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Darke County, Ohio
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A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio

Compendium of National Biography
Chicago:  The Lewis Publishing Company



JOHNSON K. ALBRIGHT.  After years of active labor as an agriculturist, this worthy citizen of Twin township, Darke county, is now living a retired life.  He belongs to an honored pioneer family of this state, and traces his ancestry back to three brothers who came to America from Germany prior to the Revolutionary war.  One settled in North Carolina and one in Pennsylvania, but all trace of the third has been lost.  It was from the first that our subject is descended.  He served all through the Revolutionary war.  His son, Philip Albright, the grandfather of our subject, was born and reared in Orange county, North Carolina, and in early life learned the tailor's trade.  Some time previous to 1804 he and his wife Christina came to Preble county, Ohio, and he entered land one the present site of Lewisburg, where he erected a primitive log cabin and followed farming throughout the remainder of his life.  He died Nov. 20, 1820, his wife, Dec.  29, 1817, and both were buried at Lewisburg.  Of their children John died in Arkansas; Catherine, the wife of John Thomas, died in Preble county, this state; Elizabeth, the wife of Daniel Sharp, died in Twin township, Darke county; Barbara, the wife of Lewis Thomas, died in Preble county; Philip died in Twin township, Darke county; Adam died in the same township Mary, the wife of Philip Nation, died in Eaton, Ohio; Jonas also died in Eaton; and Simpson, the father of our subject, died in Arcanum.
     Simpson Albright was born in Lewisburg, Nov. 2, 1804, and received only a limited education.  He was an excellent reader but had little knowledge of other branches of study.  As his father was lame and in limited circumstances most of the farm work fell to his sons, and when he died the family were left poor.  Simpson was only thirteen years of age at that time and was forced to earn his own livelihood by working as a farm hand, being thus employed until his marriage.  He drifted to Anderson county, Tennessee, where he met Miss Mary Snoderly, who became his wife Nov. 9, 1828.  She was born in Guilford county, North Carolina, Nov. 1, 1808, and was a daughter of Philip and Mary (Thomas) Snoderly, who moved to Tennessee about 1816.
     After his marriage, Mr. Albright continued to make his home in that state until August, 1832, when he returned to Ohio and located in the northeast corner of Preble county.  The following spring he rented a farm in Preble county, where he resided two years, and during that time bought eighty acres of wild land in Twin township, this county.  At that time no improvements had been made and there were but few families in the neighborhood.  Philip Mullenix had squatted near the Albright farm and built a house, but William Nealeigh, of Lewisburg, had paid him a small sum for his right to the tract and entered the land.  The property Mr. Albright rented until he could clear a small tract of his own land and erect a cabin thereon, which was accomplished in April, 1836.  The house, which was sixteen by twenty feet, was built of round logs and contained but one room.  He cleared his land and transformed it into a beautiful farm, finally selling it, after his children were grown, for one hundred dollars per acre.  He then moved to Arcanum and lived retired until his death, which occurred May 17, 1886.  His wife died Nov. 7, 1883.  They were leading members of the United Brethren church of Arcanum, and were very charitably disposed, their home being a refuge for the poor and needy.  In early life the father was a Democrat, but in 1854 severed his connection with that party and later became an ardent Republican.
     Our subject is the oldest in a family of eleven children, the others being as follows:  Henry M., born in Anderson county, Tennessee, Dec.  29, 1830, married Elizabeth Eichelberger.  He was a member of Company A, One Hundred and Fifty-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in the one-hundred day service during the civil war, and was a farmer of Van Buren township, Darke county, Ohio, where he died Aug. 24, 1878.  Henderson L. born in Tennessee, Feb. 19, 1832, married Catherine Leedy.  He was a member of the same regiment as his brother, and now resides on a farm in Neave township, this county.  Daniel S., who was born in Preble county, this state, Oct. 6, 1834, married Elizabeth Leedy.  He, too, was a member of Company A, One Hundred and Fifty-second Regiment, and is now living in Arcanum.  Philip S., born in Twin township, Darke county, in 1836, married first Malinda Raines and secondly Nancy ____, and is now a farmer of Greenville township, this county.  He served for three years in the One Hundred and Tenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and then veteranized, remaining in the service until hostilities ceased.  William K., born in Twin township, Mar. 22, 1838, married Nancy Clark, and resides in Greenville.  He enlisted first for nine months in the Eighty-seventh Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and after being discharged joined Company B, One Hundred and Tenth Regiment, serving until the close of the war.  Adam C., born in Twin township, Nov. 21, 1842, married Nancy Robeson and now lives in Adams county, Nebraska.  He served through the war as a member of the Thirty-fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry.  Catherine S., born in Twin township, Nov. 24, 1843, married Anderson Tillman, and died in Arcanum.  Sarah Ann, born in Twin township, Feb. 13, 1845, married George F. Hapner and resides in Arcanum.  Elizabeth, born in Twin township, Aug. 13, 1848, married Dr. Royalston Ford, of Greenville, Ohio, and died in Arcanum.  Margaret Minerva, born in Twin township, Jan. 21, 1856, died in infancy.
     Johnson K. Albright was born in Anderson county, Tennessee, June 13, 1829, and was only three years old when brought by his parents to Ohio.  He received his education, as he says, "in the woods."  He attended school when he was not needed at home; was fond of study and spent much time with his books.  He qualified himself for a teacher, received a certificate from the county examiners and taught one year.  He passed through all the different phases of pioneer life.  Being the oldest son the responsibilities of the farm work fell upon him at an early age, as his father was not strong, and he did much of his father's business until leaving home.
     On the 11th of September, 1851, at Phillipsburg, Montgomery county, Ohio, Mr. Albright was united in marriage with Miss Mary Ann Reichard, who was born in Pyrmont, that county, Dec.  8, 1834, a daughter of John and Elizabeth (Winicke) Reichard.  Two children were born to them, but Edward Henry, born Sept. 28, 1853, died Apr. 6, 1854; and Granville Moorey, born May 15, 1859, died May 3, 1870.  Mrs. Albright died Sept. 21, 1897, and was laid to rest in Abbottsville cemetery.  She was a devout member of the United Brethren church, possessed a beautiful disposition and was a loving wife and mother.
     After his marriage, Mr. Albright remained with his father until the following December and then moved to his present farm of eighty acres, which he purchased Nov. 3, 1851.  His first home here was a hewed-log house, 18x20 feet, but he and his wife were very happy in their humble abode, and in 1876 he built his present beautiful home of red brick.  When the civil war broke out he was operating a saw-mill, and was engaged in that business for three yeas.  He also owned and operated a threshing machine for the same length of time.  The first school house erected in the north precinct of Twin township was built on a corner of his farm, it being of round logs and about 12x20 feet in dimension.  The first teacher was William McGriff, who taught the first year in an old log cabin which was built by Alfred Ayers and stood on what is now the Aaron Wellbau place.
     Mr. Albright was also one of the "boys in blue" during the war of the Rebellion, enlisting May 2, 1864, in the one-hundred-day service, as a private in Company A, One Hundred and Fifty-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry.  The regiment was continually on the march, and participated in Hunter's raid.  Mr. Albright was discharged at Camp Dennison, Ohio, Sept. 2, 1864, and is now an honored member of Rosser Post, G. A. R., at Arcanum, of which he has been the commander two years.  He cast his first presidential vote for Franklin Pierce, in 1852, and is now a stanch supporter of the Republican party.  Quiet and unassuming, he has the confidence and respect of all who know him, and justly merits the high regard in which he is held.
Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page 421

