Morgan's Raiders
in the News


Source:  Sun - Maryland
Dated: July 15, 1863
CINCINNATI, July 13. - MORGAN left Moore's Hill, on the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, at one o'clock this morning, and passed over the Indianapolis and Cincinnati Railroad at a point thirty-five miles from here.  He reached Harrison, in Hamilton co., Ohio, at about noon to-day.  At half past five o'clock he was within sixteen miles of Hamilton adjoining the county of Butler, and moving slowly on that place.  Gen HOBSON, with a strong force, was five hours behind him.
     The damage done to the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad was three bridges destroyed, a water station destroyed, and some of the track removed.  The damage done to the Indianapolis and Cincinnati Railroad was very little, only one of the water tanks being removed.
Source: Evening Union
Dated: July 25, 1863
CINCINNATI, July 24, - Shortly after MORGAN crossed the Muskingum yesterday, he was attacked by the militia, under Colonel HALL, with two pieces of artillery.  Fifteen of the rebels were killed and several wounded.  His progress was checked twice by Col. HALL, but finally he escaped to Cumberland, Guernsey county, which place he left last night at seven o'clock
     This morning he crossed the Central Ohio Railroad at Campbell's, but so closely pursued by Gen. Shackelford that he had no time to do any damage beyond the burning of the depot, and tearing up some of the track.
     At nine o'clock this morning he reached Washington, Guernsey county, where he did a great deal of damage. plundering, &c.
     General SHACKELFORD is close behind him.
     A courier arrived from the vicinity of Taylorsville at noon, reports that a squad of about fifty men got detached from Morgan's command when he crossed the Muskingum, and are prowling around killing stock.  A force of 390 mounted men have been sent after them.
CINCINNATI, July 21.  Major KROUZE had a skirmish with the Rebels about eleven o'clock this morning, driving them out of Washington.
     When last heard from MORGAN was at Winchester, twelve miles northeast of Cambridge, moving towards the Steubenville and Indiana railroads closely pursued by our foes.
Source:  Macon Weekly Telegraph
Dated: Aug. 19, 1863
We have published statements made by Northern papers, that MORGAN had been lodged in the Ohio penitentiary and treated as a felon - having his head shaved and suffering other indignities.  On the other hand, says the Augusta Constitutionalist, of Saturday, a letter has been received in this city from Mrs. MORGAN stating that she has late intelligence from her husband, in which he states that he is kindly treated, and hopes to be with her in a short time on his parole.
Source:  Philadelphia Inquirer - Pennsylvania
Dated: June 14, 1864
Morgan attacks two Ohio Regiments - They are Compelled to Surrender - The Rebels Fire Cyntiana - Gen. Burbridge Fails Upon Morgan, and Defeats Him - Fight at Frankfort - They Abandon the Attack - Morgan Completely Routed at Cynthiana.
CINCINNATI, June 12 - MORGAN, with about 3000 men, attacked the One-hundred and sixty-eighty and One hundred and seventy-first Ohio Regiments, under General Hobson at Cynthiana, yesterday, and after a pretty severe fight, compelled Hobson to surrender, on con__tion that his men  should be immediately exchanged.
     The fighting took place principally in the streets of Cynthiana, and some of our troops took refuge in the court house.  In order to dislodge them a stable near the hotel was set on fire, and about twenty buildings consumed before the fire was extinguished.  Our loss was ______teen killed and fifty wounded.  Col. Benjamin, Provost Marshal of Covington, was mortally wounded, and Colonel Garns, One hundred and sixty-eighty Ohio, severely wounded.  Our loss in prisoners was from 1200 to 1500.
     This morning, General Burbridge, who left Paris last night fell upon MORGAN while his men were at _____, and afater a severe fight, completely de_____ted __n, scattering his forces in all directions.
     About 150 prisoners were taken, including twenty officers.
     General Burbridge, at the last advices, was _____ following the fleeing Rebels.

The Fight at Frankfort.
LOUISVILLE, June 12 - Dr. Wheeler, United States ___ Agent, who has been at Frankfort during the siege, and left there at 4:30 this morning, reports that the fight there commenced at six 9o'clock on Friday evening, lasting till dark, and at intervals during the night.  The enemy approached from Georgetown in two forces, aggregating 120 men, 700 of them entered old and 500 new Frankfort.
     They had no artillery.  A small four-pounder, placed below the fort to protect our rifle-pits, was captured by the Rebels, but subsequently retaken.
     On Saturday the firing continued from 7 o'clock in the morning to 3 o'clock in the afternoon, with short intervals of interruption.  The Rebels made two demands during the day for the surrender of the fort, both of which were refused by Col. Monroe, of the Twenty-second Kentucky, commanding the fort.  The Rebels abandoned the attack at 4 o'clock on Saturday afternoon, and by 7 in the evening were moving eastward.  Our loss was six wounded, including one seriously.  The Rebel loss is unknown.  The __ was garrisoned by one hundred and fifty............(no more of the article is shown)
Found at Genealogy Bank.

