OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

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Welcome to
Scioto County, Ohio
History & Genealogy

Source:
History of Lower Scioto Valley
Chicago: Inter-State Publishing Co.
1884

CHAPTER XX

MORGAN, RUSH AND BRUSH CREEK TOWNSHIPS.

Morgan Township - When Settled - Organization - Churches - Schools - Township Officers, 1883 - Ohio Wells on Bear Creek - Biographical - Rush Township -
Area, Valuation and Population - Freestone - How and when Organized - Township Election - Schools - Churches - Biographical - Brush Creek Township -
Organization - Old Pioneers - Official - Schools - Hamlets of Brush Creek - Churches - pgs. 408-423
 

MORGAN TOWNSHIP.
Pg. 408

     Morgan Township was organized June 7, 1825, and was formerly a part of Seal Township, and then of Union.  It lies on the Scioto River; is rather of an oblong shape, with a surface hilly, rough and broken.  It has numerous springs of splendid mineral water.  It is principally watered by bear Creek, which arises in the western and northwestern portion of the township, and flowing easterly and southeasterly unites its waters with the Scioto River, near the center of its eastern border.  It is a heavily timbered township.  The valley of the Scioto is rich, and the small valleys among its hills are also capable of a bountiful yield under a proper state of cultivation.  The township, however, is not a wealthy one.  Its immense forest is being utilized for railroad ties, and its annual income from this source is considerable.  Tanbark is another source of revenue while the agricultural lands of the valleys return a fair remuneration to the farmer.  Its massive forests, its hills and ravines, its dark cave-like gulches, made it a paradise for wild animals in the olden times.  Bears were quite numerous, wolves were in packs, while deer, turkeys, duck, coons and squirrels were too numerous to give an estimate.  The old pioneer made a handsome living in disposing of his ear, panther, wolf and deer skins, and his winter's meat was a part only of his hunting expedition.

WHEN SETTLED.

     Morgan Township was first settled about 1804, although a portion of the valley bottoms undoubtedly found tenants a year or two earlier.  Hezekiah Merritt settled on the east side as early as 1796, just above Lucasville, but he was a pioneer, and claims to have raised the first crop of corn in the county.  The summer of 1796 showed three crops of corn growing in Scioto County - that of Samuel Marshall, one crop in Niles Township, on the land of John Belli, and the one above mentioned of Merritt's.  It was stated that a few years later other pioneers settled on the west side above Brush Creek, and that some of these were on the land now included in Morgan Township, and that these settlers were located there as early as 1803-'4.  However, definite knowledge is had that Morgan Township had more than one settler in 1806, and that it grew in population along the Scioto River which skirts its eastern boundary for some seven miles.
     Among the first settlers were the Shelpmans, the Deavers, the Murphys, Noels, Corbleys, Glazes, Walls, Nices, etc., the first four being known to have come as early as 1804-'5, if not earlier.  The Deavers sold property in 1806, and the Noels are among the early pioneers before the organization of the county in 1803, or about that time  Some of the old settlers who are now dead are remembered well.  Of these were A. Noel, Thomas Morgan, Abraham Glaze, Isaac Glaze, David Shelpman, Spicer Shelpman, Joshua Cutler and Pliney Cutler.
     The oldest settlers now living in the township are Abraham Sniveley, Elias Simpson, William Shelpman and David Glaze.  There are also a few more nearly as aged as those above mentioned.

ORGANIZATION.

