OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

A Part of Genealogy Express
 

Welcome to
Wa
shington County, Ohio
History & Genealogy

 

History of Marietta
&
Washington County, Ohio
and Representative Citizens.
Edited and Compiled by
Martin R. Andrews, M. A.,
Douglas Putnam Professor of History and Political Science.
Marietta College.
"History is Philosophy Teaching by Examples."
1700-1900
Published by
Biographical Publishing Company
George Richmond, Pres., S. Harmer Neff, Sec'y.; c. R. Arnold, Treas.
Chicago, Illinois
1902

TABLE OF CONTENTS
FORWARD
INTRODUCTION
Page 1

    Page
CHAPTER I. - PREHISTORIC (Archer B. Hulbert) 13
  - The Old West
- Its Primeval Rivers, Forests and Animals
- The Mound-Builders
- Mounds of Marietta
- The Great Battle Ground of America
- The Hunting-Grounds of the Iroquois
- Weakening of the Iroquois Confederacy
- The Story of the Delawares, Shawanese and Wyandots
- Notes
 
CHAPTER II. - THREE FLAGS IN THE WEST (Archer B. Hulbert) 30
  - French Explorations and Establishment of Frontier Forts
- Arms of the King of France
- French and English Character Contrasted
- French and Indian War
- Pontiac's Rebellion
- The Revolutionary War in the West
- Massacre of Gnadenhutten
- Note
 
CHAPTER III. - MOVEMENTS OF HTE PIONEERS 47
  - Depreciated Currency and Impoverished Public Credit
- Boundy Lands
- Ohio Company of Associates
- Work of General Rufus Putnam and Rev. Manasseh Cutler
- Ordinance of 1787
- Landing at the Mouth of the Muskingum
- Industry and Courage of the Pioneers
- Other Near by Settlements
- Notes
 
CHAPTER IV. - WAR WITH THE INDIANS 77
  - St. Clair's Defeat
- Massacre at Big Bottom
- Belpre and Beverly
- Forts at Marietta and Harmar
- Farmers' Castle and Fort Frye
- Ohio Company Affairs at Low Ebb
- Joseph Kelley
- General Wayne's Successful Campaign
- Dawning of a Brighter Era for Ohio Colonists
- Capture and Escape
- Reminiscences of War Times and of Later Years
- The Indians in Ohio
- Letters of General Putnam
- List of Pioneer at the Forts During the Indian Troubles
- Pioneers Killed by the Indians.
 
CHAPTER V. - POLITICS IN EARLY TIMES 98
  - Washington County Created
- Governor St. Clair with a Legislature on His Hands
- Chillicothe vs. Marietta
- A State Constitution
- Slavery
- Despair of the Federalists and Exultation of the Republicans
- Harman Blennerhassett
- Local Questions Cease to be the Point of Difference Between Political Parties
- The Era of Good Feeling
- New Questions
 
CHAPTER VI. - POLITICS FROM 1829 TO 1860 119
  - Democrats and Whigs Slavery
- Underground Railroad Campaign of 1840
- Newspaper Extracts Pertaining to the Politics of the Period
- Celebration in Marietta
- Rotation in Office
- Contests of 1836 and 1840
- Campaign Songs of 1840
- Washington County Colonization Society
- Anti-Abolition and Anti-Slavery Meetings
- Public Sentiment in 1837
- The Ohio Kidnaping Case
- Later Views of the Ohio Kidnaping Case.
 
CHAPTER VII. - EDUCATION 145
  - Education Teachers and Schools
- The First School Houses
- Improvements in School Houses
- Agitation for Better Educational Facilities
- The First Schools
- Examiners of Common Schools
- Educational Notices
- Schools Directors
- Teachers' Institutes
- Washington County School Association Minutes
- William Slocomb
- Township High Schools
- Other Means of Education
- Washington County Bible Society
- The Marietta Library Association
- The Marietta Lyceum
- First Mechanics' Lyceum
- A Hint on Home-Training
- Sabbath-Schools
- Society for the Promotion of Temperance
- Marietta Female Seminary
- Art
- Schemes for the Betterment of Mankind
- Edward Postlethwayt Page
- Washington County Children's Home
- History of Children's Homes
 
CHAPTER VIII. - HIGHER EDUCATION 186
  - Early Academies
- The Marietta Infant School
- Institute of Education
- Manual Labor Associatoin
- The Marietta Collegiate Institute
- Marietta Female Seminary
- Marietta College
- Historical Sketch of Marietta College
- Teachers and Educators
- Artists
 
CHAPTER IX. - ECONOMICS AND SOCIAL PROGRESS, 1788-1830 213
  - Mills
- Clothing
- Salts
- Boats-building
- Marietta in 1809
- Imports from the East
- Steam Mill
- Indians
- Trade Stimulated by the War of 1812
- Withdrawal of Specie to the East
- Hard Times
- Search for Silver
- The Scotch Immigration
- Change of Method in Taxing Land
- Improvements
- Temperance Movement
- A Change in the Population of the County
- Humane Society
- Agricultural Society
- Grand Circus Hunt
- Wool and Wolves
- Phenomena
- General LaFayette
- Steamboat Building
- The First Steamboat up the Muskingum
- Navigation of the Muskingum
- Navigation of the Ohio
- The Town in 1826
- Marketing
- Ministerial Lands
- Washington County Agricultural Society
- Marietta Fair
- Railroad to Ohio
- Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
- Health of Marietta
- Silk Culture
- The German Immigration.
 