Source:  Philadelphia Inquirer - Pennsylvania
Dated: July. 21, 1894
The Latest War News, Defeat of Morgan in Ohio, Lee Reported Checked at Bunker Hill, Va.
(From the Inquirer of Tuesday, July 21, 1863.)
S. J. Rea's Dispatch.
Special Dispatch to The Inquirer.
     Hagerstown, July 20 - The whole rebel army is reported as being checked at Bunker Hill by the Union forces, who got in their rear.  Averill is reported to have been feeling the enemy strongly on the western line of retreat for two days past.  It is believed that Ewell and Hood are in strong force between Martinsburg and Hedgesville.  The former point is 13 miles from Williamsport and the latter six.   The enemy's pickets form a front from Hedgesville to the Shenandoah River back of Charleston, eight miles from Harper's Ferry.  Their whole force is estimated at 60,000.

Movement of Lee's Army -- The Main Force Moving Via Staunton.
Special Dispatch to The Inquirer.
     Hagerstown, Pa., July 19, 1863 - The rear guard of Lee's army left Martinsaburg at 2 o'clock Saturday morning.

From Vicksburg.
Memphis, Tenn., July 20 - A letter from Vicksburg, dated the 11th, says that all of Pemberton's troops have left our lines, except a fw stragglers.  Sherman occupied Jackson yesterday, Johnston retreating to the next river east of the Pearl.

From Harrisburg.
Special Correspondence of The Inquirer.
     Harrisburg, Pa., July 20, 1863 - The men of the One Hundred and Fifty-third Regiment (nine months' volunteers), Colonel Grutz, who arrived here at the expiration of their service, a few days ago, will return home in a day or two.  More regiments will arrive here soon.  All the archives and valuable records of the State, together with the portraits of the Governors of Pennsylvania, and other valuable paintings and the books in the State Library, have been returned to the capital, and workmen are busy in re-arranging and replacing them.
     The work of enrollment in the Fourteenth Congressional district was completed some days ago, but no orders have yet been received by Provost Marshal Clement to proceed with the draft.  From and after tomorrow the head-quarters of the Department of the Susquehanna will be at Chambersburg.

English Journals and the American War - "Davis to Be in Washington in a Week." - Their Views of Lee's Invasion.
     Halifax, July 20, - The steamship Africa, from Liverpool on the 11th and Queenstown the 12th instant, arrived at this port at 5:30 P.M. today.
     The Dailey News says: "Under the impression that the American war will soon be brought to a close through its growing unpopularity and the Confederate successes in the very neighborhood of Washington, the scrip of the Confederate loan on the 9th instant rose to 1/2 per cent. premium and on the 10th to 3/4 per cent. premium."
     The London journals are filled with criticisms on the news brought by the steamer Scotia.
     The Times says: "We may expect to hear in a week of Davis being in Washington;" and, in its review of the present military situation, finds ground for the conclusion; "All have come to regard the loss of Washington as a great and critical contingency - in short, a decision of the war itself."
     The same journal, in view of the possibility of Davis overthrowing Lincoln, says: "Should another Government address us from Washington it may be difficult - indeed, impossible - to refuse to acknowledge it."
     The Army and Navy Gazette says: "The boldness and determination of the Confederates surprisesus, as they must extort the praise of every soldier.  It is scarcely possible to exaggerate the audacity of Lee's enterprise nor conceive anything more contemptible than the resistance encountered in its execution.  While Philadelphia trembles, Baltimore is hopeful."
     It would seem as if the Confederate leader did not care much for either, but is satisfied that he can occupy the one and liberate the other when his great blow shall have struck successfully.
     The Herald says: "There is great justice in Mr. Gregory's view that it would be a misfortune if the vote of the Commons should make it appear that the House was hostile to the independence of the Southern Confederation when the Confederate army wa at teh gates of Washington, Philadelphia and Baltimore."