     The township was organized in 1825, and the following are its metes and bounds:
     "Ordered, The following boundaries shall constitute Morgan Township: Beginning at John Deaver's lower line on the Scioto River, following said line to the west end thereof; thence in a direct line to Comstock's Cabin, on McCullock's Creek; thence in a direct line to the county line between Scioto and Pike counties, so as to include twenty-two square miles for said township; thence with said county line to the Scioto River; thence with the meanders of said river to the place of beginning.  And that the electors of Morgan Township assemble on the 4th day of July next, at the house of Cornelius Shelpman and then and there elect township officers."  June 7, 1825.
     The first Justice of the Peace after its organization was William Denver, as near as could be learned, the township records being missing.
     The voting precinct is on Bear Creek, about two miles from the canal, this latter waterway passing through the township from north to south nearly in a straight line, avoiding the bends of the Scioto River.
     Messrs. Jones & Adams have the only store in the western and northwestern part of the township, a general stock being kept by them.
     Frank Lauman keeps a general store on the line of the canal, on the eastern side of the township.  These are the only mercantile establishments in the township.  Lucasville, in Valley Township, is the postoffice on the east, and Galena on the west.

CHURCHES.

     The Baptist Church, on Upper Bear Creek, was organized about 1879.  The Trustees were: John R. Mead, A. B. McCall and Sanford Norman; Aaron Carter, Clerk, and Rev. A. K. Murphy, Pastor.  Church services are held once a month, and Sabbath-school every Sunday.  The average attendance at Sunday-school is sixty.  The Rev. John Carney was the first Baptist minister to preach in Morgan Township.
     The Macedonia Christian Church organization has no church building and holds its meetings in the Upper Bear Creek Schoolhouse.  Services are held once a month, the Rev. James Taylor officiating.  Sabbath-School is held every Sunday.
     The United Brethren Church organization, on Upper Bear Creek, holds its meetings in the Baptist church building, services being held regularly once a month.  The Rev. G. W. Morgan is the pastor.
     The Lower Bear Creek United Brethren Church was built in 1845.  It was the only church in the township at that time.  Before this church was erected they held their meetings in the school-house.  The members were very few and preaching was had only occasionally, Revs. Edwards and Cretzinger being the first ministers of this denomination in the township.  The few members then were: William Shelpman, Thomas Shelpman, Miss Maria Shelpman, Abraham Glaze, Jonathan Glaze and Socrates Glaze  It now has a membership of about fifty.  The pastor is Rev. G. W. Morgan.  Trustees are: Pope Gordon, A. Snively and Eugene Peck.  Sabbath-school is regularly kept each Sunday with an average attendance of some forty five pupils, Church service is held every three weeks.  The religious interests of the township are well taken care of by these churches, and the pastors and members of all are doing earnest work in the Christian field.

SCHOOLS.

     The schools of Morgan Township are five in number, as follows:  Sub-district No. 1, Bear Creek School; Sub-district No. 2, Simpson School; Sub-district No. 3, Upper Bear Creek School; Sub-district No. 4, The McCollect School; Sub-district No. 5, Gordon School.  The total number of scholars in the township in 1873, was 112.  The number now on the school record for 1883, is 407, showing an increase in ten years of 295.
     The Morgan School-house was built in 1830 and was one of the first, if not the first, regular school-house built in the township.  It was located at the mouth of Slate Run.  Mr. Abraham B. Beanes being its teacher.  The next one was the Cutler School-house, which was erected in 1835.  The first school in the township, in 1823, was kept in a little log school-house with greased paper for windows, and located near the mouth of Bear Creek.  It had puncheon seats and floor; the teacher was A. Banes.

TOWNSHIP OFFICERS, 1883.

     Trustees, Jasper Graham, William Dunlap and William W. Crabtree; Treasurer, G. F. Lauman; Clerk, N. F. Peck; Justices of the Peace, Edward Crabtree and L. M. McCoy; Constables, Reason Crabtree and Andrew McCorkle.
    
Morgan Township, politically, is Republican.  The population of the township was in 1840, 265; 1850, 280; 1860, 686; 1870, 758; 1880, 1,019.  It has an area of 18,505 acres of land, and its assessed valuation for 1882 was, on lands $113,00;on personal property, $49,052, a total of $162,052.  The personal property in 1880 was assessed at $40,455; a gain in two years of $8,597.

OIL WELLS ON BEAR CREEK.