CHAPTER X. - FORTY YEARS OF ADVERTISEMENTS 244
CHAPTER XI. - COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT 270
  - Improvement of the Muskingum
- Railroad History
- Navigation of Duck Creek
- County Court House
- Old Established Business Houses
- Marietta Post Office
- City Hall
- Marietta Township in 1833
- Washington County in 1834
- Wolves
- Emigrant Association
- Public Spirit Roads and Turnpikes
- Improvement in Horses
- Rapid Transit in 1839
- Passing of the Stage Coach
 
CHAPTER XII. - TOWNS AND TOWNSHIPS OF THE COUNTY - Started 3/6/2016 291
  - Adams Township
- The Town of Lowell
- Aurelius Township
- Barlow Township
- Belpre Township
- The Town of Belpre
- Decatur Township
- Dunham Township
- Fairfield Township
- Fearing Township
- Grandview Township
- The Town of New Matamoras
- Independence Township
- Lawrence Township
- Liberty Township
- Ludlow Township
- Marietta Township
- Muskingum Township
- Newport Township
- Palmer Township
- Salem Township
- Warren Township
- Waterford Township
- The Town of Beverly
- Watertown Township
- Wesley Township
 
CHAPTER XIII. - TOWN AND COUNTY SOCIETIES 348
  - Historical Societies
- Agricultural Societies
- Fraternal and Secret Organizations
- Civic and Industrial Societies
 
CHAPTER XIV. - HISTORY OF THE CHURCHES 354
  - Report to the Ministerial Trustees
- Baptist Churches
- St Mary's Roman Catholic Church
- The Central Christian Church
- The Christian Union Church
- Congregational Churches
- St. Luke's Protestant Episcopal Church
- St. Luke's Evangelical Lutheran Church
- Methodist Episcopal Churches
- The African Methodist Episcopal Church
- The Wesleyan Methodist Church
- The First Presbyterian Church
- The First Unitarian Society in Marietta
- The Universalist Society
- The First United Brethren Church.
 
CHAPTER XV. - THE PRESS (George M. Cooke) 398
CHAPTER XVI. BANKS AND BANKING 410
CHAPTER XVII. THE OIL INDUSTRY (H. E. Smith) 415
  - The History since Cow Run
- Operations in Each Township
- Drilling
- Shooting
- Pumping Accidents
- Operation
- Leasing Capital Invested in Washington County
- The Future Prospects
 
CHAPTER XVIII. CIVIL HISTORY OF THE COUNTY 423
  - Establishment
- Statistics of the Population
- Changes in Extent
- County Seat
- Court House
- Infirmary
- Our Early Judiciary
- Roster of County Officials
 
CHAPTER XIX. - BENCH AND BAR 436
CHAPTER XX. - PHYSICIANS OF WASHINGTON COUNTY 460
  - Attempts to Control the Practice of Medicine
- The Twelfth Medical Society
- Personal Sketches
 
CHAPTER XXI. - PHYSICIANS OF WASHINGTON COUNTY 460
  - Attempts to Control the Practice of Medicine
- The Twelfth Medical Society
- Personal Sketches
 
CHAPTER XXII. - REMINISCENCES BY COL. JOSEPH BARKER -Started  10-18-14 480
  - Sketch of Colonel Barker's Life
- The Early Courts
- Store Supplies
- Ship-building
- The French Emigrants
- Indians Dissatisfied
- Scarcity of Food
- Why the Indians did not Keep the Treaty of Harmar
- Building of the Block-houses
- Big Bottom Massacre
- Wolf Creek Mills
- Provisions for Defense
- Indian Alarm
- The Garrison at "The Point"
- Indian Troubles
- First Enlistment of Men for the Indian War
- Cultivation of Land Encouraged
- Belpre
- Upper and Lower Settlements
- Reminiscences of Prominent Persons of the Early Settlements
 
CHAPTER XXIII. - REMINISCENCES BY HON. GEORGE M. WOODBRIDGE 506
  - A Sketch of Mr. Woodbridge's Life
- A Watch Night Meeting of Fifty Years Ago.
- Early Floods in the "Ohio Basin"
- Revolutionary Record
- A Report of the Early Burials in Waterford Township
- Some Distinguished Visitors During the Past Century
- Recollections of Som Men of Former Years
- Some Early Recollections
- Mound Cemetery
- Monument to Mark the First Landing of the Pioneers
- The Old Court House
- Corn Husking Times
- A Hunt in 1832
- The Past
- The First Sunday school
- A Genuine Pioneer
- Defense of the Pioneers and Their Successors
 
