain in the United States colored troops.  On Dec. 14, 1864, while the Union army was lying on the outskirts of Nashville, the non-veterans in the field were mustered out, they having served a little more than three years, the full term of enlistment, and were given an honorable discharge.  They were Sergeant Ira Herrick, Sergeant Washington Gardner, and Private Barak M. Butler, Frederick Cutler, Zeno Hakes, Calvin W. Hudson

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and Gilbert E. Miller.  Three of these were from Mount Gilead and three from Westfield.  John C. Barber was mustered out Dec. 16, 1864, at Columbus, Ohio; Harrison Clark, Oct. 20th, at Camp Dennison, Ohio; William L. Thompson, Jan. 10, 1865; Joseph M. Farley, Mar. 20, 1865, and Sergeant Robert W. Long, May 20, 1865.  These were all members of the original company and each had served three years or more.
     Those who had veteranized continued in the service.  Among those was Jonathan Lewis.  He was a great favorite in Westfield, where he was born and reared.  While home on veteran furlough, he married a Westfield young woman of good family.  Most of his first period of service Lewis had been a musician; consequently he did not go into battle.  Near the close of his first enlistment he asked to enter the ranks and carry a gun.  He was appointed a corporal Nov. 1, 1864, and on the 14th day of December, the day his non-veteran comrades were discharged, he was made a sergeant and on the 16th, two days later, was shot dead on the field of battle near Nashville.  He was the last soldier of Company D to give his life for his country in battle.  In the village cemetery at Westfield his body rests beside that of his brother, Orson, of the same company.
     Robert T. McKibben, a younger brother of John, came as a recruit to the company during the winter of 1862-3, and served the three years' term of enlistment.
     Of the original members of the company, when mustered out of service at Victoria, Texas, Nov. 30, 1865, were First Lieutenant William H. Smith, First Lieutenant William H. Mozier, who had done excellent service as hospital steward; Second Lieutenant Joeph Meredith, who had served as regimental commissary sergeant; Second Lieutenant Joel Wright, Sergeant Daniel Griffith and Sergeant Zeno Wood.
     According to the official record, the oldest man in Company D was Edward Terry, forty-nine, and the youngest Washington Gardner, sixteen.  Both were from the village of Westfield.  Nineteen per cent of the company was killed in battle, mortally wounded, or died of disease or in prison.  Eighteen per cent were wounded once and several of these twice.  Seven were captured on the field of battle, three of whom died in prison.  Ten became commissioned officers.
     So far as is known at this date, fifty years after enlistment, every surviving member has lived a respectable life.  Several have been more than ordinarily successful in business, and some have

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been honored by their fellow citizens with positions of trust and responsibility.  Among the latter may be mentioned Captain Asa A. Gardner, who served the people of Morrow county as probate judge for a period of six years, and Lieutenant William H. Mozier, who held the same honorable office in the county of Van Wert for three years.  Captain Samuel P. Snider served two years in congress, and Sergeant Washington Gardner, a younger brother of Asa, served five years as secretary of state in Michigan and twelve years in congress.  Snider and Gardner, each of whom was sixteen years old at the time of enlistment in 1861, were the "kids" of Company D.  They were for a time bunk-mates and, so far as is known, are the only two rank-and-file soldiers who slept under the same army blanket in the war who afterward both served in the congress of the United States.


     Sixteen soldiers from southwestern Morrow county served in Company K, Sixty-sixth Regiment, among whom were First Lieutenant Wilson Martin and Watson N. Clark; Sergeants Yelverton P. Barry and Alva M. Rhoads (both wounded at Chancellorsville, Virginia) and Philip Phillippi, and Privates William Powell (who lost a leg at Antietam, Maryland) and Francis C. Shaw.  Those who served three years were Daniel W. Gibbs and Mark Sweet; and, as veterans, Philip Phillippi, Benjamin Peak, John Van Brimer, James D. Bishop and Benjamin P. Stokes.


     In August and September, 1861, and later, seventy-five men from the eastern and northeastern parts of Morrow county enlisted in Company F, and G, and in August, 1862, thirty more in Company K, Eighty-first Regiment.  The complete organization of a full regiment was delayed many months.
     On the initial organization of the regiment Samuel E. Adams, of Chesterville, was made quartermaster and served as such from Aug. 19, 1861, to Aug. 18, 1864.
     Andrew R. Boggs, private in Company G, was promoted to quartermaster sergeant and served until July 22, 1862, and was discharged for disability; later adjutant One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Regiment.

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     Pascal B. Ayers, aged fifty-one years, private Company G, of Chesterville, was made commissary sergeant and discharged Aug. 22, 1862, for disability.
     Richard S. Laycox, Company F, was promoted to principal musician.
     The officers in Company F were: William Pitman successively promoted from private to sergeant, first sergeant, sergeant major, second and first lieutenant and assistant adjutant general, second brigade, fourth division, Fifteenth Army Corps; mustered out Mar. 27, 1865; veterans.
     Wesley K. James, promoted from private to sergeant and first sergeant for good conduct at battle of Corinth, Mississippi; mustered out Dec. 13, 1864.
     The officers of Company G, from Morrow county were Russell B. Kinsell, captain; Eli A. James, first lieutenant, and Caleb B. Ayres, second lieutenant, each of whom was commissioned Oct. 2, 1861, and resigned: Captain Kinsell, Aug. 15, 1862; discharged: Lieutenant Ayres, Sept. 30, 1862.  Lieutenant James was discharged June 30, 1862.
     In the roster of Ohio soldiers of the Eighty-first Regiment, published by the state, fourteen soldiers, including Sergeant Samuel Virtue, are omitted from the roster, in Companies F and G.
     In Company H, Thomas H. Imes, was appointed sergeant Aug. 21, 1862; promoted to first sergeant and to second and first lieutenant, and mustered out July 13, 1865.
     The first service of a detachment of the regiment, from Sept. 24, 1861, to Mar. 1, 1862, was in northern Missouri, where about one-half of the population were rebels and bush-whackers, which made the service especially dangerous, and where several expeditions against bands of guerrillas were undertaken, one of two weeks duration in December, 1861, on which the men at night slept on the ground in rain, sleet and snow with no covering but blankets.
     Early in March, 1862, the regiment left St. Louis Missouri, on the transport and steamboat, "Meteor," and arriving at Pittsburg Landing March 17th, was assigned to McArthur's brigade of General C. F. Smith's division, and while in camp here the regiment was vigorously drilled by Major Evans.  Following the battle of Shiloh the rebel army retreated to Corinth, Mississippi, and intrenched, the Union army besieged it, but during the whole spring and until the evacuation of Corinth by the Rebel army May 15, 1862, only a few skirmishes occurred.  The armies menaced each other