     In 1865 the petroleum which found its way to the surface and covered the surfaces of little patches of water in this valley attracted the attention of capitalists from New York City who determined to penetrate the earth in hope of finding a rich fountain head of valuable fluid.  A well four inches in diameter was sunk on the farm now owned by Mr. E. F. Peck to the great depth of 1,088 feet.  At that depth, although no oil was discovered, a stream of peculiar water was reached which spouted out with great force, forming a veritable artesian well.  The water, at first, spouted to a height of thirty or forty feet but the force has gradually diminished so that at the present time it rises but a few inches above the surface, but pours forth a steady stream of considerable size.  But the most peculiar and interesting feature of this well is the character of the water which is strongly impregnated with gas and mineral substance.  It greatly resembles and is doubtless identical with the famous Blue Lick waters of Kentucky.  The water is so strongly impregnated with gas that when a match is held near the stream it ignites and burns with a strong and steady flame which gives the water the appearance of burning alcohol.  On the first outburst of this water, to the further surprise of the workmen, the mysterious fountain took fire and burned with such force that before it could be extinguished, after a day's effort, it had consumed the derrick, engine-house and all combustible material within its reach.  Two miles further up the creek two other similar wells were bored with similar results.

BIOGRAPHICAL.

JONATHAN GLAZE
G. F. LAUMAN
EUGENE PECK
ELIAS SIMPSON

RUSH TOWNSHIP.

     Rush Township was the last of the municipal divisions of the county organized, and was taken wholly from Union Township, June 3, 1867.  It lies on the Scioto River, a distance of some seven miles north and south, and the largest and best portion of its agricultural area is in the valley.  South of Brush Creek the township is hilly and broken.  North of Brush Creek there is more valley land, but the west and north sides are broken and rough.  In length the township, north and south, will average about seven miles.  East and west, south of Brush Creek, the width is about three miles, and north of it some four miles, the river going east, making a large bend, and the western line of the township angling to the northwest, running west of north, the river doing likewise above and below the bend, which starts its easterly course about the center of the township, north and south.
     In water supply it has an abundance.  Pond River in the southern portion is quite a stream and crosses the township in a semicircular form.  Brush Creek, the largest stream flows in from the west, near the center of the township and runs in almost a straight due easterly course across the township.  Both of these streams empty into the Scioto River.  Reed's River rises in the northwest corner of the township and runs nearly due southeast, and mingles its waters with Brush Creek about one mile from its mouth.

AREA, VALUATION AND POPULATION.

     While there are over twenty-two square miles of territory, or an area of about 14,500 acres, in Rush Township, the tax-duplicate gives the number of acres assessed at 12,954.  There is probably that much land without counting the water surface.  The value of the land is set down in 1882 at $176,480; personal property at $54,040; total value, $230,520.
     In regard to its population Rush is like Valley, the year 1870 being the first time it came under the census taker.  In that year it had a population of 638, and in 1880, it had increased to 778.  It has the smallest population of any township in the county, but there are four other townships that have less assessed wealth.  The Ohio Canal passes through its whole length from north to south along the valley.

FREESTONE.

     Having spoken of it as a good stock township, and the value of the farm land in the fertile valleys of the Scioto and Brush creeks, there is one other industry which will yet prove a source of wealth to the township - its immense quarries of freestone.  It is eq1ual to the test with no limit to its quantity.  As yet this source of wealth has been but partially developed.  The "Inskeep Stone Works" were started in 1874, by J. M. Inskeep, and from the above date to 1883 he has dealt or quarried exclusively block stone.  But this year the demand for cut stone becoming so great and his business extending, he has put in three pairs of gauges of the latest improved machinery for cutting or sawing stone.  His new building is a good one and is 34 x 64 feet in size.  Mr. Inskeep's quarry covers about 150 acres, and it is almost one solid bed of fine-grained freestone, pronounced by Prof. Orton, of Columbus, Ohio, as the equal of any in the State.  He has invested $6,000 in the business and keeps 20 men at work.  There is a very large quantity of timber in the township, and the shipping of that, cutting ties and securing tan-bark is a leading industry at this time.  The Cincinnati & Eastern Railway will traverse the southern portion of the townships between four and five miles south of Brush Creek to the Scioto, and thence down that stream to Portsmouth.  The railroad, the canal, and the river constitute the transportation facilities of the township, outside of farm stock.  The river bottom and that of Brush Creek are well cultivated and some of the finest farms in the county can be found in Rush Township.