PETER ALBRIGHT, one of the leading citizens of Van Buren township, Darke county, Ohio, owns and operates a fine farm of one hundred and eleven acres, which he has placed in a high state of cultivation and improved with good buildings.  His possessions have all been acquired through his own efforts, and as the result of his long sustained endeavor he has won a place among the well-to-do citizens of his community.
     The first of the Albright family to come to America was our subject's great-grand-father, George Albright, a native of Germany, who settled in Berks county, Pennsylvania.  The grandfather, Jacob Albright, spent his entire life in that county, as a farmer, and died about 1842, when over eighty years of age.  The father, Peter Albright, was born in the old homestead in Berks county, and on reaching manhood married Catherine Heffner, a native of the same county.  Later they moved to Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, locating eighteen miles west of Harrisburg, where the father bought a farm of eighty acres, which he operated until his death in 1885.  He was twice married, his first wife being Catherine Heffner, by whom he had several children.  There were two children by the second marriage:  Peter, our subject; and Lucy.  The mother died in 1841.  She, too; twice married, her first husband being Mr. Cline, and she had children by that union.
     Our subject was born in Berks county, Pennsylvania, Aug. 1, 1836, and was quite small when the family moved to Cumberland county, where he made his home until sixteen years of age, his education being obtained in the country schools.  At the age of fourteen he commenced learning the cabinet maker's trade, and was to receive thirty-five dollars for three years' work, three weeks of rest and three years' work, three weeks of rest and three months of schooling in winter; but he was not given the educational advantages.  At the age of sixteen he came to Ohio, having just enough money to bring him to Greenville, where he found work at his trade.  After his marriage he rented a farm near that place, but did not remain thereon a year.  The following year was spent upon a farm west of Greenville, in Van Buren township, and for seven years he rented Dr. Gard's farm.  At the end of that time he purchased fifty acres of land in Van Buren township, erected a house and other buildings, and continued the improvement and cultivation of that farm for twenty years.  Since then his home has been on his present farm, and he has built thereon a good barn and made many other improvements, which add to the value and attractive appearance of this place.
     While a resident of Greenville, Mr. Albright married Miss Maria Pearson, who was born in Van Buren township, Sept. 15, 1837, a daughter of Allen and Mary (Arnold) Pearson.  Of the five children born of the union, Monta L. and Mary Estelle died young; Allan married Anne Weaver, and has two children, Opal and a son not named; William, at home, married Mary Rainbarger, and has one child, Ruby; and Pearl is also at home.  The family are members of the Caylor Chapel, United Brethren church, and in his political views Mr. Albright is a stanch Democrat.  He is strictly a self-made man, whose success in life is due to industry, enterprise and perseverance, and he has the respect and confidence of all who know him.
Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page 454

PHILIP ALBRIGHT was born in North Carolina, in the year 1797, and emigrated to the state of Ohio in 1818, settling on Twin creek, in Harrison Township, Preble county.  He remained here until the year 1822, when he removed to east Tennessee, settled in Anderson county, and cleared a farm.  He remained there following the occupation of a farmer, until the year 1835, when he returned to Ohio, and settled in Twin township in Darke County, in what is now known as the fertile "Painter Creek" valley, not far from the town of Arcanum.  He was one of the early settlers in this locality, and having a large family of eight boys and four girls, soon had a fine farm in a good state of cultivation.  Mr. Albright was a good mechanic and led all other as a builder of houses and barns, both frame and stone.  He was one of the leading stone masons of Darke and Preble counties, and lived to witness the wonderful change of the dense forests to the fertile fields, and the mud roads to the finely graveled and macadamized pikes, and he saw the building of the railroad, and the thriving village of Arcanum, Gordon and Pittsburg spring up in his locality as if by magic.  He was universally respected, and died in his eighty-fourth year.  He was an extraordinary man, physically large and strong, and strictly temperate in his habits, liberal to the needy, foremost in all public gatherings where physical strength and endurance were in requisition, and by his influence and example he induced many to live sober and exemplary lives.  Notwithstanding the fact that schools were poor and continued in session only a few months of the year, he had in his family among his sons three regularly ordained ministers of the gospel, and seven of his children followed, successfully, the occupation of teaching.  One of his sons, mentioned elsewhere, was killed in the late Civil war.  Mr. Albright was not only an advocate of temperance, but he lived a consistent Christian life, and died in the full hope of a blessed immortality.
A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900
- Page 242

JOSEPH ALEXANDRE.  The subject of this sketch is one of the important factors in the business circles of Yorkshire, Darke county, and his life is an exemplification of the term, "the dignity of labor."  He has met with many ups and downs in life, but has never become discouraged and is now successfully engaged in business as a wholesale dealer in eggs and poultry, which he ships principally to New York.
     He is a native of Darke county, born in York township, May 24, 1857.  His father, Andrew Alexandre, was born in Hannoville, France, May 1, 1828, and came to the United States at the age of twenty-three years, having stood his first draft for the army.  He was seventeen days crossing  the ocean from Havre, France, to New York city.  His means were limited, but he soon found enjoyment on the construction of the Big Four Railroad.  He is a wagon maker by trade, but since 1873 has engaged in the saw mill business in Darke county.  Here he was married, in 1854, to Miss Mary Couchot who also was born in Hannoville, France, in May, 1834, and in 1837 was brought to America by her parents.  Theirs was a long, tedious and hazardous voyage, which lasted two months.  To Mr. and Mrs. Alexandre were born nine children, eight sons and one daughter, namely: John F., a wagonmaker, who died in February, 1886, leaving a widow and two sons; Joseph, our subject; Albert, a farmer of Wabash township, this county; Alexander, a resident North Star; Mary, the wife of Frank George, a merchant of that place; Nicholas, a blacksmith of Versailles; Andy, who is engaged in merchandising at Osgood for the firm of George BrothersAugust at home with his parents in North Star, and is the clerk of Wabash township; and Frank, who died in infancy.
     Joseph Alexandre received a fair common school education in Frenchtown, near Brock, this county, and also pursued his studies for a time in a log school house in Wabash township[, attending school until eighteen years of age.  He remained at his parental home until he was married, Jan. 22, 1882, to Miss Mary Connaughton who was born in Wabash township, July 11, 1855.  Her parents were Timothy Connaughton and Mary, nee Hill, both of whom were born in county Roscommon, Ireland, but were married after their emigration to America, in Hamilton, Ohio.  They are now deceased and are buried at Frenchtown.  Of their eight children seven - four sons and three daughters - reached manhood or womanhood.  Those still living are John, a farmer of Wayne township, this county; Patrick, a farmer of Wabash township; Maggie; Eddy; Timothy; and Mary, the wife of our subject.  Bridget married August Ganbaux and died in middle life.  Mr. and Mrs. Alexandre have no children of their own, but have given a home to Irene Smith*, born in Cunel, Wyandot county, Ohio, Mar. 1, 1891.
Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page 434
*NOTE:  The following was found in 1910 Census, District 97, Patterson Twp., Osgood Village, Darke Co., OH on Apr. 18, 1910:
Residence:  Railroad Street
Irene M Smith -
Servant F W 19 Single, b. OH  Fath. b. OH  Moth. b. OH - Occup: Servant, Private Family living
at Dwelling 10, Family 10 with Joseph Alexander, Head, M W 60 Md 1x-28yrs. - b. OH  Fath. b. France  Moth. b. France - Occup: Elevator - Grain
and Mary J. Alexander, Wife, F W 50 Md. 1x-28 yrs. - b. OH  Fath. b. IRE  Moth. b. IRE
No others listed in this dwelling.

