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Pickaway County, Ohio
History & Genealogy


History of Pickaway County
Source:  History of Franklin & Pickaway Counties, Ohio
Illustrations and Biographical Sketches
Published by Williams Bros. 1880



       * STREAMS
       * CHURCHES
       * SCHOOLS


     Wayne is one of the original townships of Pickaway County.  Its lands are of the class known as "Virginia military," and its location is as follows:  Bounded on the north by the township of Jackson, south by Deerfield and Union townships, Ross county, east by Pickaway and Circleville, and west by Deer Creek.
     The surface is generally of a level character, except along the course of the streams, where it is rolling.  The soil is variable, consisting of sand, gravel, and clay, and, for the most part, well adapted to the raising of wheat and grass.  Quite a proportion of the lands are held in large tracts, by a few owners, which greatly retards the growth of the township in population.
     The area of Wayne township is nearly seven miles, north and south, and from three to six miles east and west containing nearly twenty-six square miles of territory.  It was named after the celebrated Indian fighter, General Anthony Wayne.


     The largest and most important of these is the Scioto river, which flows along the township line, dividing it from Pickaway and Circleville townships, and forming its eastern boundary.  Plum creek, next in size, enters the township from the north, about one mile from the northwest corner, and flowing a general southeasterly direction, empties its waters into the Scioto river at Westfall.  Yellow Bud creek flows across the southwest corner of the township, while Wolf creek has its rise at, or near, the southwest corner.
     The Ohio canal, once an important line of transportation, passes through Wayne township, along the shore of the Scioto river.


     Wayne township began settlement in the summer of 1798.  By far the greater number of these pioneers, or their descendants, are no longer here.  We have, by personal interviews, obtained the names of the settlers, and, where possible, sketches, in brief, of their lives.  Much of the data is from William Fleming, esq.  Following are the names:  William King, Andrew Ducks (who removed with his family to Sandusky, Erie county, several years since), William Oliphant, Thomas McDonald (who was a minister, of the Methodist faith), Balithe Lynch, Huldah Smith, James Quick, John McFadden, Cloudesbury Warren, Daniel and Powell Lane, Abraham Leonard, James and William Curry, John Crull, David Evans, Derickson Waples, Fielding and William Atchison, Isaac Williams, John and George M. Peters, Josiah Bivens, Isaac, John, and Joseph Pancake, Daniel Whitesell, John Chipman, Philip McNemar, John Bond, Samuel Orison, Isaac Bowen, John Hubbard, Pritchard Mills, Stephen and Arterbridge Horsey, Abraham Stipp (who owned the John Jordon survey), Thomas and Henry Bowdell, Jacob Thorp (who was a Baptist minister), Samuel Smith, James, David and John Lisk, Robert and William Campbell, Aaron Sullevan, William Foresman, Prentiss Park, Dr. Potts, Theophilus Williams.
WILLIAM KING was a native of Pennsylvania, and early in life emigrated to Bourbon county, Kentucky, where he married Sarah Green, with whom he came to Ohio, in Nov., 1798, locating at Westfall, among the Indians, who, at that time, were congregated in this locality to the number of many thousands. Mr. King and wife were of Quaker ancestry, and had no difficulty with their redskinned neighbors.  In after years, when public convenience required it, he established a ferry at Westfall. Mrs. King died in 1833, and he some three years later.  They were both buried in the graveyard at Westfall, these being the first interments in Wayne township.
     There were five children in the family: George, Jemima, Caleb, Sarah, and Abram.  The first of these married, and lcoated at Joliet, Illinois.  Subsequently he started to join a son of California, but died before reaching there, and was buried at sea. Jemima became the wife of Titus Dungan, and resided in Wayne township during the remainder of her life.  Mr. Dungan died Feb. 23, 1855, and his widow died June 23, 1875, and both sleep upon the farm their labor cultivated.  Of their children, who numbered nine, but two are now living: Elizabeth M. (Mrs. Wilson), and George, at present clerk and justice of the peace of Wayne township. Caleb King located in Fountain county, Indiana, and is now deceased.  Sarah, who located at the same place, is also deceased, and Abram died, single, in Wayne.

