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Jackson County, Ohio
History & Genealogy


History of Lower Scioto Co., Ohio
Publ. Chicago: Inter-state Publishing Co.

J. C. CAHOON, photographer, Jackson, Ohio, was born Feb. 29, 1832, a son of William C. and Evalina (Wood) Cahoon.  His father was a native of Delaware, a son of John Cahoon,  and his mother was a daughter of Jesse Wood, and a native of Rockingham County, Va.  They came to Gallia County, Ohio, about the year 1818, where they were married soon after, and spent the rest of their lives.  They reared a large family, John C. being the third child.  He was reared on a farm and received a limited education at the log-cabin schools.  He engaged in photography in 1858, and in 1865 located in Jackson, and since then has spent but little time out of his gallery.  He was married at Waverly, Nov. 24, 1872, to Elizabeth A. Smith, a daughter of Edmond and Lydia Smith, natives of Rockingham County, Va.  They have one child - Mary Cornelie born June 24, 1876.
Source: History of Lower Scioto Co., Ohio - Publ. Chicago: Inter-state Publishing Co. 1884 - Page 547
REV. H. J. CARR was born in Cayuga County, N. Y., Oct. 11, 1810, a son of Walter M. and grandson of Joseph Carr.  The latter was a native of Scotland and married Sarah Moore, a native of Wales.  They settled in an early day in Monmouth, N. Y.  He and two sons served in the Revolutionary war.  His wife was possessed of more firmness and nerve than is commonly given to women, and although beaten by the Tories with an iron rod and threatened with death, refused to reveal a secret of which she was cognizant.  Walter M., the youngest of fourteen children, was born in New York and died in Athens County, Ohio, in 1855.  He married Mary Harrison, who died in Iowa, at the residence of her son, in 1863.  They had two sons - H. J. and Perry, the former the subject of our sketch.  He married Rebecca Conaway,  of Jefferson County, Ohio, who died leaving six children.  Mr. Carr afterward married Ziare, widow of Edmund Lucas, and daughter of Jesse Marshall, of Scioto County, Ohio.  In early life Mr. Carr had the advantage of a common-school education.  He was converted when twenty-nine years of age and joined the Free Will Baptist church and the next year was licensed to preach.  He is now serving five churches, two in Scioto County, two in Jackson County and one in Athens County.  His children were James C., of Athens County; Albert A., deceased; Eliza J. wife of Dr. S. T. Boggess, of Jackson; Wilson L., of Nebraska; Joseph, of Illinois, and Leander D., deceased.  His sons were all in the late war, four serving three years.  Albert was Captain of the Seventh Ohio Cavalry.  Albert and Leander both died of disease contracted in the army.  Mr. Carr has always been an anti-slavery man and is now a staunch Republican.  During Morgan's raid in Ohio he was a severe sufferer, losing property and being subjected to ill-treatment from the rebels.
Source: History of Lower Scioto Co., Ohio - Publ. Chicago: Inter-state Publishing Co. 1884 - Page 548
H. L. CHAPMAN, proprietor of the Chapman Coal Company and President of the Tropic Furnace Company, Jackson, was born in Allegany County, N. Y., July 10, 1837, and his grandparents were born in Connecticut.  He received his boyhood education in the East, but in the fall of 1854, when only seventeen years of age, he came to Portsmouth, Ohio, and there followed lumbering six years, with good success.  Subsequently he commenced reading law under the tutorship of Moore & Johnson, of Portsmouth.  Turning his attention to this profession closely, he was, in due time, admitted to the bar, but concluded not to practice and formed a partnership with Mr. Kinney in private banking in Portsmouth under the firm name of Kinney & Chapman.  They conducted business in Portsmouth until the spring of 1865, when Mr. Chapman came to Jackson, and was instrumental in forming the private banking company of Kinney, Bundy & Co., of which H. L. Chapman was made President.  This company continued business until June, 1866, when the firm changed to Chapman, Clare & Co., and Dec. 7, 1870, the First National Bank of Jackson grew out of it of which he was made President, resigning the position, however, in 1877.  During the summer of 1874 the subject of the Springfield, Jackson & Pomeroy R. R. was strongly agitated, with which Mr. Chapman was prominently indentified from the start.  On Dec. 17, of this year the road was chartered, and on March 2, following, the company was organized, at which time H. L. Chapman became a Director.  At the official meeting the second year he was elected Vice-President of the road, and continued to serve as such, together with a Directorship, until March, 1882.  The road was reorganized in 1879 into the Springfield Southern, but in March of 1882 the road was sold to the owners of the L. B. & W. R. R. and reorganized as the Ohio Southern, of which he is still a Director.  