OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

A Part of Genealogy Express
 

WELCOME TO
ROSS COUNTY, OHIO
History & Genealogy


A Standard History of Ross County, Ohio

Vol. I & II.

An Authentic Narrative of the Past, with Particular
Attention to the Modern Era in the Commercial,
Industrial, Civic and Social Development.

Under the Editorial Supervision
of LYLE S. EVANS
- ILLUSTRATED -
VOLUME I
Published by The Lewis Publishing Company,
Chicago & New York
1917

CONTENTS:

  PAGE
INTRODUCTION iii - iv
CHAPTER I - NATURE'S HANDIWORK 1
   - The Old Scioto Company
 - Drainage
 - Geology
 - Drift Deposits
 - Soils
 - Beasts, Birds, Fish and Snakes
 - Its Forests
 - Flora of the Scioto Valley
 - Fresh from Nature's Hand
CHAPTER II - STORY OF THE RACES 16
   - Prehistoric Remains Near Chillicothe
 - Mound City
 - Walled Towns
 - Liberty Township Inclosures
 - Big Head of Prehistoric Man
 - Racial Conflicts
 - French Colonization
 - Claim Louisiana
 - Clash Between French and English Traders
 - The Scioto Delawares in 1751
 - French and Indians Capture English Traders
 - The Scioto Shawnees
 - Commingling of Ohio Indian Tribes
 - Bouquet's Expedition
 - Lord Dunmore's War
 - Battle of Point Pleasant
 - Cornstalk and Logan
 - Shawnees Last Ohio Indians to Surrender
 - First Whites to Attempt Home-Making in the Scioto Valley
CHAPTER III - EXTENSION OF LAW AND ORDER 36
   - Acquiring National Title to Ohio Soil
 - Dunmore's Squatters Evicted
 - American System of Land Surveys
 - The Ordinance of 1787
 - Ohio Company's Purchase
 - Military and Civil Friction
 - Surveys of Ohio Public Lands
 - The Virginia Military Lands
 - Congress Lands
 - Chillicothe Land District
 - Survey of the Military Lands
 - First Settlement in the Scioto Country
 - Settlements Extend Northward from Manchester
 - Chillicothe of the Whites Founded
 - Washington County Organized
 - First Judiciary
 - Indians at Last Subdued
 - More Pioneer Counties of the Northwest Territory
 - The Original Ross County of 1798
 - Processes of Division and Reduction
 - Chillicothe Natural Seat of Early Government
 - First Territorial Representatives
 - Looking Toward Statehood
 - Commonwealth Born at Chillicothe
 - Shifting of Population Center Makes Columbus the Capital
CHAPTER IV - THE SIMPLE LIFE 58
   - Pioneer Journeying to the Scioto Valley
 - Preparing for the Home
 - Something More Than a Shack
 - Sleeping, Eating and Drinking
 - Wild Game
 - Dress and Manners
 - Food Prices and Business
 - The Scioto Country Stores
 - Bringing in Stock
 - Hospitality and Sociability
 - Bee Hunting
 - Milling
 - Primitive Implements, But Earlier Seasons
 - Hog Sticking and Pork Packing
 - Money and Barter
 - Education
 - Spelling and Singing Schools
 - The Woman Pioneer
 - General Picture of the Simple Life
CHAPTER V - TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION 77
   - Zane's and Tod's Traces
 - Postoffices and Mails
 - The Flat Boat Trade
 - Famous Stage Lines
 - Alleges Bad Stage Service
 - Worse and Worse
 - Pioneer Turnpikes
 - The Portsmouth & Columbus Turnpike
 - Building of the Grand Canal
 - Of Special Benefit to Chillicothe
 - Flat Boats, Tolls and Crews
 - Changing the Route
 - Commercially Opened
 - Grand Collection of Worn-out Nags
 - Wages and Freights
 - A Jonah Mud Hole
 - Canal Rules
 - Railroad vs. Canal
 - Odd Accidents
 - Famous Old Boats
 - Garfield Gets In First
 - Rockefeller's Wages Raised
 - Good Old Canal Days
 - Destructive Floods in the Scioto Valley
 - The Great Flood of 1913
 - Work of the Militia at Chillicothe
 - Railroad Relief
 - The Belpre & Cincinnati Railroad
 - Marietta & Cincinnati Railroad Organized
 - Rival Routs
 - The Actual Building
 - The Road Embarrassed
 - Receiver Appointed
 - Company Reorganized
 - The Scioto & Hocking Valley Absorbed
 - The Line Opened to Cincinnati
 - Connection With Baltimore & Ohio
