82ND OHIO REGIMENT
The Eighty-Second was recruited in Ashland, Logan, Marion, Union and Richland counties, for three years. It was commanded by Colonel James Cantwell, who was killed in the second battle of Manassas. The regiment was mustered into service December 31, 1861, and contained nine hundred and sixty-eight men. Ashland county had one company, K. Its officers were:
Company K was mustered out at Louisville, Kentucky, July 24, 1865. We are unable to make out the mortality list from the roll; but by reference to the regimental service, which follows, it will be seen that company K performed arduous duty, and that its ranks were greatly thinned by disease and athe casualties of war.
THE EIGHTY-SECOND REGIMENT.
January, 1862, the Eighty-second was ordered from Kenton, Ohio, its place
of rendezvous, to West Virginia, and went into camp near the village of
Fetterman, for instruction and drill. In the spring the regiment, in
the brigade of General Robert Schenck, was sent to various points in
pursuit of guerillas, after which it was ordered to go to the aid of
General Milroy, near McDowell. The Confederate forces were attacked
by Generals Schenck and Milroy near Bull Pasture mountain,
and compelled them to retreat. The Eighty-second then joined
General John C. Fremont, and passed by rapid marches through
Petersburgh, when the battle of Strasburgh occurred, and the enemy again
retreated under Stonewall Jackson. The column passed on to
Cross keys, where a running fight ensued, and Jackson crossed the
Shenandoah, destroying the bridge and marched leisurely away having
scattered the forces of General Shields. The tardiness of
Freemont in the pursuit of Jackson, practically ended his
military career. Severe campaigning followed. The troops
returned to Middletown, and General Siegel took command of the
division. The Eighty-second was transferred to an independent
brigade, commanded by General Milroy. On the seventh of
August Siegel's corps moved to Culpeper; and on the ninth toward
Cedar Mountain, where a battle was going on. Milroy moved to
the front to relieve exhausted troops; and on the night of the tenth, the
enemy retreated. The Eighty-second destroyed Waterloo Bridge, and
skirmished continually for ten days. The second battle of Manassas
took place, and Colonel Cantwell, in leading a charge, was killed.
The Eighty-second was much exposed and suffered severely in the battle.
The National forces were finally compelled to withdraw to Centerville.
In September the Eighty-second moved to Fort de Kalb, Siegel's
headquarters. On the twenty-fifty it advanced to Fairfax Court
House, and the campaign closed with the attempt to capture the heights of
Fredericksburgh. The Eighty-second was transported to the division
of General Schurz, and by him designated as a battalion of sharpshooters.
In April, 1863, the Eleventh corps moved on the Chancellorsvillecampaign,
crossing the Rappahanock, and Kelley's Ford, and the Rapidan, at Ely's
Mills; and on the thirtieth arrived within three miles of the battle
ground. The battle opened May 2nd, and the Eighty-second and others
deployed with fixed bayonets, and fell back to the rifle-pits. The
Eighty-second held its position; but regiment after regiment was pressed
back under the terrible charge of the forces of Stonwall Jackson,
and it finally fell back. It took a new position, having but one
hundred and thirty-four men with the colors. Here Captain Jams J.
Beer, a gallant young officer from Ashland county, fell. After the
batlee, the remaining members of the Eighty-second returned to its old
camp near Stafford. In June, the Gettysburgh campaign commenced.
The Eighty-second participated in that arduous campaign. It was
ordered to move over the plain to assail, with its brigade, the
Confederate works. In the attempt it lot twenty of its remaining
men. The gaps were promptly filled, and the Eighty-second advanced
within seventy-five years of the Confederate lines. It went into the
battle with twenty-two commissioned officers, and two hundred and
thirty-six privates, and of these, nineteen officers and one hundred and
forty-seven men were killed, wounded, or captured.