CHAPTER XXIV. - COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF MARIETTA IN THE PAST TWO DECADES (John W. Lansley) 538
   - Commecial Growth Prior to 1880
- The Awakening
- Annexation of Harmar
- Water Works
- Paid Fire Department
- Electric Light Plant
- Street Paving and Sanitary Sewers
- Electric Street Railway
- Telephone Companies
- Railroads
- Natural Gas
- Increased Activity in the Oil Industry
- Building Operations Enlivened
- Growth in the City's Business
- Suburbs
- New Public Buildings
- Bridge Across the Ohio
- New Projects
- Improvement of the Ohio
- Tax Levies and Valuations in Marietta for the Past Decade
- Roster or City Officials
 
CHAPTER XXV.- THE WAR OF 1812 (Seymour J. Hathaway) 551
  - Cause of the War
- Attitude of the Federalists
- Situation in Washington County
- Why the Draft was Resorted to
- Battle of Tippecanoe
- Expedition of General Hull
- Surrender of Hull
- Call for Troops
- Expedition of Gen. Edward W. Tyupper
- Companies from Washington County
- Siege of Fort Erie
- Perry's Victory
- Proctor and Tecumseh Defeated by Harrison
- Battle of New Orleans and Treaty of Peace
- Rolls of Washington County Companies
- Biographical Sketches of Officers
 
CHAPTER XXVI. - THE CIVIL WAR (Seymour J. Hathaway) 569
  - Causes of the War
- Leaders, North and South
- Political Campaign of 1860
- Position of the People of Washington County as to the War
- The Union Blues Respond to the Call for Troops
- The Militia System of Ohio
- Appeal to the Governor for Aid
- Camp Putnam Established
- Governor Dennison's Plan of a Campaign Successful
- M. & C. Railroad Guarded
- Grim-visaged War
- The First Great Call of Arms
- First Three Years' Ccompany from the County
- Camp Tupper Established
- Military Committee Appointed
- Beginning of Governor Tod's Administratrion
- First Volunteer Killed in Battle
- Shiloh
- Washington City in Danger
- Parkersburg Threatened
- The Draft
- Camp Marietta Established
- Corinth, Antietam and South Mountain
- Department of West Virginia Established at Marietta
- Emancipation
- Union League
- Chancellorsville
- Gettysburg
- Vicksburg
- The Morgan Raid
- Buffington's Island
- The Militia
- Chickamauga
- Ohio National Guard
- Atlanta Campaign
- March to the Sea
- Shenandoah Valley
- Battle Year, 1864-1865
- Celebration of the Fall of the Rebellion
 
CHAPTER XXVII. - THE CIVIL WAR (Seymour J. Hathaway) 613
  - Women's Work in the War
- Union Soldiers' Relief Association
- Soldiers' Aid Society of Harmar
- The Marietta Military Hospital
- Short Sketches of the Military Organizations from the County
- Battery C, First West Virginia Light Artillery
- Battery H, First Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery
- Battery K, First Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery
- Battery K, Second Ohio Heavy Artillery
- Company L, First Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
- Company H, Seventh Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
- Company B, Ninth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry
- Company F, Second Virginia Volunteer Cavalry
- Company F, Eighteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry
- Companies A, F. and G, Thirty-sixth Ohio Volunteers
- Companies B and F, Thirty-ninth Ohio Volunteers,
- Sixty-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry
- Company F, Seventy-third Ohio Volunteers
- Seventy-seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry
- Ninety-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry
- The Silver Grays
- Pony Section"
- One Hundred and 'Forty-eighth Ohio Volunteer Infantry
- Biographies of Officers of the War of the Rebellion.
 
CHAPTER XXVIII. - THE CIVIL WAR - Continued (Seymour J. Hathaway) 732
  - Roll of Honor
- The Soldier's Monument
 
CHAPTER XXIX.- THE SPANISH-AMERICAN AND PHILIPPINE WARS (Seymour J. Hathawa) 853
  - Spanish-American War
- Philippine War
- Gen. Harrison Gray Otis
 
CHAPTER XXX. - SKETCHES OF PIONEERS - Started 3/6/2016 860
  - The First White People in Ohio
- Gen. Rufus Putnam
- Rev. Manasseh Cutler, LL., D.
- Gen. Benjamin Tupper
- Commodore Abraham Whittle
- Col. Robert Oliver
- Maj. Haffield White
- Col. Ebenezer Sproat
- Col. Return Jonathan Meigs
- Arthur St. Clair
- Ichabod Nye
- Mrs. Rebecca Ives Gillman
- Mrs. Mary Lake
- Isaac and Rebecca Williams
- Col. William Stacy
- Maj. Anselm Tupper
- Col. Benjamin Tupper
- Gen. Joseph Buell
- Rev. Daniel Story
- John Mathews
- Ephraim Cutler
- David Putnam
- Nahum Ward.
 
  BIOGRAPHICAL 895


 

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