HOW AND WHEN ORGANIZED.

     A strong petition from a majority of the citizens of the township was presented to the county commissioners, and the following action taken by them:
     In the matter of dividing Union Township, a petition was presented by Levi Kirkendall and others praying the commissioners to divide the territory of said Union Township and create and make a new township, and to lay off and designate the same from the said territory of Union Township, in Scioto County, said division as prayed for by petitioners to be made by running a line as follows:  beginning in the township line between the said township of Union and the township of Morgan, at the corner of survey No. 11,036, made in the name of W. Philips, and survey No. 3,285, made in the name of John Swan; thence a southwesterly course on a straight line to the northwest corner of John Swan's survey 3,284; thence southeasterly on a straight line to the old saw-mill formerly owned by Philip Noel on Pond Creek; and thence continuing the same course until it strikes the southern line of said Union Township, and dividing it from Washington Township; thence with the line between said last-named township, an easterly course, to the Scioto River; thence up said Scioto River, with the meanders thereof, the same being a line of said Union Township, to the corner of said Union and Morgan townships; thence with the line of said Union and Morgan townships, a westerly course, to the beginning.
     A remonstrance was also presented signed by Milborn Coe and others against the division of said Union Township, and the Commissioners, after due consideration of said petition and remonstrance, do find that notice of said application for the division of said Union Township had been given for full thirty days prior to the hearing of said application, and that said petition had been signed by a majority of the householders of said Union Township had been given for full thirty days prior to the hearing of said application, and that said petition had been signed by a majority of the householders of Union Township, and it also appearing that there is contained within the boundaries of said proposed new township more than twenty-two squares miles, and that there is also contained with the bounds of said Union Township, outside of the limits and bounds of said proposed new township, more than twenty-two squares miles, they therefore find that it is necessary and expedient to lay off said new township, and they therefore grant the prayer of the petitioners, and it is now Ordered, That a new township be, and the same is, hereby laid off, designated from the territory of said Union Township as prayed for in said for in said petition; and it is further Ordered, That said new township be known by the name of "RUSH."  And it is further Ordered, That the County Surveyor or other competent surveyor proceed immediately to survey and establish the line dividing the said new from the said old township, as nearly in accordance with the prayers of the petitioners as practicable, and forthwith report the boundaries of said new township to this board, and that the same be recorded in a book kept for that purpose; and it is further Ordered, That an election be held at the school-house near the mouth of Brush Creek, in said new township, on the 17th day of June, A. D., 1867, for the election of township officers for said new township of "Rush."  The commissioners appointed James Boldman Surveyor in accordance with the foregoing order; and it is further ordered that the auditor issue an order to James Boldman directing him to make said survey."  June 3, 1867.

TOWNSHIP ELECTION.

     On the organization being effected an election was ordered for township officers, which took place June 18, 1867.  This resulted as follows:  Trustees, Benton P. Bondurant, Jno. Clemmens and Andrew Ray.  Treasurer, A. J. Russell; Clerk, W. W. Wilkins; Justices of the Peace, B. J. Farmer and Francis H. Ponsot; Constables, George W. Elleson and Arthur Dement.
    
The officers for 1883 are: Trustees, Henry Wangaman, A. J. Hill, J. F. Richey; Treasurer, P. H. Brown, Jr.; Clerk W. W. Wilkins; Constables, J. L. L. McDaniel, J. H. Massie; Assessor, Isaac Shelpman; Justices of the Peace, Henry E. Gorley, John McDaniel.

SCHOOLS.

