OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS
Genealogy & History
(Source: History of Preble County,
PREBLE IN THE WAR OF
following rosters of companies and parts of companies enlisted
from Preble county in the late war, are copied from the records
and rolls in the office of adjutant general of the State, where
every courtesy to this end has been extended by the officers in
charge. The records of military service of State
contingents in the various wars of our country are, however,
notoriously imperfect, especially in the cases of men in the
three months' service, and in the Mexican war, and the war of
1812. Indeed, in the last few instances, the copyist has
been unable, from the last few instances identify a single
soldier as a representative of Preble county. And in the
immense mass of rolls containing the lists of the late war, it
often happens that no means of satisfactorily locating a
soldier, or even a company, presents itself. An entire
regiment, representing, perhaps, fifty localities, may appear as
enrolled at Camp Dennison, Camp Chase, or other place of
rendezvous and organization, without any indication upon the
rolls, or elsewhere in the office, of the places or counties to
which the men should be credited. Even the excellent work
of Mr. Whitelaw Reid, "Ohio in the War," - to which we
acknowledge indebtedness for the material of the regimental
histories following, is sadly deficient in this particular.
Furthermore, it sometimes occurs that names belonging to the
State are duplicated in the rolls; so, "Camden," for example,
may mean Camden township, Lorain county, and not Camden village
in Preble. A man may thus appear upon the Preble county
roll of honor, who really belongs to Lorain; or a Preble man may
not appear at all, because his enrollment at "Camden" appears in
a position with other Lorain county names, and is presumed to
belong to that county. If any names therefore are omitted
from this chapter which should appear in it, these facts may
account for the omission, as also if any appear in that list
which should not be there. The spelling on the rolls -
which are sometimes strangely inconsistent with themselves - has
been followed in the rosters, and upon it must be laid, in any
case, the attainment of that peculiar sort of fame which Byron
mentions as "having your name spelt wrong in the Gazette."
An earnest effort has been made to present a full and accurate
record - an effort which it is believed has been measurably
successful. When not otherwise specified, it will always
be understood that the service was for three years, or during
TWENTIETH OHIO INFANTRY.
The Twentieth Ohio was
organized in May, 1861, for the three months' service.
Captain John C. Fry, with his company joining the
three years' organization, was made colonel of the regiment in
January, 1864. At the time of its re-organization for
three years, Colonel Charles Whittlesey of Northern Ohio
was put in command. A graduate of West Point, eminent as
engineer and geologist, he could well carry forward the defenses
of Cincinnati begun by General O. M. Mitchel, and then in
progress. During the winter of 1861-2 batteries were
guarded in the rear of Covington and Newport, and in February of
that year the regiment, with the exception of Company K,
embarked for the Cumberland river. At Fort Donelson, on
the evening of February 14th the Twentieth had its first
experience of battle. It was placed in reserve at the
extreme right, and, after the surrender of the fort, being sent
north with prisoners, was scattered all over the land. By
the middle of March seven companies had come together, and early
in April, at the battle of Pittsburgh Landing, the regiment had
its share in the loss of members, and no less in the glory of
the victory that closed the day. Lieutenant Colonel
Force commanded during the engagement, Colonel Whittlesey
being at the head of the brigade. On the sixth of June,
1862, the regiment became a part of the garrison at Bolivar.