BENJAMIN M. ALLEN This gentleman, the only son of William Allen, was born in the village of Greenville, Ohio, July 3, 1868, and his boyhood was spent there. He obtained his education in its public schools, was an apt student and was graduated in the high school in the year 1888, passing through a five-years course of study with credit to himself. He then took a commercial course at Eastman's Business College at Poughkeepsie, New York.  Returning to Greenville he turned his attention to farming and stock raising until 1899 and had one of the finest herds of blooded cattle in the state of Ohio. He afterward discontinued his farming operations and is now successfully engaged in the real estate and fire insurance business in Greenville.
     On the 14th of August, 1889, Benjamin M. Allen was united in marriage with Miss Jennie E. Gaskill, a daughter of Abram and Sarah A, (Youart) Gaskill. Her mother was an own cousin of Lord Gladstone, of England. Mrs. Allen died Feb. 12, 1899, leaving one daughter, Alcie, born Feb. 12, 1891.
     On the 5th day of June, 1900, Mr. Allen was united in marriage to Miss Laura Telma Shearer, daughter of Samuel and Sarah A. Shearer, of Somerset, Perry county, Ohio, the former now deceased.
Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page 654

WILLIAM ALLEN, the prominent lawyer, judge and legislator of Greenville, Ohio, was born in Butler county, this state, Aug. 13, 1827, and died July 6, 1881, in Greenville.  His father, John Allen, was a native of Ireland, born Jan. 26, 1800, and came to America in 1812.  After residing six years in New York, he located in Butler county, Ohio, in 1818, and in February, 1838, moved his family into the sparsely settled forests of Darke county, where he erected a log cabin, having a split-log floor and mud and stick chimney.  He died on the 2d of October, 1858, a very much respected citizen.  He possessed fine conversational powers, and in the latter part of his life was a preacher of the United Brethren church.
     Our subject was favored with the advantages of the common schools only, yet by earnest personal application he qualified himself to teach the English branches at the age of fifteen and in this way for several years employed his winters.  At the age of nineteen he began reading law under the late Felix Marsh, of Eaton, Ohio, was admitted to the bar in June, 1849, and the following October began practice at Greenville.  He met with success in his chosen calling and became one of the most prominent and successful lawyers of Darke county.  On the 30th of September, 1851, Mr. Allen married Miss Priscilla, daughter of John Wallace, a native of Pennsylvania, and an early pioneer of Butler county, Ohio, who settled in Darke county in 1834, and died in the summer of 1863, at the age of about eighty years. He was always recognized as an upright man and an excellent citizen.  The children born of this marriage were five sons and three daughters, of whom only one son is now living.  (His sketch is given next).  Four of the children died of diphtheria under the most afflicting circumstances, and within the brief, space of two months.  This was in the winter of 1861, when Mr. Allen was summoned home from Washington city to the scene of bereavement.
     Early in life Mr. Allen became prominently identified with public affairs, and has been called upon to fill several important official positions.  In the fall of 1856 he was elected prosecuting attorney of Darke county, and re-elected in 1852.  In the fall of 1858 he was elected representative to congress from the fourth district of Ohio, comprising the counties of Miami, Darke, Shelby, Mercer, Allen and Auglaize, and re-elected in, 1860, thus serving in the thirty-sixth and thirty-seventh congresses. In the winter of 1865 he was appointed by Governor Cox as judge of the court of common pleas of the first subdivision of the second judicial district of Ohio, composed of the counties of Butler, Darke and Preble, to fill an unexpired term in the place of Judge David L. Meeker, resigned.  In 1872 he was a member of the Grant electoral college, and also an elector for Garfield in 1880.  The electors of Ohio, after casting their vote for the latter, paid him a visit of congratulation at his home in Mentor, Ohio.  Mr. Allen was again nominated for congress on the Republican ticket from the fifth congressional district of Ohio in the summer of 1878, but declined the honor on account of ill health.  Of local positions, it may be mentioned that he was president of the Greenville Bank, then a private enterprise, conducted under the firm name of Hufnagle, Allen & Company; Mr. Allen began the world in poverty, was reared in a rough log cabin, and enjoyed none of the golden opportunities for social and educational improvement which are lavishly, bestowed on the youth of today, but he always made the most of his advantages, and without the aid of influence or wealth rose to a position among the most prominent men of his county, his native genius and acquired ability being the stepping stones on which he mounted.  As a lawyer his career was successful, while his record as a statesman was creditable to himself and satisfactory to his constituents.
Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page 653

