OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS


 

Preble County,
Ohio
Genealogy & History

Mililtary Records
(Source: History of Preble County, Ohio)

CHAPTER XIII.

PREBLE IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION

20TH OHIO INFANTRY 93RD OHIO INFANTRY
22ND OHIO INFANTRY 112TH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
35TH OHIO INFANTRY 191ST OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
39TH OHIO INFANTRY 5TH INDEPENDENT CO. OF SHARP-SHOOTERS
47TH OHIO INFANTRY 5TH INDEPENDENT CO SHARP SHOOTERS
50TH OHIO INFANTRY 156TH OHIO NATIONAL GUARD
54TH OHIO INFANTRY 2ND OHIO VOLUNTEER CAVALRY
69TH OHIO INFANTRY 5TH OHIO CAVALRY
73RD OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY 1ST REGIMENT OHIO HEAVY ARTILLERY
75TH OHIO INFANTRY 2ND REGIMENT OHIO HEAVY ARTILLERY
81ST OHIO INFANTRY 8TH OHIO BATTERY
81ST OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY 5TH REGIMENT U. S. COLORED TROOPS
86TH OHIO INFANTRY 27TH REGIMENT U. S. COLORED TROOPS
87TH OHIO INFANTRY THE SQUIRREL HUNTERS

     [THE following rosters of companies and parts of companies enlisted from Preble county in the late war, are copied from the records and rolls in the office of adjutant general of the State, where every courtesy to this end has been extended by the officers in charge.  The records of military service of State contingents in the various wars of our country are, however, notoriously imperfect, especially in the cases of men in the three months' service, and in the Mexican war, and the war of 1812.  Indeed, in the last few instances, the copyist has been unable, from the last few instances identify a single soldier as a representative of Preble county.  And in the immense mass of rolls containing the lists of the late war, it often happens that no means of satisfactorily locating a soldier, or even a company, presents itself.  An entire regiment, representing, perhaps, fifty localities, may appear as enrolled at Camp Dennison, Camp Chase, or other place of rendezvous and organization, without any indication upon the rolls, or elsewhere in the office, of the places or counties to which the men should be credited.  Even the excellent work of Mr. Whitelaw Reid, "Ohio in the War," - to which we acknowledge indebtedness for the material of the regimental histories following, is sadly deficient in this particular.  Furthermore, it sometimes occurs that names belonging to the State are duplicated in the rolls; so, "Camden," for example, may mean Camden township, Lorain county, and not Camden village in Preble.  A man may thus appear upon the Preble county roll of honor, who really belongs to Lorain; or a Preble man may not appear at all, because his enrollment at "Camden" appears in a position with other Lorain county names, and is presumed to belong to that county.  If any names therefore are omitted from this chapter which should appear in it, these facts may account for the omission, as also if any appear in that list which should not be there.  The spelling on the rolls - which are sometimes strangely inconsistent with themselves - has been followed in the rosters, and upon it must be laid, in any case, the attainment of that peculiar sort of fame which Byron mentions as "having your name spelt wrong in the Gazette."  An earnest effort has been made to present a full and accurate record - an effort which it is believed has been measurably successful.  When not otherwise specified, it will always be understood that the service was for three years, or during the war.]


TWENTIETH OHIO INFANTRY.

     The Twentieth Ohio was organized in May, 1861, for the three months' service.  Captain John C. Fry,  with his company joining the three years' organization, was made colonel of the regiment in January, 1864.  At the time of its re-organization for three years, Colonel Charles Whittlesey of Northern Ohio was put in command.  A graduate of West Point, eminent as engineer and geologist, he could well carry forward the defenses of Cincinnati begun by General O. M. Mitchel, and then in progress.  During the winter of 1861-2 batteries were guarded in the rear of Covington and Newport, and in February of that year the regiment, with the exception of Company K, embarked for the Cumberland river.  At Fort Donelson, on the evening of February 14th the Twentieth had its first experience of battle.  It was placed in reserve at the extreme right, and, after the surrender of the fort, being sent north with prisoners, was scattered all over the land.  By the middle of March seven companies had come together, and early in April, at the battle of Pittsburgh Landing, the regiment had its share in the loss of members, and no less in the glory of the victory that closed the day.  Lieutenant Colonel Force commanded during the engagement, Colonel Whittlesey being at the head of the brigade.  On the sixth of June, 1862, the regiment became a part of the garrison at Bolivar.  August 30th the rebel General Armstrong was held in check with such success that Colonel Force, Major Fry, Captain Kaga, Adjutant Owen, Lieutenants Ayers, Hills and Millick, of the Twentieth, were mentioned with especial honor in Colonel Leggett's official report.  Having assisted in driving Price from Iuka, the regiment, now a part of Logan's division, marched southward till the capture of Holly Springs, when facing about, by slow steps January 28th it received a reinforcement, at Memphis, of two hundred men.  In February the regiment went to the relief of Porter's fleet, blockaded in Steele's bayou.  In May, moving in advance of the Seventeenth corps as it approached Raymond, Mississippi, a loss was sustained of twelve killed and fifty-two wounded.  In January, 1864, two thirds of the men present re-enlisted and joined the celebrated Meridian expedition.  In the spring the regiment went north on veteran furlough, and after thirty days at their homes, rendezvoused at Camp Dennison.  In July, before Atlanta, the Twentieth lost forty-four killed, fifty-six wounded, and fifty-four missing.  During the engagement instances of personal daring were numberless, and not a few have been recorded as worthy of especial distinction.  On the thirty-first of August followed the battle of Jonesborough, and October 5th began the pursuit of Hood.  The middle of November saw the regiment with Sherman's army en route for Savannah.  Doing some excellent work at Beaufort, South Carolina, the Twentieth remained in camp until the thirtieth of January, when it started on the Carolina campaign, which ended in Johnston's surrender.  Leaving Raleigh May 1st, the joyful men marched to Washington by way of Richmond, were at the grand review of the twenty-fourth of May, and on the twenty-fourth of July arrived in Columbus, where they were mustered out of service.