 - General Repair Shops at Chillicothe
 - Receiver for Reorganized Company
 - The Dayton & Southeastern Railroad
 - Scioto & Hocking Valley Railroad
 - The Iron Railroad
 - Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern
 - The Scioto Valley Road Awakens
 - Norfolk & Western Lines
CHAPTER VI - GENERAL COUNTY MATTERS 123
   - St. Clair Conspires Against Statehood and Ross County
 - Worthington and Baldwin to the Rescue
 - The Ross County of 1798
 - Proposed Counties to be Carved
 - The First Court House
 - The Board of Commissioners Meets
 - The Old Court House and Statehouse
 - "Prison Bounds" in Chillicothe
 - The Public Square Early in the Nineteenth Century
 - The Courthouse of the Present
 - Creation of the Townships
 - Public Schools of the County
 - The Latest Statistics
 - Study of Elementary Agriculture
 - Gentleman Farmers
 - First Agricultural Society and Early Fairs
 - The Second Society
 - The Agricultural Society of the Present
 - Ross County Medical Society
 - County's Population by Decades
CHAPTER VII - BENCH AND BAR 140
   - First Territorial Court At Marietta
 - Era of Justice of the Peace
 - Justice as Doled Out by 'Square Smith
 - Only One Citizen Had His Whisky Barrels "Tomahawked"
 - Doubtful Choice of Penalties
 - First Court Held in Ross County
 - First Ohio Divorce
 - Territorial Fees of Court Officers, Attorneys and Jurors
 - State Changes in the Judiciary
 - First Term of the Court of Common Pleas
 - First Attorneys' Licenses by the State
 - Suits for Debt
 - The Whipping Post, Busy Institution
 - Branded With Red Hot Iron
 - Executions of Murderers
 - Probate Judges
 - Personnel of the Bench and Bar
 - 'Allen G. Thurman
 - William Allen, Governor
 - The Flattering Book Agent
 - Thomas Scott
 - William Creighton, Jr.
 - Jessup M. Couch
 - William K. Bond
 - Michael Baldwin
 - Benjamin G. Leonard
 - William S. Murphy
 - Frederick Grimke
 - John H. Keith
 - William H. Safford
 - A Citizen Judge
 - Edward King
 - Richard Douglas
 - Levin Belt
 - John Thompson
 - Joseph Sill
 - Charles W. Gilmore
 - Joseph Miller
 - Thaddeus a. Minshall
CHAPTER VIII - ROSS COUNTY IN WAR 180
   - Pioneer Ohio Soldiers Always Prepared
 - The War of 1812
 - No Parlor Soldiers
 - Old Camp Bull
 - Four Deserters Shot at Camp
 - Innocent Youth Shot as Deserter
 - Ladies Present Major Croghan with Sword
 - Roster of Officers and Privates
 - The State Militia
 - The Chillicothe Independent Blues
 - The German Grenadier Guards
 - Looked Down on "Corn Stalk Militia"
 - Military Gathering of 1844
 - Troops for the Mexican War
 - The Chillicothe Greys
 - The Civil War
 - First Events in Ross County
 - Put Up the Flag
 - Colored Troops
 - The Morgan Raid
 - Burning the Bridge
 - The Fighting Seventy-third
 - The Seventy-third in the Field
 - Seventy-third Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry
 - Gen. Samuel H. Hurst
 - The Sixty-third Ohio Infantry
 - Company B, Twenty-sixth Infantry
 - Company H, Thirty-third
 - Gen. Joshua W. Sill
 - The German Company E, Thirty-seventh
 - Many Were Prisoners of War
 - One Hundred and Forty-ninth Regiment, Ohio National Guard
 - The Colored Troops
 - Other Commands from Ross County
 - Part in the Spanish-American War
 - Watchful Waiting in Camp
 - Other Citizen Soldiers
 - In the Philippines
 - Killed in the Service
 - The Home Relief
 - Company H, Ohio National Guard
 - Miscellaneous Chillicothe Companies
 - A. L. Brown Post No. 162, Grand Army of the Republic.
CHAPTER IX - PIONEER HISTORY OF CHILLICOTHE 219
   - The Founders of Chillicothe
 - Massie Lays Out Chillicothe
 - First Settlement in Virginia Military District
 - Surveys Along the Scioto
 - Rev. J. B. Finley
 - Dr. and Governor Edward Tiffin
 - Governor Worthington and Adena
 - Duncan McArthur and Fruit Farm
 - Col. John McDonald
 - Felix Renick and Early Stock Raising