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all summer at Corinth and on October 3 and 4, 1862, a great battle was fought in which the Eighty-first lost 14 killed and 44 wounded.  In 1863, but two battles occurred in which the Eighty-first was engaged,  Tuscumbia and Town Creek, Alabama, with small loss.
     In April, 1864, preparations were made for the Atlanta campaign, in which the Eighty-first was engaged in the following battles; Leys Ferry, May 14th and 15th; Rome Cross Roads, May 16th; Dallas, May 26th to June 4; Atlanta, June 22nd, and a second battle, July 28th; the seige of Atlanta, July 28th to September 2nd; Jonesboro, August 31st to September 1st, and Lovejoy Station, September 2nd to 6th, 1864, all in the state of Georgia; in which the Eighty-first, had 62 killed, 80 wounded and 160 died of disease.
     Those killed and died of wounds in Companies F and G, from Morrow county, were:  Sergeant James Carrothers; Corporal Abner McCall, and Privates Daniel H. Brown, Durbin French, Leman P. Gifford and John R. Thompson; and in Company K, Benton Karr.  The wounded in Companies F and G were: Sergeants Ira Hartwell and Marcus L. Newland, and Privates George A. Crowell, John E. Jones; in Company K, Thomas J. Burwell and Samuel Shaffer.
The men of Company F who served three years were, besides those already noted above:  Ira Hartwell, Marion Hartwell, Daniel W. Potts, Marcus L. Newland, William Bates, Napoleon B. Bowker, Benjamin F. Hartwell, James W. Galleher, Daniel B. Bowker, Benjamin F. Hartwell, James W. Galleher, Daniel Cooper, Silas Richey, Duncan Bowker, Moses Clark, Orion Clark, George W. Cunningham, John Gleason, Robert H. Incho, Davis E. James, Caleb S. Jeffries, John E. Jones, Augustus Jones, Alexander Mann, Wiley Peterson, James D. Pitts, Clark Richards, Samuel J. Rogers, Sylvester Shipman and William Wagoner; and veterans George Allington, George A. Crowell, James Kennedy and Albert Kinnaman.
In Company K, which was enlisted in August, 1862, the men who served nearly three years were as follows:  Lieutenant Thomas H. Imes, Peter Snyder, Joseph J. Smart, Stephen Hosford, John R. Stoller, Andrew W. Kerr, Samuel Mobley, Levi Arman, Delevan Brewer, John Burkhart, Thomas J. Burwell, William B. Dickey, Justus Dye, David L. Elder, George Fry, Charles S. Garberich, Harrison Harding, Jacob Hill, Samuel James, Samuel Pitman, Samuel Shaffer, Jacob B. Snyder, Thomas W. Snyder, Samuel Spigel, James Stall and Marcus L. Teeple.

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     In November, 1861, Francis M. Baker and Morris Baker, of Harmony township (the latter wounded May 2, 1863, in the battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia), enlisted in Company C, Eighty-second Regiment, and both were finally mustered out July 24, 1865, as veterans.
     George A. Breckenridge, of Westfield township, enlisted in the same company November 25, 1861, and was discharged May 13, 1864, for wounds received July 1, 1863, at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
     On Feb. 29, 1864, Orlando D. Phillips enlisted in same company, and was wounded at Dallas, Georgia, May 25, 1864, and transferred to Veteran Relief Corps Mar. 3, 1865.


     James G. Shedd, of Mt. Gilead, May 27, 1862, enlisted for three months in Company B, Eighty-fifth Regiment, and in the last days of May and June, 1862, fifty-six men were from Morrow county enlisted for three months in Company C.  Some of these men were transferred to Company I, Eighty-seventh Infantry.  (See state roster)
     Of Company C, Thomas S. Bunker was made captain; Silas Holt, first lieutenant (died Aug. 4, 1862, at Camp Chase, Ohio), and Ludwell W. Nickols, second lieutenant, and all who were not transferred to Company I, Eighty-seventh Regiment, were mustered out Sept. 23, 1862.


     The twenty men of Company C, Eighty-fifth Regiment, from Morrow county transferred to Company I, Eighty-seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, were with the remainder of the command taken prisoner at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, Sept. 15, 1862, by General "Stonewall" Jackson's Rebel army.  After their term of enlistment and expired (the Eighty-seventh being a three months regiment), they were released on their paroles, and mustered out Oct. 3, 1862.

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     In the early summer of 1862, four companies, called the First Battalion Governors' Guards, were organized at Camp Chase, Ohio and in July and August of that year six more companies were mustered into the United States service for three years, as the Eighty-eighth Ohio Infantry.  About one hundred men were from Morrow county, many of whom were drawn from the religious denomination of Friends, conscientiously opposed to war but desirous to serve their country.  The regiment was engaged principally in guarding rebel prisoners at Camp Chase.  It also took part in the pursuit of General John Morgan's raiders, and in the insurrection in Holmes county, Ohio.  It was mustered out July 3, 1865.


     Of the field and staff officers of the Ninety-sixth Regiment, Morrow county furnished the following: Adjutant George N.


Clark, who was commissioned July 18, 1862, and, for ill health, resigned Feb. 28, 1863.
     David A. Stark, adjutant; promoted from Company C; resigned Nov. 20, 1863.
     Charles W. Ketcham, chaplain; commission dated Sept. 10, 1862, and resigned June 22, 1863.
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     George M. Scott, chaplain; promoted from first sergeant Company C, and discharged Dec. 15, 1864.
     Sergeant George S. Singer, at the battle of Sabine Cross Roads, Louisiana, April 8, 1864, was color-bearer.  On the retreat he was commanded by the rebels to surrender the colors, but amid a shower

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of bullets, which riddled his clothes, refused to give up the flag and brought it safely off the field.  He was discharged May 24, 1865.
     The hospital steward, Dr. Henry S. Green, at Sabine Cross Roads was taken prisoner, and was on duty ten weeks with three hundred Union wounded in Rebel hospitals at Mansfield, Louisiana.
     The killed and died of wounds in Company C at Arkansas Post, Arkansas, Jan. 11, 1863, were Cyrus Devore, Daniel Linden and George W. Curren; at Grand Coteau, Louisiana, Nov. 3, 1863, William H. Wheeler; at Sabine Cross Roads, Louisiana, Apr. 8, 1864, James J. Gilkison; and Daniel McClary, lost on steamer "Sultana," Apr. 28, 1865.  The wounded were Robert T. Barge and William Faris at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and Alfred J. Battey, Francis M. Harris and Julius W. Wood (lost right arm), at Grand Coteau, Louisiana, and Gilbert Cronk and Peter D. Wilson at Sabine Cross Roads.  Died of Disease: Lieutenant Thomas E. Shunk, Sergeant John Kehrwearker, Corporal Robert P. Demuth, and Privates David Barber, Thomas Barber, George W. Barnhard, William D. Barnhard, Joshua Brokaw, Hampton Brown, Albert G. Caris, James W. Clark, John H. Clark, Albert S. Coomer, James H. Coomer, Benson H. Conway, Jacob P. Cratt, James H. Cunningham, Elisha Everts, Edwin B. Frost, Josiah T. Howard, Lyman Losee, Joseph Matheany, John W. Myers, Oliver P. Phillips, Andrew J. Reed, Obed Rogers, Fortunatus Sherman, Caleb Underwood, Albert D. White and Elias White.
     William M. Dwyer,
who had previously served as sergeant for eight months in Company C, Fifteenth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, was commissioned July 23, 1862, as captain of Company D, Ninety-sixth Regiment, and Thomas Litzenburg, at same date, was commissioned second lieutenant.  For ill health, Captain Dwyer resigned Jan. 26, 1863, and Lieutenant Litzenburg Mar. 22, 1863.  The first lieutenant, John B. Williams, who became captain, and First Sergeant John M. Godman, who also became captain, were both from Marion, Ohio.  Sergeant David Bachelder was promoted to second and first lieutenant and captain, but not mustered as captain until after the war.  He had, for a long period, performed the duties of captain and was entitled to that rank.  He was mustered out Nov. 18, 1864, by reason of the consolidation of the regiment into a battalion.
     The casualties in Company D, were: Killed or died of wounds at Arkansas Post (killed):
  James M. Marvin,
and (wounded), First Sergeant Robert F. Bartlett, George Brown, Nathan Clark