JOHN DUNGAN, who was born near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, removed to Loudon county, Virginia.  He married Mary Titus, and removed to Wayne township in the fall of the year 1802, locating on Yellow Bud creek, on the farm still occupied by his descendants.  Here he died, Mar. 21, 1834.  Mrs. Dungan died Aug. 13, 1855.  The children of this couple were: William, Rebecca, John, Margaret, Titus, and Patterson, all now deceased.  James Thompson located in Wayne township, about the same date with Mrs. Dungan.  He was from Hampton county, Virginia.  After coming to Ohio he married Margaret Kirkendall, and soon after bought the farm still occupied by his son, Jacob W.  James Thompson was fortunate in life and acquired a large quantity of land, owning at his death some twenty-two hundred acres.  His first wife died May 1, 1820, and he married Martha Hall; both are now deceased.  Their children numbered three: Mary Ann, Jacob W., and Betsey.

     FERGUS MOOR, by birth an Irishman, came to America prior to the war of the Revolution, and immediately enlisted with the Americans.  He fought some five years.  After the close of the war he located in Pennsylvania, where he married, and removed to Bourbon county, Kentucky.  In 1798 he located in Chillicothe.  It is said that he laid the first shingle roof in that now stirring little city, using wood pins to fasten the shingles in place.  While here he purchased some hundred acres of land in Wayne township, at the surrounding the village of Westfall, and in 1802 moved on to the property.  He built a hewed log house on the old road leading from Franklinton to Chillicothe, and for many years kept a private house of entertainment.  He died April 20, 1816; aged 55 years.  His wife died Jan. 22, 1825.  The children were six in number.  Elizabeth, the youngest, because the wife of John Fleming.

     JOHN METZGER came from Pennsylvania to Ohio soon after 1800.  He located in Washington township, Pickaway county, on the farm now owned by the heirs of Mr. Richardson.  He remained here a few years, eventually removing to Allen county, Indiana, where he and his wife died.  The children were: Salome, Benjamin (the descendants of this son are all who now remain in the county), Leaih, Elizabeth and Andrew.

HENRY KIRKENDALL, of South Branch, Virginia, came into the Scioto valley in 1798 or 1799, locating on Evans prairie, here his wife died and he married Mrs. Elizabeth Homer.  He died in Deerfield township, Ross county, in November, 1818.  His wife died in 1857.  There were twelve children in the family, all of whom are now deceased, except John, who lives in Wayne township where he owns about two thousand acres of land; Archibald, who lives in Indiana; and Polly, who married Jacob Blocker, and resides in Jackson township.

     WILLIAM OWENS, of Montgomery county, Maryland, married Mary Ann McAter, and emigrated to Ohio.  He arrived in Jackson township, Dec. 24, 1815, and located on the farm now owned by the heirs of Nelson Franklin.  Here he lived until about 1830, when he removed to the farm in Wayne township now occupied by his son, Samuel.  The father died here in July, 1833, and Mrs. Owens about twelve years later.  The family consisted of but two children - Samuel M., born Aug. 8, 1808, who married Eliza Sullivan, and Mary A., who married Samuel Campbell, and is now deceased.

     JACOB McCOLLISTER, who was originally from Maryland, came to Pickaway county in the spring of 1817, locating in Jackson township, near the Hall mills, on Darby creek.  The greater portion of the remaining years of his life were spent there.  He died in April, 1839, and his wife in August, 1857.  The children of this couple were: Anna (Mrs. Henery Sly), John, Eliza, Polly who died in infancy; William who married Nancy Smith, and who lives in Circleville; Nelson who married Nancy Smith, and who lives in Circleville; Nelson, who married Elizabeth Thompson, and lives in Wayne township; Sarah (deceased); Margaret (Mrs. James Sapp); Maria (Mrs. Jacob C. Murphy), and Robert, who married Mary Griffey, and lives in Jackson township.

     JOHN FLEMING, who was a soldier of the war of 1812, came from Berkeley county, Virginia, to Wayne township, at an early date.  He was then unmarried, and came in company with an elder brother (Henry) and family.  Henry located in Champaign county, while John remained at Westfall.  Feb. 22, 1808, he married Elizabeth Moor,  and settled on a portion of the Moor estate.  This was added to until, at his death, which occurred July 24, 1844, he owned about six hundred acres of land.  Mrs. Fleming died May 1, 1866.  The family consisted of William, who married Elizabeth Sullivan, and now resides near the old farm; Alexander, Fergus, Hannah, Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah, John, Cynthia, Minerva, and Robert.