THREE MONTHS' SERVICE.

     The following named Preble county boys in company B, were mostly or all of them students at Miami university, Oxford, at the out break of the war, and joined a company raised at once from the classes of that school, commanded by Captain Ozri Jamison Dodds, then a student at the university from Cincinnati.

COMPANY B.

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

First Sergeant John A. Whiteside.

PRIVATES.

Bohm, Jacob P.
Brown, Thomas J.
Cook, Christian H.
Foinshall, Rich.
Harris, Harvey
James, Dillon H.
Neff, Henry
Neff, John W.
Patty, Eli A.
Raikes, Francis L.
Williams, Robert


COMPANY C.

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

Captain Thomas Morton
Lieutenant J. Wesley Sater
Ensign Andrew L. Harris

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

First Sergeant Lucien Vanausdal
Sergeant Peter O'Cain
Sergeant W. E. Lockwood
Sergeant William Christopher
Corporal Martin I. Strader
Corporal Joseph Smith
Corporal James Mulharen
Corporal Abner Hains, jr.

PRIVATES.
 

Acton, Joseph P.
Adams, Franklin
Alexander, William
Bartley, Michael
Baxter, John
Bechtel, Henry
Becker, Henry
Becker, Lewis
Beeson, Benjamin
Bennett, George H.
Bladener, Philip
Bodley, Amos
Brennan, John
Brennan, Thomas
Brennan, William H.
Campbell, Samuel B.
Carl, Balentine D.?
Christman, John W.
Clear, Elias
Cottingham, John W.
Crubaugh, Joseph B.
Davinney, Henry
Davis, John M.
Davis, Martin
Day, Clay I.
DeCamp, E. P.
DeGroot, W. H.
Dinkins, Anderson A.
Doherty, Thomas
Donallan, D. C.
Eikenberry, Peter S.
Emory, Joseph D.
Englehart, Joseph
Espich, William H.
Focht, William H.
Freeman, R. V.
Gassett, John
Grace, John G.
Green, Adam
Grupe, Lewis E.
Hamilton, James R.
Harbaugh, James
Harper, Hugh H.
Henkle, James w.
Huganin, James A.
Johnson, Clayton C.
Johnson, R. I.
Kelly, Foster
Kline, Henry H.
Mayer, John
McChristie, I.
McMakin, M. C.
Mikesell, Ephraim
Mills, Albert
Morrow, William M.
Mulharen, Thomas
Nation, Joel
Nation, Thomas A.
Nelson, Wilbur C.
Pollock, Thomas A.
Poyner, John H.
Pryor, William B.
Rathbun, Hiram
Ridenour, Daniel W.
Russell, James
Saylor, Andrew J.
Saylor, David W.
Seibert, William H.
Shiers, William
Sixsmith, Samuel
Smiley, Walter
Smith, Charles W.
Smith, Joseph S. H.
Thayer, Oscar M.
Thompson, Lewis
Truitt, Richard C.
Ulman, Christian
Vanausdal, Charles I.
Wilkins, John
Wright, Joseph
Zeek, Adam


COMPANY D.

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

Captain A. N. Thompson
First Lieutenant D. M. Gaus.
Second Lieutenant L. M. Gray
Third Lieutenant Edward Cottingham

NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

First Sergeant Daniel Shewman
Sergeant Jacob S. Fox
Sergeant J. J. Smith
Sergeant John Harvey
Corporal F. N. Austin
Corporal S. H. B. Shear
Corporal Thomas Neville
Corporal John Bride

PRIVATES.

Adams, Isaiah
Anderson, John W.
Austin, Marcus
Bell, Archie
Benner, James
Benson, W. H.
Bowman, P. H.
Brawly, S. D.
Bromes, W. A.
Buman, Leander
Burns, John W.
Caughy, John
Davis, William F.
Dinkins, J. W.
Douglas, Thomas C.
Edmunds, Theodore
Faulchafer, Leopold
Fleming, Walter C.
Fluhart, J. H.
Foster, Samuel
Gardner, Henry
Guthrie, David
Harvey, Thomas
Hodge, Nanim
Hunter, J. N.
Ireland, D. P.
Irwin, J. M.
Jones, O. E.
Jorden, Jerome
Kaulsimer, Joshua
Kessler, S. K.
King, Samuel
Kirkpatrick, W. H.
Larison, Joseph
Lonk, Adam
Lonk, David
Marsall, F. H.
McClafterly, James
McKee, T. J.
McWhiney, Westley
Miller, John
Miller, John A.
Mills, Amos
Morrison, W. A.
Myers, William
Neff, Adam
Ogden, James
Potterf, C. H.
Rantsaw, Adam
Ray, Henry
Reed, William P.
Robinson, Alfred
Samuels, William
Shelly, J. N.
Shewman, Martin
Shewman, William
Snider, E. T.
Steppy, S. T.
Teas, Charles O.
Thompson, C. H.
Thompson, Jasper
Thompson, L. P.
Thompson, W. D.
Todd, Thomas
Turner, W. H.
Warner, Benjamin
Weisick, David
Williams, Albert
Winson, William
Wrinkle, S. A.
Zeph, Thomas
< Chapt. XIII - Preble County War of 1812 >

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