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and Daniel May (lost right arm); at Vicksburg (killed):  John N. Geyer and Clark Miner and (wounded) William W. Reed who was discharged for wounds Sept. 5, 1863; at Grand Coteau, Nov. 3, 1863 (killed):  George Blanchard, John C. Campbell, Henry W. Franks, Henry Feerer and David W. Reid and (wounded) First Sergeant Robert F. Bartlett (lost left arm), Amos G. Barger and Cyrus R. Myles; and killed at Sabine Cross Roads, Charles H. Kendall.  Died of disease; Madison Walker Wagoner, George Blow, Charles Boynton, Ryla W. Busby, Hiram O. Cooper, Alexander Dakan, Abner J. Dennis, William F. Dennis, Joseph Devolt, David Ferguson, Benjamin Kennedy, Nicholas Kile, Benjamin W. McDonald, Thomas Maiden, Malachi Mann, Isaac N. Miracle, James Moore, Alexander Reed, Alexander D. Reed, Joseph A. Reed, Madison Shields, John Shoffner, Daniel L. Smith and John M. Young.
Deaths from disease, while General Grant's army was encamped near Vicksburg, at Young's Point and Milliken's Bend, in the Ninety-sixth Regiment, (as in all others), were very numerous.  One hundred and seventeen soldiers of this regiment are buried in the Vicksburg National Military Park Cemetery.  The total number is nearly 17,000, and of this number 12,704 graves are unidentified.  The casualties of the entire regiment were: Killed and died of wounds, 49; wounded, 54, and died of disease, 217.  Total 320.
     The men of Company C who had served nearly three years besides those above noted, were: Harrison Doty, Amos Fell, Dewitt C. Sanford, Chester Thompson, Gilbert Cronk, John G. H. Metzner, Jacob R. Lyon, Reuben Aldrich, Robert T. Barge, Peter Battey, Spencer Booher, John F. Burdine, Francis M. Curren, Francis M. Harris, Andrew Hart, Jesse H. Hudson, Silas E. Idleman, Samuel D. Kemerer, George B. Lee, Chauncey Lewis, Daniel McClary.  David C. Marvin, John B. May, Henry W. Sanderson, Alpheus Scofield, Mathew D. Smith, William Weaver, Henry C. Wells, Peter D. Wilson and George W. Wolf.
And of Company D; Barkley F. Irwin, Abraham B. McGowen, David R. Bender, William H. Messenger, John W. Coe, Jacob B. Fisher, Isaac Ealy, Samuel R. Dille, Cornelius Nicholas, Amos Barger, Lemuel H. Breese, William H. Briggs, David Butler, David Colmery, Albert Davis, Isaac M. Dewitt, Isaac Hall, Jacob H. Henney, George H. Jones, Royal D. McDonald, Simon A numbers, Isaiah Pinyard, William W. Russeel Henry J. Smith Melville B. Talmage and William Vanatta.  The Ninety-sixth Battalion was

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finally discharged July 29, 1865, at Camp Chase, Ohio, having been mustered out July 7, 1865, at Mobile, Alabama.

By Robert F. Bartlett

     "It was up the Teche with General Banks, in the fall of the year 1863; that valley in Louisiana that George W. Cable has made memorable in his writings, for its beauty and fertility and as the land of the Acadian exiles from Nova Scotia in 1755.
     "The Thirteenth Army Corps had, a few weeks before, been detached from the Army of the Tennessee, at Vicksburg, and sent to the Army of the Gulf.
     "The campaign and siege of Vicksburg had recently closed, during which occurred strategy most bewildering to the enemy, terrific attacks by the Union army, and stubborn resistance by the Confederates; and in all this memorable campaign, the Thirteenth Army Corps had borne a prominent part.
     "On arrival at New Orleans, in the last days of August, the corps was camped on the common above the city, on which the Cotton Exposition Buildings in 1885 were located, and the Thirteenth and Nineteenth Army Corps were reviewed by Generals Grant and Banks, and General L. Thomas, adjutant general, U. S. A.
     "Later the two corps entered on what is known in the history of the Civil war, as the Teche expedition.  On October 3rd the Ninety-sixth Ohio Infantry, under orders, turned over their camp tents and received dog, or shelter tents, which the boys called "Purp" tents, broke camp and embarked on a steamer and was transported to a landing at Algiers, the eastern terminus of a railroad running eighty-three miles west of Brashear.  It is now a part of the Great Southern Pacific system, from New Orleans to San Francisco.
     "On disembarking from the steamboat, it was found that a train of flat gravel cars on which was loaded a train of army wagons, cleated on, was the transportation provided to carry the regiment to Brashear.  We awaited orders.  The shades of evening were approaching and in the dusk of the evening the regiment was ordered to board these gravel cars under the army wagons, and the soldiers with hilarious shouts climbed on the cars and put down their blankets as best they could.  The lieutenant command-

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ing Company D and the writer hereof, and another comrade long since mustered out, fixed our blankets under the fore axle of an army wagon, where only a small space was permitted above us, and so rode until late in the night to Brashear, now Morgan, and got off and laid down on the wharf, and slept until morning light.
      "The patriotism of a true soldier forbade him to murmur at hardships, and his loyalty and faithfulness required unquestioned obedience to orders.  The soldiers laughed at apparent impossibilities, and always attempted to earn' out their orders.
     "By easy marches we advanced through Pattersonville, Franklin, New Iberia and Vermillionville, now Lafayette, to Opelousas, and on our marches saw orange orchards, and fields of sugar cane, which were quite new and interesting to us, and also fields of yams and cotton.
     "The soldiers of Ohio were, by law, permitted to vote in the field, and we camped at Vermillionville long enough to vote for the governor of Ohio, John Brough was the Union candidate, and Clement L. Vallandigham, who had been arrested for treasonable utterances and sent through the Confederate lines, was the candidate opposed.  The vote of the regiment was two hundred and twenty-one for Brough, and five for Vallandigham.
     "From here on to Opelousas frequent skirmishes occurred between the cavalry, when the enemy was met in such force, that we fell back from Opelousas ten miles and the army encamped on Carencro bayou, with a strong rear guard, consisting of the brigade of General S. G. Burbridge and a detachment of the Fourteenth New York Cavalry the One Hundred and Eighteenth Illinois Mounted Infantry, the First Louisiana Cavalry, one section of the Second Massachusetts Light Artillery, and the Seventeenth Ohio Battery Light Artillery, in all sixteen hundred and twenty-five men, camped on the prairie at the edge of a wood, on Bayou Bourbeau, and three miles to the rear of the main army.  It was a weird place for a camp, as the trees in the woods were festooned with southern moss.
     "For three days the enemy's cavalry hovered about our rear, and skirmished with our cavalry videts, and on November 3rd a force of the enemy admitted to be four to one, to our rear guard, attacked us.
     "I pass over the events of the battle, only to say that the enemy's cavalry swept around our left flank, and captured several hundred men, many being wounded, and to mention the gallant conduct of Colonel Thomas H. Bringhurst of the Forty-sixth Indi-