THOMAS WIGGINS, located in Wayne township in 1812, where he died in 1825.  His wife afterward became the wife of James Rose, and died, Dec. 213, 1849.  The children were five in number, three of whom were born in Wayne township.
FRANCIS and CATHARINE (GROSS) MAY, descendants of whom now reside in Wayne township, were natives of Maryland, and it was in that State that Francis May died.  Of the children - Charles, Magdalena, John, Mary, Michael, George, and Elizabeth - we learn as follows: Michael came to Circleville as early as 1818, from Loudon county, Virginia.  He was a carpenter, and pursued his vocation in the village about four years, then returned to Maryland.  In 1827 he returned, with his mother and several brothers and sisters, to Circleville, where he married Lydia Raymond and passed the remainder of his life.  Mary married George Fink, and located in Muskingum county, in 1823 or 1824, where Fink died, and his widow lives in Illinois.  Charles and John located in Walnut township.  Magdelena lives in Topeka, Kansas.  Catharine died in Hancock county, this State.  George married Jane Boyd, and has resided in Circleville until this timeHe is now engaged in merchandising.  Elizabeth married and moved to Hancock county, where she died.

     J. W. BROWN, a native of Hampshire county, Virginia, came to Ohio in 1826, locating first in Perry county, and from thence going to Ross county, where he remained until the spring of 1862, when he removed to Wayne township, Pickaway county, where he is extensively engaged in farming.  His wife was Sarah Coleman, an Ohio woman.  Seven children of this marriage are yet living.

JOHN DARBY came from Delaware to Ross county, in 1845.  He married Martha J. Williams, and now lives on Yellow Bud creek, in Wayne township.

CLEMENT THOMAS of Dorchester county, Maryland, located in Belmont county, Ohio, in 1829.  In 1838 he removed to Ross county, and in the fall of 1839 settled permanently in Wayne township, where he died in April, 1845.  There were nine children in the family, one only of whom lives in Wayne; Josiah, who married Julia Maddux, and lives two miles north of Yellow Bud crack, on the Columbus and Chillicothe road.

CHRISTOPHER WARNER, of German birth, settled in Chillicothe in 1834.  David, a son, married Rachel Merritt, and now lives in Wayne township.

     GEORGE BARTHELMESS, a native of Germany, emigrated to America, in 1851.  For the first ten years he worked in different localities in Pickaway county.  In 1861 he married Barbara Bach, and in 1877 purchased the farm of two hundred and thirty-five acres, now occupied by his widow.  He died Mar. 24, 1879, aged forty-four, leaving the following children:  William, Charley, Sarah, Rosie, Jacob, and George - all living at home.


     Wayne township was formed prior to the erection of Pickaway county.  The early records, as recorded by the township clerk, were, a few years since, destroyed by fire.  The writer was fortunate in procuring what appears to be the first book used by the township treasurer.  It bears date July 9, 1805.  During a period of five years subsequent to this date the names of the following persons appear:  John Fleming, Philden Atchison and Isaac Dumonds, trustees; John Moore, Clerk; Thomas White, treasurer; John Renick and William Seabourn, overseers of the poor; and Philip McNemar constable.  It is said that William King was the first justice of the peace in the township.  The officers of 1879 are as follows:  William Foresman, Andrew Metzger, and Samuel Eymon trustees; George Dungan, clerk; William Fleming, treasurer (he was elected to this office Apr. 3, 1843, and has held the position continuously until the present,; W. A. Hall, assessor; A. T. Tootle and George Dungan, justices of the peace; J. B. Reynolds and W. A. Hall, constables, and five supervisors of roads and highways.