Complete Defeat of Morgan's Band, Thirteen Hundred of His Raiders Captured - Among the Prisoners are Colnel Ward, Colonel Dick MORGAN and Basil Duke.
     Cleveland, July 20 - MORGAN made an unsuccessful attempt to cross the Ohio River yesterday, near Covleyville,: but was prevented by a gunboat.  One hundred and fifty rebels are killed and drowned.  A thousand prisoners were taken, with their artillery.  Among the prisoners were Colonel Ward and Colonel Dick MORGAN, a brother of John.  The band scattered among the hills.  General Judah is confident of capturing the rest of the party today.
     Cincinnati, July 29 - On Saturday morning MORGAN's forces were overtaken near Pomeroy, by Generals Hobson and Judah, who had formed junction.  MORGAN finding himself in close quarters, and learning that the ford at Buffington Island was well guarded, broke up his band into small squads in order to escape.  One squad, with six pieces of artillery, made for the crossing at Buffington.  Our gunboat drove them back, with a loss of 150 killed and drowned.  Our cavalry charged and captured the battery, killing a number of rebels.
     Colonels Wolford and Shackelford succeeded in capturing one lot of 575 and another of 275, besides numerous squads, making in all over 1000 prisoners.  Our cavalry is in pursuit of the rest of the command, which is entirely broken up, and scattered among the hills.  The position of the rebel forces is such that they cannot cross the Ohio nor get much further North.
     Cincinnati, July 20 - Our forces are continually capturing MORGAN's men.  Basil Duke was captured near Pomeroy this morning.  Thirteen hundred men have been taken so far.
   Major Brown, commanding a batallion of the Tenth Kentucky Cavalry, has arrived here with 150 prisoners, who were captured during the reconnoissance near Abington, Va.
     Cincinnati, July 20 - 10 P.M. - MORGAN, with about 1000 men, have been turned back.  He was moving this afternoon toward Gallipolis, closely followed by our forces.  Squads of his men are being picked up hourly.
     A dispatch from Columbus to the Commercial says that after the fight at Buffington, the rebels moved up the river, to Realesville, ahead of the gunboats, and by means of threats compelled the citizens to furnish flatboats, by which 300 of them escaped to the Virginia shore, just as the gunboats hove in sight.  The remainder, who were on the Ohio shore, were attacked by our force and scattered.  Our men continued picking them up, till only about 1500 were left.  The latter finally succeeded in breaking our lines and pushed back in the direction of Buffington.  At 9 o'clock this morning they passed through Harrisonville, 10 miles northeast of Pomeroy, apparently exhausted with fatigue.

The management of the President.
     There is been no President for the past half century who has so unostentatiously exhibited that spirit of magnanimity, honest philanthropy and personally disinterested kindness as has been shown by Abraham Lincoln.  We have seen many instances of his kind and charitable acts, and yet there are no doubt innumerable instances where he has privately administered, not to be beheld by en, to the many wants of the poor soldiers who have seen and conversed with him  During the past week an eye-witness informs us that as he was passing through the little grove of trees between the President's house and the War Department early in the morning, he saw President Lincoln just  ahead of him setting down under a tree talking to a soldier who had just presented his petition or claim for something.  The President sat down right under the tree, took out his pencil and then and there "acted upon it:" by indorsing and referring it favorably to the proper department.  After conversing a short time with the soldier and encouraging him, the President proceeded to the Executive Mansion, unconscious that his noble act had made that soldier's heart beat with gratitude as great as if he had suddenly been presented with a fortune. - Washington Chronicle.

The Rebels in Pennsylvania
The Franklin Repository describes at length the career of the rebels in our border counties.  Their freaks, humors and prejudices, along with a number of their outrages upon property and life and are told graphically.  From an interesting passage we extract:
     Even intelligent rebel officers insisted that Lincoln was a fugitive in Boston and dare not occupy his capital, and the rank and file were regaled with that and equally absured falsehoods.  Others declared that he was habitually intoxicated, and unable to attend to attend to his official duties because of his intemperance.
     The discipline of the rebel army was admirable.  No private or sub___ dared to disregard an order in the presence of superior, or where his superior officer was likely to be advised of it.  When the rebel columns filed through Chambersburg they marched with the utmost order and decorum, and laughing, talking loudly or singing was not indulged in.
     Some of the border State and most of  the more Southern rebels had rather peculiar conceptions of the Pennsylvania Dutch.  Quite a number were surprised to find our people speaking English, as they supposed that the prevalent language was German.  At first, when they attempted derisive remarks, they would imitate the broken English of the Germans; and judging by Ewell's demand for twenty-five  barrels of sourkrout at a season when it is unknown in any country, even the commanding officers must have considered our people as profoundly Dutch.  It would require an intensely Dutch community to supply sauerkrout in July.  Our farm buildings and especially our large and fine barns all through the valley, at once excited their astonishment and admiration.  Quite a number of officers visited the barn of an editor as a matter of curiosity, although there are many in our valley much larger, and quite as well finished.  The private soldiers generally concluded that it must be the barn of some large denomination in this community; and the outbuildings about it, such as chicken house, hog pen, carriage house, etc., were generally supposed to be servants' houses, and very neat ones.