James I. Allread

JAMES I. ALLREAD.  The name of this gentleman figures prominently in connection with political and professional interests in Darke County and his reputation and acquaintance are by no means limited by the confines of the county.  He is now practicing law in Greenville, with excellent success, and his analytical power, executive ability and thorough understanding of the principles of jurisprudence have gained him a leading position in the ranks of the legal fraternity of this community.
     He was born upon his father's farm in Twin township, Sept. 29, 1858, and is the eldest son of Isaac and Hannah C. (Houk) Allread.  The paternal great-grand-father was William Allread, one of the heroes of the Revolutionary war, who, under command of General Wayne, aided the colonists in their struggle for independence.  The grandfather, Henry Allread, became one of the early settlers of Butler county, Ohio, where he located about 1820, entering one hundred and sixty acres of land in the midst of the forest.  Isaac Allread, the father of our subject, was born in Butler county, in 1826, and became a farmer by occupation.  He married Hannah C. Houk, daughter of James and Abigail Houk, who removed to Darke county about 1820.  The latter lived to the advanced age of eighty-nine years.  The mother of our subject was born in Darke county about 1830, and by her marriage had three children:  James I., Stephen W. and Mary.  The parents held membership in the Methodist Episcopal church, and the father, a stanch Republican in politics, was often found in the councils of his party, where his opinions carried considerable weight.  He died July 2, 1876, and his wife passed away in 1866.
     James I. Allread spent his boyhood days upon the home farm in Twin township, and in the winter months he mastered the common English branches of learning taught in the district schools.  He afterward continued his education in Greenville under the instruction of Professor J. T. Martz and Professor Seitz.  He then returned to the farm where he remained until nineteen years of age, when he began reading law in the office and under the direction of William Allen, of Greenville, being admitted to the bar before the supreme court, on the 6th of October, 1880.  He then established an office in this city, where he has since engaged in practice up to the present time - a period of twenty consecutive years - with the exception of a short interval when he served as judge of the circuit court, to which position he was appointed by Governor McKinley to fill out the unexpired term of Judge Shauck, who was advanced to a seat on the supreme bench of the state.  When the term was extended Mr. Allread resumed the private practice of law and has been connected with important litigation in all of the courts, local, state and federal.  He has tried many cases involving large interests in intricate legal problems and has been very successful in winning verdicts favorable to his clients, for he gives careful preparation and marshals strong points in evidence with the skill of a general in the field of battle.
     On the 1st of August, 1883, Mr. Allread was united in marriage to Miss Emma S. Roland, of Greenville, the third daughter of Charles Roland, editor and proprietor of the Greenville Democrat.  Unto the Judge and his wife have been born two children:  Marie A., born July 1, 1886, and Charles Harold, born Aug. 13, 1889.  They have a pleasant home in Greenville, and their many friends speak in high terms of its hospitality.
     A well-known Mason, Judge Allread holds membership with Greenville Lodge, No. 143, F. & A. M.; Coleman Commandery, No. 17, K. T., of Troy, Ohio.  He was for several years a high priest of the chapter, and in 1899 he was representative to the grand lodge and served as grand junior deacon.  As every true American citizen should do, he takes a deep interest in the political questions of the day, studies closely the political aspect of the country and as the result of his mature deliberations gives his support to the Republican party.  In 1898 he was a member of the Republican state executive committee, and his labors have been effective in promoting the success of his party.  His arguments in its defense are strong and decisive and the same earnestness marks his support of everything which tends toward the public wealth.
Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page 382

S. WILLIAM ALLREAD.  This well-known citizen of Greenville, Ohio, now holds the responsible position of manager for the firm of J. P. Wolf & Son, extensive dealers in leaf tobacco at Dayton.  He was born in the village of Arcanum, Darke County, in 1863, and is a son of Isaac and Christina (Honk) Allread, both natives of  this state, the former born near Hamilton, in Butler county, and the latter in Warren county.  The father was an early settler of Darke county, as were also our subject's maternal grandparents, Jacob and Abigail (Shepperd) Honk.
The boyhood of S. William Allread was passed in his native village, where he attended the public schools, but after losing his father, when thirteen years of age, he went to live with his uncle, Stephen Allread, in De Lisle, Darke county, and remained with him until attaining his thirtieth year.  For the following three years he was variously employed, but at the end of that time became interested in the tobacco business as an employe of George W. Whation, a dealer in leaf tobacco, with whom he remained for two years.  Subsequently he was similarly employed by A. L. Jones, now the postmaster of Greenville, and was with him five years.  He has since continued his connection with the leaf tobacco trade, working for William Breno, now a member of congress, for five years, and at the end of that time accepted his present position in the employ of J. P. Wolf & Son, of Dayton, having charge of their business in Greenville, where they own a warehouse.  His extensive acquaintance throughout the country, and his large practical experience in handling leaf tobacco, make him well qualified for the responsible position he is now filling to the entire satisfaction of the company.  He is a most competent manager and a good business man. 
     In 1887 Mr. Allread was united in marriage with Miss Mary Graham, of Greenville, a daughter of John W. Graham, and to them have been born three children, namely: Merley C., Roy and William.  Socially Mr. Allread is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America, and politically is a stanch Republican, now serving as a committeeman for the third ward.