     The school districts of the new township of Rush, five in number, were organized Sept. 26, 1867.
     Rush Township, like all the river townships, was early settled.  The names of many who lived in the township when the county was first organized will be found in the old settlers' list.  General Wm. Kendall and Samuel G. Jones, the former a miller and boat-builder in early days, and many others, all tell that the valleys of Scioto and Brush found early pioneers to stake their claims within the limits of Rush.  The first steamboat built inland was built at the mouth of Brush Creek in 1818, by Wm. Kendall. the timber was superior, and it came down near to the river and through the channel of Brush Creek.  The Utts and a few others came in 1797 and 1798.  Many others came soon after, of whom are recalled Dan'l Kirkendall, George Herod, Thos. Jones, Thomas Arnold, Jas. Wallace, Wm. Russell, Mrs. Hester Brown and family and John Shultz.  These are all old citizens.  The old Pond School-house was supposed to have been erected in 1816 or 1818.  In 1826 it was called the old school-house.

CHURCHES.

     The St. Peter's Catholic Church was organized by Rev. Father Donahue in 1856, the Trustees then being Jno. B. Santy August Henry and Francis E. Logee.  The Rev. Father Jos. Mertian is now the officiating priest, and the church has grown and flourished for many years.  It has now a membership of 130.  Its present Trustees are Peter J. Montivan, Alfred Lombard and Alexis Deloat.  Service is held once in every two weeks, and class instructions given on the afternoons of the day of service. 
     Bethany Baptist Church .- This was the first Baptist society in the township, and the first service was held at the house of George Heoredth by Elder Hezekiah Johnson in 1833, through whose labor the church society was organized, and by whom, after a cessation, was again reorganized as a Regular Baptist church, Nov. 30, 1834, assisted by the Revs. D. Spohn and A. Layman; Delegates, A. McCormick and others.  The constituent members at this last date were George Heoredth, Elizabeth Heoredth, Thomas Arnold, Hugh Kelley, Isaac Arnold and Matilda Glaze.  Elder Hiram Burnett was chosen pastor, who retained his charge from the date of organization to February, 1837.  Elder Hezekiah Johnson became the second pastor, serving one year.  Of all the first members of the church not one is now living.  The church is a neat brick building, erected by Geo. Heoredth, and presented as a gift to the society by him.   He and Isaac Glaze were the first Deacons of the church.  The following have served as pastors: Elders Felix Ellison, Johnson, J. H. Bronson, Wm. Algood, B. F. Leavitt, Thomas, Felix Ellison again, D. Vance, William Algood, Levi McDaniel, E. D. Thomas, E. Thatcher, D. Wichler, William Haw, S. G. Lindsey, J. H. Roberts, and A. K. Murphy, the present pastor. The present Deacons are: J. H. McDaniel and S. S. English.  Service is held every other Sunday.  The membership is 103; average attendance at Sunday-school, thirty.
     Methodist Episcopal Church - This church was organized in 1868, Rev. J. D. Baker becoming their first pastor. Isaiah Smith, Conrad Overton, Wm. B. Russell were a building committee for the erection of a church, and the last two were also appointed Trustees.  There are this time sixty-two members.  The following named ministers have served as such since the church organization: Rev. E. V. Beam succeeded Rev. Baker in 1870; Sam'l Bateman, C. M. Pryor, C. B. Lewis, Thos. Leslie, W. F. Fuller, S. A. Crosley, Wm. Donaldson and H. Burkstresser, the last the present pastor, commencing his service in 1882.  The church is near the Rushtown postoffice.           

A CURIOSITY.

     On the farm of Henry Russell, on the top of what is known as Campbell's hill is a spot, which is a depression of the earth's surface, to the extent of twenty feet in diameter, and about three feet deep.  It is very nearly circular in form, and its peculiarity is in the fact that it generates heat in winter.  In the coldest weather, with snow on the ground all around it, and the thermometer below zero, no snow was found in the depression or hole, and on holding a thermometer on the bottom it rose to fifty-six degrees about zero within ten minutes.  The depression has a pebbly bottom, very little dirt seen, and has probably filled up in part.  This has been the condition of the spot since its discovery a half century ago.  Where does it lead to?