     The first white child born in Wayne township, was a son to William and Sarah Green King Caleb, who grew to manhood, married, and removed to Fountain county, Indiana.  He became one of the leading citizens of that county, and died a few years since.  The first death was that of Thompson.  This occurred early in the settlement at Westfall, and his body was interred in the burying-ground near there.  The first brick building in the township was erected by Samuel Smith.  Its location was near the present residence of Mrs. S. C. HuffmanGersham M. Peters was the pioneer merchant, he having opened a small stock of goods at Westfall, quite early in the settlement.  It does not appear this was a profitable investment; at least he soon went out of business.  Two or three small stores have since then had a brief existence at the same point.  In about 1820 or '21, General John Morgan opened a hotel at Westfall.  It was of short duration.  Wayne township was without a post-office until the establishment of mail service on the C. & M. V. division of the P., C. & St. L. railroad, when Dr. George W. Hurst was commissioned postmaster.  The office was called Wayne station.  It was discontinued in 1858, since which time the township has been without an office.


     The first religious worship conducted in Wayne township was at the house of John Hubbard, at an early date, by ministers of the Methodist denomination, among whom were Revs. Samuel Parker, Henry B. Bascom, and Charles Wattle.  A class was formed here, which was composed in part of the following persons; Prichard Mills, who was its leader; Mary Mills, his wife; John Hubbard and wife, Anna, Thomas White and his wife, Amy; Thomas Wiggins, and Lucinda, his wife; and Thomas Bondell.  In 1830, a frame building, in size some thirty by fifty feet, was built for church purposes.  Its location was on the farm of John Hubbard, now owned by Mrs. Samuel Eymon, and in this meetings were held until the completion of the Union chapel, in 1860.
     The Union society was organized May 6, 1855.  It was under the pastorate of Rev. Zachariah Wharton, of the Williamsport circuit.  Following are the names of the members comprising this class; David and Elizabeth Terwilliger, William, Sarah, and Julia Knowles, Jacob H. and Elizabeth Schryver, Mary A., Tacy A., Mary E., Amelia, and Edward L. Hall, Margaret and Elizabeth McCollister, and Dr. George W. and Catharine Hurst.  David Terwilliger was chosen leader of the class, and has continued to occupy this office until the present time.  The society met in the William Hall  school-house until the building of the present church edifice, on the fourteenth of January, 1859.  The following were trustees: William Knowles, David Terwilliger, M. J. Alkire, J. H. Schryver, and E. L. Hall, who went to work, energetically, to raise money and build a house of worship.  The result is the beautiful edifice known as the Union chapel, which was completed, and dedicated to the service of God, by Rev. Mr. Felton, on the first of January, 1860.  The land upon which it stands was donated for the purpose by William Knowles.  This edifice is, in size, thirty-six by forty-six feet, and cost, entire, sixteen hundred dollars.
     This class now numbers thirty members.  The leaders are David Terwilliger and Robert Thompson.  The superintendent of the Sabbath-school is T. C. Lisk, at which there is an average attendance of fifty scholars.  The date of its formation is prior to that of the church.  The ministers who have had charge of this flock are given in connection with the Williamsport church.
     A Baptist society was formed at the school-house in district number three, by Rev. Mr. Drake and Jacob Thorp, in 1818.  Prior to this, meetings were held at the house of Andrew Dueks, who, with Mary Morris, Daniel Whitsell, and others, whose names are forgotten, formed this society.  Meetings were kept up several years.  


     The first school in Wayne township was taught in the summer of 1814, by an individual named Hunt.  It was held in a five cornered log building, standing on the farm now owned by William Fleming, esq.  This seat of learning was without a floor; the children using for seats the timbers intended for the support of the floor.  If a back was desired to the seat it was furnished by the occupant.  The following list of the pupils at this school is furnished by William Fleming, esq., who is the only one of all the number now living in the township: William Fleming, Lydia and Henry Mills, Thomas and Mary Hubbard, Thomas Kitchen, Vine James, John Berry, Perry, Thomas, and Jane Oliphant.  Polly and Thomas Moor, Daniel and George Williams, John and Edward Park, John and Samuel Whitsell, Nancy and Elizabeth Horsey, William and Frank Layton, and Thomas Bivens.
In the spring of the year 1817, the matter of building a school-house assumed tangible shape; a sufficient sum was subscribed, and the subsequent summer witnessed the erection of the pioneer school-house.  This was a frame structure, the “siding” of which was split into the proper thickness, and shaved smooth.  This house when completed was quite a commodious and comfortable affair, and was occupied until 1860, when having become unsafe by the action of time, it was torn down and the present brick school building, known as the Westfall in district number three, erected on the site.  The township is now divided into five school districts, four of which are now provided with substantial brick school-houses.