Colonel Coppee.
In relieving Colonel Coppee from duty in the Department of the Susquehanna General Couch placed on the records of his department of the subjoined just tribute to the value of the services of that officer.  We have personal knowledge of the promptness with which colonel Coppee tendered his aid, and one of the efficiency of his services when military skill was the most vital, importance at Harrisburg and at other more distant localities of the State.
     Headquarters Department of the Susquehanna, Chambersburg, July 16, 1863.  - The pressure of the danger which required his services being past, Lieutenant Colonel Henry Coppee, is hereby relieved from further duty upon the staff of this department.
     The Major General commanding cannot part with Colonel Coppee without expressing the deep sense of the value of Colonel Coppee's assistance to him during the invasion of Pennsylvania and testifying to the intelligence, the promptness and willingness, at whatever hazard, with which that assistance was rendered.  For it the Major General commanding tenders Colonel Coppee his sincere and heartfelt thanks.

The fifty-sixth Pennsylvania Volunteers.
     On looking over the list of Pennsylvania regiments that participated in the battles of Gettysburg, I observe you have omitted to mention the Fifty-sixth Pennsylvania commanded by Colonel J. W. Hofmann, attached to the First Army Corps under the command of the lamented Major General Reynolds.  In those memorable three days' battles the Fifty-sixth fully and ably sustained its hard-earned reputation gained on former battlefields, having inscribed on its banner, "Rappahannock," "Sulpher Springs," "Gainesville," "Groveton"," "Manassas," "South Mountain," "Antietam,", Union," "Fredericksburg," "Chancellorsville," "Beverly Ford," etc.
     Colonel Hofmann is a Philadelphian by birth and commanded the second company that left Philadelphia in response to the President's call for volunteers to serve for three months at the breaking out of the rebellion.  This company was attached to the Twenty-third Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, commanded by Colonel Dare, and bore a conspicuous part at the battle of Falling Waters, in Virginia.
     The Fifty-sixth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, has lost nearly one hundred men killed and wounded at the battle of Gettysburg, the regiment having previously, in its numerous engagements with the enemy, been greatly reduced in numbers.