A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900
- Page 730

C. M. Anderson
GENERAL C. M. ANDERSON.  Conspicuous among those who have conferred honor upon the legal profession of Ohio is Hon. Charles M. Anderson of Greenville, who is conceded to be one of the most successful, eloquent and powerful advocates of the Darke county bar.  His splendid command of the English language has made him an orator.  Exactness and thoroughness characterize all his attainments, and added to these is a broad and comprehensive knowledge of the principles of jurisprudence in all its departments.  Prominent in professional and political circles, he is and has been connected with the public affairs which have home marked influence upon the progress of the state of nation.  A man of scholarly attainments, accurate in his judgment of men and events, he is undoubtedly not without that ambition which is so powerful and useful in public affairs, yet he regards the pursuits of private life as being in themselves abundantly worthy of his best efforts.  He is one who subordinates personal ambition to public good and seeks rather the benefit of others than the aggrandizement of self.
     He was born in Juniata county, Pennsylvania, Jan. 5, 1845, and is a son of James and Ruth (McCahan) Anderson the former born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in April, 1792, the latter in January, 1800.  His paternal grandparents were Irish and lived twenty miles from Dublin, where all of their children except James were born.  They emigrated to the new world in 1791.  The maternal grandfather of our subject was Patrick McCahan, also a native of the Emerald Isle, and his wife, who bore the maiden name of Sarah Green, was a relative of General Greene, one of the brilliant commanders of the American forces in the war of the Revolution.  The parents of our subject were married in November, 1820, and lived on a farm throughout their lives.
     Charles M. Anderson was a lad of ten years when, in April, 1855, he came with his parents to Ohio.   Upon a farm he spent the days of his boyhood and youth and later he engaged in teaching school.  During the war he served as a private soldier in Company B, Seventy-first Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, and was honorably discharged Jan. 6, 1866, the day after attaining his majority.  For some months subsequent to his return from the army he attended the normal school at Lebanon, Ohio, and also engaged in teaching.  Having determined to make the practice of law his life work, he took up that study under the direction of Judge D. L. Meeker of Greenville, and was admitted to the bar on the 21st of May, 1868.  At once he engaged in practice, opening an office in Greenville, where he has since risen to a position as a leader of the bar.  His success has been enviable, gratifying and creditable.  He is noted for the wide research and provident care with which he prepares his cases.  In no instance has his reading ever been confined to the limitations of the questions at issue; it has gone beyond and compassed every contingency and provided not alone for the expected, but for the unexpected.  His logical grasp of facts and principles and of the law applicable to them has been another potent element in his success.
     Mr. Anderson has always been a close and discriminating student of political questions, supporting his position by an intelligent understanding of the issues of the day, and yet for many years he refused all promotion in that line.  In 1878, however, he made an effort to secure the nomination for congress.  The convention met in Sidney, Ohio, and continued in constant session for three days and three nights, and Mr. Anderson was defeated for the nomination by only one-fourth of a vote.  Again on the 7th of August, 1884, he was a candidate for nomination for congress in the Dayton district, which resulted in his securing the nomination on the first ballot.  He was elected in the following October, and while in congress, served upon the military committee and the committee of expenditures of the war department.  He was also appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives one of the board of visitors at West Point, and served with the board ten days under that appointment.
     In January, 1884, Mr. Anderson was commissioned judge advocate general of Ohio, by Governor Hoadley, which position he held during the term of that chief executive.  During the time of the great riot in Cincinnati, by virtue of his office of brigadier general, Mr. Anderson was on duty most of the time, being second in command of the Ohio troops.  He received special complimentary notice from the governor for his splendid service on that occasion.  In 1890 he was appointed by Governor James E. Campbell one of Ohio's commissioners at the World's Fair, and was chairman of the committee on entertainment at the Ohio building having charge of that service throughout the continuance of the Fair.  In 1894 he was chosen by a joint resolution of the two branches of congress as one of the board of managers for the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, which office he filled for six years, with such credit as to secure a reappointment by congress, by a unanimous vote of both its branches, in April, 1900.
     His investments have always been in real estate.  In this way he has not only advanced his individual prosperity, but has done more to improve and upbuild the city than any other one man, having erected, up to this time, more business houses than any other resident of Greenville.  He withholds his support from no movement or measure which he believes will prove of public benefit, but heartily co-operates in all that he believes will secure advancement along material, social, intellectual or moral lines.
     Of many fraternal organizations Mr. Anderson is a valued representative.  He was a charter member of the Improved Order of Red Men, also the Knights of Pythias fraternity, and the Masonic order, in which he has taken all the degrees of the York and the Scottish rites, with the exception of the thirty-third.  He also takes an active part in the Grand Army post at Greenville.  He is an officer and the largest stockholder in the Greenville Law Library.  He has a fine private library of over two thousand volumes, containing many rare and choice works, including the celebrated writings of the most noted authors.  With the contents of the library Mr. Anderson is widely familiar.  He possesses a very retentive memory and is particularly well versed in history.  He has traveled extensively in European countries and is a man of particularly fine descriptive powers and a most entertaining talker, as well as an instructive lecturer.  His acquaintance is very extended, embracing many men of prominence in all parts of the country, and wherever known he is highly esteemed for his social qualities, his intellectual activity, his professional qualifications and his upright character.
     On the 7th of June, 1870, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Anderson and Miss Ella Hart, the only daughter of Moses Hart, a builder and contractor of this city.  Their marriage has been blessed with two sons.  The elder, William H., is a graduate of the West Point Military Academy, and Robert T., the younger, is now a student at law.  Mr. Anderson and his family are widely and favorably known in this county.  His life has been a success.  His entire career is illustrative of the fact that certain actions are followed by certain results.  As a lawyer he has few peers in this section of the state; as a soldier he displayed bravery and true patriotism; as a public official his actions have been above reproach or criticism; and as a citizen he is an illustration of our highest type of American manhood.

A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900
- Page 286

L. C. Anderson

LEWIS C. ANDERSON, M. D.  Darke county has been signally favored in the personnel and character of her professional men, and. in that most exacting of all professions, medicine and surgery, a notable representative is he whose name appears above.  Dr. Anderson, who holds distinctive prestige as a physician and surgeon of marked ability in. his profession and as a man of sterling characteristics in all the relations of life, maintains his residence and office in Greenville, from which headquarters his practice ramifies throughout the county, while he is frequently called into consultation by his professional confreres at points more or less distantly located.  He is a native of the Buckeye state, having been born in Montgomery county on the 15th of January, 1850, the son of John and Mary (Hulse) Anderson. The father was a native of Pennsylvania and the mother of Ohio. After their marriage they settled in Montgomery county, this state, where they remained until 1863, when the family removed to Darke county and settled upon a farm, which continued to be the home of the honored parents until death released them from their labors,—the father passing away in November, 1869, in the forty-eighth year of his age, while the mother survived but a short time after their removal to this county, her demise taking place in 1864.
     The paternal grandparents of the Doctor were James and Ruth (McCahan) Anderson, the former born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in April, 1792, the latter in January, 1800. His paternal great-grand­parents were Irish and lived about twenty miles from Dublin, where all of their children but James were born. They emigrated to the new world in 1791.  The maternal great-grandfather of our subject was Patrick McCahan, also a native of the Emerald Isle, and his wife, who bore the maiden name of Sarah Green, was a near relative of General Nathaniel Greene, of Revolutionary fame.
     Dr. Anderson passed the first twelve years of. his life in Montgomery county, accompanying his parents upon their removal to Darke county in 1863.  Thus he spent part of his youth upon the farm, growing strong in mind and body under this sturdy discipline, supplemented by his attendance at the district schools, in the vicinity of his home.  His father was appreciative of the advantages of broader education and the young man was encouraged in his aspirations to seek a wider field of endeavor in preparing for the battle of life.  He matriculated as a student in the Normal University at Lebanon, Ohio, where he prepared himself for pedagogic work, which has served as the stepping stone for so many of our leading professional men, and after being duly fortified in this line he devoted himself to teaching for one winter in the district schools and for two winters in the village of Ansonia.  In the meanwhile he had formulated specific plans for his future life work, and, having decided to prepare himself for the medical profession, began a course of reading under the preceptorage of Dr. Hooven, a well-known physician of Dayton, Ohio, later prosecuting his studies and clinical work in the Miami Medical College, at Cincinnati, where he graduated as a member of the class of 1874.  He immediately entered upon the practice of his profession at Ansonia, Darke county, where he remained until 1888, when he removed to Greenville, the county seat, having been elected to the office of probate judge, as the nominee of the Democratic party.  He assumed the duties of this important and exacting office Feb. 9, 1888, and after serving with signal ability and impartiality for his term of three years was chosen as his own successor and continued his effective administration of the office for a further three years.  At the expiration of his second term the Doctor prepared to again devote himself to his regular professional work, which he had but held in temporary abeyance.  In order to thoroughly reinforce himself for his duties he went to New York city, where he completed a post­graduate course at the New York Post Graduate Medical School.  Returning to Greenville he entered into a professional alliance with Dr. D. Robeson, under the firm name of Robeson & Anderson, engaging in general practice.  His success has been the diametrical result of his ability and personal popularity and he is known as one of the able physicians and surgeons of the state, being a close and indefatigable student and ever keeping abreast of the advances made in his profession.  The Doctor is a member of the Darke County Medical Society and also of the State and National Medical Associations, in whose work he maintains an active interest.  He served two years as a physician to the Darke County Children's Home and is a member of the soldiers' relief committee of the county and a member of the Greenville city school board.
     In politics the Doctor is a stanch Democrat and has been an active worker in the cause.  Fraternally his allegiance is given to the time-honored order of Freemasons, in which he holds membership in Ansonia Lodge, No. 488, A. F. & A. M., and Greenville Chapter, R. A. M., while he is also identified with Ansonia Lodge, No. 605, I. O. O. F., and the Knights of Pythias, being distinctly popular in each of these organizations, to which he gives as much of his time as is possible in the midst of the exactions of his professional work.
     On the 29th of September, 1875. Dr. Anderson was united in marriage to Miss Ollie Tullis, daughter of Milton and Sarah Tullis, of Ansonia, and of this union one son has been born, John M., a young man of much intellectuality and strength of character, who is now a student in the celebrated Rush Medical College, in Chicago, where he is preparing to follow the profession to I so marked success.
Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page 702