     The pioneer disciple of Esculapius, in this township, was Dr. Potts; the date of whose coming was as early as 1800.  He located at Westfall, and is spoken of as a practitioner of more than average ability and success.  Dr. Potts died after several years, and his successor was Printiss Park, who came in about 1820.  He died soon after settlement, and Wayne township has since been without a resident physician.


     The earliest manufactory in Wayne township, of which we have accurate information, was a distillery.  It was of logs, and was located on the Horsey farm, now owned by the heirs of C. Barthelmess.  Abraham Stipp, then an extensive land owner in this section, was the owner and operator, and the date of its construction was very early.  This ceased operations, and in 1808 Stephen Horsey purchased the building, and converted it to other uses.  In about 1810, a man named Hamilton, put in operation a second distillery.  This, like its predecessor, was short lived.  John Fleming built the third distillery in Wayne.  This was in 1828.  It location was on the farm now owned by John Kirkendall.  It was in being perhaps fifteen years.  Not a vestage of either of these “institutions” now remains.  In 1867, Messrs. Steeley & Morris erected a large brick building, on the Renick farm, adjoining the canal, and commenced the manufacture of whiskey.  It was a losing undertaking from the beginning, and three years later ceased operations.  In 1827 or ’28, a man named Sanford, from Chillicothe, erected and put in operation a small carding establishment, on the canal, near the present residence of John Kirkendall.  A few years later William Fleming purchased the property.  He put in looms and other machinery necessary for the manufacture of cloth.  Not long afterwards it was destroyed by fire.  The first grist-mill of which we have knowledge, was built at a very early date.  It was situated on the Chillicothe road, and was primitive indeed; the motive power being horses, and its labors were confined to the grinding of coarse feed.  In 1817 or ’18, Henery Nevill built a large flouring mill on the Scioto, near where the State dam now is.  This was quite an extensive establishment, having four run of stone, and quite complete machinery for that day.  It was discontinued at the date the State constructed its works here.  The flouring mill now owned by William Foresman & Brother, is one of the oldest in the county.  It has been greatly improved by the present owners, who have erected a grain elevator in connection.  This firm deals largely in grain.


     The settlement of Wayne township was begun at this point, and but two other townships, within the limits of Pickaway county, were settled at an earlier date.  The lands here, and adjacent, having fallen into the hands of Abel Westfall, he caused a town to be laid out, and gave it his name.  This territory was then within the limits of Hamilton county, and the plat of the village was recorded at Cincinnati.  Westfall was, for some time, considered the Rival of Chillicothe, but the location proving to be unhealthy, its growth was stinted, and, little by little, the town went to decay.  It was here that the celebrated Mingo chief, Logan, sought refuge, with his tribe, when, in 1774, he was driven from his home in western Virginia, by the troops of Lord Dunmore.  The village was then called Chil-i-coth-e, the Indian name for town.  It was here that Logan delivered to the messenger of Dunmore that celebrated speech, rendered immortal in Jefferson’s “Note on Virginia.”  Dunmore was encamped, with his troops, at Camp Charlotte, on Scippo creek, some seven miles east of Westfall.  This messenger was sent to invite the chiefs to his camp, to negotiate terms of peace.  Logan refused to go, but sent the speech instead. [See general history.]  A treaty was concluded, at this time, however, which terminated Lord Dunmore’s war, and his troops made no further advances.  At this time there were vast numbers of Indians settled in and about Westfall, and on Pickaway plains.  Of Westfall, nothing is left to mark the hallowed spot, once famous as the home of Logan, “the friend of the white man,” and the very theater of the act which has imparted imperishable renown.  The very desolation which now broods over the place, seems to “mourn for Logan.”  What food for contemplation does his historic spot afford!  Who that visits it does not recall the events, so thrilling in interest, that marked the career of the justly celebrated Logan?  - Logan, who was the white man’s best friend, but who, in obedience to the voice of Causative revenge, became the white man’s deadliest foe. 
     A short distance south of Westfall, another village was platted.  This was named Montgomery, but we are unable to learn that any considerable settlement was made there.





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