Source: Plain Dealer - Cleveland, Ohio
Dated: Aug. 25, 1901
     Alden S. GULLIFORD of No. 462 Norwood avenue believes that he is the only surviving member of the Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania regiment, which aided materially in the capture of the dare devil confederate, MORGAN, in the summer of 1863.  MORGAN and his raiders were caught near Salineville, O., and Mr. GULLIFORD was among those who took a prominent part in their capture.
     Mr. GULLIFORD saw much service in the war of the rebellion, but the experience he looks back to with most pride is his part in the catching of the brave rebel.  He tells an interesting story of the hunt for and final capture of the raider and his men.
    "I was mustered into the Fifty-Eighth Pennsylvania volunteers," and he last evening "on July 11, 1863.  The men all came from Erie county.  The regiment at once went to Pittsburg and was armed with Minnie rifles.  The hunt for MORGAN began immediately after the equipment had been secured.
     "MORGAN was ravaging Ohio at the time.  He and his few hundred men were carrying on a guerrilla warfare there destroying crops, stealing cattle and generally making it uncomfortable for the Ohioans near the Pennsylvania line.  The farmers were in despair; the state officials were in despair.  There were no Ohio troops in the state.  The enlisted troops were all nearer the scene of the real conflict and the Buckeye farmers were almost without protection against the raids of the fearless MORGAN.  A deputation from Ohio came to Pennsylvania begging aid.  A heartrending appeal was made.  The condition was so critical that the Ohio deputation was prepared to promise almost anything if the Pennsylvania troops that were available would come over into Ohio and catch the southern raiders.  Urged on by the necessity of quick action big sums of money were offered to the regiment if it would only come over into Ohio and hunt for MORGAN
     "We went over and hunted for MORGAN for six weeks.  We finally cornered and captured him and saved the lives and property of the Ohio farmers that had been in jeopardy and then returned to Pennsylvania.  We received not a cent in reward.  What is more, we were not even thanked, publicly or privately, for our pains."
     Mr. GULLIFORD has several relics reminding him of the notable catch.  Some of these he ahs given to the Western Reserve Historical society.  The most prized of these is a rubber coat which was once the property of MORGAN himself.  MORGAN was wearing it when he surrendered.  Mr. GULLIFORD went up to the leader and demanded the garment, which was a fine one.  "Sure, you can have it," answered MORGAN, and he handed it over.  MORGAN's men nearly famished when caught.  They were eager to exchange valuable property for food.  Mr. GULLIFORD got two stirrup irons from one officer in exchange for two pieces of hard tack.  The rebels even gave away the photographs of their loved ones in the south for food.  Mr. GULLIFORD has several pictures of unknown southern belles at his home which are testimonials to the fact that hunger sometimes gets the better of the masculine affections.
     The Fifty-eighty regiment earned the name of the "hog militia."  This because while hunting for MORGAN much of the time was spent in traveling up and down the Ohio river in flat cars with boards placed across for seats.  The men spent days and nights on these rough conveyances while searching for MORGAN.  The actual story of the capture is best told in Mr. GULLIFORD's own words:
     "We left Pittsburg about the middle of July and marched toward the Ohio line.  With us was another regiment of Pennsylvania troops and a troop of Wisconsin cavalry.  When we got to the line the other regiment of infantry refused to cross into the other state, maintaining that it had been enlisted for service in Pennsylvania only.  The men stacked their arms and stayed in Pennsylvania.  The cavalry and the Fifty-eighth, however, marched across the line.
     "In order to effect a capture it was thought best to separate the two commands.  The cavalry worked in the interior and the infantry spent most of its time in scouring up and down the Ohio river in flat cars.  Our experiences were most unpleasant.  We were in a region that was half southern and half northern in its sympathies.  Whenever we struck a town the citizens were always intense Yankees.  But we very often found that whenever MORGAN came around there was a magic shift of sentiment.  Many a man I have helped to ride on a rail who had convictions that were easier changed than a coat.
     "I could not begin to describe the events of the six weeks that preceded the final capture of MORGAN.  They were days of hardship of hunger, of forced marches and awful rides for days and nights on rough boards jerked on springless flat cars over strap rails.  MORGAN was here, there and everywhere.  At every point we stopped he and his men had just been or were close at hand and about to arrive.  Sometimes it seemed to me that there were at least six, if not more, of MORGANs, each one of them trying his best to do as much damage and cover as much ground as possible for a mortal on horseback.
     "Finallyl he was cornered near Salinville with his command.  He was hemmed on one side by the Wisconsin cavalry and on the other by the Fifty-eighth.  He did not make any great resistance.  He was penned in so unexpectedly that he had no time to get away.  Besides his men were nearly famished, their spirit was broken and the undaunted leader was forced to give in in sheer desperation.
     MORGAN was taken to Columbus in a freight car.  Co.(mpany) I. took him and his men.  He was locked up there, but only for comparatively a few hours.  He had many friends.  They dug a tunnel and MORGAN got away and crossed the river into Kentucky.  He was caught and shot later.  The 300 or 400 horses which he had were shot.  They were all wind broken and useless.  Co. K, my company, took them to Wellsville and shot the animals down by the wholesale.  After the horses had all been killed we went back to Pittsburg and were mustered out.  We had enlisted for ninety days service."
     During the war Mr. GULLIFORD served in three regiments, the Eighty-third, Fifty-eighth and the One Hundred and Forty-fifth.  He was one of the troops who went to Hagerstown, Pa., at the time that Lee threatened to invade Washington.
     During the hunt for MORGAN he was shot at from ambush.  The guerrilla was armed with a shotgun which was loaded with buckshot.  Mr. GULLIFORD says that twenty-seven of these entered his person.
Source: Salt Lake Telegraph - Utah
Dated: April 20, 1911

COLUMBUS, O., April 20 - That General John H. MORGAN, the Confederate leader whose mysterious escape from the Ohio penitentiary on Nov. 17, 1863, together with five of his staff, has puzzled historians for almost half a century, walked out of the penitentiary to freedome through the front gage, either boldly or aided and abetted by officials of the institution, is the belief today of the authorities of the penitentiary.
     After forty-eight years of searching the alleged MORGAN tunnel was uncovered yesterday by prisoners excavating for new cell blocks.  Contrary to history, it has proven not to have been a tunnel dug by the six men with spoons, but an air chamber built when the buildings were erected and extending from the main building to the old chapel.  It does not lead outside the walls.


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