During 1874 and 1875 he was also a Director of the Dayton & Southeastern R. R. and while such was an active worker, as he is in all things.  As a furnace-man and coal operator he has taken a lively interest in the business.  In 1873 he became a Director in the Tropic Furnace Co., of which he is now President and a stockholder, and is now a Director, also, in the "Globe Iron Co."  In 1875 and '76 he started in the coal interest in Jackson County by purchasing 1,000 acres of Jackson hill and shaft coal, upon which now are operated five distinct mines: three by Jones & Morgan, one Kelley Coal Co., and one Callahan & Gilliland, upon all of which he receives a royalty.  In 1880 Mr. Chapman bought 500 acres of Jackson hill coal upon which three separate mines are now operated, under the firm of Chapman Coal Co., formerly the Chapman Coal Co., Diamond Coal Co. and Springfield Coal Co., and has two stores connected with his coal works, all being specially written up in the history of Coal Township.  Mr. Chapman in politics is a Democrat.  In religion he is free from any creed or denomination, but is a member of three branches of Masonic order in Portsmouth, Ohio.  Mr. Chapman is a man of medium stature, elastic and rapid step, possessing a remarkable business capacity; a man of plain, unvarnished address, always speaking what he thinks, never intermingling business with or conducting it upon principles of friendship, but purely on business principles.
Source: History of Lower Scioto Co., Ohio - Publ. Chicago: Inter-state Publishing Co. 1884 - Page 548
CHERINGTON FAMILY- This is one of the large and prominent families of Jackson County.  The records are preserved from 1702, and show the family to be of English origin.  The first name on the record is that of Clement Cherington, who was born in England in 1702; was educated for a priest in the Church of England, but sailed for America on the day set for his trial sermon.  He was married in England, and had sons and daughters.  After his wife's death he came to America, about 1750.
      Mary Coles was born on Long Island, Feb. 2, 1713; was married to Mr. Mathews, had several children, and became a widow.  After coming to America Clement Cherington was married to Mary Coles Mathews.  The children of Clement (1st) and Mary were - Thomas, Rachel and William (1st).  William (1st) was born in Pennsylvania, April 19, 1755.  Margaret Hauk, daughter of John and Margaret Hauk and sister of Abraham Lincoln's mother, was born in Pennsylvania, Apr. 10, 1755.  William (1st) and Margaret Hauk were married Feb. 18, 1779.  Their children were as follows: Thomas, born Dec. 5, 1779; John, born Dec. 17, 1781; Rachel Knapp, born April 28, 1784; William (2d), born March 6, 1787; Susanah Buck, born Aug. 1, 1789; Clement (2d), born Dec. 8, 1791; Eleanor, born Sept. 25, 1794; Josiah, born June 1, 1797.  Margaret, wife of William (1st), died Sept. 22, 1797.  William (1st) and Lettice McClung (a widow with five children) were married Nov. 28, 1797.  The children of William (1st) and Lettice were as follows:  Charles, born in August, 1798, and died in infancy; James, born Nov. 9, 1799; Bruce, born Mar. 15, 1801; Pennell, born Nov. 18, 1802; Betsey Johnson, born Apr. 14, 1804; Jefferson, born Feb. 26, 1806; Anna McNeal, born Dec. 6, 1807; Josephus, born June 28, 1810.  Of all these, only two (Pennell and Betsey) are now living (1883).  William (1st) died Apr. 28, 1833.
     Without undertaking to trace out the different branches of the family, it is enough to say that the Cheringtons who have settled in Jackson County are mostly the descendants of Thomas, the eldest son of William (1st), which we give as follows (giving in this list only such of the grandchildren of Thomas as are now living): 
Children and grandchildren of Thomas -
William H.
(the first Cherington who settled in Jackson County) and his children - Leander and Mary         - Kinnison; Thomas (2d), whose children were eleven in number, those yet living being in Illinois; Jeptha and his his children -  Columbus, Virginia French, Wilson, Almira Garvin, Cicero and Panthara; Lorenzo and his children - DeWitt, Whitcomb, Thomas, Asbury and Margaret; Margaret Stevenson; Clinton and his children - Nancy McClure and Stewart; Polly Evans and her children - Baldwin (Auditor Jackson County), Clinton, Wellington, Timothy, Simeon, Susannah, Mary and Thomas; Betsey Jones and her children - Sarah Cunningham, Anna Lackey, Elizabeth Williams and Matilda Lackey; Finley and his children - Ozias, Harriet, Morris, Laura, Viola, Belle, Emmerson and Allery; Nancy Mannaring, whose children were six in number, those yet living in Texas and Missouri; Anna; Welling; Rachel Prose and her children - Catharine Hughes, Flora Rickards, Benton, Malinda Hughes, Adaline Rickards, Josiah Halleck, Emma and Laura.  These descendants of Thomas Cherington are most of them living in Jackson County, though a few have moved to other localities.
