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Wayne County, Ohio
History & Genealogy

Source:
History of Wayne County, Ohio
from the days of the pioneers and first settlers to the present time
Indianapolis, Ind.: R. Douglass, 
1878

CHAPTER XXIX.

Wayne County Soldiers in the Mexican War
Pg. 759
(Contributed by Sharon Wick)
 


     May 12, 1846, a bill passed both Houses of Congress of the United States, declaring that war with Mexico already existed, by act of that power, and authorizing 50,000 volunteers, and an appropriation toward carrying on the war of $10,000,000.  On the following day, May 13, 1846, President James K. Polk formally declared war against Mexico, owning to the disturbed relations existing between the two countries, and the measures and policies of peace being exhausted.  On September 21-23 the battle of Monterey was fought,  the first in importance after the proclamation of war.  In pursuance of the call for 50,000 men the Nation responded.
     On Tuesday, May 26, 1846, the 4th Brigade, 9th Division Ohio Militia, was hastily mustered into Wooster, for the purpose of encouraging volunteering.  Over thirty that day signed the rolls.  Captain Peter Burkett, of the Bristol Light Artillery, and David Moore, of the "Wooster Guards," were present with orders to enlist a company.  The officers at the head of the appended list were chosen to command the company, which consisted of eighty-five men, and on Tuesday morning, June 9, 1846, they started for Massilon.
     On the morning of their departure General Coulter, on behalf of the Wooster Cadets, presented them a handsom flag, making an appropriate speech, which was responded to by Captain Moore.  Before leaving they were mustered on the northeast corner of the Public Square, when the members of the company were presented with Testaments by the ladies of Wooster.  The company left Massilon on Thursday evening, June 11, on board two canal-boats, en route for Camp Washington, near Cincinnati.  They broke camp at the aforesaid place early in the morning of the 3d day of July, and that day left Cincinnati on the New Era and Tuscaloosa for New Orleans.  They encamped for some time not far from that city, on the old Jackson battle ground.
     James D. Robison, M. D., of Wooster, was the first surgeon of the regiment, leaving Cincinnati July 3, for Mexico.  They served in the 3d Ohio Regiment, commanded by Colonel Samuel Curtis, a graduate of West Point, and for several years a lawyer in Wooster, and with George W. McCook as Lieutenant-Colonel; The treaty of peace was ratified at Queretaro, May 30, 1848.

     The following is the Wayne county list of volunteers for the Mexican war:
 

Age   Age   Age
Armstrong, James 22 Edmonds, A. C. 19 Moore, D., Captain 28
Atkins, L. C. 23 Emerson, R. D. 22 Moses, William 18
Atkinson William C. 23 Fishburn, Howard 22 Plumer, J. C. 23
Bair, Jacob 23 Flanagan, John O. 22 Powers, Almon H. 22
Baits, David F. 21 Fleckinger, Jacob 24 Rambaugh, J. B. 24
Barrett, Charles  20 Freeman, James A. 27 Reighley, George, Jr. 30
Beach, Elijah 26 Fritts, Samuel 22 Rice, Frederick 20
Blakely, Albin 20 Fritts, Uriah 21 Richard, George 24
Botsford, Eli, S. Major   Fritzinger, George 21 Rouse, Duayane W. 20
Bower, Wilson 20 Galvin, Barney 23 Ryan, Jacob 21
Bowers, Abraham 24 Geyer, Henry 19 Sample, John 19
Boyd, William 35 Goliff, Andrew 18 Sheeters, Oswald 21
Brainard, John F. 29 Grow, William 33 Shelden, Jiles 19
Burkett, P., 1st Lieut 38 Harris, Terry 18 Snyder, Michael 29
Carpenter, Isaac 18 Hawk, Michael H. 25 Stall, Jacob 22
Case, Nathaniel 19 Hemperly, M. H.  32 Stanley, Homer 28
Chafee, Amos 30 Hess, Jesse 21 Stanley, Wilson M. 18
Cooper, F. M. 22 Honn, John 22 Stavig, Abram 19
Corretson, Alexander 24 Jenkins, George  19 Stouffer, William H.  
Coy, Josiah F. 21 Joliff, Abraham 25 Strunk, William 19
Craig, John 30 Leach, John 23 Taylor, Thomas 18
Craven, Robert 36 Lloyd, John 23 Thompson, Robert 26
Crawford, James 20 Lowry, James A. 20 Tweeig, J. E. 25
Crouse, Jacob M. 26 Lowry, Robert B. 33 Vonnostren, W. V. 22
Culbertson, eli B. 23 Marsh, Joseph 22   Wachtel, George 20
Deviney, William  24 McCollum, Cyrus J. 20 Wickey, Daniel 26
Duck, Daniel 19 McMillen, J., 2nd Lieut. 23 Wood, Charles B. 22
Dye, James R. 18 Merrit, John 19 Yergen, John 36