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ana Infantry, and Colonel John Connell of the Twenty-eighth Iowa Infantry, who at their regimental camps, three miles away, on hearing the roar of battle, formed their regiments, without awaiting orders, and came on the double quick across the prairie, and checked the cavalry of the enemy that had flanked us on our left.  Later the main army came up in battle line, and the enemy, not desiring to bring on a general engagement, withdrew.
     "At evening, forty-seven of us, severely wounded, found our selves within the lines of the enemy and prisoners of war, at the plantation of Mrs. Rodgers whose place was appointed for a temporary hospital; and for the humane acts, and for the kindly solicitude of this noble southern woman, and to commemorate the same, this reminiscence is written.  Mrs. Rodgers said to the writer that she could not see anyone, either Confederate or Federal, suffer and not do all in her power to relieve them.  Nearly one hundred wounded men, from both sides, were at her house, and her rooms and verandas were filled with the most severely wounded, lying on cots and bed mattresses and sofas, which she had placed for them.  On that night, of November 3rd, I lay on the veranda on a hair cloth sofa without sleep, with an ounce bullet in my left elbow; at my head a Confederate soldier, mortally wounded, lay on a bed mattress, and silently died during the night; at my feet lay my own comrade, David W. Reid, mortally wounded on a bed mattress, and he also died early the next morning, and both were buried in the same grave on the front lawn, under the China trees.  Under instruction from Mrs. Rodgers, the servants prepared yams and meat and bread and milk for the wounded, and she ministered to the soldiers herself, and all were treated alike, and all was done that could be done by her.
     "Many of the 'Cajun' neighbors, came with carriages, and carryalls and inquired for the Union wounded, to care for them.
     "During the day, November 4th, General J. P. Major, who commanded a brigade of Confederate cavalry, came to the house, and talked with the soldiers of both sides and was courteous to all.
      "About four o'clock that afternoon the medical director of our brigade and staff, with ambulances, came to Mrs. Rodgers plantation and met the officers of the enemy appointed for the purpose, and the surviving wounded were exchanged, and soon after night fall arrived at the camp of the Union army on Carencro bayou, happy to be again in our own lines.
     "In all the years since, my mind has reverted, with feelings of gratitude to this dear old lady for her kindly sympathy and deeds.

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     "Much has been forgiven and passed into oblivion between the soldiers of the north and south, and both sides respect and admire the courage of the other, and not to do so is to question our own courage."


     Ten men from the northern part of our county served in the One Hundred and Second Regiment, among whom were:  Cyrus Shumway, Robert Barr and Henry Riggle, Company C; Thomas B. Keech and David K. Mitchell, of Company D, and Peter W. Shambaugh and Isaac Baker, of Company E.  Captain Amos J. Moore (as private of Company D, Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry) and Benton L. Thompson, served three years each in company H, One Hundred and Eighteenth Regiment.
     In the One Hundred and Twentieth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, John E. Cromer, Alfred J. Creigh and Milton Parks, served in Company I, and Leyman Webster in Company K.  The latter died in the service.


     The larger part of Companies D and E, of the One Hundred and Twenty-first Regiment, and a few men in Companies F and G, were from Morrow county and reported at their rendezvous, Camp Delaware, Ohio, the afternoon of Sept. 1, 1862, which camp the Ninety-sixth Ohio Infantry had vacated early that morning.
     William Smith Irwin, of Mt. Gilead, was commissioned lieutenant colonel, Aug. 18, 1862, and he resigned from ill health Mar. 17, 1863.
     The regiment was mustered into the service of the United States on Sept. 11, 1862.
     In Company D there were no commissioned officers from Morrow county; all were from Delaware county.  Benjamin A. Banker, of Morrow, was appointed first sergeant and promoted to second lieutenant, Company F, Mar. 1, 1863; to first lieutenant, Company C Mar. 31, 1864; to captain Company A Aug. 29, 1864, and mustered out with Company A, June 8, 1865.
     Sergeant Isaac D. Irwin, Company D, was promoted to commissary sergeant May 11, 1865, and mustered out with regiment June 8, 1865.

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     The commissioned officers in Company E, from Morrow county, were: 
     David Lloyd, captain, who died of wounds Aug. 7, 1864, received at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 27, 1864;
     Elisha B. Cook
, second lieutenant, resigned Sept. 7, 1863, for disability;
     Perry Swetland, private Company D, promoted to principal musician and mustered out with regiment;
     Milton D. Wells, promoted from private Company H, to quartermaster sergeant, Nov. 6, 1862, and to first lieutenant Company D, Apr. 12, 1864, and appointed quartermaster, and mustered out with regiment June 8, 1865.
     On Oct. 8, 1862, less than one month from muster, the regiment took part at the battle of Perrysville, Kentucky, had large losses in killed and wounded, and besides losses at Perryville, Kentucky, the greatest losses of the regiment were at Chickamauga, Georgia, Sept. 20, 1863, enesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 6-30, 1864, and Bentonville, North Carolina Mar. 19-21, 1865.  The most terrific contest in which the regiment was engaged was at the battle of Chickamauga, Georgia, as a part of I. Steadman's division of General George H. Thomas' corps, in which the repeated assaults of the Rebels, in overwhelming numbers, were repulsed.  At this time the battle flag of the Twenty-second Alabama Infantry, and most of the men of that regiment, were captured by the One Hundred and Twenty-first Ohio, but with great losses to that command; for five officers and seventeen men were killed, and seven officers and seventy men wounded.  Governor David Tod, of Ohio, acknowledged the receipt of the flag of the Twenty-second Alabama, as a trophy of the valor of the One Hundred and Twenty-first Ohio, and returned his own with the thanks of the loyal people of Ohio.
     On the Atlanta campaign, which commenced early in May, 1864, the One Hundred and Twenty-first entered with 18 officers and 429 men, and at the close of the campaign in September, 1864, the reports show that four officers and 22 men had been killed, and 8 officers and 205 men wounded and one captured.
     The men from Morrow county who were killed or died of wounds were:
Killed, George Shaver, first sergeant; corporal William Baxter, and Jarvis H. Aldrich, Joshua Barry, Cheater Bartholomew, Washington Liggett, Sanford Olds, William M. Slack and Hugh Worline (last named in Rebel prison), Willis S. Gibbons, Peter Harris and Clark Pierce; and (wounded), Ezekiel B. Slack, Captain David Lloyd (at Chickamauga and also at Kenesaw Mountain), Byron Colwell, Charles Owens, Edward P. Reid, John Ruggles and Martin G. Modie, of Company G (lost both thumbs by a single gunshot).