     In addition to these, several other families of Cheringtons reside in Jackson County, as follows: William, the son of William (2d), and his children - Elizabeth Johnson, Evaline Buckley and Emma Arthur; Lettice Sims, daughter of Levi and grandchildren of William (2d); Rebecca Evans and Margaret Evans, daughters of Clement (2d); Josephus, son of Clement (2d); William D. (pastor Methodist Episcopal Church, Jackson, Ohio), son of William W. and grandson of Clement (2d); William and Alice, children of Solomon and grandchildren of Clement (2d).  Besides those enumerated in this article, a younger generation exists in many of the families, some of whom are grown and married.
     The Cheringtons are very numerous in Jackson and Gallia counties, where they are so married and intermarried as to be related to a great many people; so much so that it is commonly said that "any one who wants the favor of Jackson and Gallia counties must never say anything against the Cheringtons, lest he may be talking to some of their relatives."
     They are, as a rule, thrifty, industrious, enterprising citizens, and are generally to be found on the side of law, order and morality.  In politics they are almost universally Republicans, and in religion they are, as a rule, either members or attendants of the Methodist Episcopal church.
Source: History of Lower Scioto Co., Ohio - Publ. Chicago: Inter-state Publishing Co. 1884 - Page 549
W. B. CHERINGTON, son of Levi and Permelia (Mansing) Cherington, was born Dec. 5, 1845, in Gallia County, Ohio.  He attended school and worked on the farm till he was fifteen years old, after which he was engaged  as an engineer till 1863, when he enlisted in Company I, One Hundred and Seventy-third Ohio Infantry.  He participated in the battle of Nashville, and served till the war closed.  He then completed his education at the Ewington Academy, when he worked at the molder's trade, in Kansas City, Mo., for four years.  He returned to Ohio in 1869, and engaged in molding at the Marietta & Cincinnati Railroad shops at Zaleski, Ohio, for three years.  In 1872 he married Margaret E. Nutt, of Pike County, Ohio.  They have one child - Erie W.  In 1872 he went to Jackson, where he superintended the foundry and machine works of Picksel & Co., in which company he was a stockholder.  In the fall of 1880 he was elected Sheriff of Jackson County, and was re-elected in 1882.  He was one of the enterprising citizens, and takes an active part in promoting the general interest of the county.  He is a Royal Arch Mason, and in politics affiliates with the Republican party.  He has been a Class Leader in the Methodist church for eighteen years.  His father, Levi Cherington, was born in 1816, in Gallia County, Ohio, and followed farming through life.  He was the father of four children - Mary, Sarah E., W. B. and C. W., who are all living and have received an academical education.  His death occurred in his native county in 1880.  His wife was one of the nineteen children, who all grew to maturity, of Jordon and Elizabeth (Knox) Mansing, natives of Gallia county.  She is still living, aged sixty-seven years.  Her father was a farmer by occupation, and served as a Captain in the war of 1812.