CHRISTOPHER M. ARMACOST, deceased, was for many years one of the respected citizens of Darke county, Ohio. He was born in Baltimore county, Maryland, Nov. 2, 1807, and was descended from German and English ancestors.  The Armacosts were of German origin, but at what time the first representatives of the family landed in this country is not now known. Christopher Armacost, the father of Christopher M., was born, reared, passed his life and died in Baltimore county, Maryland.  His wife, whose maiden name was Malinda Murray, was also a native of that place, where both her father and grandfather settled on landing in this country from England, where both were born. Christopher and Malinda Armacost. were the parents of twelve children, seven sons and five daughters, Christopher M. being the fourth son and seventh child.
     In his native county Christopher M. Armacost was reared and married.  Thinking to better his fortunes by seeking a home in what was then called "the west," he came in the fall of 1837 to Darke county, Ohio, bringing with him his wife, whom he had married in the spring of that year.  They first located on a rented farm, where they spent the winter, and in the spring of 1838 moved to the farm on which Mrs. Armacost still lives, on section 29, German township.  Their first home .here was a little log cabin, 16x14 feet situated in a small clearing with heavy timber all around them.  On this farm he lived and labored for more than a quarter of a century, and as a result of his industry the primitive log house was replaced by a better home, the forest was cleared away, and the well cultivated fields gave evidence of prosperity.  Here he lived until 1885, when he moved to Hollansburg, where he died the following year.  His life was a useful, active one, and there were few, if any, of the early pioneers of this locality better known or more highly respected than he.  He helped to raise many of the log houses and barns in the county.  He served as a township trustee and constable; and he was ever ready to give his influence and support to whatever he believed to be for the best interest of the county.  Politically he was a Democrat, being the only one of the large family of which he was a member that voted with the Democratic party.
     The date of Mr. Armacost's marriage has already been given.  Mrs. Armacost was before her marriage Miss Sarah Hoover, and is of German origin, her great­grandfather having been born in Germany.  The German for Hoover is Huber, and the name was changed after the settlement of the family in this country.  Both Ulrich and Henry Hoover, the grandfather and father of Mrs. Armacost, were born in Pennsylvania, near Hanover, and from there Henry Hoover, after his marriage, moved to Baltimore county, Maryland, where the rest of his life was spent on a farm, and where he died at the age of seventy-three years.  His wife, nee Susannah Dubbs, was a native of Pennsylvania, as also was her father, Oswalt Dubbs, and the Dubbs family also was of German origin. Henry and Susannah Hoover were the parents of ten children, namely: David, deceased; Mrs. Lydia Cooper, lives in Rutland, Illinois; Mary, deceased; Sarah, now Mrs. Armacost; Henry, deceased; Catharine, deceased; John, deceased; and Margaret, Peter and Susannah. Sarah, the fourth born and third daughter in the family, was born in Baltimore county, Maryland, Jan. 17, 1813, and is the only member of her family in Darke county, Ohio.  She is the mother of ten children, as follows: Eli, living; Henry, Amanda, Louisa, John and Elizabeth, all deceased; Lydia, wife of John Harnish, of Washington township, Darke county; Mary P., wife of J. B. Jones, of Randolph county, Indiana; Margaret C, wife of George Mikesell, of Republican county, Kansas; and James B.
     James B. Armacost, the youngest of the above named family resides with his aged mother on the home farm. He was born here, Apr. 8, 1857, and in May, 1881, was married to Miss Emma R. Heironimus, a native of Darke county, Ohio.  She died in 1889, leaving him with four little children: Eva Gertrude, born Mar. 9, 1882; Herbert E., Oct. 23, 1883; Henry Glen, Sept. 3, 1887; and Justin Ray, Oct. 18, 1889.  Mrs. Armacost has other grand­children, numbering in all thirty, and her great-grandchildren at this writing number twelve.  Her son, James B., has charge of the home farm and is ranked with the representative citizens of the community.  Like his father before him he affiliates with the Democratic party.  He served three years as a township trustee, and at this writing is a school director. Fraternally he is identified with the Knights of Pythias, having his membership in Lodge No. 476, at Hollansburg.
Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page 620