 - Barring Out Slavery from Ohio
 - Tiffin and Baldwin on Slavery
 - General Massie's Letter
 - Ohio the First Free Soil State
 - Noted Centers of Government
 - Abrams' Big House
 - Savage Surgical Treatment
 - Whites Gather at Abrams
 - Religious and Military Center
 - New Hope Church Organized
 - Pioneer Historical Events
 - Walnut Street Methodist Episcopal Church
 - St. Mary's Catholic Church
 - Competitor for the Western Theological Seminary
 - Pioneer Schools and Teachers
 - Chillicothe in 1807
 - Tecumseh and the Chillicothe Council
 - Politics and Earthquake Shock
 - Dr. Samuel McAdow
 - Dr. Joseph Scott
 - Other Early Physicians
 - The Famous Madeira Hotel
 - The Earlier Chillicothe Inns
 - First Bridge over the Scioto
 - Industrial Uprising
 - The Hydraulic Association
 - First Town Corporation
 - The Second Town Corporation
CHAPTER X - CORPORATE AND PUBLIC MATTERS 275
   - When Chillicothe Became a City
 - Passing from Town to City Markets
 - Chillicothe's Free Public Library
 - First Steps Toward Public School System
 - Completion of Eastern and Western Schools
 - Organization of Schools and Educational Board
 - School Library Formed
 - Male Teachers Off for the War
 - Changes in School Buildings
 - Building Erected for Colored Pupils
 - System Reorganized (1874)
 - Present Status of Public Schools
 - Police Protection
 - Fire Department and Water Supply
 - The Bucket Brigade
 - Water Basins and Cisterns
 - Department in 1845
 - Improved Side-Brake Engines
 - Organization of Nos. 3, 4 and 5
 - First Uniformed Company
 - Work at the Great Fire of 1852
 - Details of the Conflagration
 - Initial Steps Toward Water Works
 - First Steam Fire Engine
 - Organization of Paid Department (1879-80)
 - Present Department
 - Construction of Present Water Works
 - The City Park
 - The Driving Park
 _ Grand View and Green Lawn Cemeteries
 - The City Hospital
 - The Postoffice
 - Electric Transportation, Light and Power
 - Home Telephone Company
 - Logan Natural Gas and Fuel Company
 - Important Events Connected with the City
 - The 1840 Campaign
 - Chillicothe's Semi-Centennial
 - Coming of the Railway, the Telegraph and the Telephone
 - The New Courthouse under Way
 - First Strike at Chillicothe
 - The Railway Shops of the B. & O.
 - Passing of the Old Bridge
 - Historical Society and City Centennial
 - The State Centennial
 - Why Mr. Massie Did Not Speak
 - The Centennial Loan Exhibit
CHAPTER XI - CHURCHES AND SOCIETIES 314
   - Presbyterians and Methodists Found Churches
 - The First Presbyterian Church
 - Early Methodism
 - The Walnut Street Methodist Episcopal Church
 - Trinity Methodist Episcopal Church
 - The third Presbyterian Church
 - Episcopal Churches
 - The First Evangelical Church
 - The Evangelical Salem Church
 - Calvary Evangelical Lutheran Church
 - The Catholic Churches
 - Plymouth Congregational Church
 - Bridge Street Church of Christ
 - Watts Street United Brethren Church
 - Quinn Chapel, African Methodist Episcopal Church
 - Other Religious Bodies
 - Chillicothe Historic in American Masonry
 - Pioneer Ohio Lodges
 - Grand Lodge of Ohio Organized
 - Notable Early Membership
 - Indian Masons
 - Other Interesting Items
 - Past Masters and Other Distinguished Members
 - Chillicothe Chapter No. 4
 - Royal Arch Masons
 - Chillicothe Council, No. 4, Royal and Select Masters
 - Chillicothe Commandery No. 8, Knights Templar
 - The Masonic Temple
 - The Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Improved Order of Red Men
 - Modern Woodmen of America
 - Chillicothe Aerie No. 600, Fraternal Order of Eagles
 - Eintracht
 - The Richard Enderlin Welfare House
 - Associated Charities and Anti-Tuberculosis Society
 - Labor Organizations
 - Women's Clubs
 - Literary
 - Reputations Abroad
CHAPTER XII - NEWSPAPERS, INDUSTRIES AND BANKS 354
   - The Scioto Gazette
 - The First Editor
