PAULDING COUNTY, OHIO
Formed April 1, 1820, was named from John
Paulding, a native of Peeksville, N. Y., and one of the three
militia men who captured Major Andrew, in the war of the
revolution, and who died in 1818. The county was organized in
The population of this county in 1830, was 161; in
1840, 1,034; in 1850, 1,766; in 1860, 4,945, and in 1872, 8,544.
The returns of the census of 1870, exhibited the
following of the census if the several townships:
Auglaize, 788, Benton, 404; Blue Creek, 163; Brown,
1,140; Carryall, 1,087; Crane, 1,685; Antwerp, 717; Emerald, 717;
Harrison, 304; Jackson, 556; Latty, 294; Paulding, 448; Washington,
General Horatio N. Curtis is old resident of the
county. In a communication to the Antwerp Gazette, he
states that he made his second visit to the county on the 10th of
March, 1825. "At this time, Defiance was quite a small village,
containing one small store, one tavern, and some five or six families.
Isaac Hull kept a store on the north side of the Maumee,
opposite Defiance, and had an extensive trade with the Indians.
"Among the first settlers of what is now Delaware
township, in Defiance county, were Montgomery Evans, William Snook,
Thomas Warren, and Samuel and Dennison Hughes, who
settled there in 1823-24. Soon after, Gavin W. Hamilton
and Jacob Platter moved in. The first death that
occurred, was Andrew, son of Jacob Platter.
"The two first justices of the peace,
were Oliver Crane and Montgomery Evans. The next
township organized was Crane, which extended south and west from
Delaware Township to the State line. The township derives its
name from Oliver Crane. Among the first settlers of what
is now Crane township, were Oliver Crane, William Gordon, Ephraim
Seely and Samuel Reynolds, who settled in 1823-24.
Samuel Gordon and Dennison Hughes moved to the township in
the early part of 1825. The first marriage in what is now Crane,
was solemnized by Oliver Crane, who joined in holly wedlock a
Mr. Young to Miss Sherry.
"About this time, Brown township was organized.
This township was up the Auglaize south of Defiance. The first
settlers there were Shadrack Hudson, Isaac Carey, John Kingery
and Christopher Stroufe. The township took its name from
a small fort or stockade that was built by a part of General
Harrison's army during the second war with Great Britain. It
occupied the point at the junction of the Big and Little Auglaize
rivers. A part of the pickets or pallisades were still standing,
and seen by the writer in passing down the Auglaize river in the
spring of 1825. This was called Fort Brown, and was, I think, so
marked upon the early maps of the country.
"The next township organized was CARRYALL, which
took its name from a large rock in the middle of the Maumee River.
It was so-called by the French on account of its resembling a vehicle
of that name. This stone is about one mile above the village of
Antwerp. Carryall township lies west of Crane. Among the
first settlers were William Banks, Reason V. Spurrier, David
Applegate and Thomas Runyan, who settled there in 1827-28.
The first marriage that took place was that of Phillip Murphey
to Miss Nancy Runyan, and was solemnized by H. N. Curtis,
then justice of the peace, in October, 1830. The three townships
last named are now within the limits of Paulding county.
"The first Associate Judges were Nathan Eaton, John
Hudson and Gilman C. Mudgett, who met in the fall of 1839,
and appointed H. N. Curtis, Clerk pro tem., and Andrew J.
Smith, Sheriff. The first Court was held in the spring of
1840, Hon. Emery D. Potter presiding, in the then flourishing
village of New Rochester, at that time containing some twenty
families, and the most suitable place in all the county to hold a
Court. (There is now scarcely a mark of all its former greatness
remaining.) From there the Court and county business were
removed to Charloe, in 1841 - the county seat, meantime, having been
established at that point, and continuing there until removed to its
present location. The bounty on wolf scalps in the early
settling of the county, together formed quite a revenue, and assisted
much in paying taxes, and in procuring the common necessaries of life.
"This county, in early time, was one of the favorite
hunting grounds of the Indians, and they yielded their right of
dominion to the 'chemocoman,' or what man, with reluctance. It
was noted for the abundance and fine quality of the furs and peltries
taken within its limits.
"I recollect, while acting as Clerk of the Court, to
have had candidates for marriage frequently pay me my fees in raccoon
skins for granting the marriage license. One case I well
recollect, of having been called upon to marry a couple; and having
done so, the gentleman informed me that he had nothing to pay me for
my services. I told him, all right; but in the fall they
gathered and sent me a fine lot of hickory nuts as compensation for my
"The first trading house in the county was opened by
Thomas P. Quick in 1826, for the purpose of obtaining furs and
peltries from the Indians. The first citizen's store in the
county was opened in the fall of 1829, by the writer. The first
white man that settled in the county was John Driver, a
silversmith, who made broaches and earrings for the Indians.
Among the early settlers at Charloe, were John
Taylor, (now of Perrysville,) John W. Ayers, George H. Phillips
and A. H. Palmer; and at the Junction, Capt. Dana Columbia,
Dr. Henry Marcellus, and Capt. Thomas
General Curtis was well acquainted
with the Indian, Occanoxa, with whom he frequently had business
transactions. He was chief of a band numbering about six
hundred, his town occupying the present site of Charloe. He was
a large, powerfully-built Indian, but advancing years had made inroads
upon his constitution. He was naturally ugly, and when
intoxicated, malicious. On one occasion, visiting the store of
General Curtis for the purpose of trading, and being under the
influence of liquor, he was describing, in a ferocious manner, his
ancient feats in scalp-taking. This fighting of his old battles
against white women and children over again, upon his own premises,
was not agreeable to the General, and in a moment of excitement he
advanced upon the Indian and knocked him to the ground.
William and John Moss, brothers, and
natives of England, visited Paulding county in 1834, and established
themselves as residents of year following. The patent for the
land entered at the Piqua Land Office, for the N. E. Qr. of Sec. 26,
T. 2 N., R. 3 E., (now Jackson township,) bears date May 11, 1835; and
that for the land of his brother John being on Sec. 24
adjoining, bears the same date. These brothers were probably the
first white settlers in that Section of Paulding county, excepting,
possibly, one family on the Little Auglaize, named Earl.