GEORGE ARNOLD.  Darke county can boast of quite a number of enterprising and thorough-going farmers who have given considerable attention to the raising of fine stock, and have met with success in this branch of industry.  Among these was George Arnold, a prominent farmer who resided on section 24, Neave township.  He was born Oct. 10, 1846, on the farm where he lived until his death and was a son of Noah Arnold, a native of Warren county, Ohio, who was only six weeks old when bought to this county.  Tradition says that the Arnold family was founded in America about the year 1725, by one Arnold, who settled in the southern part of North Carolina, having emigrated from England.  It is believed that he was a farmer or planter.  He had a family of seven sons, but the names of only two are remembered: Butler, who was a surveyor of government lands in Kentucky, and John, who emigrated from North Carolina to South Carolina during the Revolutionary war.  It is thought that the other members of the family emigrated to Pennsylvania.  The John Arnold just mentioned, on his removal to South Carolina, purchased land in the Newberry district of that state.  His family consisted of seven sons and one daughter, namely: George, who emigrated to Ohio in 1805; Moses, who removed to Ohio in 1808; William, who came to this state in 1806; John, Isaac, Jacob and James, who removed to South Carolina; and the daughter, who became the wife of William Jay and located in Buncombe, North Carolina.  It is said the sons of the family were tall, straight, well built, of reddish complexion and of a fine personal appearance in manner and dress.
     Of this family Moses Arnold was the great-grandfather of our subject.  He was born in North Carolina, Jan. 6, 1763, and with his father went to the Newberry district of South Carolina, where he was married, Aug. 14, 1782, to Rachel Lynch.  He owned land two and a half miles south of the Newberry court house.  By this marriage he had seven children: Isaac, Aaron, William, Lydia, David, George and Mary.  With his wife and all of his children, with the extion (exception?) of his eldest son Isaac, he emigrated to Ohio in the autumn of 1808, taking up his abode in what was then Warren, but is now Clinton county.  There he remained until June, 1817, at which time he removed to Darke county, accompanied by the children who had come with him to Ohio, with the exception of William, who had previously located in Darke county.  He died near Greenville, Ohio, Apr. 1, 1850, at the age of eighty-seven years, two months and twenty-five days.  His wife, who was born in March, 1765, died in Darke county, Ohio, in 1826.  The Lynch family to which she belonged was of Welsh descent.  Moses Arnold was described as a man five feet, eleven inches in height, florid complexion, brown beard, reddish hair and small, keen black eyes.  He long held membership in the Methodist church and was very strict in attending to religious matters, observing the Sabbath scrupulously, permitting no ordinary work on that day under any circumstances.  His disposition was kind and amiable and he was universally respected.  He never married again after the death of his wife and spent the last twenty years of his life with his youngest son, George, who occupied the old homestead property.
     William Arnold, the third son of Moses and Rachel (Lynch) Arnold, was born in Newberry district, South Carolina, Mar. 12, 1789, and in 1808 accompanied his parents to Ohio.  Previous to that time he had been engaged with his brother Isaac in transporting the products of this section of the state to Charleston, which was about two hundred miles distant from his home.  Returning they would bring with them salt and other articles which were imported at the place and mention is made of negroes brought into the interior from slave ships which arrived.  His education was limited, for public schools were then unknown in that state.  He was, however, a close observer and listener and became well informed on matters of general interest.  In politics he was a Whig and was greatly opposed to the policy inaugurated by President Jackson.  After coming to Ohio with his parents, he was married in Warren county to Miss Elizabeth Townsend, on the 4th of July, 1815.  In the fall of that year he visited Darke county, preparatory to his removal thither in the ensuing spring.  The land on which he settled was the northeast quarter of section 11, township 11, range 2 east.  He soon purchased one hundred and sixty acres adjoining on the north and ultimately became the owner of four hundred and fifty-six acres.  His first home was a log cabin with puncheon floor, but about the year 1827 he erected a two-story brick dwelling, which was one of the first brick houses in the county.  He also put up good barns and outbuildings and was a prosperous farmer.  On the 5th of December, 1825, he was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, and on the 18th of September, 1828, he was again married, his second union being with
Margaret Folkerth, who was of German descent, the family having probably emigrated from Saxony to the new world.  In the fall of 1832 and in September, 1835, he visited the Eel river country of Indiana, and at the latter date, purchased four hundred acres of land in Whitley county.  A purchase made about this time in Adams county, Indiana, increased his holdings to nearly eleven hundred acres.  He was a remarkably successful farmer, having started out in life in very limited circumstances, but year by year he added to his accumulations and became very prosperous.  He usually kept from sixty to one hundred head of cattle and his sales annually augmented his income.  He was naturally adapted to farming and thought it the best and safest occupation that a man could follow, advising all of his sons to adhere to agricultural pursuits as being the most advantageous.  His second wife died Feb. 23, 1867, and at the age of sixty-four years, after a happy married life of thirty-nine years.  At that time his daughter Lydia was the only member of the family at home and she remained with her father until his death, which occurred Feb. 12, 1875, when he was almost eighty-six years of age.  His children were as follows:  Delilah, who was born in Warren county, Ohio, Nov. 9, 1813, married William Sandford Harper, Apr. 5, 1832, and died at her home near Greenville, Ohio, Apr. 1, 1874; Noah, born Feb. 16, 1816, married Amelia Stingley, Sept. 22, 1839; George, born in Darke county, Sept. 27, 1818, married Ann Maria Welty and lives in Bluffton, Indiana; John, born Nov. 12, 1820, married Augennette Fogger, who died in South Whitley, Indiana, Apr. 4, 1855, and after her death he wedded Elmira Thompson, his death occurring at South Whitley, Oct. 11, 1880; Mary, born Mar. 5, 1832, is the widow of Rev. Elisha Hook, a Methodist minister, and is living at Tower Hill, Illinois; William, born Nov. 29, 1825, married Mary Ann Stingley and died at Grand Rapids, Wisconsin, in November, 1860.  Isaac, the eldest child of the second marriage, died Apr. 2, 1836, at the age of six years;  Jesse, born Oct. 24, 1831, married Sarah Thomson and lives in North Manchester, Indiana; Maria A., born Dec. 10, 1833, became the wife of S. V. Hopkins and died Oct. 2, 1887, in North Manchester, Indiana; Henry born Mar. 11, 1836, married Annie Cleveland and lives in Huntington, Indiana; Isaac N., born Apr. 5, 1840, married Susan Loring and also resides in Huntington; Lydia, born Apr. 5, 1844, is the wife of Jacob Worley Ford, of Huntington; James T., born Apr. 5, 1844, married Elizabeth Johnson, and after her death wedded Lettie Cleveland, and is now living in Chattanooga, Tennessee.  The Arnolds have always been connected with the Methodist church and have always been people of prominence and influence in the communities in which they have lived.
     Noah Arnold, the father of our subject, was born in Warren county, Ohio, Feb. 6, 1816, and was reared on his father's farm in Darke county, and, making the most of his educational privileges, was enabled to engage in teaching at the age of nineteen.  When twenty-three years of age  he left the farm and in February, 1839, embarked in the drygoods business in Greenville, conducting his store there until 1843.  In September, 1839, he married Emilia Stingley, of German township.  On selling his store in 1843, he purchased a farm of two hundred and forty acres in Neave township, taking up his abode thereon in September of that year.  There he made his home and was a witness of the wonderful growth and improvement which has been made in the county, bearing his part in the work of progress and advancement.  For nine years he faithfully filled the office of justice of the pace and was notary public for twenty-one years.  He became one of the organizers of the Farmers' National Bank of Greenville in 1864, was a stockholder from the beginning and for a long time one of its directors.
     In 1848 Noah Arnold was called upon to mourn the loss of his first wife.  He had four children: Isaac N., the eldest, was born in Greenville, June 7, 1840, and while attending the select schools, he put aside his textbooks in 1861 to enlist in Company E, Sixty-ninth Ohio Volunteers.  He served fro two years and re-enlisted as a veteran.  At Atlanta, Georgia, he lost his left arm which was shattered by a piece of shell, and thus his military service of four years was ended.  He had participated in many important engagements.  After the war he went to Washington, where he obtained a position in the treasury department, filling the place for fourteen years or until his death Oct. 12, 1880.  While in Washington he was graduated with honors in the Columbia Law College.  He was married in that city to Mrs. Laura S. McConnel; Mary Jane, second child, was born in Greenville, Feb. 22, 1842, attended the common schools and the Delaware Female College and afterward engaged in teaching for several terms.  She was married Oct. 17, 1866, to Harvey N. Arnold, a merchant of Greenville, by whom she has one son, Eddy Arnold.  Effy A., the third child, was born in Neave township, Darke county, was married July 3, 1867, to L. E. Chenoweth, who is now a successful practicing attorney of Greenville and they have two children, Milly and JamesGeorge, the youngest child of this marriage, was one whose name introduces this record.
     Noah Arnold was again married in 1850, his second marriage being with Martha Banfield, (Birely) Laurimore.  They lived on the old homestead until his death, Jan. 11, 1891, and had one daughter, Margaret Ella A., now the wife of W. H. H. McCool, a merchant of Jaysville, Ohio.  Besides aiding his children liberally Mr. Arnold accumulated considerable property and his farm near Jaysville, Ohio, was one of the finest and most desirable in the county.
     George Arnold, of this review, was a student at the college at Delaware, Ohio, for three years, and while there he was called into active service for one hundred days during the Civil war, being a member of the One Hundred and Fifty-second Regiment of Home Guards.  After his return home, he attended the common schools at Dayton, Ohio, for a time.  In 1868 he went west and held a position in the postoffice at Omaha, for some years.  The following three years were spent at Fort Laramie, in the post trading business, and he was subsequently engaged in the cattle business for about nine years, having a ranch fifty miles north of the North Platte at a place called Arnold, which is now quite a flourishing town.  On Christmas, 1879, he had a stroke of paralysis, which caused him to lose the use of his right side.  At that time he was quite extensively engaged in the stock business, having thirteen hundred head of cattle upon his ranch in Nebraska, and was meeting with most excellent success.  He returned to the old homestead in Darke county, Ohio, in 1884, where he engaged in general farming and stock-raising, keeping horses, cattle and hogs until his death, which occurred quite unexpectedly June 28, 1900.  His farm consists of one hundred and sixty acres, and is under a high state of cultivation.
     While in Nebraska, Mr. Arnold was married, in 1868, to Miss Ella Taylor, a native of Greenville.  They had one daughter, Blanche, who was born at North Platte, Sept. 8, 1877, and was married Aug. 15, 1900, to Thomas Hughes, a successful attorney of Greenville.  In his political views Mr. Arnold was a stanch Republican, but at local elections where no issue was involved he voted for the man best qualified to fill the office, regardless of party lines.  Socially he was a man respected and honored by his neighbors.
Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page 669