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     Died of disease in the service:
Sergeant Henry C. Bishop and Gideon Worline;
Privates: George W. Barnes, David Cooley, Benjamin Denton, Almon L. Ruggles, Theodore P. Wood, Edward L. Bliss, David Lyon, Raymond Sheldon, David P. Watkins and Thomas West.
     The men of Company D who served nearly three years were: Isaac D. Irwin, promoted to commissary sergeant; Perry Swetland, promoted to principal musician; Danford Hare, Alfred R. Livingston, Caleb N. Morehouse, Ezekiel B. Slack, Lester W. Case, Benjamin F. McMaster, Milton Hicks, Charles Holt, Joseph Lewis, Lewis K. Riley, Albert L. Slack, Matthew D. Sterritt, Andrew J. Utter and Harman J. Wheeler. 
Those of Company E were: Captain James A. Moore, Daniel S. Mather, David R. Evans, Clark Pierce, Columbus D. Pierce, George W. Williams, William T. Carson, David C. Breese, Christian Sellers, John Bain, David P. Bliss, Christian Edgell, Samuel A. Fiddler, William B. Fowler, Edward M. Hall, William H. Howard, Jeremiah Jones, Edward P. Reid, William B. Wagoner, Ephraim H. Watkins, Emory A. Wilson and Lucius V. Wood. 
Those of Company G, were:  David Dwyer, Paul C. Wheeler and Martin G. Modie.


     Seven men served in Company K, One Hundred and Twenty-eighth Regiment, under an enlistment for three years, to-wit:
Thomas C. Cunard, Lucius C. King, Morgan Wiseman, Orlando R. Clark, Thomas Roby, James W. Underhill and John O. Underhill.


     The one-hundred day men who went out May 2, 1864, performed a very patriotic duty, and relieved that many drilled and trained soldiers, who went to the front in General Grant's "On to Richmond," campaign.  About 450 of these men were in Companies A, C, F, G and I, One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Regiment, and 32 in the One Hundred and Forty-second Regiment.  Their services were mainly in the forts in the vicinity of Washington City, D. C.  The One Hundred and Thirty-sixth was mustered out Aug. 31, 1864.

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     The One Hundred and Seventy-fourth Regiment was the second of the one-year regiments to organize, in July, August and September, 1864, and fully one-half of the field and staff, and officers of the line, and the men in the ranks, were trained soldiers who had seen service at the front from one to three years.  Colonel John S. Jones (from Delaware county) had served from April 21, 1861, to June 21, 1864, as an officer in the Fourth Regiment.  Lieutenant Colonel Amos J. Sterling (from Union county) had served as Captain, Company F, Thirty-first Regiment for over two years and had been discharged for wounds.
     Of the field and staff officers, William G. Beatty, major; Benjamin J. George, chaplain (promoted from private, Company I); Balera J. Aurand, commissary sergeant (promoted from private, Company H), and Davis McCreary, principal musician (promoted from musician, Company A), were from Morrow county.
     Nearly all of Companies A and K were from Morrow county, with a few in each company from Marion county.  Company A was recruited in the vicinity of Cardington and William G. Beatty was captain and was promoted to major; Henry Rigby, first lieutenant, and promoted to captain; John B. White, private and promoted to second and first lieutenant, and discharged May 18, 1865, for wounds; and William F. Wallace, promoted from private to first sergeant and second lieutenant.
     The officers of Company K, were:  Henry McPeek, captain; B. B. McGowen, first lieutenant; Thomas J. Weatherby, second lieutenant, and William W. McCracken, first sergeant.  The latter had served in Company A, Twentieth Regiment, was discharged for wounds received at the battle of Champion Hill, Mississippi.
     Because so many of the regiment had seen service, it was rushed to the front and on Dec. 4, 1864, took part in the battle of Overall's Creek, Tennessee, and on Dec. 7th, in the battle of the Cedars, Tennessee, which many of the regiment were killed and wounded.  On Jan. 17, 1865, the regiment was ordered to Washington, District of Columbia, and thence to Fort Fisher, North Carolina, and on Mar. 10, 1865, took part in the battle of Wise's Fork, North Carolina, with numerous fatal casualties.
     It is believed that the One Hundred and Seventy-fourth did the most fighting of any among the one-year regiments, and its casualties were 22 killed, wounded 39, and died from disease, 95.  The regiment belonged to Ruger's division.  Twenty-third Army
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Corps.  Those who died of wounds in Company A, were: William A. Henry and Franklin T. Smith; wounded: Elwood Bunker, and died of disease; Marvin Burt, Samuel L. Milligan, Lafayette Aldrich, Henry Fairchild, Albert Matthews, Cyrus Mowry, Melville W. Nichols, Wesley H. Peck, Isaac Perkins, Joseph Reed, Gardner Sage and John P. Demuth.
     In Company K, the died-of-wounds was Julius M. Woodford; wounded, Gilbert J. Conklin and Adin W. Salisbury; died of disease, Joel Fiant, William M. Parker, Alexander M. Parks, Clarkson C. Parks and Israel Shaffer.  The regiment was mustered out June 28, 1865, at Charlotte, North Carolina.


     Forty men from Morrow county served in the One Hundred and Seventy-ninth Regiment; fifteen in Company A, and twenty-five in Company F.  In the latter company two officers had seen service; First Lieutenant John W. Hammer, in Company D, Ninety-sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and First Sergeant Benjamin Tuthill, in Company B, Forty-third Regiment.  The enlistments were chiefly in September, 1864, and for one year.  The regiment was on duty at and in the vicinity of Nashville, Tennessee.  There were no casualties save from disease or accident, which numbered 88.
     Eighteen men served in the One Hundred and Eightieth Ohio Infantry, on enlistments for one year; one in Company A; eight in Company C, of whom Second Lieutenant Oscar L. R. French, who had served in Company E, Twenty-sixth, and I, One Hundred and Thirty-sixth was one; two men in Company H, and seven men of Company I.  Henry H. Shaw, private of Company I, was promoted to assistant surgeon, One Hundred and Eighty-fourth Regiment.  The One Hundred and Eightieth was engaged with the enemy at Wise's Fork, near Kingstown.  North Carolina. Mar. 8, 1865, and the losses were two killed and three died of wounds.  Seventy-five died of disease.  Total casualties, eighty.