BIOGRAPHICAL.

S. ANDERSON
G. W. ARNOLD
ELISHA CRABTREE
PETER H. BROWN, SR.
JOSEPH DEVER
ABRAHAM DOLL
S. S. ENGLISH
JOHN HANNA
DANIEL H. HARWOOD
FRANK HENRY
J. M. INSKEEP
LEVI KIRKENDALL
STEPHEN KIRKENDALL
JOHN McDANIEL
GEORGE POLLOCK
HENRY RUSSELL
HON. WM. RUSSELL
W. W. WILKINS

BRUSH CREEK TOWNSHIP.

     The county map shows this township to have the most territory, but the tax duplicate gives Nile Township the largest number of acres assessed, or 48,140, while Brush Creek has assessed, or 48,140, while Brush Creek has assessed 47,847, nearly twelve square miles in area.  It is, however, of irregular form, its western border being about eighteen miles from north to south, while its greatest width is less than nine miles, and from this point the line runs southwest and northwest until the western side is, as above mentioned, some eighteen miles in length.   The surface is like the county, broken and hilly, and too rough in many portions for successful cereal production.  Still, some of the hills are rich insoil, and susceptible of cultivation.  Its water supply is adequate for all farm purposes, and its forests of timber are of great value.

ORGANIZATION AND BOUNDARY.

     Brush Creek was organized in 1820.  It is bounded on the north by Pike County, on the east by Morgan and Union townships, on the southeast by Union townships, on the southeast by Union, and south by Nile, and west, by Adams County.   Sept. 26, 1878, another slight change was made, adding a portion of the township to that of Union, and the latter was to pay the assessment of the territory given to her.

OLD PIONEERS.

     Brush Creek had a few pioneers scattered here and there over her vast and rugged territory, and among the number where Jesse Edwards, Samuel Edwards Isme Freeman, Aaron Armstrong, Christopher Oppy, Thornton Kendall, John Liston, Henry Caraway, James Jones, William Thompson, Joshua Armstrong, Thomas Brown, James Wilson, William White, Joseph and James Walker, Xenthus Kennedy and Peter Randall.

OFFICIAL.

     The township records from the organization of the township up to 1867 were destroyed by fire a few years ago.  The township officers for the year 1867 were as follows:  Trustees, William Alexander, John Williams, M. H. Newman; Clerk, T. H. B. Jones; Treasurer,  William Freeman; Assessor, John Williams; Constables, Levi Thompson and George Mustard;  Justices of the Peace, Michael Freeman and G. W. Slack.  The present officers (1883) are as follows:  Trustees, W. C. Hazelbaker, R. F. Wamsley, and Hiram Jones; Treasurer, William Freeman; Clerk, J. G. Freeman; Assessor, D. T. Blackburn; Constables, Henry King and J. N. Wamsley; Justices of the Peace, R. F. Wamsley and S. A. Stedman.  Dry Run School-house is the voting precinct of the township.

SCHOOLS.

     There are thirteen school districts in Brush Creek Township, numbered and named as follows:  Sub-district No. 2, Oswego School; Sub-district No. 3, Upper Rarden School; Sub-district No. 4, Jones School; Sub-district No. 5, Hoffer School; Sub-district No. 6, Lower Rarden School; Sub-district No. 7, East Mt. Joy School; Sub-district No. 8, Upper Rocky Fork; Sub-district No. 9, Mt. Hope School; Sub-district No. 10, Dunlap School; Sub-district No. 11, West Mt. Joy School; Sub-district 12, Otway School; Sub-district No. 13, Lower Rocky Fork School.