SOLDIERS OF 1812

     The following is the list of the pensioners of the war of 1812 living in Wayne county, Ohio, as appears on the record at Columbus:

Achenbach, John Moreland
Bulger, Rachel (widow) Fredericksburg
Crummel, John Apple Creek
Espy, Jacob B. Wooster
Fike, Henry Smithville
First, Catharine (widow) Apple Creek
Johnson, William Wooster
Jones, Sylvanus Wooster
Kenney, Simon Canaan
Ludwig, John Reedsburg
McFadden, James Cedar Valley
Messmore, George Apple Creek
Pittinger, Thomas Lattasburg
Potter, Benjamin Millbrook
Rieder, Daniel Koch's
Starner, Henry Wooster

DESCRIPTION OF A BLOCK HOUSE.

     From the time of the first settlement of the county until the establishment of peace after the war of 1812, the inhabitants were compelled to erect block-houses and stockades for their protection.  They became especially apprehensive of attacks from the Indians after Hull's Surrender, as it very much emboldened them in their bloody raids.  These forts, or block-houses, were built in various places throughout the county
     Upon the site of the residence of Mrs. B. Pope, of Wooster, was erected one, and probably the largest one in the county.  It was called Fort Stidger, built by General George Stidger, of Canton, in 1812, and was a double building, covered by one roof, and with a separating hall or passage.  Here the different families of the town and vicinity would assemble when the danger seemed most imminent, and remain during the night.
     Another one was built across Killbuck, about three miles west of Wooster, on the farm of the late Joshua Warner.  This block-house stands to-day as it was originally built, Mr. Warner having only weather-boarded and plastered it, and for over sixty-five years he occupied it (his family now living in it) as a part of his family residence.
     Another stood six miles east of Wooster, near what was called King's Tavern, and farther on was still another, near the old Andrew Lucky Tavern.  South of Fredericksburg but a short distance, and also on the farm now owned by Thomas Dowty, in Franklin township, similar defensive structures were erected.  A company of soldiers at one time was quartered at the old Morgan Fort.  And still others, less important than these, perhaps, were to be found at different places.  These block-houses were usually located with reference to the convenience of the settlers, where they could most readily flee in case of alarm and peril.  Elevations and eminences were chosen, from which the surrounding country could be inspected and all precautions against surprises be observed.
     In many respects they resembled the simple primitive cabin.  They were built of logs laid one over the other, and tightly fitted, with little holes notched between them, and these they called port-holes.  Through these the inmates could point their rifles and fire, at the same time being protected against the discharges of an enemy.  With the exception of a door, there were no other modes of egress or ingress.  It was made of solid timber, firmly and securely fastened inside, and like the rest of the building, sufficiently firm to resist any volley of bullets.  They were generally two stories high; that portion of the building from the ground to a hight of eight feet, was formed of shorter logs than the one above it, which, being constructed of longer logs, formed a projection over the lower story, which gave the occupants the chance of shooting down on their assailants, or otherwise punishing them with axes or pikes, should they attempt to climb and enter it, or apply the torch.
     The note of many a false alarm was sounded, and many a panic-smitten family rushed for protection to those old wooden walls.

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