August 30th the rebel General Armstrong was held
in check with such success that Colonel Force, Major Fry,
Captain Kaga, Adjutant Owen, Lieutenants Ayers, Hills and
Millick, of the Twentieth, were mentioned with especial
honor in Colonel Leggett's official report. Having
assisted in driving Price from Iuka, the regiment, now a
part of Logan's division, marched southward till the
capture of Holly Springs, when facing about, by slow steps
January 28th it received a reinforcement, at Memphis, of two
hundred men. In February the regiment went to the relief
of Porter's fleet, blockaded in Steele's bayou. In May,
moving in advance of the Seventeenth corps as it approached
Raymond, Mississippi, a loss was sustained of twelve killed and
fifty-two wounded. In January, 1864, two thirds of the men
present re-enlisted and joined the celebrated Meridian
expedition. In the spring the regiment went north on
veteran furlough, and after thirty days at their homes,
rendezvoused at Camp Dennison. In July, before Atlanta,
the Twentieth lost forty-four killed, fifty-six wounded, and
fifty-four missing. During the engagement instances of
personal daring were numberless, and not a few have been
recorded as worthy of especial distinction. On the
thirty-first of August followed the battle of Jonesborough, and
October 5th began the pursuit of Hood. The middle of
November saw the regiment with Sherman's army en route
for Savannah. Doing some excellent work at Beaufort, South
Carolina, the Twentieth remained in camp until the thirtieth of
January, when it started on the Carolina campaign, which ended
in Johnston's surrender. Leaving Raleigh May 1st, the
joyful men marched to Washington by way of Richmond, were at the
grand review of the twenty-fourth of May, and on the
twenty-fourth of July arrived in Columbus, where they were
mustered out of service.
THREE MONTHS' SERVICE.
named Preble county boys in company B, were mostly or all of
them students at Miami university, Oxford, at the out break of
the war, and joined a company raised at once from the classes of
that school, commanded by Captain Ozri Jamison Dodds,
then a student at the university from Cincinnati.
First Sergeant John A. Whiteside.
|Bohm, Jacob P.
Brown, Thomas J.
Cook, Christian H.
James, Dillon H.
Neff, John W.
Patty, Eli A.
Raikes, Francis L.
Captain Thomas Morton
Lieutenant J. Wesley Sater
Ensign Andrew L. Harris
First Sergeant Lucien Vanausdal
Sergeant Peter O'Cain
Sergeant W. E. Lockwood
Sergeant William Christopher
Corporal Martin I. Strader
Corporal Joseph Smith
Corporal James Mulharen
Corporal Abner Hains, jr.
|Acton, Joseph P.
Bennett, George H.
Brennan, William H.
Campbell, Samuel B.
Carl, Balentine D.?
Christman, John W.
Cottingham, John W.
Crubaugh, Joseph B.
Davis, John M.
Day, Clay I.
DeCamp, E. P.
DeGroot, W. H.
Dinkins, Anderson A.
Donallan, D. C.
Eikenberry, Peter S.
Emory, Joseph D.
Espich, William H.
Focht, William H.
Freeman, R. V.
Grace, John G.
Grupe, Lewis E.
|Hamilton, James R.
Harper, Hugh H.
Henkle, James w.
Huganin, James A.
Johnson, Clayton C.
Johnson, R. I.
Kline, Henry H.
McMakin, M. C.
Morrow, William M.
Nation, Thomas A.
Nelson, Wilbur C.
Pollock, Thomas A.
Poyner, John H.
Pryor, William B.
Ridenour, Daniel W.
Saylor, Andrew J.
Saylor, David W.
Seibert, William H.
Smith, Charles W.
Smith, Joseph S. H.
Thayer, Oscar M.
Truitt, Richard C.
Vanausdal, Charles I.
Captain A. N. Thompson
First Lieutenant D. M. Gaus.
Second Lieutenant L. M. Gray
Third Lieutenant Edward Cottingham
First Sergeant Daniel Shewman
Sergeant Jacob S. Fox
Sergeant J. J. Smith
Sergeant John Harvey
Corporal F. N. Austin
Corporal S. H. B. Shear
Corporal Thomas Neville
Corporal John Bride
Anderson, John W.
Benson, W. H.
Bowman, P. H.
Brawly, S. D.
Bromes, W. A.
Burns, John W.
Davis, William F.
Dinkins, J. W.
Douglas, Thomas C.
Fleming, Walter C.
Fluhart, J. H.
Hunter, J. N.
Ireland, D. P.
Irwin, J. M.
Jones, O. E.
Kessler, S. K.
Kirkpatrick, W. H.
|Marsall, F. H.
McKee, T. J.
Miller, John A.
Morrison, W. A.
Potterf, C. H.
Reed, William P.
Shelly, J. N.
Snider, E. T.
Steppy, S. T.
Teas, Charles O.
Thompson, C. H.
Thompson, L. P.
Thompson, W. D.
Turner, W. H.
Wrinkle, S. A.
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