     Forty men of Company G, One Hundred and Eighty-seventh Infantry, enlisted for one year, in February, 1865, many of whom had served for three years in old regiments, whose terms of enlistment had expired.  John Comly Baxter was commissioned

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captain.  He had served in Company O. One Hundred and Thirty-sixth Regiment.  Warner Hayden was commissioned first lieutenant, and he had served in Company E, One Hundred and Twenty-first, Company G, One Hundred and Thirty-sixth; and Bela G. Merrill, second lieutenant, had served in Company I, Third Regiment.  All were commissioned Mar. 2, 1865; on the following day the regiment was taken by rail to Nashville, Tennessee, and ordered to report at Dalton, Georgia, and did provost duty there and at Kingston and Macon, Georgia, until Jan. 20, 1866, when it was mustered out at the place last named.  One man, James R. Craven, died Mar. 12, 1865.
     Four men from Morrow county served in Company F, One Hundred and Eighty-eighth Ohio Infantry.  George Hibbard, Thomas Ayres, John C. Cooley (killed on cars Aug. 27, 1865), and George McClary, the last of whom had served in Company G, Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and Company G, of the Tenth Regiment, for three years and two months, continued to serve from Feb. 1, 1865, until Sept. 21, 1865.


     Ten men of Company I, Second Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery, enlisted from Morrow county in the summer of 1863 for three years. Charles H. Dalrymple was appointed quartermaster sergeant of Company I, and promoted to regimental quartermaster sergeant, Jan. 19, 1865, and to second lieutenant Company M, Feb. 23, 1865, and mustered out with company Aug. 23, 1865.
     Ten men of Battery E, First Regiment, Ohio Light Artillery, enlisted; most of them in August, 1861.  They were:  Francis M. Jeffrey, corpora; John McNeal, wounded Dec. 31, 1862, at Stone River; John F. McNeal, (later a prominent lawyer at Marion, Ohio); William Wallace McNeal, killed Dec. 31, 1862, at battle of Stone River, Tennessee; Henry McPeak, George W. Miller, Jacob Miller, Reason R. Morrison, Albert J. Myers and Godfrey F. Pfeiffer.  The majority of these men served three years.
     Seven men from Morrow county served from September, 1861, in the First Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Cavalry; Hays Clark, aged forty-two, in Company C, and discharged Nov. 29, 186 2; in Company K, Abram F. McCurdy, second lieutenant; resigned June 16, 1862, and also major of Tenth Regiment; John M. Schultz (who had served in Company D, Third Ohio Infantry in war with

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Mexico), wounded June 15,  1864, at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia (veteran); Balera J. Aurand, William E. Campbell, William Cyphers and Samuel Darrah.  Of John M. Schultz, his captain has said that he was a "dare devil" and would recklessly ride after the enemy.  The regiment was mustered out Sept. 13, 1854, at Hilton Head, South Carolina.
     In Companies D, E, F, L. and M, Third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, ninety-seven men from Morrow county served, from the fall of 1861, as follows:  William Meredith and Harvey Kerns, Company D; James C. Serrells (or Searles) and Cyrus Hoy, Company E; Elijah Boxley, Company F; and Chauncey Olds, Company L (died of wound, Nov. 9, 1862).  The balance, ninety-one men, were in Company M.  John W. Marvin was commissioned captain; Henry C. Miner, who had served as second lieutenant Apr. 23, 1861, was commissioned first lieutenant Sept. 18, 1861; promoted to captain Jan. 21, 1863, and mustered out Nov. 22, 1864.
     James W. Likens was appointed second lieutenant Sept. 8, 1861; promoted to first lieutenant Jan. 21, 1863, and resigned May 16, 1864.
     William S. Furbay was appointed first sergeant Nov. 8, 1861; promoted to second lieutenant Jan. 2, 1863, but not mustered; discharged for disability Jan. 23, 1863.
     Thomas A. O'Rourke, was appointed company quartermaster sergeant Nov. 8, 1861, and first sergeant Aug. 11, 1864; promoted to second lieutenant Company L, July 13, 1864, and first lieutenant Company D, Jan. 6, 1865, and mustered out with company Aug. 4, 1865; veteran.
     John H. Fisher was appointed sergeant Nov. 8, 1861; wounded in left forearm June 15, 1864, and mustered out Oct. 13, 1864, for wounds and expiration of service.
     Henry D. Smith
was appointed sergeant Nov. 8, 1861; discharged for disability Aug. 12, 1862.
     Melville R. Benson
was appointed corporal Nov. 8, 1861; killed Dec. 31, 1862, at battle of Stone River.
     Horace B. White
, private, aged fifty, was promoted to battalion hospital steward, Dec. 1, 1861.
     Napoleon B. Benedict
, private, died Sept. 3, 1864, of wounds received in action.
     James S. Dodge
was a recruit to Company M, enlisting July 14, 1862, at the age of sixteen years; was appointed corporal and

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sergeant; mustered out with company Aug. 4, 1865, and became a prominent lawyer and judge at Elkhart, Indiana.
     On an expedition to Knoxville, Tennessee, Company M charged a company of Georgia cavalry and Private Jacob Kreis selected his man.  As they came in collision and their sabers clashed, Jake's saber flew out of his grasp, but with great presence of mind he spurred his horse close to his enemy; seized him by his long hair, dragged him off his horse, and captured him.  As Jake said, "When I goes for you, I takes you."  He had herculean strength, and the rebel was not his equal.  The regiment was mustered out Aug. 4, 1865, at Nashville, Tennessee.
     The men from Morrow county who served three years were: Sergeants, Marion Eldred and John A. Brown; Corporals, J. K. P. Harris, and Privates Charles A. Anderson, Samuel Everett, Alexander W. Everett, William Hennie, Naaman Hodge, Silas Jacobs, John T. Jamison, Jacob Kreis, John Lackey, George W. Preston, Joseph Rogers, Adelbert B. White, William A. White and Frederick Yahn.  Those who served more than three years as veterans, were: First Sergeant John S. Chapin, Sergeant Louis R. Miller, Corporal Frederick Reidel, Bugler Hiram Martin, Farrier Joseph Adams, and Privates Valentine Childers and Daniel E. Kennedy.
     Omar D. Neill enlisted for one year in Company I, Fourth Cavalry, and was discharged with company.
     Rolvin J. Brennen and Asa Messenger served in Company C, Fifth Cavalry, and both were mustered out with company Oct. 30, 1865.
     Benjamin F. Davis was assistant surgeon in the Fourty-fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and Eighth Cavalry.
     Alden P. Moore was sergeant in Company D, Forty-fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and in Company I, Eighth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry.
     Eleven men served in Company K, Ninth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, who enlisted in October and November, 1863, for three years.  They were: Alben Coe, first lieutenant, and promoted to captain Company E; William Logan, Oscar P. Bowker, Levi Emahizer, Alfred McDonald, Charles S. Miller, Alexander Poland, Sidney A. Sayre, Henry Soladay, Levi Townsend (who were all mustered out July 20, 1865), and George Rodney (who died Mar. 29, 1864).
     Abram F. McCurdy was commissioned October 6, 1862, second

