Andrew Hinton, and Samuel Harisinger,
Justices of the Peace; Jacob Bonstoer, S. Pontious,
and Andrew Hinton, Trustees; John May,
Clerk; A. Rose, Treasurer; J. Throgmorton,
Assessor; Andrew Wiggins and A. G. Betzer,
Constables; David Jones, Land Appraiser.
Colerain township, in early days, was a noted place for
game of every kind. Walnut and Salt creeks were
headquarters for all the hunters in the neighborhood;
their high and craggy banks were the hiding places of
bears, panthers, and wolves. The township is
watered by the head waters of Walnut, Salt, and
Kinikinick creeks. The face of the country is part
rolling and part level; the soil is rich, and every acre
can be tilled.
Adelpha is the principal town in the township, and is
one of the oldest towns in the State. It has
several stores, churches, etc.
Hon. Daniel Kershner
was the first pioneer settler in this township, having
come in 1796. He had quite a large farm, and was a
man of some prominence. He served as captain in
the war of 1812, and represented the county in the
legislature in 1836. He died in 1844, at the age
of eighty-four years. He had three sons -
Daniel, John, and Elisha. Daniel, Jr.,
married and settled at the head waters of Walnut creek.
He was captain of the militia, served two terms as
county commissioner, and held several township offices.
He is now seventy-two years of age, in good health, and
much respected. John, the second son, is
owner of the old stone fort and a farm on Salt creek.
He married a daughter of the late Colonel Spangler;
has held several township trusts. There are
several mounds and one old fort circle on his farm.
Elisha, the third son, lives near John; a
good farmer and excellent neighbor. John
Kershner, Jr., is a bachelor, a great land
speculator and stock dealer. The Kershners
are all great land owners, men of wealth and influence.
Hon. Elias Henton was one of the earliest
pioneers. Prior to leaving Virginia he had been
elected judge. He was a noted hunter as early as
1796. The last panthers and bears he killed were
in 1805, on the waters of Walnut creek. He held
the office of justice for twenty-one years, and has
served his township in other capacities. He is
still living, much respected by his numerous friends and
relatives. Aaron Jones has taken a great
interest in improvements; is a man of sterling
principles and sound sense. He was justice of the
peace many years. Moses Jones was an early
pioneer; entered his land in the forest, and made it a
fine farm; held several civil and military offices, and
was a man of character and highly respected.
Martin Dresback was a pioneer of 1798. He was
a soldier in General Harmar's campaign of 1791
and a noted hunter. He died at the age of
ninety-six years. John Bookwalter was an
early settler in Salt creek valley; a good hunter.
He served as spy from 1783 to 1795 in the campaigns
against the Indians. He died at the age of
ninety-five years, and his wife, Barbara, at the
age of ninety-eight. Joseph, Aaron, and
William Bookwalter were among the early pioneers,
who cleared their farms in the forest wilderness and
braved all the dangers of frontier life. They were
men of worth and enterprise. William is
still living on his farm, a useful citizen.
John May was a pioneer of 1799. He was a great
hunter, and served in the wars of 1791 and 1812.
Frederick Pontious was an early settler; a good
man, who had much influence in society. He served
several terms as justice. Washington Jennings
was an early emigrant, a good farmer, and quite popular.
He was a justice for many years. Joseph Poland,
Henry Strauser, Isaac Harper, Isaac Larich, George
Flanagan, Jacob Boucher, and Conrad Ruby
were all early pioneers, and came at the same time.
Captain John Patterson was of the first settlers
of Colerain, a brave, energetic man. His father
was a major in the Revolution. He served as a
captain in the war of 1812, adn was several terms
justice of the peace. He died eighty years of age.
Major Engle, a brave and kind man, and a good
farmer, earned his title in the war of 1812.
John Dunn was a farmer and justice; a noted man.
Samuel. Harisinger emigrated at an early day; a
farmer; ahs served several years as justice and
postmaster at Adelpha. David Kershner
builtt the first distillery in the township.
John Beach was the first innkeeper, and Alexander
Smith the first shoemaker. Peter Marshall
established the first boot and shoe store in the
township. John Stelinger was the first
carpenter, MArtin Nungester the next; Barton
O'Neil, the first blacksmith and carpenter.
Flanagan Merriman an early settler in Colerain, is
yet living, at the age of eight-one years.
Nathaniel Throgmorton, an early pioneer his
neighbors place great confidence. He is one of our
best citizens, and has raised a large and respectable
family. Peter Goodman a great stock dealer,
David Holderman, Conrad Betzer, John Brown,
Peter Strauser, Anthony Betzner, and John
Strawner were all early pioneers. Samuel
Dresback, an early settler, a man of influence, and
full of enterprise, has held several township offices,
and is much esteemed. John Alenather, Henry
Hickel, T. W. Hickel, Frederick Haynes, Andrew Haynes;
George Gower, an English soldier under Dunmore,
from whom Fort Gower took its name; Moses Dawson,
David Dawson, Thomas Arnstow, William Hoover, J. D.
Smith, D. Jones, Jacob Strouse, Thomas Nutter, Thomas
Patton, Jacob Alexander, Jacob Grawutt, N. Justin, Peter
White, Peter Nicol, and Noah Clark were all
early pioneers - all dead but three, and their
descendants scattered over the West. David C.
Bolous, the hermit, was an Indian killer and bear
hunter. He came to the Hocking caves, from the
Kanawha region, in Virginia, in 1789. He was never
married, having been disappointed. Here he lived.
alone in the dense forest, and hunted game, which was in
abundance. He would take the skins, furs, and
venison to the Ohio, and sell to the traders. In
1791 he shifted his quarters to near Fort Harmar, and
from there went, as a spy, to the Maumee, with
General St. Clair, and was taken prisoner by the
Indians, and lived with them until Wayne's treaty in
1795. He came to old Daniel Kershner's in
1797, and stayed there till the fall of 1799, when he
went to the old earth fort on Salt creek, and built a
cabin there, in which he lived till the time of his
death in 1802. He had killed, in his time,
ninety-six bears, seventy-three wolves, and forty-three
Ancient Mounds, etc.
On John Kershner, Jr.'s
farm is a model mound, and thirty-five feet high; and on
the west bank of Salt creek, an earth fort, in the shape
of a half-moon; one large gateway, and a circular
earthwork, extending from the half-moon to the ancient
END OF COLERAIN TOWNSHIP
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