Source: History of Lower Scioto Co., Ohio - Publ. Chicago: Inter-state Publishing Co. 1884 - Page 549
JAMES CHESNUT, dry goods and carpet merchant and Vice-President of the Iron Bank, was born in Ross County, Ohio, in 1834, and is a son of Lemuel and Sarah (Chambers) Chesnut.  The Chesnut family are of Scotch-Irish extraction and the Chambers family of German descent.  Lemuel was an early settler at Chillicothe, Ohio, and was by occupation a carpenter and millwright.  He died in that city, where his widow still survives.  Of their seven children.  James is the second of two sons and five daughters.  He was reared in his native town, where he acquired his education in the public schools.  Having commenced learning the baker's trade at the early age of thirteen and serving a regular apprenticeship, he was deprived of seven year' school life, which with his natural talent if it had been applied, a fine education would have resulted.  AT the age of twenty he came to Jackson and stated a bakery with a cash capital of $60.  With this small capital, economy, industry and close financiering were necessary to make it successful.  After five years successfully operating the bakery he connected family groceries, which he carried jointly for several years, and gradually took in a general stock and abandoned the bakery entirely.  In 1873 he erected his present neat and capacious brick business room on Main street, and makes a specialty of dry goods and carpets.  In the spring of 1880 he purchased a half interest in a large retail boot and shoe store in Minneapolis, and in the fall of 1882 became sole proprietor, but now the firm is Chestnut & Son.  They have a desirable and central location in the city, which, together with the courtesy extended to customers, has increased their business from $35,000 to $50,000 a year.  Mr. Chestnut is Vice-President, stockholder and director in the Iron Bank of Jackson, also stockholder and director in the Star Furnace at Jackson, the capital stock being $60,000, Mr. Chesnut owning one-sixth.  He is a man below the average size, quick, elastic, full of business energy and integrity of principles, an ardent member and Steward in the Methodist Episcopal church.  He is one of Jackson's enterprising citizens, willing to assist in all movements tending to elevate mankind or make society better.  He has been twice married first to Almira Price, who after six years married life died, leaving as the result of their union three children.  His second wife is Pauline, daughter of Hon. Elihu Johnson, of Jackson.  The issue of this union is four children.  Mr. Chesnus takes special interest in educating his children, fitting them with accomplishments, and give them every possible advantage.  The family belong to the Methodist Episcopal church.
Source: History of Lower Scioto Co., Ohio - Publ. Chicago: Inter-state Publishing Co. 1884 - Page 551
ELIAS CRANDALL, Vice President and General Superintendent of the Globe Iron Company, Jackson, Ohio.  With the exception of works of fiction there is no class of literature more sought after or more earnestly perused than that of biographical history, hence in the production of a work like LOWER SCIOTO VALLEY we deem it inappropriate to call it complete without at least a brief sketch of its leading business men, and accordingly allot a space to the name above given with brief ancestral relations.  His father, L. R. Crandall, was of Welsh extraction, a native of Connecticut, and his mother, Mary Tracey, a lineal descendant of the original Puritans and a native of the same State, their ancestors on both the maternal and paternal side having been known for longevity.  His father was by occupation a miller.  He died in Washington County, Ohio, and his mother's death occurred in Iowa.  The subject of this sketch was born near Angelica, Allegany Co., N. Y., in 1828.  From 1831 to 1838 his parents lived in Warren County, after which they lived in Washington County, Ohio, where he reached his majority.  During his minor life he received only a common-school education, but his business relation during life has greatly advanced his general knowledge.  In 1852 he settled in Scioto County, Ohio, and was employed as store-keeper at the Empire Furnace.  Four years later, having practiced economy and integrity of principle, he became a stockholder in the Empire Furnace, having now for nearly thirty years been associated in furnace work.  In the fall of 1872 he moved to Jackson, Ohio, and soon after became associated with the Globe Iron Co.  His experience as a furnace man is invaluable, as the success of the Fulton Furnace bears evidence.  In social relations he is highly spoken of by his many friends, and together with his wife belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church.  In political views he is a Republican, and though not an aspirant for office, has been selected and served two terms as Chairman of the Republican Executive Committee.  He is one of the well-to-do citizens of Jackson, willing to assist in all public improvements.  He possesses a fine taste, which is exercised in adorning his personal property for the comfort of his family.  His wife as Miss NAn. F. Forsythe, daughter of James Forsythe, a prominent furnace man of Scioto County.  Mr. and Mrs. Crandall have had two children.
Source: History of Lower Scioto Co., Ohio - Publ. Chicago: Inter-state Publishing Co. 1884 - Page 551
FRANK CRUMIT, Clerk of Courts, and one of the representative citizens of Jackson County, Ohio, is a son of Dr. C. K. Crumit of this place, and was born at New Plymouth, Vinton Co., Ohio, Apr. 19, 1853.  His parents having moved to Jackson when he was quite young, he had the privileges of the public schools of that place until eighteen years of age.  He was married at Jackson, Apr. 27, 1880, to V. Florence, daughter of Judge James Tripp, to whom are born two children - Charles Tripp Crumit and Kate Crumit.  In politics he casts his lot with the Republican party, which in the fall of 1881 elected him to his present office, where he is serving faithfully.  In religion he is free from church or creed, but belongs to the Trowel Lodge, Trowel Chapter and Chillicothe Commandery, K. T., in which he takes an active interest as well as in all movements tending to benefit the county.
Source: History of Lower Scioto Co., Ohio - Publ. Chicago: Inter-state Publishing Co. 1884 - Page 552


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