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lieutenant, Company B. Tenth Cavalry, and promoted to captain and major.  William J. Dick, Peter Brewer (killed at Resaca, Georgia), Oswald M. Bruce, Thomas C. Crane, William Nichols, Edward P. Rose, John Rose and Francis M. Sloan, served in Company B.
     William M. Hayden enlisted in Company B, as private, was promoted to commissary sergeant and second lieutenant Company L.; mustered out July 24, 1865.
     Simon Poland, Company L; mustered out June 10, 1865.
     Denton J. Snider, enlisted as private in Company H; was appointed sergeant and promoted to second lieutenant, Company F, One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
     James Taylor Corwin served in Company G, Twelfth Cavalry, and Francis Newson and Jacob Watson in Company H.
     Wilbert Granger (wounded at Dinwidie Courthouse, Virginia); Albert Claypool, Jesse Henry and Alonzo J. Rose served in Fifth Independent Battalion and Company B, Thirteenth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, on three years' enlistment.
     On six-months' enlistment, in the summer of 1863, Sergeant Alva C. Shaw, Hubbard M. Betts, Madison Foust, William P. Ferguson, Zenas L. Mills and James William Sexton, served in Company B, Fifth Independent Ohio Volunteer Cavalry; the last man also in Company D, Sixty-fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
     On Sept. 3, 1864, William F. Armstrong and George Karns, enlisted, each for one year in Company M. Merrill's Horse; mustered out Jan. 10, 1865.


     The military history of Morrow county would not be complete if it failed to give the services in the army of many of its native sons, who grew up to young manhood within its borders, and went to other states, as Union soldiers, and therefore as many as can be learned about, are here mentioned:
     John Purvis, One Hundred and Eleventh Regiment Illinois Infantry, three years.
     Joseph Grove Company F, Eighth Regiment Illinois Infantry, five years.
     Richard M. Hoy, Company G, One hundred and Second Illinois Infantry.
     Lyman Beecher Straw, Company B, One Hundred and Second

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Illinois Infantry; killed at Peachtree Creek, Georgia, July 20, 1864.
     Mitchell Blair, Thirteenth Regiment Illinois Infantry.
     Butler Dunham, Eighty-eighth Regiment Illinois Infantry; killed at Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 27, 1864.
     Henry B. Crane, Company H, Fifth-ninth Regiment Illinois Infantry
     Cyrus G. Benedict, Company I, One Hundred and Fifty-third Regiment Illinois Infantry.
     Levi Benedict, Company A, Second Regiment Colorado Infantry.

     Henry C. Shunk, Eighth Regiment Indiana Infantry.
     Liston A. Coomer, Company A, Thirtieth Regiment Indiana Infantry; wounded June 27, 1864, at Kenesaw Mountain; served four years.
     Byron Talmage Cooper, Company H, Twenty-ninth Indiana Infantry.
     James C. McKee, Company C, thirty-seventh Indiana Infantry three years; and Company A, Thirth-eighth Indiana, eighteen months.
     Benjamin F. Pinyerd, Thirtieth Indiana; three years.

     Nathan N. Mosher, Company G, third Iowa Infantry.
     Ephraim Cooper, Seventeenth Iowa Infantry; killed at Jackson, Mississippi, May 14, 1863.
     Charles McDonald, Twenty-second Iowa Infantry; drowned in Mississippi river.
     Morris Barge, Thirty-fourth Iowa Infantry; died near Vicksburg, Mississippi, in May, 1863.
     C. V. Gardner, captain of company in Twenty-ninth Iowa Infantry.
     James M. Gardner, captain of company of same regiment.

     Ralph Emerson Cook, private Company E, Twelfth Kansas Infantry; captain First Kansas Colored Infantry; killed October 6, 1863, by Quantrell's guerillas.
     John R. Cook, Company E, Twelfth Kansas Infantry.
     William Swart, Company A, First Kansas Infantry.

     Richard W. Duncan, Sixth Michigan Infantry; killed at Port Hudson, Mississippi, in 1863.

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     George Nelson, Company G, Eleventh Michigan Cavalry.
     Ephraim Zolman, First Michigan Light Artillery.
     Sidney A. Breese, captain in Sixth Missouri Cavalry
     William Thomas, Eighth Missouri Infantry
     Samuel Garver, Company F, Fourth Missouri Cavalry.

     Daniel Beers, Eighth Company, First Battalion, New York Sharpshooters
     Sylvester Willison, in regiment New York Infantry.  Lost an arm at Antietam, Maryland, September 11, 1862.
     Silas H. Bush, Company I, eighth Pennsylvania Infantry; veteran.


     Company I, Fifth Regiment, United States Colored Troops: Curtis Revels, William Salters.  Daniel Johnson (died in service), and Lewis St. John (died in service).
     Company C, Sixth United States Regiment: John Scott and Jefferson Kemp (died in service)
     Twenty-sixth United States Regiment; Henry Johnson (died in service)
     Fifty-fifth Massachusetts: Jon Cosby, David M. V. Kinney, George Lewis and Elijah Revels.
More than 360,000 Federal soldiers gave their lives to save the Union of states; their blood has consecrated to freedom every slave state, and it is believed that the foregoing history shows conclusively that the soldiers from Morrow county, Ohio, fully did their part.


     Douglas Roben, lieutenant.
     Edwin T. Pollack, Lieutenant commander (see sketch)
     Smith De Muth, United States Marine Corps, October, 1873.
     Albert F. Rushmund; battleship "Maine," August 7, 1901 - August 6, 1905.
     Clarence W. Ewers, Apr. 2, 1907; battleship "Rhode Island;" cruise around the world.
     Gilbert H. Kelly; enlisted May 21, 1904; rating landsman; served on United States steamer "Hancock," until April, 1905,

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and United States steamer "Maryland," on cruise around world; discharged May 24, 1908;p rating yeoman, first class.
     Hubert H. Randolph, United States steamer "Yorktown, " July 13, 1908 - June 11, 1909.


     James J. Van Horn; entered West Point Military Academy 1856; colonel Eighth Regiment, United States Infantry; died Aug. 30, 1898, from injuries at Siboney, Cuba.
     Charles H. Howard, Company F, Fourteenth United States Infantry; three years in Civil war.
     Luke C. Lyman, Company A, Second Battalion, Eighteenth United States Infantry.
     Samuel R. Eccles, Company A, Second Battalion, Eighteenth United States Infantry.
     Jas. S. M. Patton, Eighteenth United States Infantry, six years.
     John C. Poland, musician Company K, regimental band, Nineteenth United States Infantry; ten years.
     Albert Germain, musician band, Nineteenth United States Infantry.
     Edgar Irwin, musician, band.  Nineteenth United States Infantry.
     Marcus A. Boner, Fourth United States Cavalry, and Company E. Twenty-sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
     James W. Longsdorff, Fourth United States Cavalry and Company E, Twenty-sixth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
     Riley Taylor, Company A, Fifth United States Cavalry, Civil war.
     Vern T. Rinehart, Troop I, Thirteenth United States Cavalry, 1907.
     James P. Stickle, Seventeenth United States Infantry, since 1898.