J. C. Arnold

Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page 414

JAMES B. AVERY.  The subject of this sketch needs no special introduction to the readers of this volume, but the work would be incomplete without, the record of his life.  He has ever cheerfully given his support to those enterprises that tend to public development and has done all in his power to advance the moral, educational and social welfare of his township and county.
     This worthy citizen of Greenville township, whose home is on section 3, traces his ancestry back to Christopher Avery, who was born in Wiltshire, England, in 1590, and who, tradition states, came to America in 1630 or 1631 and landed in Salem, Massachusetts, though his home was for the most part in Boston.  He had one son, James, who subsequently settled in Connecticut and from whom all the Averys in New England are descended.  He left four sons, one of whom was an ancestor of our subject.  The family has always been well represented in the wars of this country.  Some have been noted in professional life and have distinguished themselves in letters and politics, but it has been in manufacturing circles that they have been most prominent.  Elroy M. Avery, of Cleveland, Ohio, is the author of a series of school text books and has represented his district in the state senate, and in ministerial work members of the family are scattered through the various Protestant denominations.
     Our subject was born in New London county, Connecticut, Aug. 27, 1826, a son of Billings and Prudence Avery, in whose family were four children, three of whom reached years of maturity, namely: James B., Theopolis and Amos G. Theopolis is now deceased.  The father died in Connecticut July 15, 1833, at the age of thirty years, and the mother Mar. 23, 1833, at the same age.
     In the county of his nativity James B. Avery grew to manhood, aiding in the work of the home farm and attending the local schools.  In 1847, on attaining his majority, he came west alone, and after looking the country over stopped in Greenville township, Darke county, where he taught a district school during the winter.  In the spring of 1848 he returned to Connecticut, but the following fall he located permanently here, buying eighty acres of the land in Greenville township where he now resides.  To this he has added until he now has one hundred and thirty, acres, which he has placed under a high state of cultivation.  Only a few acres had been cleared when he took up his residence thereon.
     In the fall of 1848 Mr. Avery married Miss Marcella Earhart, a daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (Scribner) Earhart, early settlers of this county.  By this union were born five children: Prudence M., now the wife of David Hartle, Jr., of Darke county; Franklin, deceased; Emily, the wife of Orin Hartle, also of this county; Lizzie, the wife of Frank Townsend; and Ira J., who lives with his parents.
     Samuel Earhart, the father of Mrs. Avery, was a son of George and Mary M. (Smith) Earhart, who were among the first settlers of Warren county, Ohio, and about 1818 came to Darke county, entering land in Greenville township. George Earhart was a Virginian by birth and of German descent.  He died in Greenville township in 1852, his wife in 1858.  They had ten children, namely: Martin, Samuel and Elizabeth, all deceased; Mary; Washington; Mahala; William; Nancy; Julia and Henry J.  They were earnest Christian people, the grandfather being a member of the Christian church, his wife of the Presbyterian.  Mrs. Avery's parents were life-long residents of Darke county and her father was an elder in the Presbyterian church, to which both belonged.  He died in 1854, aged fifty-three years, Mrs. Earhart in 1873, aged sixty-seven.  Their children were Marcella, the wife of our subject; Anna M., Mary Jane and William Henry, all deceased; George F., a resident of Oregon; Samuel M. and Mrs. Elizabeth Sarah Warnfelt, both of Darke county; Stephen James, of Oregon; Isaac S., of Oklahoma; David, of Florida; and Mrs. Lucinna Mergler, of this county.  Azor Scribner, Mrs. Avery's maternal grandfather, came from New York to Darke county, Ohio, in 1806 or 1807 and traded with the Indians.   Both he and his brother, Abraham, were soldiers of the war of 1812.  He died in 1822, leaving the following children: Mrs. Sarah McCann, Mrs. Elizabeth Earhart, Mrs. Rhoda Clare, Mrs. Emily Kidder, Mrs. Maria Gates, Mrs. Nancy Stacy, Mrs. Julia Lee and Mrs. Mary Hool.  The mother of these children was three times married, her third husband being a Mr. Davis.  She died about 1849.
     Mr. Avery is a well informed, enterprising man who has taken an active interest in educational affairs, and has efficiently served as a school director many years.  He votes the Republican ticket, and both he and his wife are active and consistent members of the Presbyterian church of Greenville, in which he has served as an elder.  He is a man of exemplary habits, of strong religious convictions and has endeavored to live up to the teachings of the Golden Rule.  He has always been charitably disposed to all worthy enterprises, is well informed on current topics, possesses a retentive memory and is incisive and clear in speech.  In fact he is one of Darke county's best and most valued citizens, a kind husband and father and a good neighbor.
Source: A Biographical History of Darke County, Ohio, Compendium of National Biography - Illustrated - Publ. Evansville, Ind. - 1900 - Page  645



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