HAMLETS OF BRUSH CREEK

     There are three postoffices in Brush Creek Township, the most important hamlet being known as "Galena," and the postoffice as "Rarden."  Galena is a railroad station; was laid on Sept. 21, 1850, by Jesse B. Edwards and Aaron Moore, and surveyed by Joseph V. Mustard, and is in reality the only town or village in the township.  It is located in the northwest portion of the township and within about one and a half miles of the Adams County line.  It has two general stores, and fruit and confectionery store, a drug store and a saloon.  The Postmaster is S. A. Stedman, and the offices is in the fruit store of D. A. Gardner.  The assessed value of personal property of Galena in 1882 was $12,105.  There are two hotels, the Home House, Michael Freeman, proprietor, and the Anchor Hotel, with "Bar" attachment, kept by Mr. Whittlemore.  There are two blacksmith shops, a pump factory, a cooper shop; the last establishment runs from twelve to fifteen hands in summer and twenty in the winter.  The Anchor Hub and Spoke Factory, under the management of D. K. Sprinkle, turns out a large amount of work and has from twelve to fifteen hands constantly employed.  Dr. E. D. E. Morgan and Dr. J. H. Windle are the resident physicians.  The railroad has been completed to this point and the town is improving quite rapidly.  It has now a population of perhaps 300, or over.  A special school-district is made of Galena, and they have a separate, although a public school.  Otway is a central part of the township, on the line of Cincinnati & Eastern Railroad, some six miles southeast of Galena, just above the mouth of the South Fork of Brush Creek.  It is not yet platted, but there is a store and postoffice.  It is a shipping station for timber.  J. G. Freeman is Postmaster, merchant and entertains travelers.  Mt. Joy is a similar hamlet in size to the above and boasts of a small store and a postoffice.  It is situated on a hill called Mt. Joy and is in the northwest portion of the township.

CHURCHES.

     The Mt. Joy United Presbyterian Church was organized by Rev. Marvin Morrison and a few earnest workers in the cause.  The church has regularly kept up its organization and its growth fully equal to that expected from the population of the surrounding country.  It has at this time fifty-six member, and its present pastor is Rev. J. B. Gowdy.  Trustees elected are Robert Dunn, Martin Rodney and John McMurray.

     The McCullough Settlement Catholic Church was first organized by Rev. Father Joseph Mertian and the appointment of James Galvin, Joseph Kelley and John Donahoe.  The membership numbered about 160.  It has now a membership of about 200 and Father Mertian is still in charge.  Services is held twice in six weeks, and instruction class the same and in the afternoon of the day of service.

     The Mt. Joy Christian Church was organized in 1854 by Elder Mathew Gardner, the members at that time numbering about thirty-five.  Rev. J. B. Taylor is the present pastor,, and the Trustees are John McCan, Robert Day and George Rose.  Service is held three times a month and Sabbath-school every Sunday.  The average number of scholars is seventy-one, and of church members 100.  The church was erected in 1868.

     The Otway Christian Union Church was organized in 1866, and held its meetings in the Dry Run School-house for three years, when they built the present church building in 1869.  The pastor was the Rev. Jesse Wamsley; Trustees, William Freeman, J. T. Freeman, Paul White and William H. Powell.  The members then were: William Freeman and wife, Mrs. Margaret Freeman, Miss Sarah Freeman, Jacob Thompson, John Liston, W. H. Powell, George Brown, Elias Thornton and wife.  The present members number 100, and preaching is had once a month.  Sabbath-school is held every Sunday and has an average attendance of forty.

     The M. E. Church was organized by Rev. Mr. Perry in 1880.  It now has a membership of twenty-five.  The present pastor is Rev. Mr. Rifle; services are held every two weeks and Sabbath-school every Sunday, at the Dry Run School-house.

     The Mt. Joy Regular Baptist Church was organized in 1882 by Rev. G. W. Hackworth, and the Trustees were Abraham Oppy, David Thompson and Jackson McCan.  It organized with about thirty members and has about fifty at the present time.  It holds its meetings in the Mt. Joy School-house.

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