     Arthur A. Ashbrook, Company A, Seventeenth United States Infantry; died July 13, 1898, near Siboney, Cuba.
     John F. Adams, regular army; died in Philippine Islands
     Dolph Burns, Nov. 4, 1901; Troop A, Sixth United States Cavalry, 1911; still in army.
     John L. Boner, Jan. 26, 1898; Troop A, Sixth United States Cavalry, 1911; still in army.
     John Burr, Hospital Corps, Philippine Islands.

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     Villa Furstenberger, Hospital Corps, Philippine Islands.
     Lewis Houle, Company L, Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry; died in 1899.
     Hollis Hull, Company G, Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry; deceased.
     Ray Livingston, lieutenant.
     William Long, Eighth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and Thirty-third United States Infantry.
     Arthur C. Mellinger, Battery G, Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery.
     Brice Osborn, Company K, Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
     David G. Orsborn, Company B, Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
     Ralph Waite, Company L, Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry
     Thomas H. R. Smith, Company B, Fifteenth United States Infantry.
     Walter M. Wright, Company A, Nineteenth United States Infantry.
     Carey B. White, Company B, Fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.


     At present writing (June, 1911), Major Harvey Johnson, of Marengo, is the only living veteran of both the Mexican and Civil wars residing in Morrow county.  As he was born in Richland county, Jan. 5, 1824, he is in his eighty-seventh year; but, as one of his army of friends remarks, "While the Major is an old timer, he is not a back number," as you will find if you get a chance to get into conversation with him.  The following sketch briefly tells the story of his life.

     At an early age Harvey Johnson's parents located where Sparta now is, which at that time was a wilderness, his grandfather clearing a space upon which to build his cabin, where the hardware store of E. G. Coe now stands.  Among his playmates at that time were the boys of the Potter family who kept what at that time was called a tavern.  His boyhood days were spent in Knox, Logan and Franklin counties where he was living at the outbreak of the Mexican war, and enlisted in Company F, Second Ohio Infantry, with headquarters at Columbus.  General Morgan, of Mt. Vernon, was colonel of his regiment.  His company was transferred to headquarters of his regiment at Cincinnati by way of  the canal to Portsmouth, thence down the Ohio to Cincinnati.  While on duty in this service he took part in the battles of Buena Vista and Monterey.  After fifteen months service the war closed, and he was discharged at New Orleans.  After his discharge he worked at.

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his trade, that of a carpenter, in Louisville, Kentucky, for a time, and finally settled in Cannelton, Indiana, where he married and was living a the outbreak of the Civil war.  Here he raised a company of which he was commissioned captain, Aug. 9, 1861.  His company was attached to the Twenty-sixth Indiana Regiment, Herron's Division, Army of the Frontier, commanded by General Fremont.  While in this army his regiment took part in the battles of Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove, Arkansas.  His regiment was later attached to the Thirteenth Corps Army of the Gulf, and participated in the battle of Yazoo City and the seige of Vicksburg.  He was promoted to major, Mar. 13, 1863.  At the time of his enlistment in 1861 he was accompanied to the front by his son, Samuel, a lad of fifteen years, who, because of his youth, could not enlist to carry a gun, but went as a drummer boy.  After serving about a year in this capacity he entered the service, and serving out his term of enlistment was discharged, but enlisted again in Hancock's Veteran Reserve Corps and earned his second discharge.  The son died many years ago.  Major Johnson resigned his commission at New Orleans on account of disability.

     For years J. J. Runyan, of Mt. Gilead shared, with Major Johnson, the honor of being the only living soldier in Morrow county who had served in both the Mexican and the Civil wars.  His death occurred at Mt. Gilead, Nov. 12, 1907, that town having been his residence since 1864.
. Runyan was born in Wayne township, Knox county, one mile north of Fredericktown, Ohio, on the sixth day of April, 1824, residing there until he was seventeen years of age.  He came to Morrow county and settled near Sparta.  From there he returned to Fredericktown and learned the carpenter trade with Amos and Stephen Woodruff.  At the expiration of three years he had learned and mastered his profession, and his first work of overseeing and building a house was near Mt. Vernon.  This same house is still in existence and is occupied to this day.
     Always cherishing a great patriotic love for his country he had a desire to join some military company and consequently united with a company called the Fredericktown Cadets, for a term of five years.  Aug. 3, 1847, he enlisted in Company G, Second Ohio Volunteer Infantry to take up arms for this country against Mexico.  The following being the officers of that company:  Captain James E. Harle; First Lieutenant, Robert B. Mitchell; Second Lieutenant, Stiles Thrift; Third Lieutenant, Jabez J. Antrim; First Sergeant, Andrew S. Gressner; Second Sergeant, Hiram Miller.  This company reported at Camp Wool, Cincinnati, at which place Mr. Irwin was elected colonel and was mustered into service about Sept. 1, 1847, and on Sept. 10th embarked on three steamboats for New Orleans.  After an uneventful journey

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down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers of some two weeks, the company arrived at New Orleans.  Two weeks later company G boarded a government boat at New Orleans, and about the fourth of October landed at Vera Cruz, Mexico, camping about two miles west of the city.  With three other regiments, a company of cavalry, and six pieces of artillery, this company was sent to guard 1,000 wagons and 2,000 pack mules loaded with ammunition, provisions and clothing for Mexico City.  The regiment continued its march to Pueblo, which place was reached about Nov. 1st.  They were then ordered to Rio Frio.  At this place several of the members were killed in skirmishes with guerrillas.  They were kept here until the close of the war.  Some seventy-five men of this regiment were killed or died from diseases contracted while in the service.  The regiment was returned to Cincinnati, and on July 26, 1848, were mustered out of service.   Being relieved from duty Mr. Runyan remained in Cincinnati a short time, and then returned to his home in Morrow county.  This in brief, was his experience in the Mexican war.
     Again responding to a call from his country, Mr. Runyan enlisted at Chesterville in August, 1861, with Company A, Twentieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, for three years, and on Sept. 3rd went to Fredericktown and from there to Camp Chase, where he was again mustered into service.  The regiment participated honorably at the following battles:  Fort Donelson, Feb. 14, 16, 1862; Shiloh, Apr. 7, 1862; Boliver, Aug. 30, 1862; Iuka, Mississippi, Sept. 19-20, 1862; Hankison's Ferry Mar. 3, 1862; Raymond, May 12, 1863; Champion Hill, May 6, 1863; Vicksburg, May 19, 1863; Jackson, July 9-16, 1863; Baker's Creek, Meridian Raid, Feb.  4, 1864; Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 27, 1864.  Mr. Runyan's regiment participated in several other battles but he was taken sick and sent to "Big Shanty Hospital," Atlanta, Georgia, and later to Rome, Georgia.  He served his time and was discharged Oct. 8, 18664, at Columbus, Ohio, May 6, 1855, he was united in marriage to Miss M. X. DeWitt, daughter of Joseph P. and Phoebe DeWitt, of Chesterville, early pioneers of Morrow county.  He then, in 1864, removed to Mt. Gilead, where he resided until his death in 1907.


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