 - Maxwell's Centinel
 - Its First Home
 - Distinguished Men
 - An Enterprising Paper
 - The Gazette from First to Last
 - First Religious Paper in America
 - Predecessors of the Advertiser
 - The News-Advertiser
 - The German Press and Unsere Zeit
 - Chillicothean Industries
 - Industrial Development
 - Tanneries
 - Flour Mills
 - Rise and Fall of Pork Packing
 - Wood, Stone and Brick Manufacturing
 - The Manufacture of Paper
 - Foundry and Machine Shops
 - Other Present Day Industries
 - The Chamber of Commerce
 - Early Banking at Chillicothe
 - Historical Relics Revealed
 - The First National Bank
 - The Ross County National Bank
 - The Savings Bank
 - Valley Savings Bank and Trust Company
 - Building and Loan Association
CHAPTER XIII - THE TOWNSHIP OUTSIDE THE CITY 378
   - Scioto Township Organized
 - Shrinking to Its Present Township
 - The Wallaces
 - The Reynolds and the Haynes Families
 - Other Pioneers of the Township
 - Nature's Industries
CHAPTER XIV - CONCORD TOWNSHIP AND FRANKFORT 386
   - Bird's Eye View of the Township
 - Old Chillicothe of the Shawnees
 - Only Break with the Shawnees
 - Popejoy's Place and the Indian Queen
 - First Mill and General Store
 - Settlers Previous to 1812
 - Frankfort Village
 - Its Schools and Public Library
 - Municipal Light and Water Plants
 - The Baptists Formed First Church
 - The Methodist Churches
 - Presbyterian Organizations
 - The Catholics
 - Secret and Benevolent Lodges
 - Industries, Finances and the Sun
CHAPTER XV - PAXTON TOWNSHIP AND BAINBRIDGE 399
   - Picturesque and Fertile
 - Paper Town of New Amsterdam
 - Two Historic Skirmishes with the Shawnees
 - Nathan Reeves and His Lands
 - Massie's Mansion in the Wilderness
 - The township Under Territory and State
 - Massie Founds Bainbridge
 - Merchants and Bankers
 - The Village of Today
 - Masons and Odd Fellows
 - The Methodists
 - The Presbyterians
CHAPTER XVI - GREEN TOWNSHIP AND KINGSTON 410
   - In a State of Nature
 - The First Generation of Pioneers
 - William McCoy
 - Col. John Entrekin
 - John Crouse, Miller, Distiller and Musician
 - Abraham Eyestone
 - John Goodman
 - The Reedys
 - Samuel Whitsel
 - The Military Fredericks
 - A Chrnoic Gunner After Indians
 - The Mays
 - The Bitzer Brothers
 - The Miller Families
 - John Hayes
 - Hugh Little
 - The Thomas, Durham and Entrekin Properties
 - James Downs
 - Thomas Wright, The Literary Weaver
 - Abraham Jones
 - Township Reduced to Present Area
 - Kingston Founded as Ingtown
 - The First Lot Sold (29)
 - Early Merchants and Professional Men
 - Postoffice and Corporation
 - Village of the Present
 - Societies and Churches
 - The Old Mount Pleasant Academy
 - Second Generation of Township Pioneers
 - Flour and Grist Mills
 - Early Distilleries
 - Cotton, Woolen and Paper Mills
 - Tanneries
CHAPTER XVII - COLERAIN TOWNSHIP AND ADELPHI 432
   - Varied Natural Features
 - Origin of the Name
 - Set Off as Coldrain
 - Logan and Captain Johnnie
 - A Fighting Township
 - Pioneers of 1796 - 1815
 - Adelphi Founded by the Abrams Brothers
 - Early Events and Adelphi Pioneers
 - Village Incorporation
 - Adelphi of the Present
 - Mineral Waters
 - The Adelphi Bank
 - Societies
 - Adelphi Border News
 - The Churches
 - Adelphi's Old Cemeteries
 - Hallsville
 - Early Mills Near Adelphi and Hallsville
 - Only One Gunpowder Factory
CHAPTER XVIII - TOWNSHIPS AND MINOR TOWNS 477
   - Deerfield Township and Clarksburg
 - Twin Township and Bourneville
 - Old Bourneville Cemetery
 - Springfield Township and Hopetown
 - Union Township
 - Liberty Township and Londonderry
 - Old Burial Places
 - Buckskin Township
 - South Salem
 - Salem Presbyterian Church
 - Jefferson Township and Richmondale
 - Franklin Township
 - The Hermit of the Scioto-Huntington and Harrison Townships
BIOGRAPHIES

NOTES:

 

 

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